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CENSUS OF NEW ZEALAND, 1911 



GOVERNMENT STATISTICIAN'S REPORT. 






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REPORT 



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ON THE 



RESULTS OF A CENSUS 



DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND 



TAKEN FOB THE 



NIGHT. OF THE -aNi) APRIL. 1911. 



M. FRASEE, Government Statistician, 




WELLINGTON, N.Z. 

By Authority : John Mackay, Government Printer. 
London : Byre and Spottiswoode , Fleet Street, E.G. 

1913. 



Ma 



co:n^tei^ts. 



l:\TUODUCToiiY (Pages 1-7). 

Date of Census of New Zealand and British Empire 

Date of Maori C'ensus 

Census of Cook and other Annexed Paoific Islands 

Form of Household Schedule 

Collection of AgT'icultu)-e and Live-stock Statistics 

Collection ol Industrial Statistics 

Report to Repiesentation Comuussioners 

Publication of Census Results 

Cost of Census 

Arrangements for Ceusiis ... 

Division of Dominiou into Districts.. 

Number of Enumerators and Sub-Enumeiat<.ns 

Compilation of Results 

Compilation SraiJ euiployed ... ... ...." 

Writing and Sorting of Cards 

Compilation of Industiial Statistics by Selected Clei'ks... 



PAGE 
1 
1 
] 
1 



Part I. — Population anl> Houwe« (Payes (-2(5) 

Total, European, Half-caste, .Maori, and Cliiiiese Population 

Population of Cook and other Annexed Pacific Islands ... 

Population of Principal Divisions ... 

Increase of Population at Successive Ceususe.^ 

Coniparison of Census Populations with Department's Estimates 

Population of Provincial Districts ... 

Population of Counties and Boroughs 

Population of Chief Cities and Suburbs 

Population of Town Districts 

Population of Small Centres 

Population of Adjacent Islands 

Population on Shipboard 

Proportions of Sexes 

Density of Population 

Density of Inhabited Dwellings 

Descriptions of Dwellings ... 

Persons to each Inhabited Dwelling, Chief Cities and Dominion . 

Uninhabited Dwellinghouses 

Houses in course of Erection 

Average Weekly Rents in certain Borcjuglis 



I 

7 

8 

i.l 

9 

9 

10 

U 

Jo 

16 

'2'2 

i'l 

'22 

22 

22 

23 

25 

2.1 

2;') 

26 



Pakt II. — Rei,ioioxs ok the Pkople (Pages 2G-2I)). 
Numbers of Adiierents of tlie various Denominations, also Pj'oportioiis per Cent, of Population 
Numbers for eacli Denomination, 1906 and 1911 
Prop(.irtions of Sexes in tlie various Denominations 

PaBT III. BiHTHPLACKS OF THE PEOPLE (Pages :i()-;j2). 

New Zealand-, Australian-, and British-born Population 

Foreign-born Population 

Increases and Decreases since 1906 .. 

Detailed Table of Birthplaces, showing Comparison.^ with 1906 ... 



2(; 

2i< 
29 



30 
30 
30 
31 



1'aUT IV. AgB8 of THIi PeOI'I.E (Pages ;j2-4tl). Page 

Numbers in certain Age-gr(jups, Finir Sucoessivc Censuses ••• ... 32 

Proportions per Cent, under and over 21 ... ... •■■ ... 34 

-Males and Females in eei'tain Age-gi'oups, 1906 and 1911 ■ ; •• ^4 

Proportions per Cent, in certain Age-groups, Successive Censuses ... ■•■ 36 

Numbers and Proportions at Quinquennial Age-periods ... ■• ^^6 

Proportion of Sexes at Quinquennial Age-periods ... ... ■■ ••■ 37 

Population at each Year of Age, including and excluding Chinese 3( 

Ages of New-Zealandei's on board Sliip at Colombo ... ... 39 

Ages and Length of liesidenee, Persons aged 55 and upwards ... ... .39 

New Zealand-born Population aged 55 and upwards ... ... ... ... 40 

Part V. — Cow,u;ual Condition of the Pkopi^e (Pages 40-46). 

Proportions, Males and Females, Unmairieil, Married, and Widowed, at Sueces.^ive Censuses 40 
Males an<l Females, Unmarried, Married, Widowed, and Divorced, according t" Age-groups, 

Census 1911, also Proportions ... ..41 

Proportions in Three Age-groups of Ma]ried Wmnen, 15 to -15, at Successive Censuses ... 43 

Conjugal Condition of Chinese ... ... ■. • •■ 43 

Unmarried Males and Females ... ... .43 

Husbands and Wives ... ... ... .43 

Widowers and Widows ... ... ... ..43 

Duration of Marriage and Niunber of Cliildren ... .43 

Marriage and Bi)-th Itates in Australasia ... ... 46 

Pakt VI. — Education of the People (Pages 16-49). 

Pi'oportions at Successive Censuses of those (1) able to lead and write, (2) able tn I'ead only, 

(3) unable to read ... ... ... ... ... ... 46 

Proportions in Quin(|uennial Age-groups, Census 1911, nf Persons, Males and Females, of the 

various Standards uf Education ... ... ... ... ... 47 

Numbers in Quinquennial Age-groups, Census 1911-, of Persons, Males and Females, of the 

various Standards of Education ... ... ... ... ... 48 

Mark Signatures to Marriage Entries, 1881 and 1911 ... ... 48 

Attendance at School ... ... ... ... 49 

Attendance at Sabbath Schools ... ... ... ... ... 49 

Part YII. — Lntir.mity (Pages 50-66). 

Proportions per 10,000 in Quinquennial Age-gimips, Deaf and Dumb, Blind, Lunatics, and 

Feeble-minded ... ... ... ... ... 50 

Numbers in Quinquennial Age-gmuiis, Deaf and Dund), Blind, Lunatics, and Feeble-minded 51 

Deaf and Dumb: Pi(qiortions at Successive Censuses , ... ... , 53 

Deaf and Dumb: Occupations (Past or Present") ,., ..53 

Deaf-muteism in Australasia, 1911 ... ... ... 54 

Blind: Pi'Oportions at Successive Censuses ... ... 64 

Blind: Occupations (Past or Present) ... ... ... 55 

Lunacy at Successive Censuses ... ... ... 56 

Ijunacy in Australasia, 1910 ... ... ... 5g 

Paht VllL — Oocui'ATniNs of the Pkoimjc (Pages 57-98). 

Classification used ... ... ... ... ... ,,, 57 

Definition of Classes ... ... ... ... 57 

Numbers and Propoi-tions in the Classes ... ... ... ... ... gg 

Numbers and Proportions of Breadwinners in the Clas,ses ... ... g| 

Totals of Bi'eadwinners Classified accoi-ding to Grade of Occupation, Employei-s, Ac. 61 

Unemployed ... ... ■ • . ■ ■ ... ... ... 52 

Numbers and Proportions according to Giade and Class 
Details of Occupations in Orders and Sub-orders — 

Order 1. Government, Defence, Law, and Protection ... ... nj 

,, 2. Religion, Charity, Health, Education, Art, Science, and Amusenients 66 

,, 3. Domestic ... ... ... ... ... ... go 

,, 4. Property and Finance ... ... ... 7q 

,, 5. Dealers in Art or Mechanic ProductioTis 71 

6. Dealei-s, &c., in Textile Fabrics, Di'ess, and Fibrous Matei-ials 7.3 

7. Dealers in Food, Drink.'-, Narcotics, and Stinudants ... 71 



62 



Details of Occupations in Orders and Sub-orderS' — continued. woe 

Order !^. Dualersj in Auiiuals, and in Animal and Vegetable Subbrtunces 75 

,, 9. Dealers in Minerals and Substances used for Fuel and Lright ..-. ... 76 

,, 10. Dealers in Minerals other than foi Fuel and Light ... 77 

,, 11. General Dealers ... ... ... ... ... 78 

12. Speculators on Chance Events ... ... ... 79 

13. Storage ... ... ... ... ... ..'. 79 

,, 14. Transport and Communication ... ... ... ... 80 

,, 15. Manufactures, &c. . Art and Mechanic Productions ... .81 

,, 16. .Manufactures, &c. Textile Fabrics, Dress, Fibrous Materials 85 

,, 17. Manufactures, etc. Food, Di-inks, Narcotics, and Stimulants .. ... 86 

,, 18. Manufactures, iV-c. Animal and Vegetable Substances ... .88 

,, 19. Manufactures, &c. : Metals and Mineral Matters ... ... 89 

,, 20. Heat, Light, or other Forms of Energy ... ... ... 90 

21. Making or repairing Buildings, Roads, Raihvays, &c. ; Undefined Jjabour ... 91 

,, 22. Disposal of the Dead, or of Refuse ... ... ... ... ... 92 

,, 23. Industrial VVorkei's imperfectly defined ... ... ... 92 

,, 24. Piimary Producers: Agricultural, Pastoral, Mineral, etc. ... 9-3 

25. Indefinite ... ..." ... ... ... ...- ... 96 

,, 26. Dependents upon Natural Guardians ... ... ... ... 96 

,, 27. Dependents upon Public or Private Support ... ... 97 

(Occupations of the Chinese... ... ... ... ... ... ... 98 

ApFKNDix A. — Industries Public Libraries, and other Literary and Soientifio Institutions; 

Places of A^'orship (Pages 99-137). 
Manufactories and Works — 

Comparison of Total Results, 1911 and 1906 ... ... 09 

Industries in Piovincial Districts ... ... ... 101 

Details of Principal Industries ... ... ... ... ... 104 

Value of Manufacturi's, Principal Industries, Five Censuses ... 108 

Hands Employed, Principal Industries, Four Censuses 10!) 

Motive Power Employed ... ... ... ... 110 

Ages of Industries ... ... ... ... ... Ill 

Capital of Registered Companies ... ... ,,. ... ll.'i 

Character of Organization ... ... ... ... 114 

Principal Industries : Remarks — 

Freezing, Preserving, and Boilin)j-(lown Works ... 116 

Bacon-curing Establishments ... ... ... 116 

Fish Curing and Preserving Works ... ... 116 

Butter and Cheese Factories ... ... ...117 

Grain-mills ... ... ... ... ... ... 117 

Biscuit-factories ... ... ... ... ... ... ..118 

Fruit-preserving and Jam-making ... ... ... ... Il8 

Confectionery arid Sugar-boiling Works ... . ng 

Breweries ... ... ... ... ... ... - ... 119 

Malthouses ... ... ... ... ... ... 120 

Colonial-wine-making Establishments ... ... l2o 

Aerated-water and Cordial Factoi-ies ... 121 

Sauce, Pickle, and Vinegar Making Works ... 121 

Soap and Candle Works ... ... ... 121 

Cooperages ... ... ... 122 

Sawmills and Sash and Dooi- Factories ... ... ..122 

Gasworks ... -.. ■■ ... ... 12.*) 

Electric-curreiit-supply Works ... ... 124 

Electric Tramways ... ... ... .. ... 124 

Lime and Cement AVorks ... ... ... ... ... 124 

Brick, Tile, and Pottery Works ... ... ... 12.") 

Tinware-factories ... ... ... ... 125 

Iron and Brass Foundries and Boilermaking Establishment!! ... ... ... 125 

Engineering-works ... ... • . ... ... 126 

Printing and Bookbinding Establishments ... ... 126 

Agricultural-implement Factories ... ... ... ... ... 127 

Coachbuilding Establishments ... 127 

Cvcle-works ... ... ... ... ... 127 



VI 



Manufactories and Works — coniiiitied. 

Principal Industries : Eemarlcs — conliuual. 
yaddlery and Harness Works 

Tanning, Fellmongering, and Wool-scuuiing Establishuienth 
Ship and Boat Building Establishments 
Sail, Tent, and Oilskin Making Factories 
Furniture-factories 
Woollen-mills 

Clothing and Watfipicjof Factories ... 
Hosiery-factories . . 
Bt)ot and Shoe Factories 
Rope and Twine Works 
Plax-niills 
.Mines and Quarries — 

Gold-quartz Mining and Crushing- 
Hydraulic Gold-mining 
Gold-dredging 
Collieries 

Summarized Kesults . . 

Fisheries 
Poultry ... 
Apiaries 

Places of Worship 
Public Libraries, &c. 



Page 

127 
128 
128 
128 
129 
129 
130 
130 
130 
131 
131 

132 
133 
133 
133 
134 
134 
130 
136 
136 
137 



Appendix B. — Maohi Poi'ulatiu.x (Pages 13(S-liO). 

The Enumeration, with Results 

Maori Population at Successive Censuses 

Half-castes 

Proportions of Maoris under and over Fifteen Years of Age 

Maoris in eacli Countv, Census 1911... 



139 
139 
139 

140 



ApPUNDIX C. CuUK AND OTHKK PACIFIC ISI^AADS (I'af^e 141). 

Population, White anil Native, of each Island, with Bii'thplaces of Whites 



141 



Appendix D. — ( )( oupatiun op Land, Live-wiock, and AcjaciJ/ruiiE (Pages 142-l.jS) 

Occupation of Land 
Ownership of Land 
Live-stock — 

Live-stock at Successive Enumerations 

Live-stock in each Count}- 

Sheep 

Cattle 

Horses 

Pigs and Angora Goats 
Agriculture — 

Yields of Wheat, Oats, Barley, and Potatoes, 1910-11 . Pidvincial Districts ., 

Acreages and Yields of cei'taiu Crops, Ten yeais ... 

Area in Cultivation ami in Occupation, 1910-11 ... 

Land in Cultivation in each County, 1911 

Wheat 

Oats 

Maize 

Barlev 

Rye 

Peas and Beans 

Potatoes 

Turnips and Rape 

Hops 

Gardens and Orchards... 

Siwn Grasses and Seeds 



141' 
144 

146 
147 
149 
151 
152 
152 

l.-,3 
154 
154 

I5:i 
157 
157 
157 
157 
157 
157 
158 
158 
158 
158 
l.-)8 



YII 



Conclusion (Page 159). 
Fuller Details of Censtus to be t'ouud in Census Volume than in Report 

Supplements (Pages 160-178), 

Five Years' Progress of the Dominion of New Zealand ; Suiiuuai-y 

Five Years' Progress of the Auckland Provincial District 

Five Years' Progress of the Tarauaki Provincial District . , 

Five Y^ears' Progress of the Hawke's Bay Provincial District . , 

Five Years' Progress of the Wellington Provincial District 

Five Years' Progress of the Marlborough, Nelson, and Westland Provincial DiRt)'icts 

Five Years' Progress of the Canterbury Provincial District 

Five Years' Progress of tlie Otago Provinci;il District . 

Occupations nf the People, arranged alphabetically 



159 



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Cornell University 
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The original of this book is in 
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There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924030376515 



CENSUS OF NEW ZEALAND, 1911. 



EEPOET. 



To THE Honourable the Minister of Internal Affairs. 

Registrar-Greneral's Office, 
Sir,— Wellington, 30th November, 1912. 

I have the honour to report on the census taken for the night of the 2nd 
April, 1911 :— 

Preliminary Remarks. 

In July, 1909, the Secretary of State for the Colonies advised the New 
Zealand Government that it was intended to take the census in the United 
Kingdom on or about the 2nd April, 1911, and asked that the census of New 
Zealand should, if possible, be taken about the same date. The other self-governing 
dominions were also being asked to arrange for a census on the same date, so that 
a report of the census of the British Empire could be prepared. The Secretary of 
State also asked for certain heads of information which it was considered desirable 
to obtain. In accordance with the request the date for the census in New Zealand 
was fixed for the night of 2nd April, 1911, and the household schedule was drawn 
up to contain the information required. In the year 1906 the census night was the 
29th April, so that the interval between the two enumerations of the people was 
four years and three hundred and thirty-eight days. 

The Maori population of the Dominion was not enumerated by the officers 
who took the general census, nor were the particulars collected on household 
schedules, but in books which merely gave particulars as to sex and age groups, 
with information as to crops and live-stock owned. The Enumerators for the 
Maoris — Native Agents and Magistrates of Native districts acting under direction 
of the Native Department — were selected on account of their special knowledge of 
the Natives and their customs. The enumeration of the Maoris was made during 
the month of March, it being impracticable to take the account for one night as 
in the case of Europeans. Reports of Enumerators and Sub-Enumerators as to 
the condition of the Maoris in the various parts of the Dominion will be found in 
Parliamentary Paper H.-14A of the session of 1911. 

A census of the Cook and other South Sea Islands, which form part of the 
Dominion of New Zealand, was also taken at the same time. As in the case of the 
Maoris on the mainland, the particulars were collected in books by Enumerators 
having special knowledge of the Natives. Particulars of these two censuses are 
given in the form of appendices to this report. 

The form of the household schedule for the main census varied but little from 
that used at previous censuses. The inquiry of the previous census as to sickness 
and infirmity was this time confined to ascertaining whether a person was (1) totally 
blind, (2) deaf-and-dumb, (3) imbecile or feeble-minded ; while two additional 
inquiries in regard to conjugal condition were made for the first time, as to 
(1) duration of present marriage, and (2) number of children born to the present 
marriage. Particulars as to dwellings, rents paid, poultry, and apiaries were also 
appended to the schedule. 

1— Census. 



The heads of the inquiry respecting the people were as under : — 

1. Name and surname. 

2. Sex. 

3. Age last birthday. 

4. Conjugal condition, specifying — 

(a.) Condition ; 

(6.) Duration of present marriage ; 

(c.) Number of children born to present marriage — (i) living, 
(ii) dead. 

5. Relation to head of household. 

6. Profession or occupation, specifying — 

(a.) Nature or name ; 
(b.) Grade of occupation. 

7. Infirmity. 

8. Birthplace. 

9. Length of residence. 

10. Religion. 

11. Education. 

12. Schooling. 

The machinery of the census was also utilized for the collection of returns 
giving particulars as to agriculture and live-stock in the Dominion. The sum- 
marized results are given in Appendix C of the census volume, and the details will 
be found in the New Zealand Gazette of the 10th August and 21st November, 1911. 

As in previous censuses, an account of the manufactories and works in the 
Dominion was taken at the same time as the general census, but on this occasion 
the collection of the returns was made through the Inspectors of Factories. The 
returns, in addition to obtaining particulars respecting the " hands employed," 
" wages paid," " power used," " materials operated on," " value of land, buildings, 
machinery, and plant," and " quantity and value of product or output during 
year," also gave information as .to the " establishment of the industry," the 
" character of organization," and, in the case of public and private registered com- 
panies, as to the " capital of the company." The comprehensive and intricate 
nature of these returns make this part of the census work extremely difficult. The 
returns when first received are often very incomplete, and require careful exami- 
nation and inquiry. These returns are treated as strictly confidential, and only 
a few special officers are allowed to handle them. The utmost care has been 
taken to obtain accurate and complete returns, but in some instances unsatis- 
factory returns have had to be discarded owing to the impossibility, for various 
reasons, of obtaining accurate figures. The tabulated results which are given in 
Appendix B of the census volume will therefore probably understate the actual 
position in regard to some industries. 

Special census statistics in regard to building societies, public libraries, and 
places of worship were also collected as on previous occasions, and the tables 
compiled therefrom wiU be found in Appendix D of the census volume. 

Representation on Population Basis. 

Since 1887 there has been in existence two permanent Commissions, termed 
respectively the " North Island " and " South Island " Representation Commis- 
sions Stewart Island being included with the latter. Within three months after 
the results of any census have been ascertained and reported to the said Commis- 
sions, it is their duty to divide the Dominion into electoral districts for the 
apportioning of the representation of the people in the House of Representatives, 



3 



excepting'j^Maoris, who are dealt with under special legislation. For purposes of 
the Commission the population consists of " urban " and " rural," the former being 
that of cities or boroughs having over two thousand inhabitants, or contained in 
any area within five miles of the chief post-offices at the four great centres. In 
computing the population of the Dominion for representation purposes 28 per cent, 
is added to the rural population throughout. Dividing the population ascertained 
according to the above process by the number of members a quota is found, and 
the Dominion is then divided into as many districts as there are members (not 
Maori members) to be returned. There are provisions for allowing a margin above 
and below the quota where necessary in forming the districts. 

It is the duty of the Government Statistician to report to the Commission as 
early as possible the results of any census taken, and within three months after 
he has complied the Commissioners must exercise their functions. 

The Commissioners meet as a joint Commission, which is specially provided 
as a preliminary step for the purpose of j&xing the number of districts for the North 
Island and for the South Island respectively. When this has-been done the Com- 
missions act independently in forming the districts. 

The districts as fixed are gazetted, and an interval allowed during which 
objections may be laid. After consideration of these, the finally determined 
electorates are proclaimed by the Governor. 

For the census of 1911 special efforts had to be made to ascertain the 
population results and report to the Commissions at the earliest possible date, 
in view of the fact that a general election was due to take place about the end of 
November of the same year ; thus leaving only some eight months in which to 
collect all the census household schedules, tabulate the results, and determine the 
new electoral districts, after which the electoral rolls for each district had to be 
prepared and printed by Registrars. The Government Statistician reported on 
the 6th July; the Representation Commission met on the 18th July, and gazetted 
their proposed districts on the 10th August ; objections were heard and dealt with, 
the report being sent to the Governor on 16th September, and the final districts 
gazetted on the 27th September. The elections were held on 7th December. 

The redistribution resulted in a gain of one member to the North Island and 
a corresponding loss to the South Island. The effect of the census in adjusting 
the representation of the people for Parliament is shown by the figures relating to 
the North and South Islands for successive census years : — 

At the census of — 
1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 
Consequent on census of 1911 

Publication op Census Results. 
The final figures relating to population were printed in the following order 
and laid before Parliament : — 

ParHamentary Paper H.-14 — Population and 

Dwellings 
Parliamentary Paper H.-14A — Maori Census . . 
Parliamentary Paper H.--14B — Maori Census 

(Chatham Islands) 
Parliamentary Paper H.-14c — Cook Islands . , 
1* 



Nortli Island 


South Island 


Members. 


Members. 


.. 30 


40 


.. 31 


39 


.. 34 


36 


.. 38 


38 


.. 41 


35 


42 


34 



July, 1911. 
May, 1911. 

9th August, 1911. 
18th September, 1911. 



Results of the tabulation as to average weekly rents were also laid before Parlia- 
ment in Parliamentary Paper H.-14D, under date 11th September, 1911. 

Summary tables giving the particulars required by law to be taken and com- 
piled in the general census were produced in the form of Gazette tables. The 
subjects of the tables and dates of publication were as unde'- : — 

Agriculture and live-stock . . 6th July, 10th August, and 2l8t Novem- 
ber, 1911. 
Poultry and bees . . . . 15th November, 1911. 

Religions .. .. ..21st November, 1911. 

Birthplaces . . . 21st December, 1911. 

Ages . . . . . . 16th January, 1912. 

Conjugal condition . 28th March, 1912. 

Industrial statistics . . 2nd and 9th May, and 8th August, 1912. 

The Census Volume. 
Besides the parliamentary papers and preliminary Gazette matter, the com- 
plete series of tables, with full comparisons and proportional calculations, had to 
be prepared. This was effected, and parts of the complete volume published on 
the following dates : — 

Part I — Population and Dwellings . . . . 7th March, 1912. 

Part II— Religions ; Part III— Birthplaces . . 7th March, 1912. 

Part IV— Ages ; Part V— Education ; Part VI — 

Infirmity . . . . . . . . 5th -July, 1912. 

Appendices A, B, C, D ; Maori Census ; Population 

Annexed Pacific Islands ; Land and Live-stock ; 

Building Societies ; Places of Worship, and 

Public Libraries . . . . . . . . May, 1912. 

Appendix B — Manufactories and Works . . 13th Dec, 1912. 

Part VII — Conjugal Condition ; Part VIII — Occupations of the People, are 
now ready for issue. 

Total Cost of Census. 

The cost of taking and compiling the census of 1911 is found to have been 
greater than that incurred on the occasion of the census of 1906 on a comparison 
of the total amounts spent : — 

European census — 
Enumerators . . 

Clerical assistance for and sundries 
Sub-Enumerators 

Total . . 

Maori census 

Cook Islands census 

Total collection 

Maps, &c. 

Compilation and sundries in central 
office.. . 



1906. 

£ s. d. 

1,973 2 5 

s 781 14 1 

11,554 16 10 


1911. 

£ s. 

2,417 8 

1,476 10 

14,163 18 


d. 
7 
6 

10 


14,309 13 4 

1,377 19 11 

75 


18,057 17 

1,419 9 
81 1 


11 

9 



15,762 13 3 

1,037 3 
il 

7,191 11 11 


19,558 8 
1,056 7 

10,066 4 


8 
1 

9 



Grand total cost of census 

(exclusive of printing) £23,991 5 5 £30,681 6 



5 

The total sum for 1911 is greater than that for 1906, as is also the cost per 
capita of population. The figures are, — 

Collection of Census {exclusive of Maoris). 

Year Amount. Population. Cost per Head. 

£ d. 

1906 . . . . . . 14,310 888,578 3-9 

1911 .. .. .. 18,058 1,008,468 4-3 

Collection of Census of Maori Population. 

Yg„j. Amount. Population. Cost per Head. 

£ d. 

1906 . . . . . . 1,378 47,731 6-9 

1911 . . . . . . 1,419 49,844 6-8 

Cost of Compilation and Sundries {including Maps) in Central Office. 

Y Amount. Population. Cost per Head. 

£ d. 

1906 . . . . . . 8,229 888,578 2-2 

1911 .. .. .. 11,123 1,008,468 2-6 

The total cost of the European census of 1911 was at the rate of 7d. per head. 
In 1906 the total cost amounted to 6* Id. per head. 

The collection of agricultural returns was additional in 1911, and accounted for 
a considerable increase in cost of collection and tabulation, which was estimated to 
amount to about £2,500. In many cases the agriculture return was not completed 
when the Sub-Enumerator called for the census schedule, which entailed delay and 
often a second visit. For this census also postage had to be paid on aU corre- 
spondence, parcels, and telegrams, which at previous censuses were free. The 
total paid on account of postages was £660. The urgent necessity of obtaining 
the population results at the earliest possible moment for the Representation Com- 
missioners was also a factor which tended to increase the cost in 1911. 

Arrangements for the Census. 

The first proceeding was to divide the Dominion into fifty -nine Enumerators' 
districts, each consisting of a group of counties, or a single county where large or 
populous. In 1896 only thirty-two Enumerators' districts were found necessary ; 
in 1901 forty-two, and in 1906 fifty-one, were required. Undoubtedly a better 
supervision is ensured by increasing the number of Enumerators, if thoroughly 
efficient persons are selected. And a large number of Enumerators secures expedi- 
tion in examining the work of the Sub -Enumerators and in despatching the returns 
to Head Office. 

The Enumerators were appointed by the Governor ; and it was their duty, 
subject to approval, to cut up their territory into a sufficient number of sub -districts, 
and appoint a Sub-Enumerator for each. These Sub-Enumerators numbered 1,089 
in 1911, as against 976 in 1906, 895 in 1901, and 787 in 1896. Their duty was to 
deliver and collect the household schedules, visiting aU dwellings, including shops, 
tents, &c., for that purpose. 

Each Enumerator was supplied with two maps of his district, and instructed 
to mark on them his proposed sub-districts, for which Sub-Enumerators would have 
to be appointed, and to send one of them to the Grovernment Statistician for 
approval, keeping the other by him for his own use. The maps returned by the 
Enumerators were passed, on the division being found satisfactory, into the Lands 



Department, where smaller maps were prepared from them, one for each Sub- 
Bnumerator. On the said maps were coloured lines defining the boundaries of all 
the districts for purposes of local government, such as counties, ridings, road 
districts, town districts, and boroughs. Electoral districts and goldfields were also 
indicated. These maps were pasted into the Sub-Enumerator's field-book. A 
Sub-Enumerator's equipment consisted of a parcel of household schedules and a 
parcel of agricultural and pastoral schedules, with field-book for noting down what 
he had delivered day by day. 

On the maps the whole territory was cut into very small blocks by means of 
dotted red lines. The Sub-Enumerators entered the number of people found 
residing in each block on the map, so that the Eepresentation Commissioners could 
easily form new electorates from the blocks and maps within the quota required 
in so doing. 

It is interesting to note the time taken in collecting and overlooking the census 
work before compilation began in the central office at Wellington. On the 12th 
April, 1911, within ten days after the census night, the first parcel of household 
schedules was received, but it was not until the 13th June, 1911, that the last 
parcel came in. 

The Compilation. 

Directly sufficient parcels of household schedules had arrived at the central 
office the work of compilation was begun. In order to accommodate a large staff 
of clerks temporarily engaged, a whole flat of a large building built for storing goods 
was leased. This flat is 95 ft. broad, and had seats for eighty persons. A small 
portion at one end was partitioned off with glass for lady clerks, &c., but the whole 
room lay open to the Grovernment Statistician, who had a seat on a raised platform 
at one end. This arrangement is very important to ensure progress of the work 
and facilities for answering questions which arise from time to time. Nearly the 
whole of the wall-space was divided into compartments for holding the census 
schedules, laid out according to counties and boroughs, and compilation forms and 
cards. An additional room in another building was utilized for the compilation 
of the agricultural and pastoral statistics, which were tabulated by a separate staff 
of temporary clerks. 

The clerical staff was taken on by degrees, but as quickly as possible, and 
raised to a maximum number of seventy-five, including four ladies. While the 
greater number of these clerks did their work well, and some proved exceedingly 
efficient and wilHng, it must be admitted that there was a residue which proved 
unsatisfactory. But, as the work had been laid off with the view of giving employ- 
ment to a large number of persons, reductions still left a sufficiency of competent 
clerks. 

The first portion of the work undertaken was the extraction from the house- 
hold schedules of the exact number of persons according to^sexes in each territorial 
division of the Dominion for purposes of local government, with all localities having 
names. After this was completed the dwellings of the people were classified from 
the schedules, and particulars as to rents paid in selected boroughs extracted and 
averaged. The work in these cases is done on ruled forms direct from the household 
schedules. 

The next process in the work of compilation is the transfer to a card for each 
individual of all information (except the name, for which is substituted the number 
of the schedule) entered on the household schedule in regard to that individual. By 
means of small squares into which the face of the card is divided in printing a great 



deal of writing is saved, and a mark made with a pencil substituted. When all 
.these particulars have been marked on the cards, and the latter read and checked, 
all the other tabulations as to religions, birthplaces, ages, &c., are made from the 
cards. The " card -marking " is the part of the work which takes the longest time 
and is the most costly ; it is estimated that the card-marking for 1911 cost about 
£2,000. On it the greatest number of men can be employed, and immediately it 
is completed the stafi is reduced by nearly half. Once read, the cards are soon 
thrown into the order of the various required combinations, and the summarization 
proceeds rapidly. 

In a small room divided ofEJby a glass partition from the main room the work 
of compiling the industrial statistics was carried out by selected clerks. No others 
were allowed admittance to the^room, which was kept locked when not occupied, 
every care being taken to secure confidential treatment of these returns. 

AH persons employed on census were required to make formal declarations not 
to divulge any information coming under their notice during the course of their 
duties. 



PART I.— POPULATION AND HOUSES. 

The population of the Dominion , (exclusive of Maoris and of the annexed 
Pacific islands), as returned in the census schedules for the night of the 2nd April, 
1911, was 1,008,468 persons, of whom 2,630 were Chinese, and 2,879 half-castes 
living amongst and as Europeans. 

A census of the Maori population was taken during March of 1911, when the 
number of the Native race was found to be 49,844 persons, including 4,181 half- 
castes living as Maoris. 249 Maori women were returned as married to European 
husbands. The complete population (European, Maori, and residents of Cook and 
other annexed Pacific islands) of the Dominion was therefore 1,070,910 persons, 
as exhibited in the following statement, specifying the numbers for each sex : — 

Population (exclusive of persons of the aboriginal Native race, Persons. Males. Females. 

of mixed European and Native blood, and Chinese) . . 1 , 002 , 959 527 , 893 475 , 066 

Half-castes and persons of mixed lace living as and among Euro- 
peans .. .. .. .. .. .. 2,879 1,475 1,404 

Chinese .. .. .. •• -. .. 2,630 2,542 88 

Aboriginal Natives (including 249 Maori wives of Europeans) .. 45,663 24,184 21,479 

Half-castes and persons of mixed race living among and as mem- 
bers of Maori tribes .. .. .. .. .. 4,181 2,291 1,890 



Total (exclusive of annexed Pacific islands) . . 1 , 058 , 312* 558 , 385 499 , 927 
Population of Cook and other annexed Pacific islands .. .. 12,598 6,449 6,149 

Total population on 2nd April, 1911 .. 1,070,910 564,834 506,076 



• Not including 133 persons, officers and crew of British man-of-war. 

Subsequent to the compilation of the census tables, schedules were received 
from Ceylon in respect of 27 New-Zealanders and 42 Maoris who were at sea on 
census night, and were enumerated on ships passing through Colombo, but not 
included in the census of Ceylon or any other country. Were these persons in- 



8 

eluded, the European population of the Dominion would work out at 1,008,495, 
and the total population (including Maoris and inhabitants of Cook and other 
annexed Pacific islands) would be 1,070,979 

The total half-caste or mixed European and Maori population on the main 
Islands of the Dominion was 7,060 persons. The number of half-caste Maoris 
living among Europeans increased since 1906 by 301, or at the rate of 11-68 per 
cent. In that year the number of Maori wives of Europeans was 211 ; in 1911 
it was 249. The Chinese increased from 2,570, at the time of the census of 1906, 
to 2,630 in April, 1911, or at the rate of 2-33 per cent. 

The Maori population fell from 41,993 in 1891 to 39,854 in 1896, increased to 
43,143 in 1901, to 47,731 in 1906, and, further, to 49,844 in 1911, the increase since 
1891 being at the rate of 18-70 per cent. 

The increase on the total European population between 29th April, 1906, and 
2nd April, 1911, amounted to 119,890 persons, or a rate of 13-49 per cent. Between 
the census of 1901 and that of 1906 the numerical increase was 115,859 persons, 
or 14-99 per cent. 

The population of the principal divisions of the Dominion on 2nd April, 1911, 
was, — 

North Island and adjacent islets (exclusive of Maoris) 
South Island and adjacent islets (exclusive of Maoris) 
Stewart Island (exclusive of Maoris) 
Chatham Islands (exclusive of Maoris) 
Kermadec Islands. . 



Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


563,729 


300,199 


263,530 


444.120 


231,323 


212,797 


357 


220 


137 


258 


166 


9^ 


4 


2 


2 



Total for the Dominion (exclusive of Maoris and of Cook 

Islands) .. .. .. .. .. 1,008,468 531,910 476,558 



The following table shows the North Island to have increased at a much greater 

rate than the South during each of the last six quinquennial periods : — 

Increase. Increase. 

. , ^ , , , 1881. 1886. , -^ , 1896. 1901. , * , 

r>lortn Island and Numerical. Oentesimal. Numerical. Centesimal. 

adjacent islets . . 193,047 250,482 57,435 29-75 340,631 390,571 49,940 14-66 
South Island and 

adjacent islets . . 296,349 327,592 31,243 10-54 362,235 381,661 19,426 5-36 

Stewart Island . . 295 209 - 86 . . 253 272 19 

Chatham Islands. . 242 199 -43 .. 234 207 -27 

Kermadec Islands .. .. .. .. 7 8 1.. 

North Island and isso. 1891. 1901. 1906. 

adjacent islets . . 250,482 281,455 30,973 12-36 390,571 476,732 86,161 22-06 
South Island and 

adjacent islets . . 327,592 344,711 17,119 5-22 381,661 411,340 29,681 7-77 

Stewart Island .. 209 202 -7 .. 272 304 32 

Chatham Islands. . 199 271 72 . . 207 197 - 10 

Kermadec Islands .. .. •• -. 8 5 — 3.. 

North Island and 1891. 1896. 1906. 1911. 

adjacent islets.. 281,455 340,631 59,176 21-03 476,732 563,729 86,907 18-25 
South Island and 

adjacent islets.. 344,711 362,235 17,524 5-08 411,340 444,120 32,780 7-97 

Stewart Island .. 202 253 51 .. 304 357 53 

Chatham Islands.. 271 234 -37 .. 197 258 61 

Kermadec Islands 19 7 - 12 . . 5 4 - l . 



Increase of Population at Successive Censuses. 

The increase of population of European descent at successive census periods 
has been, — 



Date of Enumeration. 
1858, December . . 
1861, 
1864, 
1867, 

1871, February . . 
1874, March 
1878, „ 
1881, April 
1886, March. 
1891, April 
1896, „ 
1901, March 
1906, April 
1911, „ 



Population. 
Persons. 

59,413 

99,021 

172,158 

218,668 



256,393 

299,514 

414,412 

489,933 

578, 482 1 

626,658' 

703,360 






772,719' 
888,578 



Increases. 


1 
Numerical. 


Centesimal. 


39,608 


39-99 


73,137 


73-86 


46,510 


27-01 


37,725 


17-25 


43,121 


16-82 


114,898 


38-36 


75,521 


18-22 


88,549 


18-07 


48,176 


8-33 


76,702 


12-24 


69,359 


9-86 


115,859 


14-99 


119,890 


13-49 



1,008,4681 



Between censuses the population of the country is estimated quarterly, from 
the immigration and emigration returns and from the numbers of births and deaths 
registered. These estimates, especially of late years, are found to be remarkably 
near the truth, as will be seen from the following table, showing the estimated 
population as at 31st March in each of the last seven census years compared with 
the population as ascertained by the census in the same years : — 



Year. 

1881 
1886 
1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 



Estimated 

Population, 

31st March. 

488,649 

585,844 

631,898 

701.383 

775,123 

889,971 

1,006,761 



Census 




Population. 


Difierenc 


489,933 


1,284 


578,482 


7,362 


626,658 


5,240 


703,360 


1,977 


772,719 


2,404 


888,578 


1,393 


1,008,468 


1,707 



Population of Provincial Districts. 

These are stated as in April, 1911, and at the previous census. Of the provinces, 
Auckland stands first for rate of progress with an increase of 25-22 per cent, in five 
years, Taranaki comes next with 18-83 per cent., Hawke's Bay third with 14-92 per 
cent., Nelson fourth with 13-97 per cent., Marlborough following with 11-25 per 
cent., Wellington next with 10-69 per cent. Canterbury shows an increase of 
8-85 per cent., while Otago as a whole advanced by 5-61 per cent., though the South- 
land portion of the province shows the much higher rate of 10-61 per cent. 



10 



Provincial Districts. 


Population, 
AprU, 1906. 


Population, 
April, 1911. 


iUC 


rease. 




Numerical. 


Centesimal 


Auckland 


211,223 


264,520 


53,297 


25-22 


Taranaki 


43,399 


51,569 


8,170 


18-83 


Hawke's Bay 


42,242 


48,546 


6,304 


14-92 


Wellington 


179,868 


199,094 


19,226 


10-69 


Marlborough . . 


14,368 


15,985 


1,617 


11-25 


Nelson 


42,522 


48,463 


5,941 


13-97 


Westland 


14,674 


15,714 


1,040 


7-09 


Canterbury . . 


159,106 


173,185 


14,079 


8-85 


Otago — 










Otago portion 


127,877 


132,402 


4,525 


3-54 


Southland portion 


53,097 


58,728 


5,631 


10-61 


Chatham Islands ' 


197 


258 


61 


30-96 


Kermadec Islands 


5 


4 


-1* 


- 20-00* 


Totals 


888,578 


1,008,468 


119,890 


13-49 




* Decrease. 







Population of Counties and Boroughs. 

New Zealand is, by the Counties Act, 1876, divided into counties and boroughs, 
excepting certain outlying islands, which are not withia county boundaries. It is 
provided by the above-mentioned Act that boroughs shall not be included in 
counties. In April, 1911, the number of the counties was 118. Of these, the North 
Island had 70, with a population amounting altogether to 277,032 persons. The 
South Island had 46 counties, the population being 219,188 persons. Stewart 
Island and Chatham Islands are counties in themselves, and had a population of 
325 persons and 234 persons respectively, exclusive of persons on shipboard. The 
names and populations of the various counties in the Dominion, with their interior 
boroughs set opposite, were as under at the date of the enumeration : — 



Counties. 


Census, 
1911. 


Boroughs. 


Census, 
1911. 


Mangonui . . 


3,105 1 




Whangaroa 


775 1 




Hokianga . . 


3,041 






On shipboard 


55 






Bay of Islands 


.. 3,147 






Whangarei 


7,854 


Whangarei . . 


2,664 


On shipboard 


4 


On shipboard 


15 


Hobson 


4,078 


Dargaville . . 


1,291 


On shipboard 


50 


On shipboard 


29 


Otamatea . . 


.. 3,548 






Rodney 


. . 4,249 






On shipboard 


15 






Waitemata 


.. 8,648 


Birkenhead 


1,703 


On shipboard 


44 


Northcote . . 


1,422 






Devonport . . 


.. 7,041 






On shipboard 


4 


Eden 


.. 23,258 


Auckland . . 


.. 40,536 






On shipboard 


701 






Grey Ljmn 


7,454 






Newmarket 


2,780 






Mount Eden 


9,381 






Mount Albert 


6,700 






Pamell 


5,465 






Onehunga . . 


4,651 




. , ._- 1 


On shipboard 


65 



Manukau . . 



16,180 



11 



Population op Counties and Boroughs — continued. 



Counties. 


Census, 
1911. 


Boroughs. 


Census. 
1911, 


Coromandel 


2,732 






On shipbof 


ird . . . . 28 






Thames 


.. 4,388 


Thames 


3,591 






On shipboard 


28 


Ohinemuri . 


.. .. 6,044 


Waihi 


.. 6,436 


Piako 


3,200 


Te Aroha . . 


.. 1,298 


Matamata . 


2,946 






VV'^aikato 


6,610 


Hamilton . . 


.. 3,542 


Raglan 


2,907 






Waipa 


6.971 


Cambridge . . 


.. 1,463 


Kawliia 


875 






Waitomo . 


.. 3,595 


Te Kuiti . . 


.. 1,266 


Awakino 


605 






Tauranga . 


.. 2,932 


Tauranga . . 


.. 1,346 






On shipboard 


4 


Rotorua 


.. 3,544 






East Taupo 


528 






West Taupo 


974 


Taumarunui 


.. 1,128 


Ohura 


1,436 






Whakatane 


.. 1,700 






On shipbo 


ard . . . . . . 17 






Opotiki 


.. 2,419 






On shipbo 


ard . . . . . . 22 






Waiapu 


.. 1,734 






Waikoliu . 


.. 2,963 






Cook 


.. 6.420 


Gisborne 


.. 8.196 






On shipboard 


33 


Clifton 


.. 2,198 






Taranaki . 


.. 9,245 


New Plymouth 


5.238 






On shipboard 


82 






Waitara 


.. 1,452 






Inglewood . . 


.. 1,273 


Egmont 


3,264 






Stratford 


5,226 


Stratford . . 


.. 2,639 


Whangamoi 


nona .. 1,615 






Waimate W 


est .. .. .. 2,358 






Eltham 


3,339 


Eltham 


1,737 


Hawera 


.. 3,659 


Hawera 


2,685 


Patea 


.. 3,565 


Patea 


919 






On shipboard 


8 


Wairoa 


.. 1,876 


Wairoa 


.. 1,097 


Hawke's Ba 


y .. .. .. 10,114 


Napier 


.. 10,537 






On shipboard 


404 






Hastings . . 


.. 6,286 


Waipukurai 


I 1,581 






Waipa wa 


3,041 


Waipa wa . . 


1,083 


Dannevirke 


4,683 


Dannevirke 


.. 3,368 


Patangata 


.. 1,936 






Weber 


526 






Woodville 


1,880 


Woodville . . 


.. ],165 


Pahiatua 


.. 3,398 


Pahiatua . . 


.. 1,358 


Akitio 


1,421 






Eketahuna 


1,914 


Eketahuna 


806 


Waimarino 


.. 4,151 






Kaitieke 


.. 1,966 






Waitotara 


.. 4,390 


Wanganui . . 


.. 10,929 






On shipboard 


37 


Wanganui 


.. 3,549 


Wanganui East 


.. 1.737 


Bangitikei . 


.. ..9,042 


Taihape 


.. 1,577 






Marton 


.. 1,438 



12 



Population of Counties and Boroughs — continued. 



Counties. 


Census, 
1911. 


Boroughs. 


Census, 
1911. 


Kiwitea 


.. 2,781 






Pohangina . . 


.. 1,797 






Oroua 


.. 3,588 


Feilding 


.. 3,161 


Manawatu . . 


.. 4,461 


Foxton . . . . • 


1,637 






On shipboard 


29 


Kairanga . . 


.. 3,877 


Palmerston North . . 


.. 10,991 


Horowhenua 


.. 6,064 


Levin 


.. 1,608 


Masterton . . 


4,020 


Masterton . . 


.. 5,182 


Mauriceville 


950 






Caatlepoint 


620 






Wairarapa South 


.. 2,745 


Carterton . . 


.. 1,546 


Featherston 


.. 3,965 


Greytown . . 


1,042 


Hutt 


.. 5,189 


Lower Hutt 


.. 4,240 






Petone 


6,640 






Eastbourne 


560 


Makara 


.. 3,632 


Wellington 


.. 64,372 






On shipboard 


1,386 






Onslow 


.. 1,789 






Karori 


.. 1,449 






Miramar 


.. 1,630 


Sounds 


.. 1,181 






Marlborough 


.. 8,056 


Picton 


.. 1,361 






On shipboard 


28 






Blenheim . . 


.. 3,771 


Kaikoura . . 


.. 1,926 






Waimea 


.. 8,626 


Nelson 


.. 8,051 


• 




On shipboard 


43 






Richmond . . 


703 






Motueka 


.. 1,229 


Takaka 


.. 1,820 






On shipboard 


4 






Collingwood 


.. 1,206 






On shipboard 


6 






Buller 


.. 6,682 


Westport . . 


4,729 


On shipboard 


16 


On shipboard 


266 


Inangahua . . 


. . 4,503 






Murchison . . 


.. 1,014 






Amuri 


.. 1,695 






Cheviot 


.. 1,383 






G-rey 


.. 7,202 


Greymouth. . 


.. 5,469 






On shipboard 


98 






Brunner 


.. 1,007 


Westland . . 


.. 4,274 


Hokitika . . 


.. 2,291 






On shipboard 


9 






Kumara 


783 






Ross 


643 


Waipara 


.. 1,966 






Tawera 


.. 1,241 






Ashley 


.. 9,417 


Rangiora . . 


.. 1,834 






Kaiapoi 


.. 1,823 


Selwyn 


.. 1,267 






Waimairi . . 


.. 13,582 






Malvern 


.. 3,458 






Paparua 


. . 4,092 






Heathcote . . 


.. 4,154 


Sumner 


.. 1,751 






Christchurch 


.. 53,116 






Woolston . . 


.. 3,412 






New Brighton 


.. 1,696 






Lyttelton . . 


.. 4,058 






On shipboard 


560 



13 



Population of Counties and Boroughs — continued. 



Counties. 

Halswell 
Springs 
Ellesmere . . 
Mount Herbert 
Akaroa 
Wairewa 
Ashburton . . 
G-eraldine . . 

Levels 

Mackenzie . . 
Waimate . . 
■ Waitaki 

Waihemo . . 
Vincent 

Maniototo . . 
Lake 



Tuapeka 
Waikouaiti 

Taieri 



Peninsula 
Bruce 

Clutha 
Southland 



Census, 
1911. 


Boroughs. 


. 1,898 


Spreydon . . 


. 1,891 




. 3,773 




464 




. 2,251 


Akaroa 


894 




. 12,313 


Ashburton . . 


. 5,471 


Geraldine . . 




Temuka 


. 5,319 


Timaru 




On shipboard 


. 2,341 




. 6,730 


Waimate . 




. 9,733 


Oamaru 
Hampden . 




. 1,647 


Palmerston . 




. 3,734 


Alexandra . 
Cromwell . 




. . 2,812 


Naseby 




. . 1.958 


Queenstown 




On shipboard 




Arrowtown 


. . 5.732 


Lawrence . . 




Roxburgh . . 




Tapanui 


.. 4,318 


Waikouaiti 




Port Chalmers 




On shipboard 




West Harbour 


. . 6,202 


Maori Hill . . 




Dunedin 




On shipboard 




Roslyn 




Momington 




St. Kilda . . 




Green Island 




Mosgiel 


. . 2,937 




. . 4,835 


Milton 




Kaitangata . . 


.. 7,266 


Balolutha . . 


.. 26,460 


Gore 




Mataura 




Winton 




Invercargill 




Invercargill South 




Campbelltown 




On shipboard 


.. 9,422 


Riverton 


42 




325 




32 




234 




24 







Census, 
1911. 
3,286 



622 

2,671 

945 

1,741 

11,280 

34 

1,762 

5,152 

346 

792 

772 

587 

310 

696 

2 

406 

911 

441 

332 

688 

2,100 

87 

1,651 

2,216 

41,529 

77 

,744 

,679 

,137 

,872 

.596 



1,347 

1.567 

1,261 

3,258 

1,199 

564 

12,782 

1,388 

1,780 

519 

936 



Wallace 
Fiord 
Stewart Island 

On shipboard 
Chatham Islands 

On shipboard 



The total county population amounted to 496,779, or 49-26 per cent, of the 
total for the Dominion. In counties are included all towns not constituted muni- 
cipal boroughs ; but, on the other hand, the people living in many of the boroughs 



14 



can hardly be called town population. The population in boroughs was 605,598 
persons, or 50-14 per cent, of the whole. For every 100 persons resident in counties 
in 1911 there were 102 residing in boroughs. In 1906 the counties had 496,545 
persons, and the boroughs 424,614; or, in other words, for every 100 persons in 
counties, 93 were residents of the boroughs. Thus it will be seen that in the five 
years a majority of 71,931 in favour of the counties had been converted into a 
minority of 8,819. The growth of urban population at successive censuses is well 
shown in the following table : — 

Percentage. 



Census. 

1881 
1886 
1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 



Counties. 


Boroughs. 


■ 








Counties. 


Boroughs. 


291,238 


194,981 


59-44 


39-80 


327,328 


245,612 


56-58 


42-46 


352,097 


270,343 


56-18 


43-14 


391,735 


307,294 


55-69 


43-69 


417,696 


350,202 


54-04 


45-32 


458,797 


424,614 


51-63 


47-79 


496,779 


505,598 


49-26 


50-14 



Shipboard and 
Islands. 
0-76 
0-96 
0-68 
0-62 
0-64 
0-68 
0-60 



Chief Cities and Suburbs. 

The Cities of Auckland, Christchurch, and Dunedin have considerable suburbs. 
The suburban population of Wellington is comparatively small. The following 
gives the names and populations of the several localities, as at the date of the census 
(1911), which might fairly be termed suburbs of the four principal cities at that 
time : — 



Auckland and Suburbs (April, 19]]). 

Population. 
Suburban Boroughs — Census, 1911. 



Birkentead 


1.703 


Northcote 


1,422 


Devonport 


7,041 


Parnell . . 


5,465 


Newmarket 


2,780 


Grey Lynn 


7,454 


Mount Eden 


9,381 


Mount Albert 


6,700 


Other Suburbs — Eoad Districts, &c. — 




Arch Hill 


2,120 


Eden Terrace 


2,595 


Epsom . . 


2,699 


Mount Roskill (part) 


544 


One-tree Hill 


3,365 


Point Chevalier 


1.295 


Avondale (part) . . 


762 


Remuera . . 


3,284 


Orakei Road District 


34 


EUerslie Town District 


947 


Tamaki West Road District (part) . . 


165 


Pamell Riding (outlying portion) Do- 




main with Hospital 


384 


Total suburbs 


62.140 


Auckland City 


40,536 


Totals, City of Auckland and sub- 




urbs 


102,676 



Wellington and Suburbs (Apbil, 1911). 

Population. 

Suburban Boroughs — Census, 1911. 

Miramar .. .. .. 1,630 

Karon .. .. .. .. 1,449 

Onslow .. .. .. .. 1,789 

Eastbourne . . . . . . 560 



Other Suburbs — 

Johnsonville Town District . . 929 

Total suburbs .. .. 6,357 

Wellington City .. .. 64,372 

Total, Cit>- of WelUngton and sub- 
urbs .. .. .. 70,729 



16 



Chief Cities and Suburbs — continued. 



Christchurch and Suburbs {April, 1911). 

Suburban Boroughs— Census! 1911. 

New Brighton . . . . . . l , 696 

Woolston .. .. .. 3,412 

Spreydon .. .. .. 3^286 

Sumner . . . . . . . . 1 ,751 

Other Suburbs — Ridings and Subdivi- 
sions — 

Heathcote . . . . . . 4 , 154 

Halswell (part) . . . . . . 747 

Riccarton .. .. .. 2,889 

Fendalton . . 1 , 668 

Middleton .. .. .. 2,291 

Avon .. ., .. .. 1,065 

Papanui . . . . . . . . 2,013 

Marshland . . . . . . 768 

Styx (part) .. .. 405 

Belfast (part) . . . . . . 271 

Harewood (part) . . . . . . 661 

Total, suburbs .. .. 27,077 

Christchurch City .. .. 53,116 

Total, City of Christchurch and 

suburbs' .. .. ..80,193 



DUNEDIN AND SUBURBS (ApRIL, 1911). 





Population. 


Suburban Boroughs — 


rtensus, 1911. 


Maori Hill 


.. 2.216 


Mornington 


.. 4,679 


Roslyn . . 


5,744 


St. Kilda 


.. 4,137 


Green Island 


.. 1,872 


West Harbour 


.. 1,651 


Other Suburbs — Road Districts, M.- 


, 


Anderson's Bay Subdivision 


136 


Bay Town District 


.. 1,042 


North-east Harbour Subdivision 


361 


Highclifi Subdivision (part) 


120 


Tomahawk Road District . . 


119 


Kaikorai Riding . . 


608 


North-east Valley Riding (part) 


23 


Total, suburbs 


.. 22,708 


Dunedin City 


.. 41,529 



Total, City of Dunedin and sub- 
urbs 



64,237 



The increase of population for ten years prior to the census of 1911 at the four 
chief centres, with their suburbs, was, — 





Census, 


Census, 


Numerical 


Increase 




1901. 


1911. 


Increase. 


Per Cent. 


Auckland and suburbs . . 


.. 67,226 


102,676 


35,450 


52-73 


Wellington and suburbs 


.. 49,344 


70,729 


21,385 


43-34 


Christchurch and suburbs 


.. 57,041 


80,193 


23,152 


40-59 


Dunedin and suburbs . . 


.. 52,390 


64,237 


11,847 


22-61 



It will be seen that the population of Auckland has increased by over 52 per 
cent, in the ten years, or at nearly two and a half times the rate of Dunedin. Wel- 
lington and Christchurch also show much higher rates than Dunedin. A comparison 
for the last five years of the period, however, shows Dunedin to have advanced 
at a rate of 14-67 per cent., while Wellington's rate was only 10-85 per cent. 

Population of Town Districts. 

Besides the boroughs, there were 57 town districts (including the special town 
district of Rotorua, constituted under the Rotorua Town Act, 1907) which are 
portions of the counties in which they are situated. Of the 57, 45 are in the North 
Island and only 12 in the South. A list of these town districts is subjoined, with 
populations, as in 1911 : — 



Town District 


s. 




Population. 


Town Districts. 




Population. 


Hikurangi 








693 


Papakura 






453 


Kamo 








337 


Morrinsville . . 






565 


Warkworth . 








689 


Huntly 






. 1,319 


Helensville . 








670 


Raglan 






246 


Hobsonville . 








373 


Leamington 






378 


New Lynn . 
Ellerslie 








592 
947 


Te Awamutu 
Kihikihi 






645 
259 


Pukekohe 




, 




629 


Frankton 






. 1,113 



16 



Population of Town Districts — continued. 



Town Districts. 




Population. 


Town Districts. 






Population. 


Ngaruawahia . , . . . . 478 


Mangaweka . . . . • • • • 4:94 


Kawhia 






157 


Lethb ridge . . 


263 


Rotorua* 








. 2,390 


Halcombe . . 






260 


Opotiki 








936 


Eongotea 






313 


Fitzroy 








710 


Featherston 






743 


St. Aubyn . 








606 


Martinborough 






631 


Opunake 








488 


Upper Hutt 






. 1,050 


Kaponga 








384 


Johnsonville . . 






929 


Manaia 








537 


Havelock 






301 


Normanby . 








441 


Mackenzie . . 






191 


Taradale 








894 


Amberley 




346 


Waipukurau , 








. 1,043 


Southbridge 




418 


Otane 








260 


Tinwald 






539 


Ormondville 








360 


Hampstead . . 






. 1,490 


Norsewood . 








210 


Pleasant Point 






493 


Waverley 








626 


Outram 






429 


Ohakune 








743 


Bay 






. 1,042 


Gonville 








. 1,557 


Clinton 






451 


Castlecliff . 








620 


Wyndham . . 




663 


Bull's 








519 


Otautau 




744 


Hunterville . 








658 











Population of Small Centres. 

In addition to the boroughs and town districts above referred to, the census 
results showed for 1911 throughout the Dominion a large number of places of the 
nature of townships, villages, or small centres without boundaries. The population 
so brought out may not in all cases be locally considered strictly accurate, even 
for the census-date, or given in such a way as to be fit for comparison one with 
another. The question of including with the nucleus more or less of the surrounding 
country is dealt with in different ways by the Sub-Enumerators. But even if 
objections are raised in a few cases, a great deal of the information now given is held 
to be valuable, and there is in for every place some kind of centre. 



Population. 

Abbotsfoid, Taieri . . 116 

Aberfeldie, Wanganui . . 94 

Adair, Levels . . 79 

Adams Plat, Bruce . . 32 

Addison's, Buller .. 145 

Admiralty Bay, Sounds . . 54 

Ahaura, Grey . . . . 183 

Ahikiwi, Hobson 28 

Ahuriri Flat, Clutha 128 

Ahuroa, Rodney . . 132 

Aicken's, Westland . . . . 28 

Airedale, Waitaki . . . . 59 

Akaaka, Manukau . . 198 

Akatarawa, Hutt . . 231 

Albany, Waltemata . . 186 

Albert Town, Vincent . . 36 
Albury Settlement, Mackenzie 319 

Alexandra Bast, Waipa . . 170 

Alford Forest, Ashburton . , 125 
Alfredton (toira and vicinity), 

Masterton . . 459 

Alfriston, ^tanulvau . . . . 137 

Allandale, Geraldine . . 123 

AUandale, Mount Heibeit . . 66 

Allan's Hill, Tuapeka . . 21 

AUanton, Taieri 274 

Allenton, Ashburton . . 1,109 

Alma, Waitaki . , . . 74 

Alton, Patea . , . . 60 

Anderson's Flat, Tuapeka . . 36 

Anikiwa, Marlborough . . 14 

Aniseed Valley, Waimea 60 

Annan, Amuri . . . . 195 

Annat, Malvern . . . . 187 

Antonio's, Inangahua . . 36 

Aokautero, Kairanga . . 52 

Aongatete, Tauranga . . 50 



Aorangi, Oroua 

Aoroa, Hobson 

Aotea, Raglan 

Aparima, Wallace 

Apiti (and vicinity), Pohangina 

Appleby, Wairaea . . 

Araiwi, Matamata . . 

Aranga, Hokianga . . 

Arapaepae, Horowhcnua 

Ararua, Otamatea 

Arataha, Cook 

Aratapu, Hobson 

Aratika, Grey 

Ardgowan, Waitaki . . 

Ardlussa, Southland 

Ardmore, Manukau . . 

Argyle East, Waipawa 

Argyle Settlement, Waipawa 

Amo, Waimatc 

Arnold, Grey 

Aro Junction, Lake . . 

Arthur's Point, Lake 

Arthurstown, Westland 

Arthurton, Clutha . , 

Arundel, Geraldine . . 

Ashbourne Settlement, Wai- 

mate 
Ashburton Village Settlement, 

Ashburton 
Ashhurst, Oroua 
Ashley, Ashley 
Ashley-Clinton, Waipawa 
Ashley Downs, Clutha 
Ashwick Flat, Mackenzie 
Atea, Akitio 
Athol, Southland 
Auaroa, Hawke's Bay 



Population. 

82 



188 

59 

149 

377 

246 

49 

98 

51 

132 

50 

405 

45 

449 

27 

138 

118 

111 

47 

66 

32 

71 

69 

67 

108 



42 
550 
342 
160 

59 
126 
112 
151 

61 



Anputa, Kiwitea 
Auriferous Reserve, Southland 
Auroa, Waimate AYest 
Avondale, Marlborough 
Avondale Town and 3Iental 

Hospital, Eden 
Awahuri, Manawatu 
Awakino, Awakino 
Awakino, Waitaki 
Awamoa, Waitaki 
Awamoko, Waitaki 
Awanui, Mangonui 
Awanui, Waiapu 
Awapuni, Zairanga 
Awaroa, Manukau 
Awaroa, Takaka 
Awarua Plains, Southland 
Awatere Lower, Marlbol'ough 
Awatoto, Hawke's Bay 
Awatuna, Westland 
Awatuna East, Eltham 
Awitu, Manukau 
Aylesbury, Malvem . . 



Waitaki 
Bamham, Collingwood 
Balcairn, Ashley 
Bald Hill Flat, Vincent 
Balfour (town and vicinity) 

Southland 
Ballance, Pahiatua 
Balmoral, Amuri 
Bankside, Selwyu 
Bannockbum, Vincent 
Barewood, Taieri 
Barkley, Southland . . 



Population. 
68 



216 
27 

1,905 

143 

166 

62 

112 

143 

104 

88 

134 

74 

33 

118 

299 

272 

57 

20 

246 



45 
123 
222 
110 

269 
65 
37 
49 

280 
80 

107 



Barr Hill, Ashbui-ton 
Barry's Bay, Akaroa 
Barrytown, Grey 
Batley, Otamatea . . 
Baton Valley, Waimea 
Bayswater, Wallace . . 
Beaconsfield, Waikouaiti 
Bealey Flat, Tawera 
Beaumont, Tuapeka 
Beautiful Valley, Geraldine 
Beck's, Maniototo . . 
Belfast (and vicinity), Wai 

mairi 
Belfleld, Geraldine . . 
Belgrove, Waimea . . 
Bell Hill, Grey 
Belmont, Hutt 
Bendigo, Vincent 
Benger Flat, Tuapeka 
Benhar, Bruce 
Benhopai, Marlborough 
Benio, Southland 
Benmore, Southland 
Benmore, Waitaki . . 
Bennett's, Ashley 
Berlin, Buller 
Berwick, Taieri 
Bickerstaffe, Otamatea 
Bideford, Masterton 
Big Omaha, Rodney 
Big River, Grey 
Birchfield, Buller 
Birchwood, Wallace . . 
Bishopdale, Waimea 
Blackball, Grey 
Blackball, Marlborough 
Blackbird Valley, Waimea 



Population. 
110 



130 
80 
82 
48 
96 
23 
161 
206 
39 
99 

1,216 

103 

265 

42 

146 

47 

47 

146 

22 

60 

67 

46 

154 

25 

190 

155 

108 



173 
53 
39 

788 
54 



* Constituted under the P>otorua Town Act, 1907. 



17 



Population of Small Ce'ntb.es— continued 



Population. 

Blackburn, Bruce . . . . 142 
Blackburn (and vicinity), Wal- 

pawa . , . . 147 

Blackhill, Southland . . 48 

Blackman's, Vincent . . 45 

Black's Point, Inangahua . . 294 

Blackwater, Inangahua . . 113 

Blockhouse Bay, Eden 93 

Bluecliffs, Waimate . . 31 

Bluespur, Tuapeka , . 121 

Bluespur, Westland . . 54 

Boddytown, Grey . , 62 

Boggyburn, Southland . . 52 

Bombay, Manukau . . 352 
Bonny Boon, CoUingwood . . 24 

Braigh, Whangarei . . 94 

Brancepeth, Masteiton 45 

Brighton, Buller . . . . 29 

Brighton, Taieri .176 

Bright-water, Waimea . . 283 

Brintwood, Waikato . . 48 

Broad Bay, Peninsula 195 

Broadwood, Hokianga 134 

BrockviUe, Taieri 70 

Bromley, Heathcote . . . . 726 

Brookby, Manukau . . 219 

Brooklands, Bruce . . 88 
Brooklyn Valley, Waimea . . 58 

Brockside, Ellesmere , . 254 

Brookvale, Cheviot . . 20 

Broomfleld, Ashley . . 19 

Brown's, Southland . . 315 

Brunswick, Southland . . 73 

Brunswick, Waitotara . 223 

Brydone, Southland 187 

Bryndwr, Waimairi . . 61 

Buekland, Manukau . . 305 

Buckland, Waihemo . . . . 36 

Buckleburn, Lake . . 46 

Buddo Settlement, Waimairi 39 

Bulwer, Sounds . . '35 

Bunnythorpe, Oroua . . 296 

Burke's Pass, Mackenzie . . 84 

Burnett's Face, Buller . . 627 

Bumham, Malvern . . 249 

Bumside, Taieri 26 

Bumside, Waipawa . . . . 48 

Burton's, Waitaki 42 

Burwood, Waimairi . . 250 

Bushside, Ashburton 76 

Bushy, Waihemo . . 42 



Cabbage Bay, Coromandel . . 129 

Cable Bay, Waimea . . . . 55 

Caddon, Southland . . 58 

Caimsbrae, Ashburton . . 60 

Calcium, Wallace . . 31 

Callaghay, Grey 23 

Callaghan's, Westland . . 59 

Cambrian, Maniototo . . 65 

Cameron's, Grey . . 56 

Camside, Ashley . . . . 35 

Cannibal Bay, Clutha . . 24 

Cannington, Waimate . . 140 

Canvastown, Marlborough . , 60 

Capleston, Inangahua 119 

Cardrona Lake . . . . 104 

Carew, Ashburton . . . . 74 

Caroline, Southland . . . . 79 

Carterton Bast, Wairarapa 

South . . . . . . 138 

Cashmere Hills, Heathcote . . 272 

Cass, Tawera . . 66 

Castlepoint, Castlepoint . , 51 

Cattle Valley, Geraldine . . 38 

Cat Valley, Marlborougli . . 19 

Cave, Levels . . . . 89 

Cemetery Hill, Westland . . 254 

Centre Bush, Southland . . 153 
Chamberlain Settlement, Jlac- 

kenzie . . 117 

Chaney's, Waimairi . . . . 81 

Charing Cross, Malvern . . 57 

Charleston, Buller . . . . 80 

Charlton, Southland . . 72 
Chaslands, Clutha . . 42 
Chatton (and vicinity), South- 
land . . . . . . 298 

Chertsey (and vicinity), Ash- 
burton . . 278 
Chorlton, Akaroa 85 
Clandeboye, Geraldine . . 269 
Clapham, Southland 37 
Claredon, Bruce . . 55 
Clareville, Wairarapa South . . 466 
Clark, Waimea . . 39 
Clarksville, Bruce . , . , 135 

2 -Census, 



Population. 

ClarkviUe, Ashley 247 

Claudelands, Waikato . . 668 

Clevedon, Manukau 430 

Cllfden, Wallace . . . . 237 

Clifton, Southland , . . . 83 

Clifton, Takaka . . 100 

Clifton, Waitaki 25 

Clive, Hawke's Bay . . . . 96 

Clive Grange, Hawke's Bay . . 119 

Clive West, Hawke's Bay . . 434 

Cloudy Bay, Marlborough . . 92 

Clyde, Vincent . . 413 

Clydevale, Clutha . . 226 

Coal Creek, Grey . . 09 

Coal Creek Flat, Tuapeka 142 

Coalgate, Malvern . . 171 

Cobden, Grey . . 987 

Cockabulla, Grey 15 

Colac Bay, Wallace . . 265 

Coldstream, Ashburton . . 71 

Coleridge Lake, Selwyn . . 77 

Colyton, Oroua . . 222 

Commonage, Lake . , 31 

Conroy's, Vincent 15 

Coonoor, Pahiatua . . . . 61 

Cooptown, Wairewa . . . . 88 
Coromandel (and vicinity), 

Coromandel 972 

Cottesbrook, Taieri . . 29 

Courtenay, Malvern . . 89 

Coutts Island, Ashley . . 78 

Cove, Whangarei . . . . 135 

Craigmore, Waimate . . 41 

Crail Bay, Sounds . . 32 

Crichton, Bruce . . 35 

Cricklewood, Levels . . 24 

Croixelles, Sounds . . 29 

Cronadun, Inangahua , . 200 

Orookston, Tuapeka . . 229 

Cross Creek, Featherston . , 129 

Croydon, Wallace . . 17 

Croydon Bush, Southland . . 135 

Croydon Siding, Southland . . 38 

Crushington, Inangahua 170 

Cullensville, Marlborough 14 

Culverden, Amuri . . . . 108 

Cust, Ashley . . 337 



Dacre, Southland . . 98 

Dairy Flat, Waitemata . . 110 
Dalefleld, Wairarapa South . . 164 

Dallington, Waimairi . . 158 

Dalrachrey, Waitaki . . 26 

Danieltown, Wallace 54 

Darfleld, Malvern . . 300 

Deborah, Waitaki . . 144 

Deborah Bay, Waikouaiti . . 139 

Denniston, Buller . , 842 

Dillmanstown, Westland . . 153 

Dipton, Southland . . 298 

Dipton Plat, Southland . . 263 

Domett, Cheviot . . . . 150 

Dovedale, Waimea . . . . 159 

Doyleston, Ellesmere . . 362 

Droraore, Ashburton . . 133 

Drummond, Wallace 102 

Drury, Manukau . . 205 

Drybread, Vincent . . 37 

Dumbarton, Tuapeka . . 78 

Dumgree, Marlborough . . 20 

Dunback, Waihemo . . . 253 

Dunganville, Grey . . .49 
Dunollie (and vicinity), Grey. . 531 

Dunrobin, Tuapeka . . .75 

Dunsandel, Selwyn . . . 429 

Dunsdale, Southland . . 54 

Duntroon, Waitaki . . 340 

Duvauchelle, Akaroa 182 



Ealing, Ashburton . . . . 119 
Eamscleugh, Vincent . . 229 
Eastern Bush, Wallace . . 93 
Bast Taieri, Taieri . . 416 
East Tamaki, Manukau . . 580 
Bdendale (and vicinity). South- 
land ,. .. .796 
Bdievale, Tuapeka . . 86 
Eiffelton, Ashburton . . 53 
Elevation, Marlborough . . 49 
Elgin, Ashburton . . 107 
Bllerslie, Waitaki . . 95 
Ellesmere, Springs . . . . 222 
Elsthorpe, Patangata 160 
Endeavour Inlet, Sounds . . 30 
Enfleld, Waitaki 368 
Epuni Hamlet, Hutt 170 



Bpworth, Geraldine . . 
Ernedale, Wallace . . 
Bskdale, Hawke's Bay 
Etal Creek, Wallace . . 
Ettrick, Tuapeka 
Eureka, Waikato 
Evansdale, Waikouaiti 
Evans Flat, Tuapeka 
Eveline, Waitaki 
Eversley, Mackenzie 
Eyreton, Ashley 



Fabian Valley, Marlborough . . 

Fairburn, Mangonui 

Fairfax, Wallace 

Fairfax (and vicinity), Bruce. . 

Fairfield (and vicinity), Wai- 
pawa 

Fairfield, Ashburton 

Fairfield, Taieri 

Fairlie (and vicinity), Mackenzie 

Fairton, Ashburton . . 

Fairview (and vicinity). Levels 

Famham, Marlborough 

Fencourt, Waikato . . 

Fendalton, Waimairi 

Femhill, Southland . . 

Femside, Ashley 

Ferntown, Collingwood 

Fitzroy Bay, Sounds 

Five Rivers, Southland 

Flag Swamp, Waikouaiti 

Flaxboume (and vicinity), Marl- 
borough . . 

Flaxmere, Hawke's Bay 

Flaxton, Ashley 

Flemington, Ashburton 

Flemington, Patangata 

Flint's Bush, Wallace 
Ploraville, Waitaki . . 

Fordell, Wanganui . . 

Forest Gate (and vicinity), 

Waipawa 
Forest Hill, Southland 
Forsyth, Tuapeka . . 
Fortification, Southland 
Fortification, Waitaki 
Fortrose (and vicinity). South- 
land 
Four Uivers, Murchison 
Foxhill, Waimea 
Frankton (and vicinity). Lake 
Frankton Junction, Waipa 
Frasertown, Wairoa 
French Pass, Sounds 
Fresflelds, Waikato . . 
Frimley, Hawke's Bay 
Friston, Waitaki 



Gabriel's Gully, Tuapeka 
Galloway, Vincent . . 
Gapes Valley, Geraldine 
Gap Eoad, Southland 
Garston, Lake 
Gebbie's Valley, Wairewa 
Georgetown, Waitaki 
German Bay, Akaroa 
Gibbston, Lake 
Gibbstown, Collingwood 
Gimmerburn, Maniototo 
Gladfleld, Wallace . , 
Gladstone, Wairarapa South . . 
Gladstone Siding, Grey 
Glenary, Southland . . 
Glenavy, Waimate . . 
Glencoe, Southland . . 
Glenduan, Waimea . . 
Glenham, Southland . . 
Glenhope Valley, Waimea 
Glenkenich, Clutha . . 
Glenledi, Bruce 
Glenmurry, Raelan . . 
Glenomaru, Clutha 
Glenorchy, Lake 
Glenore, Bruce 
Glen Oroua, Manawatu 
Glen Hae, Waimea . . 
Glenroy, Selwyn 
Glentire (and vicinity), Ashley 
Glentunnel, Malvern 
Globe Hill, Inangahua 
Glorit, Rodney 
Goldney's Saddle, Tawera 
Goldsborough, Westland 
Goodwood, Waihemo 



ilation 




Population. 


100 


Gordon Special Settlement, 


63 


Piako . . 


.. 103 


190 


Gordonton, Waikato 


.. 223 


44 


Gorge Road, Southland 


.. 216 


100 


Go\ ernor's Bay, Mount Herbert 103 


175 


Granity, Buller 


.. 589 


34 


Grasmere, Southland 


., 134 


120 


Grassmerc, Marlborough 


70 


265 


Greatford, Rangitikei 


78 


89 


Green Bay, Eden 


.. 208 


203 


Greendale, Malvern . . 


312 




Greenfield, Bruce 


230 




Greenhills, Southland 


.. 188 




Greenhithe, Waitemata 


56 


27 


Greenmeadows, Hawke's 


Bay 471 


59 


Greenpark, Springs . . 


342 


196 


Greenstone, Grey 


37 


225 


Greenstreet, Ashburton 


.. 100 




Greenvale, Southland 


173 


111 


Greerton, Tauranga 


79 


117 


Groper's Bush, Wallace 


75 


322 


Grove, The, Marlborough 


116 


478 


Grove Bush, Southland 


184 


122 


Gummie's Bush, Wallace 


.. 120 


55 


Gumtown, Coromandel 


86 


102 


Gwaras, Waipawa . . 


62 


116 






1,290 






66 


Hairini, Waipa 


.. 193 


46 


Haka Point, Clutha . . 


84 


64 


Hakataramea, Waimate 


303 


20 


Hakatere, Ashburton 


26 


57 


Haldane, Southland 


42 


156 


Half-moon Bay, Stewart Island 139 




Halford, Featherston 


86 


290 


Halkett, Malvern . . 


165 


47 


Hall Special Settlement, 


Pahi- 


108 


atua 


23 


20 


Hamilton South, Maniototo . . 68 


56 


Hampden (and vicinity). 


Wai- 


106 


pawa 


317 


46 


Hamua, Eketahuna 


92 


194 


Hangaroa, Cook 


126 




Hanmer, Amuri 


178 


138 


Happy Valley, Waimea 


58 


64 


Hapuku, Kaikoura . . 


106 


72 


Harding's Flat, Hobson 


138 


11 


Harewood, Papania 


138 


126 


Hariharl, Westland . . 


93 




Hastfield, WaUace . . 


247 


211 


Hastwell, Mauriceville 


139 


62 


Hatter's, Grey 


143 


136 


Hatuma Settlement, Waipu- 


100 


kurau 


304 


127 


Hautapu, Waikato . . 


134 


240 


Havelock, Tuapeka . . 


274 


28 


Hawarden, Waipara 


163 


88 


Hawea Flat, Vincent 


222 


138 


Hawkesbury, Marlborough 


?0 


41 


Hawksbury, Waikouaiti 


89 




Hawkswood, Cheviot 


52 




Hayes Lake, Lake . . 


89 


73 


Hayward's, Hutt 


44 


94 


Hazelburn, Levels . . 


64 


134 


Heathcote, Heathcote 


697 


77 


Heatherlea, Horowhenua 


68 


151 


Hector, Buller 


203 


124 


Heddon Bush (and vicinity). 


194 


Wallace . . 


266 


168 


Hedgehope, Southland 


.. 193 


98 


Helensbrook, Bruce 


170 


154 


Henderson, Waitemata 


683 


160 


Henley, Taieri 


276 


44 


Herbert, Waitaki . . 


544 


172 


Herbertville, Patangata 


81 


49 


Hercules Flat, Tuapeka 


61 


48 


Herekino, Hokianga . . 


186 


327 


Herekino Settlement, Mangonui 89 


60 


Hereville, Ashley 


29 


17 


Heriot, Tuapeka 


346 


263 


Highbank Settlement, 


Ash- 


56 


burton . . 


.. 262 


115 


Highchft, Peninsula . . 


240 


143 


Hihitahi, Wanganui . . 


288 


134 


Hikaio, Ashburton . . 


56 


135 


Hikimutu, Kaitieke . . 


35 


80 


Hikuitaia, Opotiki , . 


.. 120 


46 


Hikutaia, Ohinemuri 


.. 252 


146 


Hilderthorpe, Waitaki 


76 


26 


Hillend, Bruce 


211 


104 


Hillersden Station, Marlborough 55 


46 


Hillgrove, Waitaki . . 


61 


311 


Hillsborough, Eden . . 


.. 115 


421 


Hillsborough, Heathcote 


92 


64 


Hill's Creek, Maniototo 


33 


228 


Hill's Settlement, Waimate . . 43 


32 


Hillside, Waikato . . 


61 


235 


Hilton, Geraldine . . 


.. 223 



18 



Population of Small Centres — continued. 



Population. 


Himitaugi, Manawatu 


103 


Hindoo, Taieri 


72 


Hinds, Asliburton . . 


462 


Hiuuera, Matamata . , 


104 


Hirstfleld, Wallace . . 


247 


Hoanga, Hobson 


. 105 


Hodglsinson, Wallace 


46 


Hohoura, Mangonui . . 


191 


Holda, Waimate 


23 


Hokonui, Southland . . 


264 


Homebush, Masteiton 


72 


Hook, Waimate 


216 


Hope, Waimea 


272 


Horahora, Matamata 


83 


Horahora, Whangarei 


336 


Hornby, Paparua . . 


84 


Horoeka, Akitio 


. 118 


Horokiwi Valley, Hutt 


72 


Horopito, Wairaarino 


224 


Hororata, Selwyn . . 


359 


Hoi'otui, Waipa 


146 


Horowhenua, Horowhenua 


100 


Horseshoe Bend, Tuapeka 


25 


Horse Terrace, Murchison 


112 


Horsley Downs, Waipara 


116 


Hoteo North, Rodney 


78 


Houipapa, Clutha . . 


. 252 


Howick, Manukau . . 


319 


Huiakama, Whangamomona . 


72 


Hukanui, Eketahuna 


189 


Hukarere, Inangahua 


113 


Hukatere, Otamatea 


129 


Hukerenui, Whangarei 


104 


Humphrey's, Westland 


58 


Hunter, Waimate 


106 


Huntly West, Raglan 


. 170 


Hunua, Manukau . , 


223 


Hurstlands, Hawera . . 


51 


Hyde, Maniototo 


. 134 


Ida Valley, Maniototo 


. 129 


Ihumatao, Manukau 


127 


Ihuraua Valley, Mauriceville . 


105 


Ikamatua, Inangahua 


74 


Ikawai, Waimate 


88 


Inaha, Hawera 


. 165 


Inangahua Junction, Inangahu 


a 77 


Inchbonnie, Grey 


66 


Tuch-Clutha, Bruce , . 


. 312 


' Incholrae, Waitaki . . 


99 


Inch Valley, Waihemo 


56 


Inglewood, Southland 


70 


Irwell, Ellesmere 


340 


Isla Bank, Wallace . . 


125 


Isla Bush, Wallace . . 


63 


Island Cliff, Waitaki 


103 


Island Stream, Waitaki 


127 


Islington, Paparua . . 


587 


Jackson's, Westland . . 


41 


Jaoobstown, Southland 


64 


Jamestown, Collingwood 


13 


Janefleld, Taieri 


95 


Jordan, Marlborough 


33 


Jordan, Whangarei . . 


84 


JosephviUe, Southland 


22 


Judea, Tauranga 


31 


Judgeford, Hutt 


90 


Kaeo, Whangaroa . . 


286 


Kaharoa, Rotorua . . 


67 


Kaharunga, Eawhia 


111 


Kahuika, Clutha 


243 


Kahutara, Featherston 


193 


Kaiaka, Mangonui . . 


63 


Kaiata, Grey 


59 


Kaiaua, Manukau 


82 


Kaihiku, Clutha 


156 


Kaihu, Hobson 


418 


Kaihu Valley, Hobson 


200 


Kai Iwi, Waitotara . . 


124 


Kai Iwi Beach, Waitotara 


139 


Kaikohe, Bay of Islands 


132 


Kaikorai, Lower, Taieri 


36 


Kaikoura, Kaikoura . . 


408 


Kaimai, Tauranga . . 


57 


Kaimanuka, Patea . . 


25 


Kaimata, Grey 


49 


Kaipaki, Waipa 


218 


Kaipara Flats, Rodney 


183 


Kalpikari, Clifton . . 


24 


Kaiporo, Eketahuna 


124 


Kalrahi, Ashley 


21 


Eairanga, Eairanga 


157 


Kaitaia, Mangonui . . 


237 



Population. 1 


Population. 


Kaitara, Whangarei 


115 


Koputaroa, Horowhenua 


115 


Kaitawa, Pahiatua . . 


71 


Korere, Waimea 


49 


Kaiti, Cook 


327 


Koromatua, Waipa . . 


111 


Kaitoke, Hutt 


17 


Koromiko, Marlborough 


33 


Kaitoke, Wanganui . . 


201 


Kotare, Clifton 


26 


Kaituna-, Akitio 


53 


Kotuku, Grey 


88 


Kaituna, Collingwood 


164 


Kowai Bush, Tawera 


117 


Kaituna, Marlborough . 


. 431 


Kuaotunu Township, Core 




Kaituna, Wairewa . . 


136 


mandel . . 


112 


Kaiwaiwai, Featherston 


. 156 


Kuaotunu, Upper, Coiomandcl 81 


Kaiwaka, Otamatea 


266 


Kumara Railway Junction, 


Kaiwara, Cheviot 


30 


Westland 


46 


Eaiwera, Southland 


70 


Kumeroa, Woodville 


81 


Kaka, Clutha 


68 


Kumeti, Dannevirke 


99 


Kaka, Waitaki 


97 


Kumeu, Waitemata . . 


. 127 


Kakahi, Kaitieke . . 


4.J5 


Kurow, \A^aitaki 


. 369 


Kakahu, Geraldine . . 


82 


Kutarere, Opotiki 


88 


Kakanui, Waitaki . . 


290 


Kycburn, Maniototo 


218 


Kakapuaka, Clutha . . 


50 


Kyle, Ashburton 


.n 


Kamaha, Grey 


47 






Kamaki, Southland . . 


16 






Kanawa, Waitomo . . 


80 


Lakeside, Ellesmere . . 


434 


Kanieri, Westland . . 


266 


Landsborough Road, Le\ils , 


78 


Kaniwhaniwha, Raglan 


46 


Langridge, Marlborough 


15 


Kapitea, Westland . . 


18 


Lansdown, Marlborough 


16 


Kapiti, Bruce 


90 


Lansdowne (and vicinity), JIa 




Kapuka, Southland . . 


184 


terton 


709 


Kapuni, Waimate West 


356 


Larrikins, Westland . . 


32 


Karaka, Manukau . . 


. 196 


Lauder, Vincent 


81 


Karamea, Buller 


. 176 


Lauderdale, Southland 


16 


Karangahake (and vicinity). 


Lauriston, Ashburton 


70 


■ Ohinemuri 


. 1,720 


Lavenham, Cook 


41 


Karangarua, Westland 


22 


Leatham, Marlborough 


22 


Karapiro, Matamata 


163 


Le Bon's Bay, Akaroa 


228 


Karipiro, Waikato . . 


. 125 


Leefleld, Marlborough 


11 


Karioitahi, Manukau 


81 


Lee's Creek, Taieri . . 


73 


Katikati (and vicinity), Ta« 


- 


Leeston, Ellesmere . . 


384 


ranga 


199 


Lee Stream, Tuapeka 


24 


Katotawiu, Hawera 


28 


Leithfleld, Ashley . . 


210 


Katui, Hokianga 


62 


Lepperton, Taranaki 


60 


Kaueranga, Thames 


129 


Levels, Levels 


90 


Kaukapakapa, Waitemata 


405 


Levels Plains, Levels 


32 


Kaupokonui, Waimate West . 


29 


Levels Valley Road, Levels 


85 


Kaurihohore, Whangarei 


162 


Lime Hills, Southland 


318 


Kauroo, Waitaki 


77 


Limestone Island, Whangarei . 


161 


Kawa, West Taupo . . 


37 


Limestone Valley, Levels 


26 


Kawakawa (and vicinity), Ba 


V 


Lincoln, Springs 


. 396 


of Islands 


307 


Lindisfame, Southland 


180 


Kawana, Southland . . 


83 


Lindis Valley, Vincent 


22 


Kaweka, Southland . . 


64 


Lindsay .Settlement, Waipawa 


312 


Kawerua, Hokianga 


64 


Lintley, Southland . . 


34 


Kekerangu, Marlborough 


56 


Litchfield, Matamata 


51 


Kelso, Tuapeka 


241 


Little Akaloa, Akaroa 


132 


Kenepuru, Sounds 


. 175 


Little River, Wairewa 


99 


Kennington, Southland 


88 


Little Sydney, Waimea 


63 


Kerepihi, Ohinemuri 


60 


Little Waikaka, Southland . 


113 


Kereru, Horowhenua 


85 


Livingstone, Waitaki 


202 


Kerikeri, Bay of Islands 


158 


Loanend, Southland. . 


22 


Keys, Wallace 


46 


Lobum, Ashley 


276 


Killinchy, Ellesmere . . 


. 184 


Lochiel, Southland . . 


286 


Kilmog, Waikouaiti 


48 


Locksley, Waimairi . . 


34 


Kimbell, Mackenzie . . 


133 


Longbeach, Ashburton 


129 


Kimberley, Malvern . . 


112 


Longbeach Road, Ashburton . 


134 


Kimbolton. Kiwitea . . 


291 


Longburn, Kairanga 


.338 


Kimihia, VS^aikato . . 


178 


Longbush, Southland 


250 


Kingsdown, Levels . . 


267 


Longford, Murchison 


29 


Kingston, Lake 


54 


Longlands, Hawke's Bay 


61 


Kinloch Settlement, Wairewa 


78 


Longridge, Southland 


238 


Kinness, Bruce 


65 


Longwood, Wallace . . 


96 


Kirikopeue, Hobson . . 


62 


Lome Farm, Southland 


110 


Kiripaka, Whangarei 


246 


Lovell's Flat, Bruce . . 


211 


Kiritehere, Awakino 


43 


Lowbum, Vincent . . 


216 


Karwee, Malvern 


291 


Lowclifife, Ashburton 


124 


Kirori, Whangarei 


56 


Lower Harbour, Waikouaiti . 


97 


Kiwitahi, Piako 


48 


Ludd, Waimea 


42 


Knapdale, Southland 


101 


Luggate, Vincent 


105 


Knighton, Waikato . . 


198 


Lumsden, Southland 


612 


Knight's Road, Piako 


97 


Lyalldale, Waimate . . 


125 


Knobies, Tuapeka . . 


19 


Lyell, Buller 


68 


Kohatu, Waimea 


73 


Lyell Creek, Buller . . 


34 


Kohekohe, Manukau 


93 


Lyndhurst, Ashburton 


229 


Kohemarama, Eden. . 


64 


Lyndon, Amuri 


149 


Kohinui, Pahiatua . . 


111 






Kohukohu Township, Hokiang 


a 348 






Koiterangi, Westland 


156 


Mabel Bush, Southland 


189 


Kokatahi, Westland.. 


112 


Macetown. Lake 


84 


Kokiri, Grey 


100 


Mackenzie. Cheviot . . 


191 


Kokoanio, Waitaki . . 


86 


Macrae's, Waihemo . . 


177 


Kokonga (and vicinity), Manic 


- 


Maerewhenua, Waitaki 


141 


toto 


96 


Mahakipawa, Marlborough 


67 


Komata, Ohinemuri . . 


265 


Maharahara, Woodville 


260 


Koniokorau, Waikato 


46 


Mahau, Marlborough 


29 


Konini, Pahiatua 


. 103 


Maheno, Waitaki 


298 


Eopu, Thames 


115 


Mahinapua, Westland 


21 


Kopua, Waipawa 


. 108 


Mahitahi, Westland . . 


24 


Kopuaranga, Masterton 


147 


Mahoenui, Awakino . . 


45 


Kopuku, Waikato . . 


110 


Mahora, Hawke's Bay 


54 


Kopuru, Bay of Islands 


351 


Maioro, Manukau 


45 



Maitai Valley, Waimea 
Maitland, Southland 
Makakato, Patea 
Makara, Makara 
Makaraka, Coolc 
Makarau, Waitemata 
Makaretu, Waipawa 
Makarewa, Southland 
Makarora, Vincent . . 
Makauri, Cook , . . 
Maketu, Tauranga . . 
Makikihi, Waimate . . 
Makirikiri, M anganui 
Makiro, Pahiatua 
Makomako, Pahiatua 
Makotuku, Danneviike 
Makurewa Swamp, Horowhenua 
Makuri (and vicinity), Pahiatua 
Makuri, Stratford 
Mamaku, Rotorua . . 
Manaia (and vicinity), ilastcrton 
Manakau, Horowhenua 
Manakau Bast, Horowhenua . . 
Manakau North, Horowhenua. . 
Manakau South, Horowhenua . . 
Manakau West, Horowhenua. . 
Mananui, Westland . . 
Manapouri, Wallace , . 
Manaroa, Sounds 
Manawahe, Whakatane 
Manawatu Heads, Manawatu 
Mandeville, Southland 
Mangaehu, Stratford 
Mangahuna, Rodney 
Mangaiti, Ohinemuri 
Mangakahia, Whangarei 
Mangakahitakia, Ohura 
Mangakawa, Piako . . 
Mangakirikiri, Hobson 
Mangakuri, Patangata 
Mangamahoe, Mauriceville 
Mangamahu, Wanganui 
Mangamaia, Waikohu 
Mangamajre, Pahiatua 
Mangamutu, Pahiatua 
Mangaone, Wairoa . . 
Mangaonoho, Rangitikei 
Mangapai, AAhaugarei 
Mangapakeha, Castlepoint 
Mangapapa, Cook . . 
Mangapiko, Waipa . . 
Mangapiti, Waitomo 
Mangarakau, Collingwood 
Mangarimn, Kiwitea 
Mangaroa, Ohura 
Mangatahi, Hawke's Bay 
Mangatainoka (and vicinity), 

Pahiatua 
Mangatainoka A'alley, Pahiatua 
Mangatera, Dannevirke 
Mangateretere, Hawke's Bay . . 
Mangatete, Mangonui 
Mangatiti, Akitio 
Mangatoitoi, Mangonui 
Mangatoro, Dannevirke 
Mangatu, Hokianga 
Mangatuna, Dannevirke 
Mangatura, Buller . . 
Mangawai, Otamatea 
Mangawhia, Rodney 
Mangawhero, Matamata 
Mangawhero, Waimate West 
Mangere (and vicinity), Manu 

kau 
Mangles Valley, Murchison 
Mangonui, Mangonui 
Mangotaki, Awakino 
Manslord, Waikouaiti 
Manuherikia "^'alley, Vincent 
Manunui, Kaitieke . . 
Manurewa, Manukan 
Manutuke, Cook 
Mapara Settlement, Waitomo 
Maraekakaho, Hawke's Bay 
Maraetai, Manukau . . 
Marahau, Waimea . . 
Marakapa, Awakino . . 
Maramarua, Waikato 
Marawite, Ashburton 
Mareretu, Otamatea. . 
Marima, Pahiatua . . 
Maronan, Ashburton 
Marsden, Grey 
Marshland, Waimairi 
Marslilands, Marlborough 
Marton Junction, Rangitikei 
Mama, Whangarei . . 
Maruia, Lower, Murchison 



Population. 
67 



52 

38 

199 

314 

110 

271 

586 

70 

145 

93 

198 

92 

62 

163 

330 

203 

212 

178 

309 

106 

146 

79 

20 

37 

260 

39 

45 

37 

49 

116 

233 

122 

48 

236 

51 

42 

62 

79 

44 

120 

83 

102 

109 

214 

89 

166 

111 

62 

46 

99 

306 

52 

44 

127 

108 

199 

212 

134 

236 

76 

65 

65 

198 

97 

66 

100 

179 



47 

528 

83 
246 

53 
401 
132 
516 
241 
277 

85 
207 
102 

22 

72 
129 

76 
166 

90 
215 

15 
578 
103 
363 
267 

41 



19 



Population of Small Centres — continued. 



Mary Bank, Wanganui 
Mason's Flat, Waipara 
Massey Road, Manukau 
Matahiwi, Masterton 
Matahuru, Waikato 
Alatai, Grey 
Matakanaj Uodney . . 
Matakaqui, Vincent . . 
Matakitaki, Murchison 
Matakohe, Otamatea 
Matamata, Matamata 
Mataraau, Dannevirke 
Matangi, Waikato . . 
Matapu Settlement, Hawera 
Matarawa, Wairarapa South 
Mataroa, Wanganui . . 
Mataioa, Westland . . 
Matata, Whakatane . . 
Matatoki, Thames 
llataura Island, Southland 
Mataura Road, Southland 
Matawhero, Cook 
Matiri Valley, Murchison 
Matuku, Wallace 
Matumaoho, Piako . . 
Mauini^a, West Taupo 
Mauku, Manukau 
Maungakaramea, Whangarei 
Maungatapere, Whangarei 
Maungatautari, Matamata 
Mauugatua, Taieri . . 
Maungaturoto, Otamatea 
Maungawera, Vincent 
Maunu, Whangarei . . 
Mauriceville, Mauriceville 
Mawhereiti, Inangahua 
Maxwelltown, Waitotara 
Mayfleld, Ashburton 
Mayfleld, Waitemata 
Maytown, Waimate . . 
MoKenzie Settlement, Pahiatua 
McNab's, Southland . . 
Meadowbank, Waitaki 
Meadowbank, Marlborough 
Meadow Settlement, Levels 
Meanee, Hawke's Bay 
Mecalickstone, Akitio 
Medbm-y, Waipara . . 
Menzies Perry, Southland 
Mercer, Manukau 
Merchiston, Waikouaiti 
Merton, Waikouaiti . . 
Mesopotamia, Ashburton 
Methven (and vicinity), 

burton . . 
Middlemarch, Taieri . . 
Middleton, Waimairi 
Middle Vale, Southland 
Midhirst, Stratford . . 
Milburn, Bruce 
Milford, Geraldine . . 
Milford Sound, Lake 
JliUer's Flat, Tuapeka 
Millerton, Buller 
Mimihau; Lower Southland 
Mimihau, Upper, Southland 
Mitcham, Ashburton 
Moa Creek, Vincent . . 
Moa Flat, Tuapeka . . 
Moana, Grey 
Moawhango, Rangitikei 
Moeawatc'a, Eltham . . 
Moeraki, Waitaki . . 
Mohaka, Wairoa 
Mokai, Bast Taupo . . 
Mokau, Awakino 
Mokihinui, Buller . . 
Mokoreta, Southland 
Mokotua, Southland . . 
Molesworth, Marlborough 
Moraohaki, Patea 
Momona, Taieri 
Mona Vale, Waipa . . 
Moneyraore, Bruce . . 
Moonlight, Waihemo 
Morere, Wairoa 
Morice Settlement, Wairewa 
Morley, Wallari' 
Morrison's, Wiiilu'mo 
Morrison's Biisli, Featherston 
Morton Jlain^, Southland 
Morven. Waimate 
Mosaiel Junction, Taii'ii 
Mossburn, Wallace . . 
Jfossburn, Taieri 
Mo^^town. Waitotara 
Motu, Waikohu 
Motuhara, Springs . . 

2* 



Population. 
105 



Ash 



231 

115 

116 

183 

35 

215 

195 

42 

264 

463 

204 

183 

67 

136 

219 

66 

91 

166 

191 

99 

327 

46 

82 

32 

34 

265 

318 

80 

88 

293 

459 

39 

183 

493 

31 

211 

306 

286 

45 

30 

84 

113 

25 

55 

309 

68 

126 

207 

274 

228 

137 

29 

696 
494 

19 

56 
212 
145 
341 

18 
433 
708 

69 

42 
111 
122 
142 

82 
235 

36 
200 

94 
158 
117 

43 

60 
138 

28 

94 
206 

69 
108 
105 

50 

30 
101 

45 
175 
265 
637 

75 
216 
120 
202 
186 
129 



Population. 

Motukaika, Waimate . . 36 

Motukaraka, Hokianga . . 112 

Motunau, Waipara . . 119 

Motupiko, Waimea . . . . 183 

Motupipi, Takaka . . . . 270 

Moturoa, Taranaki . . 176 
Motu Valley, Waikohu . . 81 
Moumoukai, Manukau . . 56 
Mount Cargill, Waikouaiti . . 79 
Mount Hutt, Ashburton . . 40 
Mount Magdala Asylum, Hals- 
well . . . . 243 

Mount Nessing, Mackenzie . . 103 

Mount Pleasant, Marlborough . . 92 

Mount Somers, Ashburton . . 324 

Mount Stewart, Tuapeka . . 49 

Mourangi, Clifton . . . . 63 

Moutere, Lower, Waimea . . 338 

Moutere, Upper, Waimea . . 303 
Moutoa (and vicinity), Mana- 

watu . . . . . . 283 

Mungaroa, Hutt . . . . 281 

Munro Gully, Tuapeka . . 45 

Murawai, Waitemata . . 87 

Murchison, Murchison . . 183 

Muriwai, Cook . . 108 

Murimoto, Rangitikei . . 79 

Myross Bush, Southland . . 205 



Nai Nai, Hutt . . . . 136 
Naumai, Otamatea . . . . 92 
i!less Valley, Manukau . . 104 
Netherton, Ohinemuri . . 215 
Neudorf, Waimea . . 82 
Nevis (and vicinity), Vincent. . 152 
Newborough, Waitaki . . 116 
Newlands, Ashburton . . 47 
Newman, Eketahuna . . 113 
New River, Grey . . . . 44 
Newstead, Waikato . . . . 163 
New Windsor, Wallace . . 92 
Ngahauranga, Makara . . 286 
Ngahere, Grey . . . . 234 
Ngakawau, Buller . . . . 90 
Ngamatapouri, Patea . , 44 
Ngamoko, Dannevirke . . 198 
Ngamutawa, Masterton . . 102 
Ngapaeruru, Dannevirke . . 78 
Ngapara, Waitaki . . 431 
Ngaroto, Waipa . . . . 45 
Ngaruawahia, Waikato 193 
Ngatapu Settlement, Cook . . 110 
Ngatimoti, Waimea . . 196 
Ngawaka, Wanganui 54 
Xgongotaha, Rotorua . . 43 
Ngunguru, Whangarei . . 107 
Niagara, Southland . . . . 98 
Nightcaps (and vicinity), Wal- 
lace . . . 477 
Nikau, Pahiatua . . 67 
Ninia. Waimariuo . . 32 
Nin-iilia, Eketanaiia. .. 142 
Nokomai, Southland . . 91 
Nolan Town, Hawera . . 105 
Normanby, Levels . . . . 25 
Normandale, Hutt . . 83 
Xorsewoorl, Dannevirke . . 285 
North-east Harbour, Peninsula 372 
North Taieii. Taieri . . 207 
Norton Settlement, Waimate.. 67 
No Town, Grey . . 49 
Nuhaka, Wairoa . . . . 89 
Nukumaru, Waitotara . . 59 
.Vukuroa Settlement, Waimate 79 
Nydia Bay, Sounds . . . . 87 



Oaro-Conway, Kaikoura . . 86 

Oban, Stewart Island 92 

Ocean Beach, Southland . . 126 
Ohaeawai, Bav of Islands . . 117 

Ohapuku, Ashley . . 29 

Ohariu, Makara . . . . 211 

Ohau, Horowhenua . . . . 131 

Ohaupo, Waipa . . . . 392 

Ohinemutu, Rotorua . . 135 

Ohingaiti, Rangitikei . . 342 

Ohiwa, Opotiki 65 

Ohoka, Ashley . . 387 

Ohote. Waipa 91 

Ohuka, Wairoa 62 

Ohura, Ohura 132 

Ohuriri, Halswell .43 

Ohutu, Rangitikei . . 258 

Oio, Kaitieke . . .42 

Okahu. Hobson . . 143 

Okaiawa, Hawera . , . , 185 



Okaihau, Bay of Islands 
Okaina, Matamata . . 
Okain's Bay, Akaroa 
Okarito, Westland . . 
Okato, Taranaki 
Okau, Clifton 
Okere Village, Rotorua 
Okiwi, Waimea 
Okoia, Wanganui 
Okoke, Clifton 
Okowiri, Matatnata . . 
Okura, Westland 
Okute Valley, Wairewa 
Old Gully, Southland 
Omaha, Rodney 
Omahu, Thames 
Omahukura, Rodney 
Omaka, Marlborough 
Omakau, Vincent 
Omakcre, Patangata 
Omanaia, Hokianga 
Omanawa, Tauranga 
Omanawa Falls, Tauranga 
Omano, Hobson 
Omapere, Hokianga 
Omarama, Waitaki . . 
Oman, Buller 
Oraihi, Ashburton 
Omihi, Waipara 
Omihi Valley, Waipara 
Omimi, Waikouaiti . . 
Omotu, Grey 
Onamalutu, Marlborough 
Onekaka, CoUingwood 
Onerahi, Whangarei . . 
One free Point, Southland 
Onewhero, Raglan . . 
Ongaonga, Waipawa 
Ongarue, Ohura 
Opaheke, Manukau . . 
Oparara Sawmills, Buller 
Oparara Settlement, Buller 
Oparau, Kawhia 
Opawa, Mackenzie . . 
Opawa, Heathcote . . 
Ophir, Vincent 
Opihi, Levels 
Opio, Wallace 
Opononi, Hokianga . . 
Oponui, Hokianga . . 
Oporo, .Southland 
Opouiti, Wairoa 
Opouri, Marlborough 
Opouriao, Whakatane 
Opoutama, Wairoa . . 
Opua Village, Bay of Islands 
Opuawhanga, Whangarei 
Opuha, Geraldine 
Orakau, Waipa 
Oraka, Wallace 
Orakipaoa, Geraldine 
Orari, Geraldine 
Orari Bridge, Geraldine 
Orari Gorge, Geraldini' 
Oratia, Waitemata . . 
Orawia, Wallace 
Orepuki, Wallace 
Oreti, Southland 
Ori'ti Plains, Southland 
Orini, Waikato 
Orinoco, Waimea 
Ormond, Cook 
Oropi, Tauranga 
Oroua Bridge, Eaitanga 
Oroua Downs, Manawatu 
Orton, Geraldine 
Oruaiti, Mangonui . . 
Oruru, Mangonui 
Otahuhu, Manukau . . 
Otahuti. Southland . . 
Otaika, M'hangarei , . 
Otaio Riv(-r, Waimate 
Otaitai, Wallace 
Otakeho, Waimate West 
Otaki (and vicinity). Horo 

whenua . . 
Otakou, Peninsula . 
Otania, Southland 
Otamita, Southland . 
Otapiri, Southland . 
Otara, Opotiki 
Otara, Southland 
Otatara, Southland . 
Otau, Manukau 
Otaua, Manukau 
Otauomomo, Clutha 
Otekaike, Waitaki 
Otewa, Waitomo 



Population. 
279 



290 

41 

163 

108 

14 

12 

88 

112 

113 

28 

30 

47 

82 

128 

82 

61 

146 

53 

69 

26 

71 

71 

73 

36 

203 

44 

50 

141 

42 

50 

175 

32 

190 

324 

253 

212 

120 

337 

66 

87 

82 

99 

1,006 

114 

102 

113 

30 

48 

29 

53 

80 

232 

40 

76 

76 

33 

78 

105 

90 

388 

97 

39 

129 

212 

608 

72 

171 

141 

94 

471 

92 

46 

49 

81 

82 

86 

1,847 

102 

135 

143 

73 

46 

805 

58 
288 

29 
122 
134 
201 
211 

75 
173 

69 
396 

55 



( Population. 

Otipua (and vicinity). Levels. . 149 

I Otira, Westland . . . . 505 

I Otokia, Taieri . . . . 100 

Otonga, Whangarei . . . . 87 

I Otorohanga, Waitomo . . 323 

; Oturoa, Rotorua . . 95 

Otumoetai, Tauranga . . 91 

Oturehua, Maniototo . . 83 

Ounuwhflo, Hobson . . 70 

Overdale, Ashburton . . 71 

Owaka, Clutha . . . . 636 

Owaka Valley, Clutha . . 177 

Oware, Southland . . . . 57 

Owen (locality), Murchison . . 68 

Owhango, Kaitieke . . 258 

Owharoa, Ohinemuri 159 

Oxford East, Ashley . . 793 

Oxford West, Ashley . . 761 



Packington, Manukau . . 56 

Paekakariki, Hutt . . . . 294 

Paerata, Manukau . . . . 81 

Paeroa, Ohinemuri .. .. 1,416 

Paerua, Clutha . . . . 117 

Paerua, Maniototo . . 53 

Pahautanui, Hutt . . . . 155 

Pahia, Wallace . . 204 
Pahiatua Village Settlement, 

Pahiatua . . . . 232 

Pakaitai, Dannevirke . . 60 

Pakarae, Cook . . 53 

Pakaraka, Bay of Islands . . 97 

Pakaroa, Maniototo 181 

Pakawau, CoUingwood 56 

Pakipaki, Hawke's Bay 196 

Pakiri, Rodney . . . . 90 

Pakotai, Hokianga . . 61 

Pakowhai, Hawke's Bay . . 283 

Pakuranga, Manukau . . 278 

Pangatotara, Waimea . . 170 

Papakaio, Waitaki . . . . 174 

Papamoa, Tauranga . . . . 206 

Papanui (and vicinitv), Wai- 
mairi . . . . ..2,674 

Paparangi, Makara . . . . 247 

Paparata, Manukau . . 243 

Paparoa, Manukau . . 204 

Paparoa, Otamatea . . . . 364 

Papatoetoe, Manukau . . 382 

Papatotara, Wallace . . 87 

Papatowai, Clutha . . 70 

Para, Marlborough . . 46 

Paradise, Lake . . 21 

Paradise Plat, Tuapeka . . 24 

Parahaki. Whangarei . . 139 

Parakai, Waitemata. . . . 120 

Parakakau, Waitemata . . 118 

Paranui, Mangonui . . 61 

Parapara, Manukau 59 

Parapara, CoUingwood 23 

Paraparaumu, Hutt 339 

Parata, Horowhenua . . 58 

Parawa, Soutliland . . . . 45 

Parawcra, West Taupo . . 51 

Parekura, Waitomo . . 120 

Paremata, Hutt . . . . 76 

Parengarensa, Mangonui . . 106 

Pareora (and vicinity). Levels 620 

Parihaka, Egmont . . . . 56 

Parkeston, Colling\TOod . . 20 

Parkhurst, Waitemata . . 89 

Parkvale, Wairarapa South . . 212 

Parkville, Eketahuna . . 53 

Parnassus, Cheviot . . . . 23 

Paroa, Grey . . 126 

Parua Bay, Whangarei . . 108 

Patangata, Patangata . . 78 

Patara, Grey . . . . 23 

Patearoa, Maniototo . . 181 

Paterangi, Waipa . . . . 212 

Patumahoe, Manukau . . 259 

Patutalii (and vicinity), Cook. . 607 

Peaks, Waipara . . 115 

Peebles, W.aitaki . . . . 69 

Peel Forest. Geraldine . . 83 

Pelorus Valley, Marlborough . . 222 

Pemberton, Kiwitea. . .. 107 

Pembinke, Lake . . . . 143 

Pendar\'es, Ashburton , . 43 

Peria, Matamata . . . . 65 

Peria, Mangonui . . 86 

Petane, Hawke's Bay . . 236 

Pigeon Bay, Akaroa. . .. 190 

Pihama, Egmont . . 52 

Pine Bush, Southland . . 73 

Piriaka, Kaitieke . . 100 

Pirinoa, Featherston , 96 



20 



Population of Small Centres — continued. 



Population. 
Piripiri, Danuevirke . . . . 229 
Pirongia, Waipa . . 188 
Pirongia West, KawWa . . 63 
Pleasant Valley, Geraldine . . 175 
Pleasant Valley, Waikouaiti . . 79 
Plimmerton, Hutt . . 148 
Poerua, Grey . . . . 108 
Pohangina, Pohangina . . 154 
Pokeno, Manukau . . 282 
Pokororo, Waimea . . 120 
PoUok Settlement, Manukau 111 
Ponga, Manukau . . . . 70 
Pongama, Akitio . . 127 
Poolbum, Vincent . , 123 
Porangatiau, Patangata . . 205 
Poreraoremo, Waitemata . . 44 
Poremoremo West, Waitemata 93 
Porewa, Rangitikei . . 90 
Porirua, Makara . ■ 393 
Porirua East, Makava - . 58 
Porirua Mental Hospital, Ma- 
kara . . . . 881 
Poroti, Whangarei . . . - 100 
Port Albert, Rodney . . 136 
Port Awanui, Waiapu 62 
Port Levy, Mount Herbert 77 
Port Molyneux, Clutha . . 89 
Portobello, Peninsula . . 203 
Port Robinson, Cheviot 64 
Port Underwood, Sounds 97 
Pouawa, Cook . . 141 
Poukawa, Hawke's Bay . . 70 
Pounawea, Clutha . . 54 
Pourakino, Wallace . . 75 
Pourerere, Patangata . . 58 
Prebbleton, Paparua . . 146 
Precipice, Lake . . 48 
Promised Land, Buller . . 235 
Puerua, Clutha 117 
Puhipuhi, Whangarei . . 184 
Pahoi, Rodney . . 328 
Pukearuhe, Clifton . . 114 
Pukeatua, West Taupo . . 120 
Pukeawa, Bruce . . 38 
Pukehou, Patangata 167 
Pukekawa, Raglan . . 149 
Pukekohe East, Manukau . . 101 
Pukekohe Hill, Manukau . . Ill 
Pukekohe West, Manukau . . 365 
Pukekura, Waipa . . . . 337 
Pukemiro, Raglan . . 65 
Pukenui, Mangonui . . 126 
Pukeokahu, Rangitikei . . 81 
Pukepito, Bruce . . 29 
Pukepoto, Mangonui . . 75 
Pukerau, Southland. . 240 
Pukerimu, Waipa . . 47 
Puketapu, Hawke's Bay 78 
Pukete, Waipa . . 51 
Pulceteraki, Waikouaiti 96 
Pulietitiri, Hawke's Bay . . 202 
Puketio, Maniototo . . 34 
Paketiro, Clutha 293 
Puketui, Thames . . 70 
Pukeuri, Waitaki . . 137 
Pukuratahi, Hutt 76 
Pukuweka, West Taupo . . 55 
Pumakiteri, Hokianga . , 103 
Puuaroa, Mackenzie . . . . 98 
Punehu, Egmont 31 
Pungapunga, West Taupo . . 59 
Pungarehu, Egmont. . 21 
Puni, Manukau . . 164 
Puponga, Collingwood . . 139 
Parakanui, Waikouaiti . . 269 
Puramahoi, Takaka . . 62 
Purapura, Manukau . . . . 91 
Purau Bay, Mount Herbert . . 49 
Purekireki, Clutha . . . . 137 
Puriri, Thames 236 
Purua, Whangarei . . 124 
Pataruru, Matamata . . 180 
Putiki, Wanganui 172 
Pye's Pah, Tauranga 89 
Pyramid, Southland . . 59 

Quail Flat, Kaikoura . . 28 

Quartz Reef Point, Vincent , . 82 

Queensbury, Vincent . . .36 

Rae'.s Junction, Tuapeka . . 62 

Raetihi, Waimarino . . 399 

Rahotu, Egmont . . 74 

Eahui, Buller 75 

Rahui, Horowhenua . . 71 

Rainclifl, Geraldine . . 31 

Rai Valley, Marlborough . . 170 

■Rakahouka, Southland . , 47 



Population. 
Rakaia (and vicinity), Ashbur- 

ton 
Rakaia Village Settlement, 

Ashburton 
Rakaioia, Waikohu . . 
Rakautawa, Rangitikei 
Raltihuri, Ashley 
Ramarama, Bay of Islands . . 
Ramarama, Manukau 
Ranfurly, Maniototo 
Rangataua, Waimarino 
Rangiriri, Waikato . . 
Rangitane, Kairanga 
Rangitata, Geraldine 
Rangitata Island, Geraldine . . 
Rangitata Valley, Geraldine . . 
Rangitoto, Waitomo 
Rangiwhia, Eiwitea . . 
Rankiebum, Tuapeka 
Rapahoe, Grey 
Rapanui, Waitotara . . 
Rappahannock, Murchison 
Rata, Rangitikei ' . . 
Ratanui, Clutha 
Raukokore, Opotiki.. 
Raumati, Dannevirke 
Raupo, Otamatea 
Raurimu, Kaitieke . . 
Rawene Township, Hokianga . . 
Redan, Southland . . 
Redcliffs, Waimate . . 
Red Hill, Hobson 
Redwoodtown, Marlborough 
Redwood's Valley, Waimea . . 
Reefton, Inangahua . . 
Reidston, Waitaki . . 
Reikorangi, Hutt 
Renwicktown, Marlborough . . 
Beporua, Waiapu 
Rereltapa, Clifton . . 
Retaruke, Eaitieke . . 
Rewa, Kiwitea 
Rewanui, Grey 
Reynolds, Waikouaiti 
Riccarton, Taieri 
Riccarton, Waimairi 
Richmond, Waimairi 
Richmond, Waitaki . . 
Richmond Grove, Southland . . 
Rimu, Westland 
Rimutauteka, Taranaki 
Ringmay, Wallace . . 
Riponui, Whangarei . . 
Rissington, Hawke's Bay 
Riverhead, Waitelnata 
Riverlands, Marlborough 
Riverlea, Eltham 
Riversdale, Southland 
Riverside, Ashburton 
Riverside, Clutha 
Riverside, Southland 
Riverside, Taieri 
Riwaka, Waimea 
Riwaka Valley, Waimea 
Roa (and vicinity). Grey 
Robinson's Bay, Akaroa 
Rock and Pillar, Maniototo 
Rocklands, Buller . . 
Rocklands, Taieri 
Rockville, Collingwood 
Rockwood, Levels . . 
Rocky Gully, Mackenzie 
Rolderdale, Wanganui 
RoUeston, Malvern . . 
Romahapa, Clutha . . 
Rongahere, Tuapeka 
Rongokokako, Eketahima 
Rongotea, Manawatu 
Rororangi, Waipa 
Rosebank, Clutha 
Rosedale, Waiinea . . 
Rosewill, Levels 
Rosewill Settlement, Mackenzie 
Roslyn Bush, Southland 
Roslyn Plains, Southland 
Rosstown, Inangahua 
Rotaital, Takaka 
Rotherham, Amuri . . 
Rotokauri, Waipa . . 
Rotomana, Grey 
Roto-o-rangi, West Taupo 
Rotuna, Waikato 
Round Hill, Wallace 
Routebum, Lake 
Roxburgh East, Tuapeka 
Ruahine, Wallace 
Ruakaka, Whangarei 
Ruakaka, Ohinemuri 



619 

164 

41 

55 

20 

70 

71 

302 

794 

84 

78 

149 

102 

46 

58 

172 

39 

20 

139 

23 

170 

350 

33 

209 

169 

180 

209 

78 

60 

72 

271 

55 

1,544 

135 

121 

413 

221 

22 

41 

64 

98 

70 



291 
41 

150 

206 
57 
89 

104 
82 

164 
39 

101 

403 
95 
77 
54 
22 

697 
33 

209 
83 
72 
26 
23 

139 
25 
68 
97 

229 

242 
28 

136 

313 

131 
76 
43 
44 

118 
38 



58 

125 

55 

20 

77 

193 

164 

14 

144 

28 

163 



Ruakituri, Wairoa . . 
Ruakura, Wanganui 
Ruakuwai, Whangarei 
Ruanui, Wanganui . . 
Ruapuna, Ashburton 
Ruarangi, Whangarei 
Ruatangata, Whangarei 
Ruatapu, Westland . . 
Ruatiti, Waimarino 
Ruawai, Otamatea . . 
Rukuhia, Waipa 
Runanga, Grey 
Runciman, Manukau 
Ruru, Grey 
Russell, Bay of Islands 
Russell's Flat, Tawera 
Rutherglcn, GJrey 
Ryal Bush, Soutllland 



Population. 

93 

76 

98 
206 
150 

94 
199 
123 

41 

239 

165 

. . 1,091 

77 
138 
204 
135 

81 
287 



Saddle HUl, Taieri . . 163 

Salisbury (and vicinity). Levels 54 

Sandon, Manawatu . . 189 

Sandstone, Southland . . 88 

Sandymount, Peninsula . . 267 

Sanson, Manawatu . . . . 189 

Sawyer's Bay, Waikouaiti . 520 
Scargill, Waipara . . 88 
Scott's Gap, Wallace . . 155 
Seaclift, Waikouaiti . . 297 
Seacliff Mental Hospital, Wai- 
kouaiti . . . . . . 867 

Seadown, Levels 134 

Seafleld, Ashburton . . . . 136 

Seaford, Collingwood . . 33 
Seaview, Marlborough . . 57 
Seaward Downs, Southland . . 209 
Seddon (and vicinity), Marl- 
borough . . 284 
Seddonville, Buller . . 426 
Sefton, Ashley 464 
Selwyn, Ellesmere . . . . 96 

Sergeant's Hill, Buller . . 308 

Shaftesbury, Piako . . 98 

Shag Point, Waihemo 167 

Shag Valley, Waihemo . . 240 

Shand's, Taieri . . 77 

Shannon, Horowhenua . . 752 

Shannon, Taieri . , . . 31 
Sheffield (and vicinity), Malvern 207 

Sherry Valley, Waimea . . 89 

Shirley, Waimairi 454 

Shortland, Thames . . 880 

Silverhope, Rangitikei 55 

Silverstream, Collingwood . . 26 

Silverstream, Hutt . . 263 

Skipper's, Lake 70 

Slope Point, Southland 72 

Smithfleld, Ashburton . . 16 

Sockbum, Paparua . . 280 

South Beach, Grey . . 144 

Southbrook, Ashley . . 553 

Southbum, Waimate . . 187 

South Hillend, Southland . . 295 

Spar Bush, Southland . . 155 

Speargrass Flat, Lake 54 

Spied's Valley, Marlborough . . 37 

Spread Eagle, Ashburton . . 90 

Spring, Taieri . . . . 46 

Springbank, Taieri . . 20 

Springbrook, Waimate . . 137 

Springbum, Ashburton . . 124 

Spring Creek, Marlborough . . 845 

Springfield, Bruce . . 32 

Springfield, Tawera . . 265 

Spring Grove, Waimea . . 258 

Springhills, Southland . . 93 

Springlands, Marlborough . . 545 

Springs, Paparua . . .43 

Springston. Springs . . . . 581 

Springvale, Vincent . . . . 42 

Spring Vale, Waitotara . . 119 

Stafford, Westland . . . . 138 

St. Andrew's, Marlborough . . 65 

St. Andrew's, Waimate . . 363 

Stanley Road, Piako . . 261 

Staveley, Ashburton . . 154 

St. Bathan's, Maniototo . . 184 
Steward Settlement, Waitaki . . 161 

St. Helens Buller . . 99 

St. Heliers Bay, Eden . . 352 

Stirling, Bruce . . 421 

St. Lawrence, Patangata . . 61 

St. Martin's, Heathcote 319 

Stockton, Buller . . 77 

Stoke, Waimea . . 721 

Stokes Valley, Hutt 66 

Stonebum, Waihemo 30 

Stonyhurst, Waipara 76 



Population . 

Stower, Ashburton . . 19 

St. Patrick's, Southland . . 36 

Strathmore, Wallace . . 32 

Strathlnore, Whangalnomona 82 

Streamlands, Rodney . . 121 

Studholme Junction, Waitaate 210 

Styx, Wailnairi 318 

Suburban North, Waimea . . 225 

Sutahiit, Featherston .'. 88 
Sunnyside Mental Hospital, . 

Waimairi . . . . 731 

Sutherland's, Levels . . . . 53 

Sutton, Taieri . . . . 38 

Swannanoa, Ashley . . . . 139 

Swanson, Waitelnata . . 160 

Sweetwater, Waihemo . . 28 

Swinbum, Maniototo . . 23 

Switzers, Southland . . 36 

Swyncombe, Kaikoura . . 20 



Tadmor Valley, >\'aimea . . 488 

Taharoa, Xawhia 191 

'i'ahatika, Clutha . . 118 

'i^ahora, Waikohu 54 

'i'ahora, Whangatnoniona . . 68 

Tahoraite, Dannevirke 118 

Tahunga, Cook . . . . 60 

Tahunanui, Waimea . . 144 

'I'ahurangaruru, Manukau . . 97 

Taieri Beach, Bruce . . 71 

I'aieri Ferry, Bruce . . . . 54 

Taieri Mouth, Bruce . . 82 

'I'aihuna, Ohinelnuri. . . . 84 

Taikoria, Manawatu. . . . 154 

Tainui, Peninsula . . 70 

Taipa, Mangonui . . 89 

Taipo Hill, Waitaki . . 86 

Tairua, Thames . . 304 

Taita, Hutt . . 412 

Tai Tapu, Halswell . . . . 120 

Taitimu, Manukau . . 62 

Takaka, Takaka . . . . 581 

Takapau, Waipawa . . . . 610 

Takapuna, Waitelnata . . 309 

Takaroa, Hawera . . . . 48 

Tamahere, Waikato . . 255 

Tamuinu, Patangata . . 108 

Tancredmore, Ashburton . . 186 
Taneatua (and vicinity), Whaka- 

tane . . . . . . 301 

Tangaihi, Hobson . . 68 

Tangihua, Hobson . . 53 

Tangitu, Clifton . . . . 25 

Tangitu Settlement, Waitomo . . 313 

Tangiwai, Waimarino 192 

Taniwha, Waikato . . 96 

Taonui, Oroua . . 157 

Taoroa, Rangitikei . . . . 168 

Tapawera, Waimea . . . . 68 

Tapu, Thames . . . . 67 

Taraheru, Cook . . . . 275 

Tarakohi, Takaka . . 93 

Taramoa, Soutliland . . 76 

Tarara, Clutha . . . . 48 

Taratahi East, Wairarapa South 117 
Taratahi West, Wairarapa South 164 

Tarawera Valley, Akaroa . . 34 

Taringamutu, West Taupo . . 91 

Tarras, Vincent . . 115 

Tatarariki, Hobson . . 197 

Taueru, Masterton . . 183 

Tauliei, Piako 101 

Tauherenikau, Featherston . . 82 

Tauhoa, Rodney . . 15S 

Taulnata, Clutha 135 

' Taupaki, Waitetoata . . 185 

j Taupiri, Waikato . . 280 

Taupiri West, Raglan . . 53 

I Taupo, Bast Taupo . . 133 

I Tautane, Patangata . . 43 

Cautuku, Clutha 24 

Tawa Flat, Makara . . 209 

Tawaharanui, Rodney . . 62 

Tawanui, Clutha .'. . . 83 

Tayforth, Waitotara . . 253 

Te Akatea, Raglan . . 178 

Teal, Waimea . . 22 

Te Anau Lake, Wallace 49 

To Aral, Rodney . . . . 110 

Te Arawa, Waiapu . . 59 

Te Atatu, Waitelnata . . 103 

Te Ante, Hawke's Bay 121 
Teddington, Mount Herbert . . 85 

Te Hana, Rodney 116 

Te Hapara, Cook 64 

Te Herua, Raglan . . 126 

Te Houka, Clutha . . . . 189 



Population of Small Centres — continued. 



Tu £apa, VVaipa 

Te Kapau, Cook 

Te Kapo, Mackenzie 

Te £araka, Waikohu 

Te Kinga, Grey 

Te Kopuru, Bay of Islands . . 

Te Kopuru Township, Hobson 

To Kowai, Waipa , . 

Te Mahanga, Hawke'a Bay . . 

Te Mata, Uaglan 

Te Mata Settlement, Hawk«'s 

Bay 
Templeton, Papavua 
Te Moana, Geraldine 
Te Ngamu, Egmont . . 
Te Ore Ore, Masterton 
Te Pahu, Raglan 
Te Pohuc, Hawke'a Bay 
Te Pua, Waitemata 
Te Puke, Tauianga 
Te Puna, Tauranga . . 
Te Rau-a-tnoa, Waitonio 
Te Rehunga, Dannevirke 
Teremakau, Westland 
Te Roa, Marlborough 
Te Rore, Waipa 
Te Tua, Wallace 
Te Uku, Raglan 
Te Wae Wae, WaUace 
To Waikato Sanatorium, Piako 
To Wera, Whangahiohiona 
Te Whare - Marenui, Hawke's 

Bay 
Te Whiti, Masterton 
Tc Whitu, Matamata 
The (Jape, Waitaki . . 
The Drive, Eden 
The Nuggets, Clutha 
Thombury, Wallace 
Thorpe, Waimea 
Three £ings, Eden . . 
Thurana Valley, Mauriccville . . 
Tiniara, Marlborough 
Timatanga, Marlborough 
Tiniroto, Cook 
Tinui, Castlepoint . . 
Tipapakuku, Dannevirke 
Tiratu, Dannevirke . . 
Tirau, Matamata 
Tiraumea Valley, Pahiatua 
Tisbury, Southland . . 
Titipua, Southland . . 
Titirangi, Waitemata 
Titiroa, Southland , . 
Titri and Taieri Ferry, Bruce 
Todd's Valley, Wailnea 
Tokaanu, East Taupo 
'Tokanui, Southland 
Tokatoka, Otamatea 
Tokorahi, Waitaki . . 
Toko Town, Stratford 
Tokomaru, Horowhenua 
Tokomaru (and vicinity), Wai 

apu 
Tolago Bay, Cook . . 
Tomahawk, Peninsula 
Tongaporutu, Clifton 
Toitoore, Cheviot 
Totara, Waitaki 
Totara, Westland 
Totara, Whangaroa 
Totara Flat, Grey 
Totara N'orth, Whangaroa 
Totara Valley, Levels 
Towai, Bay of Islands 
Trentham, Hutt 
Tripp Settlement, Geraldine 
Try Again, Grey 
Tuakau, Manukau . . 
Tuataarina, Marlborough 
Tuapeka Flat, Tuapeka 
Tuapeka Mouth, Tuapeka 
Tuapeka West, Tuapeka 
Tuatapere, Wallace . . 
Tulukaralnea, Waipa 
Tumaria, Whangarei 
Tuparoa, Waiapu 
Turakina Valley, Rangitikei 
Turanga Moana, Matamata 
Turangarere, Wanganui 
Turiroa, Wairoa 
Turnbull, Westland . . 
Turua. Thames 
Tussock Creek, Southland 
Tutaenui, Rangitikei 
Tutamoe, Hokianga 
Tuturau, Southland 
Tututawa, Stratford 



Population. 
223 



35 
47 
301 
109 
381 
796 
178 
89 
201 

213 
178 

77 

31 
131 

72 
108 

75 
270 
114 

88 
216 

58 

42 
104 
196 

83 
191 
103 

78 

278 

117 

85 

81 

170 

43 

361 

159 

65 

105 

27 

228 

136 

98 

270 

75 

127 

111 

180 

32 

66 

88 

54 

50 

49 

U9 

213 

202 

163 

330 

716 

324 

119 

121 

35 

363 

90 

184 

124 

71 

252 

221 

127 

42 

63 

252 

287 

109 

264 

318 

131 

87 

101 

97 

85 

104 

130 

89 

24 

202 

108 

185 

66 

17 

26 



Twyford, Hawke's Bay 
Tycho, Levels 



Population. 
68 
31 



j Ugbrooko, Marlborough . . 59 
\ Umutaoroa, Dannevirke 224 
Upcot, Marlborough. . . . 13 
Upper Hook, Waimate 111 
Upper Plain, Masterton . . 262 
Upper Waitohi, Geraldine . . 39 
Upper Waiwera, Waitemata . . 128 
Upper Wrey's Bush, WaUace 91 
Urenui (and vicinity), Clifton . . 267 
Urutl, Clifton 249 
Uruwhinui, Takaka . . 101 
Utakura, Hokianga . . 52 
Utiku (and vicinity), Rangi- 
tikei . . . . . . 589 



Valetta, Aahburton . . . . 103 

Vernon, Marlborough . , 23 



Waari Hamlet, Waitemata . . 65 
Waddington (and vicinity), 

Malvern . . . . . . 277 

Wade, Waitemata . . 180 

Waerenga-a-hika, Cook . . 352 

Waharoa, Matataata 199 

Waianakarua, Waitaki 87- 

Waianiwa, Southland 317 

Waiapi, Geraldine . . . . 81 

Waiareka, Waitaki . . 138 

Waiaruhe, Hobson . . . . 136 

Waiau, Amuri 146 

Waiau, Manukau 107 

Waicola, Wallace . . . . 49 

Waihao Downs, Waimate . . 200 

Waihao Porla, Waimate . . 99 

Waihao River, Waimate . . 26 

Waihao Valley, Waimate 35 

Waihaorunga, Waimate . . 98 

Waiharara, Mangonui . . 277 

Waihi Valley, Akitio 81 

Waihitumoana, Geraldine . . "49 

Waihoaka, Wallace . . 136 

Waihohoua, Sounds 21 

Waihola, Bruce . . 229 

Waihopo, Mangonui 274 

Waihou, Piako . . . . 51 

Waihuka Valley, Waikohu . . 632 

Wai-iti, Waimea . . . . 189 

Wai-iti Valley, Waimea . . 34 

Waikaia Southland . . . . 435 

Waikaka, Marlborough . . 16 
Waikaka (and vicinity), South- 
land . . . . . . 600 

Waikakahi, Waimate . . 102 
Waikaka VaUey, Southland . . 317 
Waikanae, Horowhenua . . 260 
Waikari, Waipara . . 363 
Waikari Valley, Waipara . .' 101 
Waikawa, Southland . . 141 
Waikawa Bay, Sounds . . 30 
Waikerikeri, Vincent . . 56 
Waikiekie, Whangarei . . 205 
Waikino, Ohinemuri . . 926 
Waikiwi Township (and vici- 
nity). Southland . . . . 724 

Waikoikoi, Clutha . . 261 

Waikouro, Southland . . 116 

Waikuku, Ashley . . 204 

Waikumete, Waitemata . . 191 

Waima, Hokianga . . 79 
Waimahaka (and vicinity). 

Southland . . 369 

Waimahia, Southland . . 77 

Waimamaku, Hokianga . . 163 

Waimana (and vicinity), Wha- 

katane . . . . . . 192 

Waitaangaroa, Buller . . 385 

Waimarama, Hawke's Bay . . 107 

Waimarino, Kaitieke . . 21 

Waimata, Cook . . 260 

Waimate, Bay of Islands 151 

Waimatuku, Wallace 188 

Waimea Plains, Southland . . 91 

Waimea West, Waimea . . 196 

Waimumu, Southland . . 3oo 

Waingake, Cook . . . . lo4 

Waingarara, Whakatane . . 68 

Waingare, Takaka . . . . 85 

Waingaro, Raglan loi 



Wainihinihi, Westland 
Wainui, Akaroa 
Wainuiomata Valley, Hutt 
Waioeka, Opotiki 
Waiomai, Thames . . 
Waiomo, Bay of Islands 
Waiorongomai, Piako 
Waiotahi Valley, Opotiki 
Waiotcmarama, Hokianga 
Waipahi, Clutha 
Waipapa, Southland 
Waipara, Waipara . 
Waipatakaka, Akitio 
Waipati, Southland . . 
Waipiata, Maniototo 
Waipipi, Manukau . . 
Waipori, Tuapeka . . 
Waipori Falls, Tuapeka 
Waipori Flat, Tuapeka 
Waipori West, Tuapeka 
Waipu, Whangarei . . 
Waipipi, Manukau . . 
Waipiro, Waiapu 
Waipiro Bay, Waiapu 
Wairakei, Bast Taupo 
Wairangi, Waikato . . 
Wairamarama, Raglan 
Wairau Valley, Marlborough 
Wairio, Wallace 
Wairio West, Wallace 
Wairoa Gorge, Waimea 
Wairuna, Clutha 
Waitaanga, Clifton . . 
Waitahuna, Inangahua 
Waitahuna, Raglan . . 
Waitahuna, Tuapeka 
Waitahuna Gully, Tuapeka 
Waitahuna West, Tuapeka 
Waitakaruru,' Thames 
Waitakerei, Waitemata 
Waitaki, Waitaki 
Waitangj, Manukau 
Waitapu, Takaka 
Waitati, Waikouaiti 
Waitawhiti, Castlepoint 
Waitekauri, Ohinemuri 
Waitekohe, Tauranga 
Waitepeka, Clutha . . 
Waiteti, Waitomo . . 
Waitetuna, Kawhia 
Waitewhetu, Ohinemuri 
Waitoa Estate, Piako 
Waitohi, Geraldine . . 
Waitohi, Upper, Geraldine 
Waitotara, Patea 
Waituhi, West Taupo 
Waituna, Kiwitea . . 
Waituna, Southland . . 
Waituna, Waimate . . 
Waiuku (and vicinity), Manukau 
Waiuta, Inangahua . . 
Waiwera, Clutha 
Waiwera, Waitemata 
Wakaipa, Springs . . 
Wakamarina, Marlborough 
Wakanui, Ashburton 
Wakapuaka, Waimea 
Wakarara Settlement, Waipawa 
Wakari, Taieri 
Wakefield, Waimea . . 
Wallacetown, Southland 
Wallacetown Junction, South. 

land 
Wallingford, Patangata 
Walton, Piako 
Wangaehu, Patangata 
Wangaehu, Masterton 
Wangaloa, Bruce 
Wangamoa, Waimea 
Wangapeka, Waimea 
Wangarie, Waimea . . 
Wanstead, Patangata 
Wantwood, Southland 
Waotu, West Taupo . . 
Waranui, Bruce 
Ward, Marlborough 
Warepa, Clutha 
Warepoha, Thames . . 
Warkworth, Rodney 
Warkworth Fast, Rodney 
Warkworth North, Rodney 
Warkworth West, Rodney 
Warrington, Waikouaiti 
Warwick Junction, Murchison 
Washdyke, Levels 
Waterton, Ashburton 
Waverley, Ashley 
Wayby, Rodney 



Population. 
52 



164 

226 

187 

107 

89 

109 

95 

67 

251 

29 

77 

58 

14 

136 

244 

54 

110 

51 

47 

206 

244 

160 

161 

49 

281 

42 

69 

182 

81 

130 

17 

24 

33 

47 

228 

106 

35 

69 

146 

63 

132 

128 

252 

45 

76 

47 

159 

144 

50 

147 

226 

141 

67 

151 

98 

64 

44 

121 

421 

635 

289 

49 

81 

214 

144 

41 

129 

74 

671 

226 

162 
179 
116 

33 
162 
102 

60 

95 

15 
134 

18 

56 
102 

41 
256 
186 
689 
108 
178 

56 
130 

23 
216 
156 

17 
102 



Population, 
vicinity), 



Weatherstone (and 
Tuapeka 

Wedderbum, Maniototo 

Weedon's, Malvein . . 

Welcome Bay, Tauranga 

Wellsford, Rodney . . 

Wendon, Southland 

Wendonside, Southland 

Weraroa, Horowhenua 

Westbrook, Grey 

West Dome, Southland 

Westerfield, Ashburton 

Weatem Valley, Wairtwa 

West Melton, Malvein 

Westmere, Waitotara 

Weston, Waitaki 

Weston Park, "Waitaki 

West Plains, Southland 

West Shore, Hawke's Bay 

Western Valley, Wairewa 

West Village Settlement, Pahi- 
atua 

We J mouth, Manukau 

Whakapara, Whangarei 

Whakapirau, Otamatea 

Whakataki, Castlepoint 

Whakatane (and vicinity), 
Whaltatane 

Whakatu, Hawke's Bay 

Whakupara, Whangarei 

Whangamarino, Waikato 

Whangamata, Thames 

Whangamomona, W h a n g a- 
momona 

Whaugaparoa, Waitemata 

Whangape, Hokianga 

Whangara, Cook 

Whangarata, Manukau 

Whangarei Heads, Whangarei 

Whangaripo, Rodney 

Whangaroa, Whangaroa 

Whangateau, Rodney 

Whare Flat, Taieri . . 

Wharekuri, Waitaki. . 

Wharepoa, Thames . . 

Wharuarimu, Clutha 

Whatatutu, Waikohu 

Whataupoko, Cook . . 

Whatawhata, Waipa 

Whatawhata West, Raglan 

Whauwhau, Whangarei 

Whenuakura, Ohura 

Whenuakura, Patea 

Whenukiti, Coroteandel 

Whetukura, Dannevirke 

Whiriwhiri, Manukau 

Whitecliffs (and vicinity), Mal- 
vern 

Whitehall, Matamata 

Whiteman's Valley, Hutt 

White's Road, Akaroa 

Whitford, Manukau 

Whitianga, Coromandel 

Whitstone, Waitaki 

Wild Bush, Wallace 

Willowbridge, Waimate 

WiUowby, Ashburton 

Wilson's Siding, Ashley 

Wimbledon, Patangata 

Winchester, Geraldine 

Winchmore, Ashburton 

Windermere, Ashburton 

Windsor, Waimairi . . 

Windsor Park Settlement, Wai- 
taki 

Wingatui, Taieri 

Winscombe, Mackenzie 

Woodbury, Geraldine 

Woodcocks, Rodney. . 

Woodend, Ashley 

Woodend (and vicinity). South- 
land 

Woodhill, Waitemata 

Woodlands, Southland 

Woodlow, Wallace . . 

Woodside, Featherston 

Woodside, Manukau 

Woodside, Taieri 

Woodstock, Ashley . . 

Woodstock, Southland 

Woodstock, Westland 

Wrey's Bush, Wallace 

Wright's Bush, Southland 

Yaldhurst, Paparua 
Young's Point, Otamatea 
Young Town, WaUiemo 



';174 

169 
111 

45 
167 
635 
279 
271 

22 

33 
277 
107 
212 
129 
167 

46 
360 
627 
107 

57 
81 



428 
71 
86 
78 
55 

122 
188 

64 

36 

60 
119 

94 
125 

90 
100 

26 
186 

61 
262 
424 
134 

83 
100 

32 

73 

60 
103 
135 

127 

71 
142 

69 
247 
448 

57 
117 
112 

38 

87 
119 
602- 
219 

52 
113 

256 
182 

61 
467 

60 
636 

187 



45 
124 
140 
10 
52 
122 
174 
167 



282 
60 
26 



22 





Population 


OF I 


Ldjacent Islj 


i.NDS. 








The names and 


populations of 


the 


islands adjacent to and included in 


the 


Dominion were, in April, 1911 : — 












Islands. 


Total. M. 


F. 


Islands. 


Total. 


M. 


F. 


Mokohinau 


7 5 


2 


Bean Rock 




1 


1 




Kawau 


60 35 


25 


Slipper 




2 


2 




Motuketekete . . 


3 3 




Cuvier 




14 


9 


5 


Moturekareka . . 


7 3 


4 


Motiti 




3 


2 


1 


Great Barrier . . 


416 254 


162 


Somes 




8 


4 


4 


Little Barrier . . 


2 2 




Kapiti 




2 


2 




Tiritiri 


7 4 


3 


The Brothers . 




3 


3 




Waiheke 


227 no 


117 


D'Urville 




77 


53 


24 


Pahiki : . 


i 2 


2 


Stephen 




7 


3 


4 


Ponui 


43 19 


24 


Ripa . . 




2 


2 




Rakino 


8 5 


3 


Dog Island 




12 


4 


8 


Motutapu 


14 6 


8 


Centre Island . 




9 


7 


2 


Motuihi 


5 4 


1 


Kermadec Islands 


4 


2 


2 


Brown's 


4 2 


2 










Rotoroa 


no 104 


6 


Totals .. 


. 1,083 


654 


429 


Pakatoa 


22 2 


20 













Only three of these islands had a population of over 100 persons. The boundaries 
of the Dominion include the Cook and certain other Pacific islands, the population 
of which is shown elsewhere. 



Population on Shipboard. 

The number of persons on shipboard at the various ports of the Dominion was 
4,865 persons (4,456 males and 409 females). 

This number does not include 133 persons — officers and crew of a British man- 
of-war in Auckland Harbour on the census night. 

Proportions op the Sexes and Density of Population. 

The gradual equalization of the numbers of the sexes and growing density of 
population and dwellings in the Dominion are exhibited below. 

Date of 
Enumeration. 

December, 1861 
February, 1871 
April, 1881 
April, 1891 
March, 1901 
April, 1906 
April, 1911 

The proportion of persons to a square mile increased from 8-541 to 9-690 
between 1906 and 1911. In 1911 there were 2-070 inhabited dwellings to a square 
mile, as against 1-773 in 1906. 

Since 1864 the proportions at the different census years were, — 



Number of 
Females to 
100 Males. 


Number of 
Persons to a 
Square Mile. 


Number of 

Persons to 

an Inhabited 

Dwelling. 


Number of 

Inhabited 

Dwellings to 

a Square Mile 


62-16 


0-944 


4-42 


0-214 


70-52 


2-456 


4-48 


0-548 


81-72 


4-693 


5-12 


0-917 


88-26 


6-024 


5-06 


1-191 


90-33 


7-427 


4-86 


1-527 


88-65 


8-541 


4-82 


1-773 


89-59 


9-690 


4-66 


2-070 



Number of Persons and of Inhabited Dwellings to a Square Mile. 

Inhabited 
Dwellings. 

0-362 
0-517 
0-548 



Year. 

1864 
1867 

1871 
1874 
1878 
1881 



Persons. 

1-641 
2-094 
2-456 
2-869 
3-969 
4-693 



0-588 
0-791 
0-917 



Year. 


Persons 


1886 


. 5-561 


1891 


. 6-024 


1896 


6-760 


1901 


. 7-427 


1906 


. 8-541 


1911 


. 9-690 



Inhabited 
Dwellings. 

1-076 
1-191 
1-358 
1-527 
1-773 
2-070 



23 

Of the provincial districts, the most thickly populated is Wellington, and 
the one with the fewest people in proportion to size is Marlborough, The 
table below shows the area of the provincial districts, and the average number of 
persons to a square mile : — 



Provinoiail T^istrirtK 


Areas in. 
A oris. 


Areas iii 
(Square Miles. 


rersons to a 


A 


J* X v.* T XiJ-V/ACVl. J-.'IO vX ^V/ ft? > 


1906. 


1911. 


Wellington 


. 7,042,000 


11,003 


16-347 


18-094 


Taranaki . . 


2,117,380 


3,308 


13-119 


15-589 


Canterbury 


. 8,985,400 


14,040 


11-332 


12-335 


Hawke's Bay 


2,822,300 


4,410 


9-578 


11-008 


Auckland . . 


. 16,477,700 


25,746 


8-204 


10-274 


Otago— 










Otago portion 


. 9,160,330 


14,313 


8-934 


9-250 


Southland portion 


7,151,370 


11,174 


4-752 


5-256 


Nelson 


. 6,572,100 


10,269 


4-141 


4-719 


Westland . . 


2,970,600 


4,641 


3-161 


3-386 


Marlborough 


3,041,670 


4,753 


3-022 


3-363 



The population in the boroughs, amounting to 505,598, gives an average of 
1,648 persons to every square mile in these towns. The greatest density is in the 
City of Auckland, where there are 21-61 persons to the acre, or at the rate of 13,829 
to the square mile. 

Outside the boroughs (and excluding persons on shipboard) the population 
shows an average of 4-81 to the square mile of country, against 4-44 to the square 
mile in 1906 and 4-24 in 1901. 

At the census of 1864 the number of females to 100 males was found to be 
61-53. From this last year the proportion of females steadily increased to 90-33 
at the census of 1901, but, owing to a preponderance of males among immigrants 
between 1901 and 1911, the proportion of females was reduced in the latter year 
to 89-59 per cent, of the other sex. 

The proportion of females to males was highest in Otago (excluding South- 
land portion), and in Canterbury, and lowest in Nelson, as shown below : — 

Number of Females to 100 Males in Provincial Districts. 



Provincial Distriot.s. 



Auckland 

Taranaki 

Hawke's Bay . . 

Wellington 

Marlborough . . 

Nelson 

Westland 

Canterbury 

Otago— 

Otago portion 

Southland portion 

The centesimal increase of the population is found to be greater in respect of 
the females than the males in all the provincial districts except Auckland, Taranaki, 
and Nelson. 

Dwellings op the People. 

The dwellings in the Dominion on the census night numbered 232,167, of 
which 210,734 were occupied houses, 15,234 unoccupied, and 1,508 houses in course 



Females to 100 Males. 

A. 


Centisimal Increase 


1906 


1911. 


r 

Males. 


Females. 


88-03 


88-68 


26-14 


24-20 


86-80 


85-60 


19-59 


17-94 


84-91 


88-39 


12-80 


17-43 


8611 


89-71 


8-59 


13-13 


81-07 


82-79 


10-21 


12-54 


81-82 


79-69 


15-27 


12-39 


78-91 


80-23 


6-30 


8-08 


93-73 


95-93 


7-62 


10-15 


95-84 


97-63 


2-60 


4-52 


83-83 


85-06 


9-87 


11-48 



24 



of erection. Besides these there were 4,691 tents or dwellings' with canvas roofs. 
The average number of persons to an inhabited dwelling has decreased from 5-17 
in the year 1886 to 4-82 in 1906, and 4-66 in 1911. The average number of inhabited 
dwellings to a square mile was only 0-122 in the year 1858, but rose steadily during 
each census period until 1911, for which the figures are 2,070. 

Of 232,167 dwellings, 209,760 were built of wood, iron, or lath and plaster, 
and 9,650 of brick, stone, or concrete. There were also 697 cob or sod houses, and 
23 of raupo, besides 4,691 tents and dwellings with canvas roofs, and 4,024 houses 
and huts of miscellaneous materials. The inhabitants of the several classes of 
dwellings were distributed as under at the last two censuses : — 

Dwellers in — 

Houses of brick, stone, wood, iron, and lath and plaster 

Huts or houses of cob, sod, raupo, &c. . . 

On shipboard 

Tents and dwellings with canvas roofs . . 

Travellers and persons sleeping under drays or camping out 

Total population (excluding Maoris) 

The following are the proportions of the population (excluding Chinese and 
Maoris) residing in the different classes of dwelling at the last five census periods : — 

Percentage of population — 

In houses of the better materials . . 
In cob or sod houses, raupo, huts, &c. 
In tents or dwellings with canvas roofs 
On shipboard . . 
Camping out 

The number of brick, stone, or concrete houses increased between 1906 and 
1911 from 8,359 to 9,650, or at the rate of 15-44 per cent. ; and the wood, iron, or 
lath-and-plaster houses from 178,551 to 209,760, or at the rate of 17-48 per cent, 
during the five years, the increase of population having been, as before stated, 13-49 
per cent. 

The accommodation in the dwellings of the people has improved greatly in the 
time. This is exhibited by the following comparative table : — 



1906. 


1911. 


. 865,263 


984,343 


7,686 


7,863 


4,467 


4,865 


11,017 


10,798 


t 145 


599 


. 888,578 


1,008,468 



1891. 


1896. 


1901. 


19U6. 


1911. 


95-83 


96-74 


97-07 


97-38 


97-64 


2-55 


1-57 


1-09 


0-86 


0-75 


1-08 


1-18 


1-32 


1-24 


1-07 


0-52 


0-48 


0-49 


0-50 


0-48 


0-02 


0-03 


003 


0-02 


0-06 





One Room 


Two 


Number of Dwellmgs oontammg 

Three Five More than 


No. of 


xeai*. 


(including 


to Four 


to Six 


Six 


Rooms 




Tents). 


XvUUlIlo. 


Rooms. 


Rooms. 


Rooms. 


unstated. 


1891 


. 11,528 


11,030 


41,934 


32,868 


24,968 


1,523 


1896 


. 12,378 


11,450 


42,711 


41,290 


32,585 


925 


1901 


. 13,263 


10,462 


45,499 


52,585 


36,542 


547 


1906 


. 12,558 


9,651 


47,098 


68,390 


45,185 


1,575 


1911 


. 12,281 


9,954 


54,770 


89,275 


46,814 


2,331 






Increase ( + ) or decrease 


(-)■ 






1891 to 1896 . 


+ 850 


+ 420 


+ 777 


+ 8,422 


+ 7,617 


-598 


1896 to 1901 . 


+ 885 


-988 


+ 2,788 


+ 11,295 


+ 3,957 


-378 


1901 to 1906 . 


. -705 


-811 


+ 1,599 


+ 15,805 


+ 8,643 


+ 1,028 


1906 to 1911 . 


. -277 


+ 303 


+ 7,672 


+ 20,885 


+ 1,629 


+ 756 



It will be noticed that the increase lies mainly in the houses of five to six 
rooms, which are more numerous by 20,885 in 1911 than in 1906. The actual 
number of houses was greatest in this group (89,275), while the houses of three to 
four rooms numbered 54,770. Of houses of more than six rooms, the number was 
46,814, as against 45,185 in 1906 and 36,542 in 1901. 



Of the four chief cities, Wellington shows the greatest number of persons to a 
house up to 1906, for which year Auckland shows an equal average. The northern 
city had in 1911 a much higher average than any of the other three. 

Average Number of Persons to every Inhabited Dwelling. 
Borough. 

Auckland 
Wellington . . 
Christcliurch 
Dunedin 

The proportion in Wellington for 1911 is lower than that which obtained at 
any of the four preceding censuses. At Christchurch and Dunedin the proportions 
fall regularly from 1891. At Auckland the proportion is highest for 1906 and 
lowest for 1891. 

For the whole Dominion the average number of persons to each inhabited 
dwelling was 4-66, the lowest since 1871. 

The succeeding statement gives the number of inhabited and uninhabited 
dwellings at each of the five past census dates : — 



1891. 


1896. 


A 

1901. 


1906. 


1911. 


5-09 


5-16 


5-17 


5-59 


5-47 


5-50 


5-55 


5-51 


5-59 


4-96 


541 


5-30 


5-09 


4-86 


4-60 


5-11 


5-10 


5-06 


4-90 


4-71 



Year. 


Inhabited 

Dwellings, 

including 

Tents. 


Uninhabited 
Dwellings. 


Proportion 
of Dwellings 

of both 
Classes to 100 


Average 
Number of 
Persons to 
Inhabited 


Number 

of 
Dwelling- 
houses 






of Population.* 


Dwelling. 


being built 


1891 


. 123,851 


9,558 


21-40 


5-06 


425 


1896 


. 141,339 


8,006 


21-34 


4-98 


577 


1901 


. 158,898 


10,830 


22-07 


4-86 


865 


1906 


. 184,4.57 


11,279 


22-13 


4-82 


1,267 


1911 


. 215,425 


15,234 


22-52 


4-66 


1,508 


* 


The population on 


board ship is excluded from the numbers used. 





Uninhabited Dwellinghouses. 

The number of uninhabited dwellinghouses in 1911 was 15,234 (being in the 
proportion of 1-52 to each 100 of population), as against 11,279 ia 1906, and 10,830 
in 1901. 

In 1911 the counties (excluding the boroughs) contained 8,817 uninhabited 
houses, or 1-78 for each 100 of population, and the boroughs contained 6,397, or 
1-27 for each 100 of population. 



Houses in Course op Erection. 

The number of houses in course of erection at the census of 1911 was 1,508, 
an increase of 241 on that of the census of 1906. 

Of the 1,508 in 1911, 901 were in boroughs and 606 in counties, the remaining 
1 being on an adjacent island. No fewer than 501 of those in boroughs belonged 
to the four chief cities and their suburban boroughs, as below : — 

Dwellinghouses 
Centre. being built. 

Census, 1911. 
Auckland and suburban boroughs . . . . . . . . 174 

Wellington and suburban boroughs . . . . . . . . 93 

Christchurch and suburban boroughs . . . . . . . . 134 

Dunedin and suburban boroughs . . . . . . . . . . 100 



26 

Average Weekly Rents. 

The following table shows the average weekly rents paid for dwellings in selected boroughs according to the 

particulars returned on the Household Schedules : — 



AVEBAGE 


Weekly Rents paid foe Dwellings 


IN Selected Boroughs at the 


Census op April, 1911. 






Name ot Borough. 


Three Rooms. 


Four Rooms. 


Five Rooms. 


Six Rooms. 


Seven Rooms. 


Eight Rooms. 


Nine Rooms. 


Ten Rooms. 




£ 


s. d. 


1 £ s. d. 


£ s. 


d. 


£ s. d. 


£ 8. 


d. 


£ 


s. d. 


£ 


8. d. 


£ 


s. d. 


Whangarei 





7 4-20 


8 9-11 


11 


1-07 


12 9-78 


13 


6-50 





18 3-67 





17 9-33 







Birkenhead 





7 10-55 


9 7-39 


11 


2-59 


12 1-37 


15 


3-33 





17 6 





19 2 







Northcote 





6 0-86 


9 10 


12 


10-37 


14 11-61 


16 


4 





18 9-78 


1 


6 6 






Devonport 





8 3-86 


11 9-15 


14 


11-37 


17 5-76 


18 


6-20 


1 


2 3-47 


1 


3 9-24 




2 "s 


Auckland 





8 5-88 


10 9-94 


13 


5-48 


16 2-80 


18 


10-51 


1 


2 4-08 


1 


4 8-46 




11 10-32 


Grey Lynn 





10 7-64 


11 6-29 


14 


4-93 


16 8-74 


19 


0-58 





19 10 










Newmarket 





9 3-33 


10 7-33 


13 


1-78 


16 5-74 


18 


7-03 


1 


1 5-25 


1 


17 ' 4-50 




4 '2 


Mount Eden 





9 9 


11 11-91 


15 


0-61 


17 4-79 


19 


11.64 


1 


10-92 


1 


2 5-30 




3 7 


Mount Albert 





8 7-86 


12 4-31 


14 


3-48 


16 1-64 


17 


11-59 


1 


2 0-92 


1 


6 3-20 






PameU . . 





9 8-10 


10 11-72 


13 


3»28 


15 7-20 


19 


7-22 


1 


3 4-96 


1 


8 7-36 




10 '3-61 


Onehunga 





6 


8 11-28 


10 


11-73 


12 2-89 


13 


2-54 





16 2-92 





13 




3 6-33 


WaiM . . 





6 7-78 


8 6-76 


9 


10-23 


11 7-42 


13 


5-25 














Gisbome 





8 2-77 


12 0-77 


14 


7-04 


16 3-14 


1 


1-20 


1 


' 0-35 


1 


"9 




6 ' 1-77 


New Plymouth . . 





6 6-40 


9 1-59 


10 


8-62 


13 7-63 


16 


4-89 





15 9-96 





16 8 




3 


Napier . . 





8 10'72 


11 2-16 


14 


3-67 


17 10-18 


1 


5-26 


1 


4 2 


1 


3 6-86 




5 9-25 


Dannevirke 





6 10-28 


8 5-38 


9 


8-97 


12 4-49 


15 


6-26 





18 9-92 





14 10-50 




6 6 


Wanganui 





8 2-79 


9 11-46 


12 


6-80 


14 10-01 


17 


5-94 





19 6-49 





19 5-20 




5 11-53 


Wanganui East . . 





7 0-83 


9 4-32 


10 


1-79 


11 10-95 


13 


3-43 














Palmerston North 





8 0-49 


10 3-12 


12 


6-62 


14 8-99 


18 


1-16 





19 ' '3-51 





18 ' 2-89 




5 ' 5-80 


Masterton 





7 4-45 


7 11-91 


10 


9-47 


12 2-84 


14 


5-75 





15 10-91 





18 8-56 






Lower Hutt 





8 1-80 


11 3-27 


13 


2-64 


15 5-16 


1 3 


0-36 


1 


4 5 








10 ' 2-50 


Petone . . 





8 9-24 


10 10-92 


12 


6-84 


13 9-75 


14 


8-05 





17 7-71 








5 


Onslow . . 





9 2-40 


11 5-05 


13 


1-41 


16 7-69 


1 


1-20 





18 9-66 










Wellington 





11 5-83 


14 4-26 


17 


1-88 


1 11-58 


1 5 


1-15 


1 


9 3-96 


1 


15 ' 8-99 




19 "5-10 


Karori . . 





12 


11 0-05 


14 


5-05 


17 5-33 


17 


7-50 


1 


2 










Miramar 





9 11-08 


11 8-06 


15 


1-13 


16 2-68 


15 


2-20 


1 













Nelson . . 





6 8-33 


8 7-05 


10 


9-95 


12 5-17 


14 


7-47 





15 7-12 





19 10-30 




" 3-80 


Greymouth 





7 1-79 


10 0-73 


12 


5-29 


13 4-7i 


16 


8-49 





18 7-50 





19 4-50 






Lyttelton 





6 0-91 


8 3-98 


9 


11-69 


12 6-20 


15 


3-36 





15 10-17 





18 






Ghristchurch 





7 11-16 


10 5-97 


13 


2-88 


15 5-22 


18 


10-48 


1 


8-82 


1 


2 11-69 




6 6-76 


Woolston 





7 6-60 


9 9-64 


12 


0-20 


12 3-30 









16 6 










Spreydon 





7 5-55 


10 10-93 


12 


8-71 


15 4-46 


17 


'8-29 


1 


10 










New Brighton 





9 3-07 


11 11 


13 


10-07 


14 1-49 


16 


1-85 





15 










Sumner 





10 0-67 


13 11-66 


16 


9-23 


16 6-33 


1 3 


10-59 


1 


6 


1 









Timaru . . 





7 4-44 


10 5-17 


13 


8-27 


17 11-07 


1 1 


9-32 


1 


3 5-22 






1 


8 1 


Oamaru . . 





5 6 


7 11-50 


10 


5-83 


12 3-61 


15 


4-74 


1 


8-46 





19 7-50 






Dunedin 





7 9-29 


10 6-01 


13 


1-04 


15 11-21 


19 


1-29 


1 


4 0-22 


1 


6 6-50 


1 


7 ' 8-87 


West Harbour 





7 2 


7 10-55 


9 


0-80 


12 2-04 


14 


6 


1 













Maori HiU 





7 3-71 


9 9-43 


12 


9-52 


12 11-16 


18 


4-25 


1 


7-33 






1 


10 


Roslyn . . 





7 2-30 


9 9-65 


12 


11-73 


16 10-48 


1 1 


1-14 





19 11-71 


1 


2 ' "0-86 


1 


8 8 


Momington 





6 11-45 


9 10 


12 


2-27 


14 11-77 


18 


9-97 





19 2-38 


1 


2 8-75 






St. Kilda 





8 7-91 


11 1-53 


14 


2-11 


16 11-43 


18 


7-06 


1 


5 










Green Island 





5 10-50 


7 11-33 


9 


902 


10 6 


9 


10 





13 10-43 










Invercargill 





6 11-92 


8 8-47 


11 


5-08 


13 11-02 


16 


4-62 





19 8-70 


1 


3-81 


1 


5-75 


Invercargill South 





5 6 


8 4-44 


9 


3-29 


8 6-31 


12 


3-33 





16 2 










Campbelltown 





5 10-25 


9 5-58 


9 


11-97 


11 10-12 


11 


4 





12 3 


1 


6 "0 







PART 11.— RELIGIONS OF THE PEOPLE. 

Of the various religious denominations, the Church of England has most adherents 
in the Dominion. They numbered 411,671 at the date of the census ; or, including 
2,171 Protestants not more specifically described, 413,842 persons, being 41-14 
out of every 100 of the population (excluding the unspecified). The Presbyterians 
numbered 234,662 persons, or 23-33 per cent., and the Roman Catholics came next 
with 139,191, or, including Catholics not further defined, 140,523, which gives a 



27 

proportion of 13-97 per cent. The Methodists were 94,827, or 9-43 in every 100 
persons. Of other denominations, the Baptists, of whom there were 20,042 persons, 
returned 1-99 per cent, of the total population. 35,905 persons, or 3-57 in every 
100, objected to state their religious belief. 

The numbers and percentages for five censuses are given in tabular form, so 
as to allow of the degree of increase relatively to the population being observed : — 





Number of 




Proportion 


per Cent, of P 


'opulation. 




T)pnnminflt,inTifa 


A rl n ArftTi 't, <i 






A 






JL/CllUIlllIlclil'lUllB, 


xlUiXoi Oil V o 

in 1911. 


7891. 


189H. 


1901. 


1906. 


1911. 


Church of England and Protestants 














(undefined) . , 


413,842 


40-51 


40-27 


40-84 


41-51 


41-14 


Presbyterians , . 


234,662 


22-62 


22-78 


22-87 


22-96 


23-33 


Methodists 


94,827 


10-14 


10-45 


10-86 


10-06 


9-43 


Baptists 


20,042 


2-37 


2-28 


2-08 


2-00 


1-99 


Congregationalists 


8,756 


1-07 


0-97 


0-87 


0-83 


0-87 


Lutherans 


4,477 


0-90 


0-79 


0-63 


0-55 


0-44 


Salvation Army 


9,707 


1-50 


1-50 


1-04 


0-95 


0-96 


Society of Friends 


412 


0-05 


0-05 


0-04 


0-04 • 


0-04 


Unitarians 


1,316 


0-05 


0-05 


0-06 


0-09 


0-13 


Other Protestants 


20,424 


1-82 


2-16 


2-19 


2-07 


2-03 


Roman Catholics and Catholics (un- 














defined) 


140,523 


13-96 


14-07 


14-23 


14-32 


13-97 


Greek Church . . 


265 


0-01 


0-02 


0-02 


0-03 


0-03 


Hebrews 


2,128 


0-23 


0-22 


0-21 


0-21 


0-21 


Buddhists, Confucians 


1,501 


0-63 


0-48 


0-30 


0-17 


0-15 


Other denominations 


2,559 


0-12 


0-16 


0-17 


0-23 


0-25 


No denomination 


9,177 


1-32 


1-22 


1-07 


1-04 


0-90 


No religion 


5,529 


0-25 


0-27 


0-14 


0-19 


0-55 


Unspecified 


2,416 


* 


* 


* 


* 


* 


Object to state . . 


35,905 


2-45 


2-27 


2-38 


2-75 


3-58 



1,008,468 100-00 100-00 

* Unspecified not taken into account. 



100-00 



100-00 



100-00 



Here the proportion belonging to the Church of England is shown to have in- 
creased from 40-51 per cent, in 1891 to 41-51 in 1906, but to have declined to 41-14 in 
1911. Presbyterians have been about 23 per cent, of the whole for the last 20 years, 
and the proportion of Methodists has been 9j per cent, to 10-9 per cent. Baptists 
declined from 2-37 per cent, in 1891 to 1-99 per cent, in 1911, and Congregationalists 
from 1-07 per cent, to 0-87 per cent. Lutherans are fewer in proportion to the total 
at each succeeding census, while the Salvation Army decreased from 1-50 in 1891 
and 1896 to 0-96 in 1911. 

Eoman Catholics and Catholics undefined formed practically 14 per cent, of 
the people at each of the census years. The proportion of Buddhists and Confucians 
diminishes with the number of Chinese in the Dominion. In 1891 the percentage 
of persons objecting to state their religion was 2-45, which fell to 2-27 ia 1896, but 
increased thereafter at each census, until in 1911 it amounted to 3-58 per cent. 

A full statement of the particulars of all denominations as at the censuses of 
1911 and 1906 is given, with the numerical and centesimal increase or decrease in 
each case. Amongst 922 returned in 1911 as " Other Protestant?," 165 described 
themselves as " Church of God," 96 as " Central Mission," 66 as " Gospel Mission," 
97 as " Christian Scientists," 38 as " Bible Christians," and 25 as " Bible Students," 
and the remainder variously in very small numbers. The complete descriptions 
will be found in the census volume. 



28 



Numbers por each Denomination, and Increase. 



Religious Denominations. 

Total population 

Total for specified religions 

Episcopalians — 

Cliurcli of England, and Episco 
palians not otherwise defined . . 

Protestants (undescribed) 
Presbyterians . . 
Methodists — 

Methodist Church of Australasia 

Primitive Methodists . . 

Methodists (undefined) 

Others 
Baptists 

Congregational Independents 
Lutherans (German Protestants) 
Unitarians 
Society of Friends 
Church of Christ (Christians, Chris- 
tian Disciples, Disciples of Christ, 

Disciples) 
Brethren (Christian Brethren, Ex- 
clusive Brethren, Open Brethren, 

Plymouth Brethren) 
Believers in Christ 
Evangelists (Evangelical Union, 

Evangelical Church, Evangelical 

Christians, Evangelical Brethren) 
Nonconformists 
Salvation Army 
Christadelphians 
Swedenborgians (New ChurchJ New 

Jerusalem Church) 
Seventh-day Adventists . . 
Students of Truth 
Dissenters 

Christian Israelites, Israelites 
Other Protestants 
Catholics — 

Roman Catholics 

Catholics (undefined) . . 

Greek Church 
Catholic Apostolic 
Other Sects — 

Hebrews 

Mormons (Latter-day Saints) 

Spiritualists . . 

Buddhists, Pagans, Confucians 

Others 
No Denomination — 

Freethinkers . . 

Agnostics 

Deists, Theists 

No denomination 

Doubtful 
No Religion — 

No religion . . 

Atheists 

Secularists 
Object to state . . 
Unspecified 



Note 



9,187 



Census, 1911. 




Census, 


Increase or 


Decrease. 




A 




1906. 


A 




Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Persons. 


Numerical. Centesimal. 


1,008,468 


531,910 


476,558 


888,578 


119,890 


13-49 


1,006,052 


530,323 


475,729 


886,694 


119,358 


13-46 


411,671 


216,612 


195,059 


366,828 


44,843 


12-22 


2,171 


1,332 


839 


1,237 


934 


75-51 


234,662 


122,307 


112,355 


203,597 


31,065 


15-26 


63,959 


31,419 


32,540 


63,603 


356 


0-56 


27,445 


13,802 


13,643 


21,796 


5,649 


25-92 


3,209 


1,645 


1,564 


3,505 


-296 


-8-45 


214 


123 


91 


134 


80 


59-70 


20,042 


9,599 


10,443 


17,747 


2,295 


12-93 


8,756 


4,231 


4,525 


7,360 


1,396 


18-97 


4,477 


2,818 


1,659 


4,856 


-379 


-7-80 


1,316 


707 


609 


789 


527 


66-79 


412 


246 


166 


334 


78 


23-35 



4,234 



4,953 



7,061 



2,126 30-11 



7,865 


3,609 


4,256 


7,901 


-36 


-0-46 


37 


16 


21 


52 


-15 


-28-85 


25 


21 


4 


42 


-17 


-40-48 


57 


41 


16 


67 


-10 


-14-93 


9,707 


4,681 


5,026 


8,389 


1,318 


15-71 


1,028 


486 


542 


1,059 


-31 


-2-93 


160 


81 


79 


186 


-26 


-13-98 


1,113 


457 


656 


990 


123 


12-42 


6 


2 


4 


18 


-12 


-66-66 


5 


3 


2 


6 


-1 


-16-66 


19 


12 


7 


24 


-5 


-20-83 


922 


466 


456 


1,125 


-203 


-18-04 


139,191 


72,419 


66,772 


126,109 


13,082 


10-37 


1,332 


759 


573 


886 


446 


50-34 


265 


178 


87 


232 


33 


14-22 


336 


157 


179 


381 


-45 


-11-81 


2,128 


1,130 


998 


1,867 


261 


13-98 


365 


212 


153 


279 


86 


30-82 


1,197 


593 


604 


1,054 


143 


13-57 


1,501 


1,481 


20 


1,452 


49 


3-37 


661 


352 


309 


356 


305 


85-67 


4,238 


3,417 


821 


3,116 


1,122 


36-01 


618 


511 


107 


734 


-116 


-15-80 


32 


24 


8 


38 


-6 


-15-79 


4,241 


2,691 


1,550 


5,416 


-1,175 


-21-69 


48 


32 


16 


34 


14 


41-18 


5,414 


4,004 


1,410 


1,600 


3,814 


238-38 


111 


99 


12 


101 


10 


9-9C 


4 


4 




8 


-4 


-50-00 


35,905 


23,310 


12,595 


24,325 


11,580 


47-61 


2,416 


1,587 


829 


1,884 


532 


28-24 



— The minus aign ( — ) indicates decrease. 



29 

It will be seen by the table that, of the larger Protestant denominations, the 
Church of England increased from 366,828 to 411,671, or at a rate of 12-22 per cent. ; 
and Presbyterians from 203,597 to 234,662, or 15-26 per cent. 

The Methodist Church of Australasia in New Zealand has remained almost 
stationary as regards numbers, while the Primitive Methodists show an increase 
of nearly 26 per cent. 

Among the smaller Protestant denominations Unitarians are shown to have 
increased in the five years by 66-79 per cent., the Church of Christ by 30-11 per cent., 
and the Society of Friends by 23-35 per cent, 

Roman Catholics added 13,082 to their number, being an increase of 10-37 
per cent., a rate less than that obtained by the Church of England or the Presby- 
terian Church. 

Hebrews were 1,867 in 1906, and 2,128 in 1911, an increase of 261. 

Freethinkers increased from 3,116 in 1906 to 4,238 in 1911, or at the rate of 
36 per cent., while those described as of no denomination decreased from 5,416 
to 4,241, equal to a rate of 21-69 per cent. Those of no religion numbered 5,414 in 
1911 as against only 1,600 in 1906, the increase being at a rate of 238-38 per cent. 



Proportions of Sexes in the various Denominations. 



While the number of males is found to 
Church of England, Presbyterian, Roman 
denominations, the contrary result is found 
per cent, being — 



Methodist Church of Australasia 

Baptists 

Congregationalists 

Church of Christ 

Brethren 

Believers in Christ 

Salvation Army 

Seventh-day Adventists 

Christadelphians 

Students of Truth 

Catholic Apostolic 

Spiritualists 



be greater than that of females in the 
Catholics, and sundry other religious 
in the following cases, the proportions 



Males. 


Females 


49-12 


50-88 


47-89 


52-11 


48-32 


51-68 


46-09 


53-91 


45-89 


54-11 


43-25 


56-75 


48-23 


51-77 


41-06 


58-94 


47-28 


52-72 


33-33 


66-67 


46-72 


53-28 


49-54 


50-46 



Amongst those persons grouped as of " No denomination," " No religion," 
and " Object to state," the proportion of females is small, as will be seen by the 
next figures : — 

No Denomination — 

Freethinkers 

Agnostics 

Deists, Theists 

No denomination 

Doubtful .. 
No Religion — 

No religion 

Atheists . . 

Secularists 
Object to state 



Males. 


Females. 


. . 80-63 


19-37 


. . 82-69 


17-31 


75-00 


25-00 


. , 63-45 


36-55 


. . 66-67 


33-33 


. . 73-95 


26-05 


. . 89-18 


10-82 


.. 100-00 




. . 64-92 


35-08 



30 

PART III.— BIRTHPLACES OF THE PEOPLE. 

Numbers and Proportions per Cent, op the Population. 
Of the population exclusive of Maoris (1,008,468 persons), all but 779 were described 
as to birthplace on the census schedules. The number of the New-Zealand-born 
was 702,779, and of those born in the States comprising the Australian Common- 
wealth, 50,029, making 752,808 born in Australasia. The New-Zealand-born increase 
in proportion to the whole with every successive census. In 1886, 51-89 per cent, 
of the population wexe returned as having been born in this country ; in 1891 
the percentage was 58-61 ; in 1896 it had reached 62-85 : in 1901 the proportion 
was 66-83 ; in 1906 it had risen to 68-26 per cent., while in 1911 a further increase 
to 69-74 per cent, is shown, adding to which 4-96 per cent, born in Australia and 
Tasmania makes 74-70 out of every 100 persons living in New Zealand who were 
born in Australasia. 

The number of persons born in the United Kingdom was 228,684, or 22-69 per 
cent, of the population, divided as under : — 

Born in United Kingdom. 

England 
Wales 
Scotland 
Ireland 

228,684 22-69 

Besides these there were 5,234 persons born in other British possessions. 
Summarizing these results, it is found that 986,726, or 97-92 per cent, of the 
population, were born in the British possessions, made up as follows : — 

Number of Per Cent. 



dumber of 


Per Cent. 


Persons. 


of Population 


133,811 


13-28 


2,206 


0-22 


51,709 


5-13 


40,958 


4-06 



Born in 



Person.s. of Population. 



Australasia .. .. .. .. .. ..752.808 74-70 

United Kingdom .. .. .. ..228,684 22-69 

Other British possessions .. .. .. 5,234 0-53 



986,726 97-92 

Of the remainder, 19,571 persons, or 1-94 per cent, of the population, were 
born in foreign countries and 1,392 at sea. As stated above, the birthplaces of 779 
persons were not specified. 

Of those born in British possessions outside of Australasia (5,234), 1,534 were 
born in British North America, 1,315 in India and Ceylon, 1,126 in British South 
Africa, 356 in Fiji, and 212 in British West Indies. 

Born in Foreign Parts. 

Out of 19,571 persons born abroad 4,015 were born in Germany, 2,611 in China, 
2,262 in Denmark and possessions, 2,131 in Austria -Hungary, 1,891 in United 
States and North America not more specifically defined, 1,518 in Sweden, 1,344 in 
Norway, 658 in Russia and possessions, 647 in France and possessions, 528 in 
Switzerland, and 511 in Italy. 

The foreign-born population decreases at successive censuses, having fallen 
from 2-71 of the total population in 1896 to 2-41 in 1901, 2-24 in 1906, and 1-94 in 
1911. 

Increases and Decreases since 1906. 

The New-Zealand-born increased from 606,247 in 1906 to 702,779 in 1911, or 
at the rate of 15-92 per cent., the numerical increase being 96,532 persons. The 
numbers born in the United Kingdom increased altogether by 19,753 in the quin- 
quennium. 



81 



Increase or Decreafse since 1906. 



Persons. 




A 


1911. 


Numerical. 


Centesimal . 


133,811 


17.251 


14-80 


2,206 


62 


2-89 


51,709 


3,942 


8-25 


40,958 


-1,502 


-3-63 



Born in 

England . . 

Wales 

Scotland . . 
Ireland 

The numbers of the Austrahan-born are found to have increased for each of 
the six States. The number born in New South Wales, Hving in New Zealand, was 
13,833 in the year 1911, as against 13,018 in 1906, an increase of 6-26 per cent. There 
were 19,512 persons in the Dominion in 1906 born in Victoria, but 20,324 at last 
census, or an increase of 4-16 per cent, for five years. It must be noted, however, 
that these increases are infinitely less than those for the previous quinquennium, 
which in the case of those born in New South Wales was at the rate of 102-46 per 
cent., and of the Victorian -born 55-07 per cent. 

Of foreign countries the United States (so defined) and Russia and possessions 
are the only ones showing increases of over 100 in the numbers born there. Most 
of the foreign countries, including Germany, Denmark, Austria-Hungary, Sweden, 
Norway, and France, show decreases. 

The following table gives full details, and exhibits under the head of allegiance 
the number of British and foreign subjects in New Zealand. 



Birthplaces. — Numbers op EAfu Nationality, 


AND Increase, 1906 


TO 1911. 






c 


pnsus, 1911. 




Census, 


Increase or 


Decrease. 


Birthplaces. 




A 




IQOfi 


A 




Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Persons. 


Numerical. 


Centesimal. 


Total population 


. . 1.008,468 


531,910 


476,558 


888,578 


119,890 


13-49 


Total for specified birthplaces 


. . 1.007,689 


531,442 


476,247 


888,106 


119,583 


13-46 


British. 












United Kingdom — 














England 


. . 133,811 


78,422 


55,389 


116,560 


17.251 


14-80 


Wales 


2,206 


1,363 


843 


2,144 


62 


2-89 


Scotland 


51,709 


30,307 


21,402 


47,767 


3,942 


8-25 


Ireland 


40,958 


22,582 


18,376 


42,460 


-1,502 


-3-53 


Australasia and Fiji — 














New Zealand 


702.779 


352,187 


350,592 


606,247 


96.532 


15-92 


Queensland . . 


3,230 


1,708 


1,522 


3,193 


37 


1-15 


New South Wales 


13,833 


7,629 


6,204 


13.018 


815 


6-26 


Victoria 


20,324 


11,437 


8,887 


19,512 


812 


4-16 


South Australia 


2,752 


1,563 


1,189 


2,590 


162 


6-25 


Western Australia 


585 


303 


282 


460 


125 


27-17 


Tasmania 


6,567 


3,835 


2,732 


5,479 


1,088 


19-85 


Australian States (not stated) 


2,738 


1,531 


1,207 


3,004 


-266 


-8-85 


Fiji 


356 


170 


186 


280 


76 


27-14 


Other British Possessions 














Gibraltar 


61 


31 


30 


54 


7 


12-96 


Malta 


52 


34 


18 


57 


-5 


-8-87 


India and Ceylon 


1,315 


759 


556 


1,355 


-40 


-2-95 


British South Africa* . . 


1,126 


558 


568 


601 


525 


87-35 


St. Helena 


31 


21 


10 


33 


-2 


-6-06 


British North America, Canada 


1,534 


929 


605 


1,547 


-13 


-0-84 


West Indies 


212 


148 


64 


243 


-31 


-12-75 


Others 


547 


341 


206 


390 


157 


40-25 


Foreign. 














Austria-Hungary 


2,131 


1,918 


213 


2,212 


-81 


-3-66 


Belgium 


116 


75 


41 


126 


-10 


-7-93 


Denmark and Possessions 


2,262 


1,503 


759 


2,277 


-15 


-0-65 


France and Possessions 


647 


422 


225 


624 


23 


3-68 


Germany 


4,015 


2,601 


1,414 


4.174 


-159 


-3-80 


Greece 


165 


146 


19 


144 


21 


14-58 


Italy 


511 


391 


120 


574 


-63 


-10-97 



Note. — The minus sign ( — ) indicates decrease. 
* Includes Capo of Chwii] Hope (Cape Colony) Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal. 



32 



Birthplaces. — Numbers 

Birthplaces. 

Foreign — continued. 
Netherlands and Possessions 
Poland 

Portugal and Possessions 
Russia and Possessions . . 
Spain and Possessions . . 
Sweden 
Norway 
Switzerland 

Other European Countries 
China 
Africa 

America, North America 
United States of America 
Other Foreign Countries 

At sea 
Unspecified 

Allegiance. 
British subjects 
Foreign subjects 



OF EACH Nationality, and Increase, 
Census, 1911. 



1906 TO 1911 — continued. 
Census, Increase or Decrease. 



Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


iWUO. 

Persons. 


Numerical. 


Centesimal. 


114 


98 


16 


115 


-1 


-0-86 


113 


72 


41 


131 


-18 


-13-74 


109 


93 


16 


117 


-8 


-6-83 


658 


537 


121 


484 


174 


35-95 


87 


66 


21 


69 


18 


26-08 


1,518 


1,314 


204 


1,618 


-100 


-6-18 


1,344 


1,004 


340 


1,396 


-52 


-3-72 


528 


379 


149 


464 


64 


13-79 


55 


40 


15 


46 


9 


19-56 


2,611 


2,554 


57 


2,602 


9 


0-34 


92 


41 


51 


129 


-37 


-28-68 


491 


306 


185 


842 


-351 


-41-68 


1,400 


963 


437 


1,156 


244 


21-10 


604 


360 


244 


567 


37 


6-52 



,392 

779 



702 
467 



690 
312 



147 
307 



.. 996,418 522,032 474,386 
12,050 9,878 2,172 

Note. — The minus sign ( — ) indicates decrease. 



875,722 

12,856 



120,646 
-806 



11-80 
65-04 



13-77 
-6-26 



PAET IV.— AGES OF THE PEOPLE. 



In connection with this subject it is 
eight groups of important age-periods 
those four previous censuses. 



desirable to consider first the numbers for 
which are given below, and compared with 



Under 5 years 
5 years and under 10 years 
10 „ 15 



15 


21 


21 


40 


40 


55 


55 


65 


65 years and 


upwards 


Unspecified . 





Numbers, 


Increase, 


1891 to 1896. 


Numbers, 
April, 1896. 


Increase, 


1896 to 1901. 


ipra, 1891. 


Numerical 


Centesimal. 


Numerical 


Centesimal. 


83,204 


455 


0-55 


83,659 


3.147 


3-76 


86,080 


-55 


-0-06 


86,025 


-289 


-0-34 


81,084 


4,383 


5-40 


85,467 


-242 


-0-28 


77,808 


17,776 


22-85 


95,584 


6,372 


6-67 


167,181 


32,080 


19-19 


199,261 


37,777 


18-96 


86,743 


5,392 


6-22 


92,135 


7,336 


7-96 


29,248 


10,383 


35-50 


39,631 


4,863 


12-27 


14,342 


6,414 


44-72 


20,756 


10,597 


51-06 


968 


-126 


-1302 


842 


-202 


-23-99 



All ages 



Ages. 



626,658 76,702 



12-24 703,360 69,359 



9-86 



Under 5 years 
5 years and under 10 years 
10 .. 15 



15 
21 
40 
55 



21 
40 
55 
65 



65 years and upwards 
Unspecified 

All ages . . 



Numbers 
March, 1901 

86,806 

85,736 

85,225 

101,956 

237,038 

99,471 

44,494 

31 ,353 

640 



Increase, 1901 to 1906. 



■ Numerical. Centesimal. 



15,939 



4,552 

1,533 

2,989 

62,732 

16,236 

2,342 

9,435 

101 



18-36 

5-31 

1-80 

2-93 

26-46 

16-32 

5-26 

30-09 

15-78 



Numbers. 
April, 1906. 

102,745 

90,288 

86,758 

104,945 

299,770 

115,707 

46,836 

40,788 

741 



Increase, 1906 to 1911. 



Numerical. Centesimal. 



15 
15 

4 
1 
45 
24 
5 
6 



.164 
,719 
,655 
,101 
,691 
,523 
,500 
,912 
625 



14-76 
17-41 
5-36 
1-05 
15-24 
21-19 
11-74 
16-95 
84-35 



Numbers, 
April, 1911. 

117,909 

106.007 

91,413 

106,046 

345,461 

140,230 

52,336 

47,700 

1,366 



772,719 115,859 14-99 888,578 119,890 13-49 1,008,468 



38 

In 1896 the population under five years had risen from 83,204 persons (in 1891) 
to 83,659, a gain of only 455, or 0-55 per cent., while the population at the group 
5-10 had actually decreased from 86,080 to 86,025. 

By 1901 the children under five had increased to 86,806, being 3,147 or 3-76 
per cent, more than in 1896, but previous diminutions caused decrease in those from 
five to ten, and also ten to fifteen. 

The efiect of the deficiencies had been overcome by 1906, when the census 
showed 102,745 children under five, being an increase of 15,939, or 18-36 per cent, 
on the number in 1901. The number at the group 5 to 10 was 90,288, or an 
increase of 4,552 in the quiaquennium, and at the 10 to 15 the number was 
86,758,- an increase of 1,553, or 1-8 per cent. Thus the minus sign had been 
eliminated in regard to the three groups comprising the population under fifteen 
years of age. 

The census of 1911 shows even better results for the three groups taken as a 
whole, the increase on 1906 being at the rate of 12-70 per cent. 

The group 15 to 21 years still suffers from losses in the previous periods, an 
increase of only 1,101 over the number for 1906 being exhibited, or 1-05 per cent. 
The number in this group was 106,046 ia 1911. 

The 21 to 40 group is a most important one, the population at these ages being 
no longer " dependents " but " producers " or " breadwinners." Here are observed 
299,770 persons in 1906, and 345,461 in 1911, the increase for the five years being 
45,691, or 15-24 per cent. Between 1901 and 1906 the increase was 26-46 per cent., 
in the previous period 18-96 per cent., and for 1891-96 19-19 per cent. It will 
be seen that during each of the four quinquennia under review the increase of this 
age-group has been above the average. This is no doubt largely due to the fact 
that a considerable proportion of the immigrants coming to the Dominion are 
between the ages of 21 and 40. 

Again, at 40 to 55 there are 140,230 persons, an increase of 21-19 per cent, 
since 1906, against increases of 16-32, 7-96, and 6-22 per cent, for the three 
preceding quinquennia. 

The numbers at the groups 55 to 65 and 65 and over, at which periods the 
population is again becoming of a " dependent " character, do not show such big 
increases at the census of 1911 as at earlier censuses. Between 1891 and 1896 
these two groups increased at rates of 35-50 per cent, and 44-72 per cent, 
respectively, while between 1906 and 1911 the rates of increase were only 11-74 per 
cent, and 16-95 per cent. 

There is a remarkable increase in the number of " unspecified " at the census 
of 1911 as compared with 1906, the numbers being 1,366 and 741 respectively. 

The number of children under one year, and the total population at all ages, 
according to the results of three censuses, was, — 

Census, 1901 
1906 
„ 1911 

Thus, in 1901, with a population of 772,719 persons, there were 18,381 
children under one year, against 24,340 children of that age in 1911 to a 
population of 1,008,468 persons. 

The births registered in 1900 were 19,546, against 25,984 in 1910, and the 
birth-rate, which was 25-60 per 1,000 of the population in the former year, had 
risen to 26-17 in the latter. 

Deducting 1,760 (the number of deaths of children under one year registered 
in 1910) from 25,984 (the number of births for that year) leaves 24,224, or within 
116 of the living children under one year at the time of the last census, 

3 — CenBUs. 



Children under 

One Year. 
. 18,381 


Total Population 
(all Ages). 
772,719 


. 22,289 
. 24,340 


888,578 
1,008,468 



34 



The number of persons at specified ages under 21 years in April, 1911, was 
421,375, and over 21 years 585,727, besides 1,366 unspecified as to age, but nearly 
all adults (101 under and 1,265 over 21 years). 

Comparison of the population under and over 21 years for 1891, 1896, 1901, 
1906, and 1911 shows that the number over 21 years is increasing in proportion 
to the population of all ages. 



Proportions per Cent. 



Under 21 years 
Over 21 years . 



OP Persons — All specified Ages. 

1891. 1896. 1901. 1906. 

5246 49-94 46-59 43-33 
47-54 50-06 53-41 56-67 



1911. 
41-84 
58-16 



100-00 100-00 100-00 100-00 100-00 



The numbers of the people of either sex in the eight age-groups previously 
referred to, and the increase for each since 1906 are shown : — 



Agei 

Under 5 years 
5 years and under 10 yea 
10 „ 15 „ 

15 



rs 



21 

40 
55 
65 



15 
21 
40 
55 
65 



65 years and upwards . . 
Unspecified . . 



Males. 

Census. 



Increase, 1906 to 1911. 



1906. 


1911. 


Numerical. 


Centesimal 


62,499 


59,975 


7,476 


14-24 


45,826 


53,844 


8,018 


17-50 


43,834 


46,421 


2.587 


5-90 


53,360 


53,653 


293 


0-55 


159,687 


184,399 


24,712 


15-48 


64,211 


75,702 


11,491 


17-90 


26,436 


29,502 


3,066 


11-60 


24,654 


27,573 


2,919 


11-84 


501 


841 


340 


67-86 



471,008 



531,910 



60,902 



12-93 



Ages. 

Under 5 years 
5 years and under 10 years 
10 „ 15 



15 


21 


21 


40 


40 


55 


55 


65 


65 years and upwards 


Unspecified . 





Females. 

Census. 



417,570 



476,558 



Increase, 1906 to 1911. 



1906. 


1911. 


Numerical. 


Centesimal 


50,246 


57,934 


7,688 


15-30 


44,462 


52,163 


7,701 


17-32 


42,924 


44,992 


2,068 


4-82 


51,585 


52,393 


808 


1-57 


40,083 


161,062 


20,979 


14-98 


51,496 


64,528 


13,032 


25-31 


20,400 


22.834 


2,434 


11-93 


16,134 


20,127 


3,993 


24-75 


240 


525 


285 


118-75 



58,988 



14-13 



The males under 21 years in 1911 were 213,952, and over 21 years 317,958. 
The females under 21 numbered 207,524, and over 21, 269,034. The proportions 
per cent, of population over 21 years of age .of each sex are higher for 1911 than 
for 1906. It is worthy of note also that at each of the two censuses the proportion 
of females under 21 was higher than that of males. 



Proportion per Cent. — Specified Ages. 

Males. 



Under 21 years 
Over 21 years 



1906. 
41-55 
58-45 



1911. 
40-29 
59-71 



Females. 


^ 


A 


1906. 


1911. 


45-33 


43-58 


54-67 


56-42 



100-00 100-00 100-00 100-ao 



35 

Of the proportions per cent, at various ages, those for the period 0-5 years 
(childhood) exhibit a decrease in respect of each sex according to the figures for 
the censuses of 1896 as compared with 1891, and 1901 as compared with 1896. The 
figures for 1906 are slightly higher than those for 1901, and those for 1911 still 
higher. The explanation of the higher proportions at the census of 1911 is 
undoubtedly the fact that the infantile death-rate has been lowered considerably 
of recent years, as, although the birth-rate for the quinquennium 1906-10 was 
higher than for either of the two immediately preceding quinquennia, the low general 
death-rate of the Dominion would tend to counteract the effect of this by increasing 
the length of the average life, which would mean a greater number of people at the 
more advanced ages. 



Proportion op Persons under Five Years per Cent, op Population. 



Persons 
Males . . 
Females 



1891. 


1896. 


1901. 


1906. 


1911. 


13 '30 


11-91 


11-24 


11-57 


11-70 


12-72 


11-45 


10-93 


11-16 


11-30 


13-95 


12-42 


11-59 


12-04 


12-16 



1891. 


1896. 


1901. 


1906. 


1911. 


26-72 


24-42 


22-14 


19-94 


19-61 


25-36 


23-36 


21-30 


19-05 


18-88 


28-25 


25-59 


23-06 


20-93 


20-41 



At 5 to 15 years, the school-going period, the proportions to the total of all 
ages are lower in 1911 than in 1906, 1901, 1896, and 1891. The decline is seen to 
be constant and fairly regular. There is, however, a less fall between 1906 and 1911 
than in any other of the five-yearly periods shown. 

Proportions op Persons 5-15 Years per Cent, op Population. 

Persons 
Males . . 
Females 

At 15 to 21 years the proportions rose up between 1891 and 1896, but regular 
decreases are shown during each of the subsequent quinquennia. 

Proportions op Persons 15-21 Years per Cent, of Population. 

1891. 1896. 1901. 1906. 1911. 

Persons .. .. .. 12-44 13-61 13-21 11-82 10-53 

Males .. .. .. .. 11-61 12-91 12-59 11-34 10-10 

Females .. .. .. 13-37 14-38 13-90 12-36 11-01 

The proportions of those at the period 21-40 years still continue to increase 
steadily, which is worthy of note, these persons being within the " supporting ages," 
and a valuable element in the population. 

Proportions of Persons 21-40 Years per Cent, op Population. 

1891. 1896. 1901. 1906. 1911. 

Persons .. .. .. 26-72 28-36 30-70 33-76 34-30 

Males . . . . . . . . 26-67 27-94 30-06 33-94 34-72 

Females .. .. .. 26-78 28-84 31-41 33-57 33-83 

The numbers at this important period rise on the male side from 88,577 in 1891 
to 103,613 in 1896, 121,939 in 1901, 159,687 in 1906, and 184,399 in 1911 ; and also 
increase at a high rate on the female side, being 78,604, 95,648, 115,099, 140,083, 
and 161,062 for those years respectively. It is manifestly desirable to show a strong 
population of producers in contradistinction to " dependants," considered in relation 
to powers of earning. 

While there is a slight fall in the proportions at the group 40-55 between 1891 
and 1906, the census of 1911 shows a higher proportion than at any of the four 



36 



preceding enumerations. On the other hand, the proportion at the group 55-65, 
which rose at each succeeding census between 1891 and 1906, shows a slight decrease 
in 1911. 

The proportion at ages 65 and over still continues to advance, the progression 
in case of the aged people at this period being especially important to notice. Figures 
for twelve census years, extending from 1864 to 1911 are given accordingly. 
Persons 65 Years and upwards per Cent, of Population. 



1864 


. . 0-63 


1878 


1-29 


1896 


. . 2-95 


1867 


. . 0-86 


1881 


.. 1-41 


1901 


. . 4-06 


1871 


. . 1-08 


1886 


. . 1-81 


1906 


. . 4-60 


1874 


1-22 


1891 


. . 2-29 


1911 


4-74 



The numbers in April, 1911, at the age-periods most often in request may be 
classified thus : Infancy and extreme youth (under 5 years) — males, 59,975 ; females, 
57,934 : School age (5 to 15 years) — males, 100,265 ; females, 97,155 : Women 
of the reproductive ages (15 to 45) — 240,714 : The athletic age (21 to 40 years) — 
males, 184,399 ; females, 161,062 : The militia age (17 to 55 years) — males only, 
296,099 : The elderly period of Hfe (55 to 65 years)— males, 29,502 ; females, 22,834 : 
Old age (65 years and upwards) — males, 27,573 ; females, 20,127. 

Full Details of Ages. 

A table is appended to this portion of the Report showing the number of persons 
at each year of age as taken from the census schedules. A glance at this table will 
show that many people, either through ignorance, carelessness, or disregard of truth 
and accuracy, have set down their ages as at the nearest decennial or quinquennial 
period (30, 35, 40, &c.). To ascertain the true number living at each year of age, 
the total numbers in certain groups of ages should be distributed proportionately 
over the single years. 

The numbers and proportions at each period of five years are probably nearly 
correct, and are stated beneath. These numbers diminish in a regular progression. 

Numbers and Proportions at Quinquennial Periods of Age. 





Numbers. 




Proportion per 
Persons. Males. 


Cent. 




Persons. Males. 


Females. 


Females. 


Under 5 years 


117,909 59.975 


57,934 


11-73 


11-34 


12-17 


5 years and under 10 years 


.. 106.007 53,844 


52,163 


10-55 


10-19 


10-96 


10 „ 15 „ 


91,413 46,421 


44,992 


9-10 


8-78 


9-45 


15 „ 20 „ 


88,458 44,798 


43,660 


8-80 


8-47 


9-17 


20 „ 25 „ 


95,816 49,692 


46,124 


9-52 


9-37 


9-69 


25 ,, 30 ,, 


102,214 54,694 


47.520 


10-15 


10-30 


9-98 


30 „ 35 „ 


92,124 49,410 


42.714 


9-15 


9-30 


8-97 


35 „ 40 


72,895 39,458 


33,437 


7-23 


7-42 


7-02 


40 ., 45 „ 


58,467 31,198 


27,259 


5-79 


5-85 


5-73 


45 „ 50 „ 


44,910 21,214 


20,696 


4-45 


4-54 


4-35 


50 „ 55 „ 


36,863 20,290 


16.573 


3-64 


3-79 


3-48 


55 „ 60 „ 


29,295 16,686 


12,609 


2-89 


3-11 


2-65 


60 .„ 65 „ 


23,041 12,816 


10,225 


2-27 


2-38 


2-15 


65 „ 70 „ 


19,642 10,935 


8,707 


1-94 


2-04 


1-83 


70 „ 75 „ 


14,721 8,691 


6,030 


1-46 


1-63 


1-27 


7ft ,. 80 „ 


8,472 5,212 


3.260 


0-84 


0-98 


0-69 


80 „ 85 „ 


3,483 2,038 


1,445 


0-35 


0-38 


0-30 


85 years and upwards 


1,382 697 


685 


0-14 


0-13 


0-14 


Total specified 


.. 1,007,102 531,069 


476,033 


100-00 


100-00 


100-00 


Unspecified 


1,366 841 


525 








Total population 


.. 1,008,468 531,910 


476,558 


100-00 


100-00 


100-00 



37 



The proportions of the sexes at each quinquennial period of age are shown 
hereunder : — 

Proportion ok the Sexes at each Quinquennial Age-period. 



Ages; 



Proportion of Sexes in 

every 100 Persons living 

at each Age-period. 



Proportion of Sexes in 

every 100 Persons living 

at eacli Age-period. 









Males. 


Females. 






Males. 


Females. 


Under 5 years 


. 50-87 


49-13 


45 years and under 50 years . 


. 53-68 


46-32 


5 years and under 10 years 


. 50-79 


49-21 


50 „ 55 „ . 


. 54-70 


45-30 


10 „ 15 „ 


. 50-78 


49-22 


55 „ 60 




. 56-60 


43-40 


15 


20 




. 50-63 


49-37 


60 „ 65 




. 55-20 


44-80 


20 


25 




. 51-79 


48-21 


65 ■ „ 70 




. 55-35 


44-65 


25 


30 




. 53-39 


46-61 


70 „ 75 




. 58-81 


41-19 


30 


35 




. 53-51 


46-49 


75 „ 80 




. 61-35 


38-65 


35 


40 




. 53-98 


46-02 


80 „ 85 




. 58-44 


41-56 


40 


45 




. 5315 


46-85 


85 years and upwards 




. 50-43 


49-57 



At the first four of these the males and females are nearly equal in number, 
though the male element slightly preponderates, but at 20 to 25 and onwards the 
difference widens, until at 75 to 80 the proportions are 61-35 and 38-65 respectively. 
At 85 and upwards the proportions are again nearly equal, there being 50-43 males 
and 49-57 females in every 100 persons. 

The numbers at each year of age were as follow ; but, as previously pointed 
out, the clusters at the quinquennial periods show that these are not by any means 
absolutely correct : — . 

Population at each Year of Agse. 

[Numbers as compiled from Returns.] 





Including Chinese. 


Chinese. 




Excluding Chinese. 


Ages. 




A 






A 






A 




Persons. 


M. 


F."" ' 


Persons. 


M. 


F. ' 


Persons. 


M. 


F. 


Total population 


. 1,008,468 531,910 476,558 


2,630 


2,542 


88 


1,005,838 529,368 


476,470 


Total specified ages . 


. 1,007,102 531,069 


476,033 


2,604 


2,516 


88 
9 


1,004,498 528,553 


475,945 


Under 1 year 


24,340 


12,610 


11,730 


12 


3 


24,328 


12,607 


11,721 


1 year 


22,800 


11,597 


11,203 


6 


1 


5 


22,794 


11,596 


11,198 


2 years 


24,477 


12,346 


12,131 


16 


5 


11 


24,461 


12,341 


12,120 


3 „ 


. 23,671 


12,047 


11,624 


9 


5 


4 


23,662 


12,042 


11,620 


4 ,, 


22,621 


11,375 


11,246 


5 


2 


3 


22,616 


11,373 


11,243 


5 ,, 


22,713 


11,476 


11,237 


5 


2 


3 


22,708 


11,474 


11,234 


6 ., 


22,047 


11,246 


10,801 


4 


2 


2 


22,043 


11,244 


10,799 


7 


21,394 


10,862 


10,532 


3 


2 


1 


21,391 


10,860 


10,531 


8 „ 


20,017 


10,119 


9,898 


4 


1 


3 


20,013 


10,118 


9,895 


9 .. 


19,836 


10,141 


9,695 


1 


1 




19,835 


10,140 


9,695 


10 „ 


19,412 


9,863 


9,549 


2 


2 




19,410 


9,861 


9,549 


11 „ 


18.206 


9,340 


8,866 


2 


2 




18,204 


9,338 


8,866 


12 „ 


18.188 


9.214 


8.974 


1 


1 




18,187 


. 9,213 


8,974 


13 ., 


17,573 


8,879 


8,694 


1 


1 




17,572 


8,878 


8,694 


14 „ 


. 18,034 


9,125 


8,909 


2 


1 


1 


18,032 


9,124 


8,908 


15 „ 


17,344 


8,728 


8,616 


1 


1 




17,343 


8,727 


8,616 


16 ,. 


17,775 


8,927 


•8,848 


4 


3 


1 


17,771 


8,924 


8,847 


17 


17,519 


8.918 


8,601 


9 


9 




17.510 


8,909 


8,601 


18 ,, 


17,720 


9,028 


8,692 


7 


( 




17,713 


9,021 


8,692 


19 ., 


18,100 


9,197 


8,903 


5 


5 




18,095 


9,192 


8,903 


20 ,. 


17,588 


8,855 


8,733 


28 


26 


2 


17,560 


8.829 


8,731 


21 „ 


19,084 


10,055 


9,029 


32 


29 


3 


19,052 


10,026 


9,026 


22 ,, 


. 19,262 


9,953 


9,309 


39 


35 


4 


19,223 


9,918 


9,305 


23 ., 


. 19,858 


10,319 


9,539 


32 


31 


1 


19,826 


10,288 


9.538 


24 „ 


20,024 


10,510 


9,514 


55 


51 


1 


19,969 


10,459 


9,510 


25 „ 


20,724 


11,053 


9,671 


75 


73 


2 


20,649 


10,980 


9,669 


26 „ 


20,947 


11,148 


9,799 


68 


64 


4 


20,879 


11,084 


9,795 


27 . 


19,950 


10,631 


9,319 


42 


41 


1 


19,908 


10,590 


9,318 



38 





Population at each Year 


OF AgE- 


—continued. 








Including Chinese. 


Chinese. 


Excluding Chinese. 


Ages. 




A 






A 




A 




Persons. 


3J. 


\ r 


Persons 


M. 


F. Persons. 


M. 


F. 


28 years 


. 21.241 


11,498 


9,743 


70 


67 


3 21,171 


11,431 


9,740 


29 „ .. 


. 19.352 


10,364 


8,988 


33 


33 


19,319 


10,331 


8,988 


30 „ 


. 22,119 


11,845 


10,274 


79 


78 


1 22,040 


11,767 


10,273 


31 „ 


. 17,508 


9,307 


8,201 


37 


36 


1 17,471 


9,271 


8,200 


32 , 


. 18,767 


10,172 


8,595 


64 


61 


3 18,703 


10,111 


8,592 


33 „ 


. 16,986 


9,119 


7,867 


27 


27 


16.959 


9,092 


7,867 


34 „ 


. 16,744 


8,967 


i.ni 


53 


50 


3 16,691 


8,917 


7,774 


35 „ 


. 16,586 


9,065 


7.52] 


58 


56 


2 16.528 


9.009 


7,519 


36 „ .. 


. 15,384 


8,325 


7.059 


69 


67 


2 15.315 


8,258 


7,057 


37 „ 


. 13,176 


7.029 


6,147 


43 


43 


13,133 


6.986 


6,147 


38 „ ... 


. 14,877 


8,101 


6,776 


49 


49 


14,828 


8.052 


6,776 


39 „ 


. 12,872 


6,938 


5,934 


25 


24 


1 12.847 


6.914 


5.933 


40 „ 


. 15,280 


8,028 


7,252 


106 


103 


3 15,174 


7.925 


7,249 


41 „ 


. 10,670 


5,830 


4,840 


33 


32 


1 10,637 


5,798 


4,839 


42 „ 


. 12,301 


6,697 


5,604 


70 


70 . 


12,231 


6.627 


5,604 


43 „ 


. 10,406 


5,527 


4,879 


37 


37 . 


10,369 


5.490 


4,879 


44 „ 


9,800 


5,116 


4,684 


37 


37 . 


9,763 


5,079 


4,684 


45 „ 


. 10,980 


6,073 


4,907 


86 


86 . 


10.894 


5.987 


4,907 


46 „ 


8.850 


4,737 


4,113 


33 


33 . 


8,817 


4.704 


4,113 


47 „ 


8,465 


4,504 


3,961 


26 


26 . 


8,439 


4,478 


3,961 


48 „ .. 


8,818 


4,696 


4,122 


51 


50 


1 8,767 


4,646 


4,121 


49 „ 


7,797 


4,204 


3,593 


41 


40 


1 7,756 


4,164 


3,592 


50 „ 


9.911 


5.352 


4,559 


105 


105 . 


9,806 


5,247 


4,559 


51 „ 


6,189 


3,420 


2,769 


36 


36 . 


6,153 


3,384 


2,769 


52 „ .. 


7,482 


4.193 


3,289 


53 


53 . 


7.429 


4,140 


3,289 


53 „ 


6,522 


3,586 


2.936 


33 


33 . 


6,489 


3,553 


2,936 


54 „ .. 


6,759 


3,739 


3,020 


50 


50 . 


6,709 


3,689 


3.020 


55 „ 


6,588 


3,782 


2,806 


60 


60 . 


6,528 


3,722 


2,806 


56 „ 


6,386 


3.672 


2,714 


59 


59 . 


6,327 


3,613 


2,714 


57 „ 


5,553 


3,203 


2,350 


46 


44 


2 5,507 


3,159 


2.348 


58 „ 


5,785 


3,232 


2,553 


46 


46 . 


5,739 


3,186 


2.553 


59 „ 


4,983 


2,797 


2,186 


39 


39 . 


4,944 


2,758 


2,186 


60 „ 


6,261 


3.450 


2,811 


65 


65 . 


6,196 


3,385 


2,811 


61 „ 


3,880 


2.217 


1,663 


39 


39 . 


3,841 


2,178 


1,663 


62 „ 


4,505 


2,499 


2,006 


51 


51 . 


4,454 


2,448 


2,006 


63 „ 


4,251 


2.345 


1,906 


34 


34 


4,217 


2,311 


1,906 


64 „ 


4,144 


2,305 


1,839 


28 


28 . 


4,116 


2.277 


1,839 


65 „ 


4,592 


2,471 


2,121 


45 


45 . 


4,547 


2,426 


2,121 


66 „ 


3,925 


2,128 


1,797 


27 


27 . 


3,898 


2,101 


1,797 


67 „ 


3,880 


2,172 


1,708 


29 


29 . 


3,851 


2,143 


1,708 


68 „ 


3,846 


2,172 


1,674 


22 


22 . 


3,824 


2,150 


1.674 


69 „ 


3,399 


1,992 


1,407 


17 


17 . 


3,382 


1,975 


1,407 


70 „ 


4,154 


2,367 


1,787 


34 


34 . 


4,120 


2,333 


1,787 


71 „ 


2,645 


1,593 


1,052 


13 


13 . 


2,632 


1,580 


1,052 


72 „ .. • . 


2,944 


1,767 


1,177 


16 


16 . 


2,928 


1,751 


1,177 


73 „ 


2,615 


1,529 


1,086 


12 


12 


2,603 


1,517 


1,086 


74 „ 


2,363 


1,435 


928 


5 


5 . 


2.358 


1,430 


928 


75 „ 


2,283 


1,394 


889 


15 


15 . 


2,268 


1,379 


889 


76 „ 


1,958 


1,197 


761 


'7 


7 


1.951 


1,190 


761 


77 „ 


1,634 


1,021 


613 


5 


5 . 


1,629 


1,016 


613 


78 „ 


1,515 


914 


601 


5 


5 . 


1,510 


909 


601 


79 „ 


1,082 


686 


396 


5 


5 . 


1,077 


681 


396 


80 „ 


1,138 


666 


472 


2 


2 . 


1,136 


664 


172 


81 „ 


730 


440 


290 


2 


2 . 


728 


438 


290 


82 „ 


659 


363 


296 


1 


1 


658 


362 


296 


83 „ 


497 


288 


209 


1 


1 , 


496 


287 


209 


84 „ 


459 


281 


178 






459 


281 


178 


85 „ 


345 


181 


164 






345 


181 


164 


86 „ 


265 


127 


138 






265 


127 


138 



39 



Population at each Year of Age — continued. 

Chinese. 









Including Chinese. 




Aeep- . ^ 




j.a.^\jh 


Persons. M. 


F. 


87 Years . 


193 103 


90 


88 , 




135 67 


68 


89 , 




134 69 


65 


90 , 




92 36 


56 


91 , 




66 35 


31 


92 , 




45 18 


27 


93 , 




33 17 


16 


94 , 




24 14 


10 


95 , 




14 6 


8 


96 , 




17 8 


9 


97 , 




..6 5 


1 


98 , 




..5 4 


1 


99 , 




11. 




100 , 




..5 4 


1 


101 , 




11. 




102 , 








103 , 












104 , 












105 , 












106 , 












107 , 












108 , 












109 , 




11. 




Unspecified age under 21 101 59 


42 


Unspec 


ified &[ 


je over 21 1 


,265 


782 


483 



Excluding Chinese. 



Persons. M. 



F. 



26 



26 



Persons. 

193 

135 

134 

92 

66 

45 

33 

24 

14 

17 

6 

5 

1 

5 

1 



M. 
103 
67 
69 
36 
35 
18 
17 
14 
6 



F. 

90 
68 
65 
56 
31 
27 
16 
10 



1 

101 

1 .239 



1 

59 42 

756 483 



In addition, to the above the sexes and ages are given below of the twenty-seven 
New-Zealanders before referred to. As previously explained, they were at sea on the 
census night, and were enumerated on ships passing through Colombo, but were not 
included in the census of Ceylon or any other country. Their schedules were 
received in New Zealand subsequent to the compilation of the census tables and too 
late for inclusion therein. 

Males, 18.— One each at ages 2, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24, 27, 29, 31, 32, 35, 45, and 57 ; 
two at age 26 ; and three at age 25. 

Females, 9. — One each at ages 18, 20, 25, 26, and 42 ; and two each at ages 31 
and 39. 



Ages and Length of Residence. 

For a person not born in New Zealand, the householder was required to state 
on the census schedule the length of his or her residence in years, and, from the 
information thus obtained, a table has been compiled showing the length of residence 
in the Dominion of all persons aged 55 and upwards, and from this the following 
figures, which will no doubt be found interesting, are taken : — 

On the 2nd April, 1911, there were in New Zealand 41,990 persons of 65 years 
of age and upwards who had been twenty-five years and over resident in the 
Dominion, and at the same time no fewer than, — 

64 years of age and over, resident 24 years and upwards. 

23 
22 
21 
20 
19 
18 

16 



3,734 per 
3,806 , 


sons 64 
, 63 


4,015 , 
3,433 , 


, 62 
, 61 


5,524 , 
4,398 , 


, 60 
, 69 


5,143 , 


, 58 


4,976 , 
5,634 , 


, 57 
, 56 



40 



Aliens are included in the foregoing figures, but Maoris are excluded. 

Of the New -Zealand -born, 1,577 had reached or passed the age of 65 years at 
the census of 1911, an increase of 1,186 on the number in 1906 (391). 

There were also at the census of 1911, 6,293 New-Zealand -born at ages 55 to 
64 inclusive, made up as follows : — 



Age. 


No. of Peraous. 


Ago. 


No. of Persons 


55 


.. 1,045 


60 


. . 665 


56 


. . 878 


61 


. . 376 


57 


. . 763 


62 


. . 472 


58 


. . 758 


63 


399 


59 


564 


64 


373 



PART v.— CONJUGAL CONDITIO^ OF THE PEOPLE. 

Of 529,368 males, exclusive of Chinese, 340,978 were returned as unmarried, 172,154 
as husbands, 14,261 as widowers, and 575 as divorced, while 1,400 were unspecified 
as to conjugal condition. 

These figures show a proportion of 64-58 per cent, of males to have been unmarried, 
32-61 as husbands, 2-70 as widowers, and 0-11 as divorced, or, eliminating all males 
under 14 years, who were necessarily unmarried, 50-37 per cent, not married, 45-70 
per cent, husbands, 3-78 widowers, and 0-15 per cent, divorced. 

Of females, numbering altogether 476,470, there were 278,356 unmarried, 
171,247 wives, 25,794 widows, 411 divorced, and 662 not specified as to condition. 
Or,, represented proportionately, of females at all ages, 58-50 per cent, were not 
married, 36-00 were wives, 5-42 widows, and 0-08 divorced. Shutting off those 
under 14 years, the proportions stand as 40-11 unmarried, 51-95 wives, 7-82 
widows, and 0-12 divorced. 

The proportions for successive census periods exhibit on the male side a rise 
in the percentage of the married men and a steady increase in regard to widowers 
since the year 1878. On the female side the percentage of the unmarried rose with 
regularity until the year 1891, while the married diminished. The reverse has been 
the case at the past three census periods. The percentage of widows increased 
steadily. Chinese are excluded from the calculations. 



Males. 



Year. 
1878 

1881 
1886 
1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 



JTemales. 



Unmarried. 


Married. 


Widowed. 


Qnmarried. 


Jiarried. 


Widowed 


70-09 


28-06 


1-85 


62-59 


34-32 


3-09 


70-39 


27-73 


1-88 


63-64 


33-05 


3-31 


70-35 


27-61 


2-04 


64-59 


31-74 


3-67 


70-02 


27-61 


2-37 


64-90 


30-94 


4-11 


69-48 


27-97 


2-55 


64-37 


31-10 


4-53 


67-90 


29-45 


2-65 


62-94 


32-17 


4-89 


66-52 


30-78 


2-70 


60-57 


34-24 


5-19 


64-69 


32-61 


2.70 


58-59 


35-99 


5-42 



The proportions at different age-periods show, for males, that the unmarried 
decrease from 99-82 per cent, at the period 17-20 to 64-29 per cent, at the period 
25-30 years. At 30-35 years the husbands, who were only 35-20 per cent, at the 
previous age-period, exceeded the unmarried, the proportions being — husbands 



41 



.58-62, unmarried 40-17, widowers 1-06, and divorced 0-15 per cent. At 80 years 
and upwards the widowers were in the highest proportion. 

Of the females, 99-70 per cent, were spinsters at the period 14-18 years 
onward the proportion diminished and the wives and widows increased, 
25-30 years the wives were in the highest proportion — i.e., 58-60 per cent. 
40-58 of unmarried females, 0-71 of widows, and 0-11 of divorced. At 70- 
the widows had increased so as to exceed the wives, being 53-38 per cent. 
42-24, while the spinsters had diminished to 4-33 per cent. At 86 and 
the widows were 83-92 per cent, of the whole number of females. 

The numbers and proportions according to conjugal condition for each age 
period are exhibited in full detail : — 



; thence 
until at 
, against 
75 years 
, against 
upwards 



Ages. 
All ages 

Specified ages 

14 years and upwards 

Under 14 years 

14 years to 15 years 



15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
25 
30 
35 
40 
45 
50 
55 
60 
65 
70 
75 
80 



16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
25 
30 
35 
40 
45 
50 
55 
60 
65 
70 
75 
80 
85 



85 years and upwards 
Unspecified . . 



Numbers living. 
Males. 

Total. Unmarried. Husbands. Widowers. Divorced. Not stated. 

629,368 340,978 172,154 14,261 575 1,400 



151,085 

9,124 

8.727 

8,924 

8,909 

9,021 

9,192 

8,829 

40,691 

54,416 

49.158 

39,219 

30,919 

23,979 

20,013 

16,438 

12,599 

10,795 

8,611 

5,175 

2,032 

697 

815 



151,085 

9,123 

8,727 

8,923 

8,902 

8,991 

9,132 

8,681 

36,574 

34,816 

19,670 

11,127 

6,884 

4,688 

3,671 

2.704 

2,037 

1,841 



1 



,524 
973 
376 
123 
406 



1 

1 

15 

32 

108 

3,821 

19,059 

28,704 

27,148 

23,026 

18.239 

15,044 

12,236 

8,980 

7,008 

4.989 

2,525 

796 

203 

218 



1 

29 

250 

518 

748 

838 

940 

.158 

,415 



1,502 

1,897 

2,053 

1,653 

852 

368 

39 



27 
71 
87 
86 
67 
90 
48 
45 
22 
17 
7 

1 

2 
2 



528,553 340,572 171,936 14,222 573 1,250 
377,468 189,487 171,936 14,222 573 1.250 



6 

15 

28 

39 

264 

264 

195 

109 

85 

45 

50 

35 

35 

27 

28 

17 

7 

1 

150 



All ages 

Specified ages 

14 years and upwards. 

Under 14 years 

14 years to 15 years . 

15 „ 16 „ 

16 „ 17 „ 



Females. 
Total. Unmarried. Wives. Widows. Divorced. Not stated. 

476,470 278,356 171,247 25,794 411 662 



475,945 278,185 170,989 25,725 



146,139 146,139 

8,908 8,908 

8,616 8,612 

8,847 8,817 



3 
26 



329,806 132,046 170,989 25,725 



411 


635 


411 


635 




1 
i 



42 



Numbers living — continued. 
Females — continued. 







Ages. 




Total. 


Unmarried. 


Wives. 


Widows. Divorced. Not stated. 




17 years to 18 years . 


8,601 


8,512 




76 


. 


• - ■ 


13 






18 


19 , 




8,692 


8,421 




254 




2 


15 






19 


20 , 




8,903 


8,266 




609 




3 


25 






20 


21 , 




8,731 


7,577 


1 


111 




3 


40 






21 


25 , 




. 37,379 


25,409 


11 


718 




69 11 


172 






25 


30 , 




. 47.510 


19,225 


27 


762 




336 52 


135 






30 „ 


35 , 




42,706 


10,897 


30,992 




697 63 


57 






35 „ 


40 , 




. 33,432 


6,765 


25 


466 


1, 


082 84 


35 






40 


45 , 




27,255 


4,226 


21 


338 


1, 


580 62 


49 






45 „ 


50 , 




. 20,694 


2,581 


15,974 


2,056 58 


25 






50 „ 


55 , 




. 16,573 


1,521 


12,300 


2,706 34 


12 






55 


60 , 




. 12,607 


832 


8, 


780 


2,964 19 


12 






60 „ 


65 , 




. 10,225 


544 


6, 


276 


3,376 14 


15 






65 


70 , 




8,707 


440 


4,404 


3,851 4 


8 






70 „ 


75 , 




6,030 


261 


2,544 


3, 


215 3 


7 






75 


80 , 




3,260 


132 


1, 


018 


2, 


102 3 


5 






80 


85 , 




1,445 


67 




262 


1, 


109 3 


4 






85 year 


3 and upw 


ards . 


685 


33 




76 




574 1 


1 






Unspeo 


fied . . 




525 


171 




258 




69 


27 






Pro 


PORTIONS 


TO EVERY 100 LIVING AT EACH QuiNQUENNIAL AgE-PERIOD. 












MaJ 


es. 








Females. 






Ages. 


r~ 




A 






"^ r~ 




























Ur 


imarri 


ed. Husbands. 


Widowers. 


Divorced. Unmarried. Wives. 


Widows. Divorced. 


All age 


s 

3d ages 
cs and upv 
14 years 


rards . . 


64-58 


32-61 


2-70 


0-11 
0-11 
0-15 




58-50 


36-00 


5-42 


0-08 * 


Specifi 


64-58 


32-61 


2-' 


ro 


58-53 


35-98 


5-41 


0-08 


14 yeai 


50-37 


45-70 


3-' 


40-11 


51-95 


7-82 


0-12 


Under 
















14 years to 15 ye 


ars . . 


99-99 


0-01 


















15 , 


16 
















99-97 


0-03 






16 


17 




99-99 


0-01 










99-71 


0-29 






17 


18 




99-99 


0-01 










99-12 


0-88 






18 


19 




99-83 


0-17 










97-05 


2-93 


0-02 




19 


20 




99-65 


0-35 










93-11 


6-86 


0-03 




20 


21 




98-76 


1-23 


0-01 






87-18 


12-78 


0-04 




21 


, 25 




90-47 


9-45 


007 


0-01 




68-29 


31-49 


0-19 


003 


25 


30 




64-29 


35-20 


0-46 


0-05 




40-58 


58-60 


0-71 


0-11 


30 


35 




40-17 


58-62 


1-06 


0-15 




25-55 


72-67 


1-63 


0-15 


.35 


40 




28-45 


69-41 


1-92 


0-22 




20-26 


76-25 


3-24 


0-25 


40 


45 




22-32 


74-68 


2-72 


0-28 




15-53 


78-43 


5-81 


0-23 


45 


50 




19-59 


76-20 


3-93 


0-28 




12-49 


77-28 


9-95 


0-28 


50 


55 




18-39 


75-36 


5-80 


0-45 




9-19 


74-27 


16-34 


0-20 


55 


60 




16-48 


74-60 


8-63 


0-29 




6-61 


69-71 


23-53 


0-15 


60 , 


65 




16-21 


71-47 


11-96 


0-36 




5-33 


61-47 


33-06 


0-14 


65 


70 




17-10 


6508 


17-62 


0-20 




5-06 


50-63 


44-27 


0-04 


70 


75 




17-75 


58-13 


23-92 


0-20 




4-33 


42-24 


53-38 


0-05 


75 , 


80 




18-86 


48-95 


3205 


0-14 




4-06 


31-27 


64-58 


0-09 


80 


85 




18-57 


39-31 


42-07 


0-05 




4-65 


18-18 


76-96 


0-21 


85 yeai 


3 and up'w 


rards. . 


17-67 


29-17 


52-i 


37 


0-29 




4-82 


11-11 


83-92 


0-15 



The proportion of married women under 20 years of age is still steadily dimi- 
nishing, while the proportion from 35 to 45 years has an increasing tendency. 
Women in New Zealand are therefore not now marrying at such early ages as they 
did in former years. The process brings the relative proportions closer to those 
that obtain in England. 



43 
Proportions for 100 Married Women at the Ages 15 to 46. 



Ages. 


■1878. 


1881. 


1886. 


1891. 


1896. 


1901. 


1906. 


1911. 


Under 20 years 


2-45 


2-16 


1-81 


1-19 


1-12 


0-98 


0-94 


0-81 


20 and under 35 years 


61-90 


60-53 


60-03 


60-12 


59-57 


59-94 


60-29 


59-98 


35 „ 45 „ 


35-65 


37-31 


38-16 


38-69 


36-31 


39-08 


38-77 


39-21 



100-00 10000 100-00 100-00 100-00 lCO-00 100-00 100-00 

Conjugal Condition of Chinese. 

Of 2,542 male Chinese living in the Domiaion, 74 were stated as married and 
8 widowed. The instruction on the census schedule was that Chinese not having 
wives in the Dominion or any Australian State should be returned as unmarried. 
Of 88 Chinese females, 36 were returned as married and 3 as widowed, 41 of the rest 
being young people under 14 years of age. 

Unmarried Males and Females. 

Of 341,145 unmarried males of specified ages, 136,262 were over 20 years of 
age, and, of 278,596 unmarried females, 123,549 were found to be over 15 years ; 
the excess of males over females was therefore 12,713. Accepting the above as 
the marriageable ages, the number of unmarried males to every 100 unmarried 
females was 110. 

In the numbers given above are included 575 divorced men and 411 divorced 
women, all over 20 years of age. 

Number of Bachelors and Divorced Men aged 20 Years and upwards to every 100 of 
Spinsters and Divorced Women aged 15 and upwards. 

Census 1896 . . . . 98 

„ 1901 . . 97 

1906 . . 108 

„ 1911 .110 

Husbands and Wives. 

The number of husbands was 172,154, and of wives 171,247, giving an excess 
of husbands over wives amounting to 907. This excess of husbands is probably 
owing to the arrival from abroad recently of married man who did not bring their 
wives with them. There were 100 wives to every 100-53 husbands in the Dominion, 
as against 100 to 100-75 at the census of 1906. The tendency is towards an equaliza- 
tion of the numbers of husbands and wives. 

Widowers and Widows. 

The widowers numbered 14,261, and the widows 25,794, being a proportion 
of 55 widowers to every 100 widows. At the census of 1906 the proportion was 
58 to every 100 widows. 

Duration of Marriage and Number of Children. 

At the census of 1911 information was collected for the first time as to duration 
of marriage, respective ages of husband and wife, and number of children, living and 
dead, born to the' marriage. The first of the following tables shows the duration 
of marriage, number of married women, proportion per cent, of these without and 
with children, and the average number of children, counting {a) all married women 
and (b) married women with children only. 



Census 1874 


.. 238 


„ 1878 


.. 191 


„ 1881 


.. 162 


„ 1886 


.. 123 


„ 1891 


.. 106 



44 



Buration of Marriage. 



: Total 

Number 

of 

1 Married 

I Women. 



Under 1 year 

1 year aud under 2 years 

2 years and under 3 „ 

3 „ 4 „ 
■1 „ 5 „ 



6 


7 


7 


8 


8 


9 


9 


10 


10 


11 


11 


12 


12 


13 


13 


14 


u 


15 


15 


16 


16 


17 


n 


18 


18 


19 


19 


20 


20 


21 


21 


22 


22 


23 


23 


24 


24 


25 


25 


26 


26 


27 


27 


28 


28 


29 


29 


30 


30 


31 


31 


32 


32 


33 


33 


34 


34 


35 


35 


36 


36 


37 


37 


38 


38 


39 


39 


40 


40 


41 


41 


42 


42 


43 


43 


44 


44 


45 


45 


46 


46 


47 


47 


48 


48 


49 


49 


50 


50 


51 


51 


52 


52 


53 


53 


54 


54 


55 


55 


56 


56 years and 


over , . 


Not stated 





5,902 

7,362 

8,305 

8,139 

7,992 

7,368 

7,047 

6,878 

6,423 

5,940 

6,475 

5,354 

5,014 

4,571 

4,529 

4,020 

3,721 

3,655 

3,499 

3,203 

3,698 

2,732 

2,837 

2,743 

2,599 

2,721 

2,480 

2,319 

2,326 

1,951 

2,417 

1,024 

1,914 

1,742 

1,603 



Married Women. 



Married Women 
without Children. 



Number. 



Propor- 
tion per 

Cent. 



Total 



736 
685 
423 
261 
026 
435 
840 
823 
755 
672 
816 
586 
599 
496 
399 
437 
221 
232 
168 
140 
106 
323 
4,001 



171,283 30,491 



Married Women 
with Children. 



Average Number of 

Children to the Marriage, 

counting all Married 

Women. 



Propor- 
Number. jtion per 
Cent. 



5,110 
3,678 
2,349 
1,815 
1,456 
1,184 
1,033 
985 
808 
703 
893 
582 
547 
450 
494 
447 
396 
333 
319 
260 
403 
229 
223 
217 
221 
246 
183 
202 
171 
148 
219 
115 
137 
141 
99 
137 
120 
111 
88 
57 
130 
58 
43 
57 
53 
65 
40 
44 
29 
25 
29 
18 
21 
8 
7 
3 
26 
2,526 



86-58 
49-96 
28-28 
22-30 
18-22 
1607 
14-66 
14-32 
12-58 
11-83 
13-79 
10-87 
10-91 1 
9-84 I 
10-91 
11 12 
10-64 
911 
9-12 
8-12 
10-90 
8-38 
7-86 
7-91 
8-50 
9-04 
7-38 
8-71 
7-35 
7-59 
9-06 
7-08 
716 
8-09 
618 
7-89 
7-12 
7-80 
6-98 
5-55 
9-06 
6-90 
5-22 
7-55 
7-89 
7-96 
6-83 
7-35 
5-85 
6-27 
6-64 
814 
905 
4-76 
5-00 
2-83 
8-05 
6313 



792 
3,684 
5,966 
6,324 
6,536 
6,184 
6,014 
5,893 
5,615 
5,237 
5,582 
4,772 
4,467 
4,121 
4,035 
3,573 
3,325 
3,322 
3,180 
2,943 
3,295 
2,503 
2,614 
2,526 
2,378 
2,475 
2,297 
2,117 
2,155 



17-80 



803 

198 

509 

777 

601 

1,504 

1,599 

1,565 

1,312 

1,173 

969 

1,305 

782 

780 

698 

619 

751 

546 

555 

467 

374 

408 

203 

211 

160 

133 

103 

297 

1,475 



Bom. Living. 



13-42 

50 04 

71-72 

77-70 

81-78 

83-93 

85-34 

85-68 

87-42 

88-17 

86-21 

8913 

8909 

9016 

89-09 

88-88 

89-36 

90-89 

90-88 

91-88 

8910 

91-62 

92-14 

92-09 

91-50 

90-96 

92-62 

91-29 

92-65 

92-41 

90-94 

92-92 

92-84 

91-91 

93-82 

92-11 

92-88 

92-20 

9302 

94-45 

90-94 

9310 

94-78 

92-45 

92-11 

92-04 

93-17 

92-65 

94-15 

93-73 

93-36 

91-86 

90-95 

95-24 

95-00 

97-17 

91-95 

36-87 



140,792 



0137 

0-521 

0-876 

1-227 

1-544 

1-821 

2-078 

2-317 

2-556 

2-818 

2-874 

3-227 

3-285 

3-577 

3-635 

3-813 

3-963 

4-121 

4-305 

4-482 

4-589 

4-755 

5012 

5 234 

5174 

5-237 

5-593 

5-561 

5-816 

6-018 

6-012 

6-414 

6-484 

6-618 

6-832 

6-754 

6-936 

7 155 

7174 

7-362 

6-931 

7-737 

7-725 

7-673 

7-604 

7-583 

7-568 

8-067 

8-252 

8-321 

7-659 

8072 

7-866 

8-345 

8-850 

8-651 

8111 

1-683 



Dead. 



Average Number of 

Children to the Marriage, 

counting Married 

Women with Children 

only. 



Bom. Living. 



82-20 



0-130 

0-490 

0-820 

1-145 

1-425 

1-678 

1-909 

2-133 

2-328 

2-569 

2-590 

2-910 

2-966 

3-209 

3-259 

3-385 

3-543 

3-673 

3-831 

3 977 

4038 

4-199 

4-404 

4-552 

4-491 

4-552 

4-842 

4-800 

4-985 

5-193 

5-118 

5-414 

5531 

5-586 

5-711 

5-559 

5-692 

5 923 

5-805 

5-875 

5-497 

6-182 

6235 

6-167 

6-009 

5-841 

5-725 

6-214 

7-548 

6198 

5-865 

5-859 

5-758 

6125 

6-321 

6-028 

5-622 

1-438 



3-480 



0007 

0031 

0-056 

0-082 

0-119 

0143 

0-169 

0-184 

0-228 

0-249 

0-284 

0-317 

0-319 

0-368 

0-376 

0-428 

0-420 

0-448 

0-474 

0-505 

0-551 

0-656 

0-608 

0-682 

0-683 

0-686 

0-751 

0-761 

0-831 

0-825 

0-894 

1-000 

0-953 

1032 

1 121 

1-195 

1-244 

1-232 

1-369 

1-487 

1-434 

1-556 

1-490 

1-506 

1-595 

1-742 

1-843 

1-853 

0-704 

2-123 

1-794 

2-213 

2 108 

2-220 

2-529 

2-623 

2-489 

0-245 



Dead. 



3 024 



1-021 

1-042 

1-250 

1-579 

1-888 

2-169 

2-435 

2-704 

2-923 

3-197 

3-334 

3-620 

3-687 

3-967 

4-080 

4-290 

4-435 

4-636 

4-737 

4-893 

6-160 

5-190 

5439 

5-683 

5-655 

6-757 

6-038 

6091 

6-277 

6-612 

6-610 

6-903 

6-983 

7-201 

7-282 

7-333 

7-467 

7-760 

7-712 

7-794 

7-621 

8-310 

8-151 

8-299 

8-255 

8-239 

8-122 

8-706 

8-764 

8-877 

8-203 

8-788 

8-649 

8-762 

9315 

8-903 

8-821 

4-566 



0-456 



0-967 

0-980 

1-170 

1-474 

1-743 

1-999 

2-237 

2-489 

2663 

2-914 

3004 

3-264 

3-329 

3659 

3-668 

3-809 

3-965 

4041 

4-215 

4-341 

4-532 

4-583 

4-779 

4-943 

4-908 

5-004 

5-227 

5-257 

5-380 

5-619 

6-627 

5-827 

6-967 

6-078 

6-087 

6-035 

6-128 

6-424 

6-240 

6 220 

6-044 

6-640 

6-578 

6-670 

6-523 

6-346 

6-144 

6-706 

8-017 

6-612 

6-282 

6-379 

6-332 

6-431 

6-654 

6-204 

6-114 

3-900 



4-233 



0-054 

0-062 

0-080 

0-105 

0-146 

0170 

0-198 

0-216 

0-260 

0-283 

0-330 

0-356 

0-358 

0-408 

0-422 

0-481 

0-470 

0-494 

0-622 

0-652 

0-618 

0-607 

0-660 

0-740 

0-747 

0-753 

0-811 

0-834 

0-897 

0-893 

0-983 

1-076 

1-026 

1123 

1-196 

1-298 

1-339 

1-336 

1-472 

1-574 

1-577 

1-670 

1-573 

1-629 

1-732 

1-893 

1.-978 

2-000 

0-747 

2-265 

1-921 

2-409 

2-317 

2-331 

2-661 

2-699 

2-707 

0-665 



3-679 



0-554 



The next table shows for each year of duration of marriage the number of 
married women, and the number of children born to the existing marriage. Detailed 
tables showing similar information for married women at various ages are published 
in the census volume. 



46 





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46 



In connection with the foregoing table the following statement showing the 
number of plural births registered in the Dominion during each of the past ten years 
may be of interest 

Year. 

1902 
1903 
1904 
1905 
1906 
1907 
1908 
1909 
1910 
1911 

Marriage and Birth Rates in Australasia. 

It was remarked in the report on the census of 1896 that the marriage rate 
in New Zealand, from being the highest in Australasia, had fallen to be one of the 
lowest, and that the same process had been going on in regard to birth rates. The 
lapse of years places New Zealand in a much better position as regards marriage, 
the rate being higher than in Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, and Tasmania. 

Marriage Rates per 1,000 op Population. 



Cases of 


Cases of 


Total Cases of 


Twins. 


Triplets. 


Plural Birth. 


220 


2 


222 


222 


1 


223 


241 


1 


242 


242 


3 


245 


211 


4 


215 


244 




244 


284 


2 


286 


265 


1 


266 


288 


2 


290 


300 


2 


302 





1874. 


1886. 


1891. 


1895. 


1900. 


1905. 


1910 


Queensland, . . 


. 8-62 


8-67 


7-18 


6-23 


6-88 


6-00 


8-06 


New South Wales . . 


. 7-70 


7-99 


7-39 


6-35 


7-38 


7-46 


8-76 


Victoria 


. 6-33 


7-84 


7-69 


600 


6-96 


7-28 


7-98 


South Australia 


. 8-00 


6-24 


7-31 


5-88 


6-50 


7-14 


9-17 


Western Australia 


. 6-96 


7-98 


8-00 


6-83 


10-27 


8-61 


7-77 


Tasmania 


. 6-83 


7-26 


6-63 


5-32 


7-71 


7-40 


7-82 


New Zealand 


. 8-81 


5-99 


6-04 


5-94 


7-67 


8-28 


8-30 



In the year 1895 New Zealand had the lowest birth rate of Australasia, excepting 
Western Australia ; but in 1905 the rate was higher than in New South Wales, Victoria, 
Queensland, or South Australia. In 1910, however, and again in 1911 the New 
Zealand rate was lower than that of any of the Australian States with the 
exception of Victoria. 

I 1,000 0¥ 

1900. 

30-21 

27-43 

25-82 

25-78 

31-46 

28-25 

25-60 



Birth Rates 




1895. 


Queensland 


. 32-85 


New South Wales 


. 30-66 


Victoria 


. 28-57 


South Austraha. . 


30-23 


Western Austraha 


. 25-62 


Tasmania 


. 30-10 


New Zealand 


. 26-78 



1905. 


1910. 


1911. 


25-76 


27-33 


27-65 


26-85 


27-83 


28-75 


24-96 


24-51 


24-84 


24-36 


26-38 


26-89 


30-74 


27-99 


28-21 


28-50 


29-25 


28-57 


27-22 


26-17 


25-97 



PART VI.— EDUCATION OF THE PEOPLE. 

The replies given by householders to the inquiry showed that in every 100 persons 
living (excluding Chinese) 83-78 per cent, could read and write, 0-86 could read 
only, and 15-36 were unable to read. The proportion per cent, unable to read fell 
from 23-72 in 1878 to 21-19 in 1886, to 16-51 in 1896, to 15-27 in 1901, and further 
to 14-90 in 1906. As stated above, the proportion in 1911 was 15-36, a slight increase 
on the figures for 1906, due no doubt to the fact that there was a higher percentage 
of children under five years of age in 1911 than in 1906. Of those who could read 
only, the proportion diminished at each census since 1878 (in which year it was 
6-76 per cent, of the total population), till in 1911 it stood at 0-86 per cent. The 
following shows the percentages, distinguishing the sexes at each census period : — 



47 





Write and Read. 


Persons. 


Read only. 
Males. 


Females. 


Persons. 


'!annot Read 






PersoQS. 


Males. 


Females. 


Males. 


Females. 


1878 


69-52 


72-11 


66-33 


6-76 


5-91 


■ 7-80 


23-72 


21-98 


25-87 


1881 


. 71-32 


73-31 


68-94 


5-63 


5-01 


6-39 


23-05 


21-68 


24-67 


1886 


. 74-01 


75-40 


72-41 


4-80 


4-36 


5-31 


21-19 


20-24 


22-28 


1891 


77-27 


77-97 


76-48 


3-97 


3-74 


4-24 


18-76 


18-29 


19-28 


1896 


. 80-60 


81-06 


80-09 


2-89 


2-71 


3-08 


16-51 


16-23 


16-83 


1901 


82-78 


83-08 


82-44 


1-95 


1-81 


2-10 


15-27 


15-11 


15-46 


1906 


. . 83-50 


84-03 


82-91 


1-60 


1-48 


1-73 


14-90 


14-49 


15-36 


1911 


. . 83-78 


84-30 


83-20 


0-86 


0-78 


0-95 


15-36 


14-92 


15-85 



Besides the improvement in the degree of education shown above, which is 
observed in respect of females as well as males, it will be noticed that whereas 
the difference in the percentage able to read and write is very considerably in favour 
of the male sex for the year 1878, the proportions approximate more closely at each 
successive census year until in 1911 there are found to have been 83-20 per cent, 
of the female s^ who could read and write, against 84-30 per cent, of the males. 
The education of the females, taking as a standard the knowledge of reading and 
writing, is thus nearly equal to that of the males. But with a system of free and 
compulsory education this would be expected in time, and the census results have 
no longer the degree of importance or interest they had years ago. 

It is in considering the proportions of the population at different age -periods 
that the improvement in education is even more clearly proved, as seen by 
reference to the next table : — 

Proportions to every 100 at each Quinquennial Age-period, Census 1911. 



Persons. 



Males. 



Females. 



All ages 



Read and 
Write. 

83-70 



Read 
only. 

0-86 



Cannot 
Read. 

15-36 



Read and 
Write. 

84-30 



Read 
only. 
0-78 



Cannot 
Read. 

14-92 



Read and 
Write. 

83-20 



Read Cannot 
only. Read. 

0-95 15-85 



Specifi 


ed ages . . 

ed ages above 5 yeai 

5 years . . 


. 83-77 


0-86 
0-96 
0-02 


15-37 


84-29 


0-78 
0-87 
0-04 


14-93 


83-20 


0-94 
1-08 
0-01 


15-86 


Specifi 


s 95-02 


4-02 


95-19 


3-94 


94-82 


4-10 


Under 


0-01 


99-97 


0-01 


99-95 


001 


99-98 


5 years to 10 years 


. 68-05 


4-31 


27-64 


67-20 


4-50 


28-30 


68-92 


4-12 


26-96 


10 


15 „ 


. 99-51 


0-15 


0-34 


99-42 


0-19 


0-39 


99-60 


0-10 


0-30 


15 


20 „ 


. 99-69 


0-05 


0-26 


99-60 


0-06 


0-34 


99-78 


0-03 


0-19 


20 


25 „ 


99-68 


0-07 


0-25' 


99-63 


0-09 


0-28 


99-72 


0-05 


0-23 


25 


30 „ 


. 99-67 


0-06 


0-27 


99-68 


0-07 


0-25 


99-66 


0-05 


0-29 


30 


, 35 „ 


. 99-53 


0-12 


0-35 


99-55 


0-13 


0-32 


99-51 


0-11 


0-38 


35 


40 „ 


. 99-33 


0-17 


0-50 


99-30 


0-19 


0-51 


99-36 


0-16 


0-48 


40 


45 „ 


. 99-11 


0-23 


0-66 


99-15 


0-24 


0-61 


99-07 


0-21 


0-72 


45 


, 50 „ 


. 98-43 


0-45 


1-12 


98-53 


0-43 


104 


98-32 


0-48 


1-20 


50 


55 „ 


. 97-48 


0-88 


1-64 


97-84 


0-69 


1-47 


97-04 


1-12 


1-84 


55 


60 „ 


. 96-19 


1-49 


2-32 


97-26 


0-90 


1-84 


94-80 


2-25 


2-95 


60 


65 „ 


. 94-92 


2-19 


2-89 


96-11 


1-44 


2-45 


93-45 


3-12 


3-43 


65 


70 ,. 


92-30 


3-39 


4-31 


94-19 


2-03 


3-78 


89-96 


5-06 


4-98 


70 


75 „ 


91-03 


4-07 


4-90 


93-08 


2-83 


4-09 


88-11 


5-84 


6-05 


75 


80 „ 


. 88-77 


5-06 


6-17 


91-11 


3-35 


5-54 


85-05 


7-77 


7-18 


80 and 


upwards 


. 85-22 


6-65 


8-13 


87-29 


4-40 


8-31 


82-58 


9-52 


7-90 


Unspe( 


3ified ages under 21 


43-21 


1-23 


55-56 


41-31 


2-17 


56-52 


45-71 




54-29 


Unspec 


3iiied ages over 21 . 


. 94-36 


1-64 


4-00 


94-25 


1-71 


4-04 


94-52 


1-53 


3-96 



Here it is found that in 1911, of persons at the age-period of 10-15 years, 
99-51 per cent, were able to read and write, whilst 0-15 per cent, could merely read, 
and 0-34 per cent, were unable to read. At the period 15-20 the proportions are 
99-69 per cent., 0-05 per cent., and 0-26 per cent, respectively. From 15-20 years 
the proportion of those who could not read increased slowly with each succeeding 
quinquennial period of age until at 40-45 years it stood at 0-66 per cent. From 



48 



45 onwards the increase was more rapid, the proportion advancing to 2-89 at 60-65 
years, 4-90 at 70-75, and 8-13 at 80 and upwards. Of the 101 persons under 21, 
whose exact ages were unspecified in the census schedules, 55-56 per cent, were 
unable to read or write, and it is therefore safe to assume that at least 50 per cent, 
of the number were under 5 years of age. The proportion of persons who could 
read but not write increased from 0-05 per cent, at 15-20 years to 2-19 per cent, at 
the period 60-65, and again to 6-65 at 80 and upwards. The better education of 
the people at the earlier ages is thus exhibited. The numbers upon which the above 
proportions are based are, — 

Numbers (excluding Chinese). 





Ages. 






Persons 

A 








Males. 






Females. 






1 


-o 


1 


1 




t3 . 


it 

i 


0|^ 

1 


p 






f 


Si! 


All ages 


ages . . 
ages 

years 


above 5 


835,322 8 


,549 


153 


,139 


8,828 442,047 4,083 


78,220 5,018 


393,^75 
392,828 


4,466 
4,459 


74,919 3,810 


Specified 


834,249 8 


,.530 
,503 


153 


,050 


8,669 


441,421 


4,071 


78,168 4,893 


74,882 
16.997 


3,776 


Speoifierl 
years 


834,237 8 


35,244 8,653 


441,413 


4,051' 


18,247 4,883 392,824 4,452 


3.770 


Under .5 


12 


27 


117 


,806 


16 


8 


20 59,921 


10 


4 


7 


57,885 


i; 


5 years 


to 10 years 


69,614 4 


,413 


28 


,278 3,685 


34,905 2,336 


14,703 


1,892 


34,709 


2,077 


13,575 


1,793 


10 


15 




90,315 


133 




314 


643 


45,787 


86 


182 


359 


44,528 


47 


1.32 


284 


15 


20 




87,878 


40 




233 


281 


44,440 


28 


149 


156 


43,438 


12 


84 


125 


20 


25 




94,997 


68 




240 


325 


49,149 


44 


137 


190 


45,848 


24 


103 


135 


25 


30 




101,185 


60 




273 


408 


53,993 


37 


137 


249 


47,192 


23 


136 


159 


30 


35 




90,948 


109 




318 


489 


48,6.55 


62 


157 


284 


42,293 


47 


161 


205 


35 


40 




71,692 


127 




358 


474 


38,661 


75 


198 


285 


33,031 


52 


160 


189 


40 


45 




57,220 


129 




383 


442 


.30,370 


72 


188 


289 


26.850 


57 


195 


153 


45 


50 




43,594 


200 




494 


385 


23,397 


102 


248 


232 


20,197 


98 


246 


153 


50 


55 




35,311 


321 




593 


361 


19,367 


137 


290 


219 


15,944 


184 


.303 


142 


55 


60 




27,659 


428 




667 


291 


15,817 


147 


299 


175 


11,842 


281 


368 


116 


60 


65 




21,422 


495 




652 


255 


11,942 


179 


304 


174 


9,480 


316 


348 


81 


65 


70 




17,798 


653 




831 


220 


10,043 


217 


402 


133 


7,755 


436 


429 


87 


70 


75 




13,139 


588 




707 


207 


7,894 


240 


347 


130 


5,245 


348 


360 


77 


75 


80 




7,388 


421 




514 


112 


4,651 


171 


283 


70 


2,737 


250 


231 


42 


80 and upwards 




4,077 


318 




389 


75 


2,. 342 


118 


223 


46 


1 . 735 


200 


166 


29 


Unspeoifi 


ed ages 


under 21 


35 


1 




45 


20 


19 


1 


26 


13 


16 




19 


7 


'Unspecified ages 


over 21 


1 ,038 


18 




44 


139 


607 


11 


26 


112 


431 


7 


18 


27 



Statistics showing the proportion of persons married in different years and 
who signed the register with a mark, corroborate the census results as to advance 
in education. In the year 1881 32-04 males and 57-98 females per 1,000 of either 
sex were found to be illiterate, as being not able to sign their names. These pro- 
portions fell to 13-93 males per 1,000 and 16-82 females per 1,000 of that sex in 
1891, and again to 4-59 and 6-23 in 1901 ; while in 1911 the rates were as low as 
1-13 per 1,000 of bridegrooms and 2-38 per 1,000 of brides. 

A table is next given to show particulars in respect of the various principal 
religious denominations, and of marriages by Registrars : — 



Persons ix every 1,000 married who signed by Mark. 



Denomination. 



1881. 



1911. 





M. 


F. 


M. 


F. 


Churcli of England 


16-59 


27-15 


0-44 


0-89 


Presbyterians 


10-25 


29-61 




0-43 


Wesleyans and otter Methodists 


. 32-41 


41-79 






Eoman Catholics . . 


. . 117-78 


133-33 




'2-09 


Other denominations 


10-36 


20-72 






By Registrars 


. 39-22 


93-51 


6-13 


10-90 



Totals . . 32-04 57-98 113 2.38 

In all the preceding proportions and numbers the Chinese have been excluded. 



49 



Attendance at School. 

An inquiry was made as to the number of children attending schools of various 
kinds, besides those receiving tuition at home. While information is always obtain- 
able from the Education Department as to the children attending public schools, 
the number at private schools can only be got by means of the census, or by special 
applications made for the purpose to the proprietors, which is done once a year. 
The census figures serve to check the returns received from private schools ; while 
for tuition at home there is no other source of information. 



The compiled tables give, for April, 1911 

At Government primary sctools 

At college, Mgh, grammar, or private schools 

Being taught at home . . 



Total. 
154,152 
33,465 

4,848 



Boys. 

80,546 
16,105 

2,057 



Girls. 
73,606 
17,360 

2,791 



Comparison with former censuses shows increasing numbers at the schools, 
but latterly a decline in the home tuition. The figures at last seven successive 
censuses are, — 



April, 1881 
March, 1886 
April, 1891 
April, 1896 
March, 1901 
April, 1906 
April, 1911 



At 
Government 


At College, High, 
Grammar, 


Receiving 
Tuition 


Primary 
Schools. 


or 
Private Schools. 


at 
Home. 


87,811 


13,538 


7,348 


110,644 


14,948 


7,567 


124,063 


17,047 


8,178 


133,364 


17,600 


6,352 


132,911 


19,837 


5,055 


135,934 


24,686 


4.591 


154,152 


33,465 


4,848 



Under the heading " At College, High, Grammar, or Private Schools " are 
included those attending university colleges, secondary schools, and technical classes. 
In 1911 the number receiving instruction at university colleges was 1,625 (1,087 
males and 538 females), and at secondary schools 9,298 (4,652 males and 4,646 
females). In addition, 1,003 males and 2,102 females were attending private 
secondary schools. The number of pupils attending technical classes was returned 
as 4,098 (2,612 males and 1,486 females), while 291 males and 278 females were 
at private technical schools. 

As to attendance at Sunday-schools, a comparison can only be made if the 
teachers be included with the scholars. Proceeding on .these lines, a large develop- 
ment is found since 1878 : — 



Attending Sunday-schools (including Teachers). 



Census Yea 
1878 
1886 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 



Totals. 


Males. 


Females. 


.. 62,273 


30.707 


31.566 


.. 99,884 


48.509 


51.375 


.. 116,045 


54.063 


61,982 


,, 118.412 


54,834 


63,578 


.. 119.479 


56.328 


63,151 


.. 142.196 


63,256 


78,940 



The number of scholars at the Sunday-schools in 1911 was 130,136, of whom 
58,805 were boys and 71,331 girls. The toachers were 12,060 of both sexes, 4,451 
being males and 7,609 females. 

4— Census. 



50 



PART VIL— INFIRMITY. 

At former censuses information has been obtained as to " sickness " and 
"accident," as well as "infirmity." In 1911, however, the inquiry under this 
head was limited to " infirmity," the information asked for on the schedule 
being as to whether any person named in the schedule was (1). to tally blind, (2) deaf- 
and-dumb, or (3) imbecile or feeble-minded. 

It is found that of the total population (1,008,468) 5,301 persons, or one in 
every 190, were suffering from one of the specified ■ infirmities. Those returned as 
blind numbered 482, and as deaf-and-dumb, 301, while lunatics amounted to 3,741, 
and feeble-minded to 777. 

The proportions of persons, and of males and females separately, suffering 
from one of the specified infirmities are shown according to age-periods in the 
following statement : — 

Propoetions per 10,000 living. 

Specified Infirmities. 



iigt 


7B. 


Total. 


Deaf-and-dumb. 
Persons. 


Blind. 


Lunatics. 


Feeble-minded. 


All ages 


ages 
years 


52-56 


2-98 
2-99 
0-51 


4-78 


37-10 


7-70 


Specified 


51-94 


4-77 


36-56 


7-62 


Under 5 


1-36 


0-42 


0-26 


0-17 


5 years 


to 10 years 


11-98 


4-90 


1-04 


3-02 


3-02 


10 ' „ 


15' „ 


21-00 


6-89 


0-98 


3-50 


9-63 


15 


20 „ 


24-76 


4-52 


2-60 


7-35 


10-29 


20 


25 „ 


29-54 


303 


1-57 


15-65 


9-29 


25 


30 „ 


36-30 


2-45 


1-86 


24-95 


7-04 


30 


35 „ 


48-63 


1-41 


2-06 


38-97 


6-19 


35 


40 „ 


61-87 


1-92 


2-19 


52-41 


5-35 


40 


45 „ 


86-04 


2-39 


3-25 


74-41 


5-99 


45 


50 „ 


100-42 


3-34 


4-23 


86-62 


6-23 


50 


55 „ 


. . 121-26 


2-71 


8-68 


102-27 


7-60 


55 


60 „ 


125-27 


2-73 


9-21 


108-21 


5-12 


60 


65 „ 


151-47 


1-30 


9-55 


125-86 


14-76 


65 


70 „ 


150-70 


2-55 


25-46 


106-40 


16-29 


70 


75 „ 


. . 213-30 


1-36 


47-55 


140-61 


23-78 


75 


80 „ 


. . 252-59 


1-18 


75-54 


129-84 


46-03 


80 and u 


pwards 


. . 376-16 


2-06 
Males. 


123-33 


143-88 


106-89 


All ages 


ages 

years 


57-36 


2-89 
2-90 
0-33 


5-25 


41-27 


7-95 


Specifiec 


56-4] 


5-23 


40-45 


7-83 


Under 5 


1-33 


0-33 


0-50 


0-17 


5 years 


to 10 years 


13-00 


5-38 


0-56 


3-16 


3-90 


10 


15' „ 


21-75 


6-89 


1-07 


3-88 


9-91 


15 


20 „ 


30-36 


3-80 


3-35 


9-60 


13-61 


20 


25 „ 


31-39 


3-02 


1-81 


15-49 


11-07 


25 ,. 


30 .. 


38-94 


2-38 


2-56 


27-24 


6-76 


30 


35 „ 


52-82 


1-42 


1-82 


43-92 


5-66 


35 


40 „ 


66-91 


2-53 


2-03 


57-28 


5-07 


40 


45 „ 


94-88 


1-92 


3-85 


86-22 


2-89 


45 


50 „ 


.. 101-18 


3-30 


5-37 


87-14 


5-37 


50 


55 „ 


. . 119-76 


2-46 


10-84 


103-01 


3-45 


55 


60 ., 


121-06 


2-40 


9-59 


104-28 


4-79 


60 


65 .. 


. . 165-42 


0-78 


8-58 


140-45 


15-61 


65 


70 ,. 


157-29' 


2-74 


32-01 


106-99 • 


15-55 


70 „ 


75 „ 


204-81 




36-82 


144-98 


23-01 


75 


80 ,. 


257-09 


1-91 


80-58 


130-47 


44-13 


80 and upwards 


. . 383-91 


3-65 


109-69 


160-88 


109-69 



51 



Proportions per 10,000 living — continued. 

Specified Infirmities. 





6-— 


Total. 


Deaf-and-dumb. 

Females. 


Blind. 


Lunatics. 


Feeble-minded. 


All age 


3 

d ages 
5 years 


47-21 


3-08 
3-09 
0-69 


4-26 


32-44 


7-43 


Specific 


46-95 


4-24 


32-23 


7-39 


Under 


1-38 


0-52 




0-17 


5 years to 10 years 


10-92 


4-4] 


1-53 


2-87 


2-11 


10 


15 „ 


20-23 


6-89 


0-89 


3-11 


9-34 


15 


, 20 „ 


19-01 


5-27 


1-83 


5-04 


6-87 


20 


. 25 „ 


27-53 


3-03 


1-30 


15-83 


7-37 


26 , 


30 „ 


33-25 


2-52 


1-05 


22-31 


7-37 


30 


35 „ 


43-78 


1-41 


2-34 


33-24 


6-79 


35 


40 „ 


55-93 


1-20 


2-39 


46-66 


5-68 


40 


. 45 „ 


75-94 


2-93 


2-57 


60-90 


9-54 


45 , 


50 „ 


99-54 


3-38 


2-90 


86-01 


7-25 


50 


55 „ 


. . 123-09 


3-02 


6-03 


101-37 


12-67 


55 


60 „ 


. . 130-86 


3-17 


8-73 


113-41 


5-55 


60 


65 „ 


. . 133-98 


1-95 


10-76 


107-58 


13-69 


65 


70 „ 


. . 142-41 


2-29 


17-23 


105-66 


17-23 


70 


75 ., 


. . 225-54 


3-32 


63-02 


134-33 


24-87 


76 


80 ,. 


. . 245-39 




67-48 


128-83 


49-08 


80 and 


upwards 


. . 366-20 




140-84 


122-07 


103-29 



Females slightly exceed the males in the proportions of deaf-and-dumb and of 
feeble-minded ; but it will be seen that the rates for blindness and lunacy are con- 
siderably higher in the males than in the females. 

The numbers on which the above proportions are based are as shown below : — 











Specified Infirmities. 








Total 














Ages. 


Population. 
Per 


Total. 
sons. 


Deaf-and- 
dumb. 


Blind. 


Lunatics. 


Feeble- 
minded. 


All age 


s . . 
iA ages 
5 years 


.. 1,008,468 


5,301 


301 

301 

6 


482 

480 

5 


3,741 


777 


Specific 


. . 1,007,102 


5,231 
16 


3,682 


768 


Under 


.. 117,909 


3 


2 


5 years to 10 ye< 


irs .. 106,007 


127 


52 


11 


32 


32 


10 


15 , 


91,413 


192 


63 


9 


32 


88 


15 


20 , 


88,458 


219 


40 


23 


65 


91 


20 , 


25 , 


95,816 


283 


29 


15 


150 


89 


25 , 


30 , 


102,214 


371 


25 


19 


255 


72 


30 


35 , 


92,124 


448 


13 


19 


359 


57 


35 


40 , 


72,895 


451 


14 


16 


.382 


39 


40 


45 , 


58.457 


503 


14 


19 


435 


35 


45 


, 50 , 


44.910 


451 


15 


19 


389 


28 


50 


55 , 


36.863 


447 


10 


32 


377 


28 


55 


60 , 


29.295 


367 


8 


27 


317 


15 


60 


65 , 


23.041 


349 


3 


22 


290 


34 


65 


'0 , 


19.642 


296 


5 


50 


209 


32 


70 


75 , 


14.721 


314 


2 


70 


207 


35 


75 


80 , 


8.472 


214 


1 


64 


110 


39 


80 and 


upwards 


4,865 


183 


1 


60 


70 


52 


Unspec 


ified 


1.366 


70 


• • 


2 


59 


9 



52 



Ages. 



Total 



Specified Infirmities. 



Feeble- 



All ages . . 



Specified 


ages 


Under 5 


years 


5 years 


to 10 years 


10 


15 „ 


15 


20 „ 


20 


25 „ 


25 


30 „ 


30 


35 „ 


35 


40 „ 


40 


45 „ 


45 


50 „ 


50 „ 


55 „ 


55 „ 


60 „ 


60 


65 „ 


65 


70 „ 


70 


75 „ 


75 „ 


80 „ 


80 and upwards . 


Unspecified 



All ages . . 



Specified 


ages 


Under 5 


years 


5 years 


to 10 years 


10 


15 „ 


15 


20 „ 


20 


25 „ 


25 „ 


30 „ 


30 


35 „ 


35 


40 „ 


40 


45 „ 


45 


50 „ 


50 


55 „ 


55 


60 „ 


60 „ 


65 „ 


65 


70 „ 


70 „ 


75 „ 


75 


80 „ 


80 and upwards . 


Unspecified 



Population. T„^,, Deat^ana- ^,^^ Lunatics. ^^^^^ 

Males. 
531,910 3,051 154 279 2,195 423 



531.069 


2,996 


154 

2 


278 
2 


2,148 


416 


59,975 


8 


3 


1 


53,844 


70 


29 


3 


17 


21 


46,421 


101 


32 


5 


18 


46 


44,798 


136 


17 


15 


43 


61 


49,692 


156 


15 


9 


77 


55 


54,694 


213 


13 


14 


149 


37 


49,410 


261 


7 


9 


217 


28 


39,458 


264 


10 


8 


226 


20 


31,198 


296 


6 


12 


269 


9 


24,214 


245 


8 


13 


211 


13 


20,290 


243 


5 


22 


209 


7 


16,686 


202 


4 


16 


174 


8 


12,816 


212 


1 


11 


180 


20 


10,935 


172 


3 


35 


117 


17 


8,691 


178 




32 


126 


20 


5,212 


134 


1 


42 


68 


23 


2,735 


105 


1 


30 


44 


30 


841 


55 




1 


47 


7 


Females. 










476,558 


2,250 


147 

147 

4 


203 

202 

3 


1,546 


354 


476,033 


2,235 


1,534 


352 


57,934 


8 




1 


52,163 


57 


23 


8 


15 


11 


44,992 


91 


31 


4 


14 


42 


43,660 


83 


23 


8 


22 


30 


46,124 


127 


14 


6 


73 


34 


47,520 


158 


12 


5 


106 


35 


42,714 


187 


6 


10 


142 


29 


33,437 


187 


4 


8 


156 


19 


27,259 


207 


8 


7 


166 


26 


20,696 


206 


7 


6 


178 


15 


16,573 


204 


5 


10 


168 


21 


12,609 


165 


4 


11 


143 


7 


10,225 


137 


2 


11 


110 


14 


8,707 


124 


2 


15 


92 


15 


6,030 


136 


2 


38 


81 


15 


3,260 


80 




22 


42 


16 


2,130 


78 




30 


26 


22 


525 


15 




1 


12 


2 



Deaf-and-dumb. 

There were 301 persons — 154 males and 147 females — returned as deaf-and- 
dumb, or dumb only : of these, 98 were inmates of the Sumner Institution, and 
3 were inmates of Industrial Schools, leaving 200 deaf-mutes who were living at 
home or in some other private residence. The total shows a proportion of 2-98 
persons per 10,000 living, against 3-03 ascertained in 1906. Taking the sexes sepa- 
rately, it is found that the proportion per 10,000 of males has fallen in the 



63 

quinquennium from 3-29 to 2-89, while in the case of females an increase is shown, 
the proportion for 1911 being 3-08, against 2-73 in 1906. 

Figures are given showing the proportions of deaf-and-dumb per 10,000 of 
population at the last nine censuses. 



DEAlf-AND-DUMB (iN SeXES). — PkOPOETIONS PER 10,000 OF 



Census 1874 

„ 1878 

„ 1881 

1886 

1891 

„ 1896 

„ 1901 

1906 

„ 1911 



Population 




Males. 


(females 


2-05 


1-71 


2-25 


2-18 


2-23 


2-45 


2-37 


2-22 


2-80 


2-49 


2-99 


2-71 


3-28 


2-51 


3-29 


2-73 


2-89 


3-08 



The numbers at the census of 1911 for quinquennial age-periods were, 



NUMBEES OF THE DbaF-AND-DUMB AT LaST CeNSUS. 



All ages 



Under 5 


years . . 


5 years 


to 10 years 


10 


15 „ 


15 


20 „ 


20 


25 „ 


25 


30 „ 


30 


35 „ 


35 „ 


40 „ 



il. 


i'\ 










154 


147 


40 

45 


years 


to 45 years 
50 „ 


2 


4 


50 




55 , 




29 


23 


55 




60 , 




32 


31 


60 




65 , 




17 


23 


65 




70 , 




15 


14 


70 




75 , 




13 


12 


75 




80 , 




7 


6 


80 


years 


and upwards 


10 


4 


Unspecified 





M. 


i-'. 


6 


8 


8 


7 


5 


5 


4 


4 


1 


2 


3 


o 




2 


1 




1 





The highest numbers are shown at the ages 10 to 15. 

The occupations of the deaf-and-dumb were returned in 1911 as under : — 

Occupations (Past or Present) of the Deaf-and-dumb. 

M. F. 



O 



Assistant in boardinghouse 1 


Hairdresser 


1 


Bank clerk 




1 
1 


Seaman 

Compositor 

Picture-framer 




± 

. 2 
. 1 


Saddler 




. 1 


Cabinetmaker 




2 


Tailor . . 




. 3 


Tailoress 




. 1 


Dressmaker 




1 


Presser in clothing-factory 


1 


Assistant in clothing-fac 




tory 
Pickle-manufacturer 


. 1 
. 1 


Ironworker 


2 


Carpenter 
Engineer's appre 
Labourer 


ntice 


3 
. 1 
. 5 



Gardener 

Nurseryman 

Threshing - machine assist 

ant . . 
Farm-assistant . . 
Wool-classer 
Rouseabout 
No occupation . . 
Old-age pensioner 
Independent means 
Domestic duties 
Scholar, home teaching . 
Scholar, Government school 
Children, cannot read and 

write 
Industrial school 
Occupation not stated 

Totals . . 



T3 



3 
1 

1 

26 
1 
1 

37 
1 
2 

61 
3 

98 



1 

1 

46 

24 
2 



3 

1 

1 

20 
1 
1 

15 
1 
1 
1 



F. 



O 



1 1 



21 1 



10 
2 

42 



1 

49 

10 



301 80 74 81 66 



54 



In 1911 deaf-mutes were found to exist in Australasia in the following 

proportions : — 

Deaf-mutbism in Austbalasia, 1911. 

New South Wales had 1 deaf-mute in every 2,573 persons. 



V ictoria , 
Queensland , 


, 1 , 


2,357 


South Australia , 




1,661 


Western Australia , 




3,712 


Tasmania 




1,951 


New Zealand , 




3.350 



It will be seen that with the exception of Western Australia, New Zealand 
had a lower rate of deaf-muteism than any of the States of the Australian Common- 
wealth. 

Blind. 

There were 279 males and 203 females, making a total of 482 persons, returned 
as blind at the census of 1911, an increase of 28 on the number for 1906. The pro- 
portions in every 10,000 of population show a continuous rise at successive censuses 
until 1901, when the rate was 5-87. The census of 1906 shows a decrease as compared 
with 1901, and in 1911 a further decrease is apparent. From the following statement, 
showing the proportions per 10,000 at each census since 1874, it will be seen that 
there is in New Zealand more blindness amongst males than amongst females. 



1874 
1878 
1881 
1886 
1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 



Proportions of Blind to every 10,000 People. 

Peraons. Males. Females. 

2-34 2-45 2-18 

2-56 2-42 2-73 

2-82 2-93 2-68 

3-22 3-65 2-70 

4-37 4-91 3-74 

4-90 5-69 4-01 

5-87 7-32 4-26 

5-11 6-11 3-98 

4-78 5-25 4-26 



The number of the blind in quinquennial periods of age is stated for each sex. 
Of 279 males, 90 were under and 188 upwards of 50 years old. Of 203 females, 
65 were under 50, and 137 over that age. One male and one female were unspeci- 
fied as to age. 

Numbers oe the Blinu at Age-periods. 



All ages . . 

Under 5 years 
5 years to 10 years 
10 „ 15 
15 „ 20 
20 „ 25 
25 „ 30 
30 „ 35 
35 „ 40 



Persons. M. 

, 482 279 



5 
11 

9 

23 
15 
19 
19 
16 



2 
3 
5 

15 
9 

14 
9 



F. 

203 

3 

8 
4 



10 



45 


50 . „ 


50 


55 „ 


55 


60 „ 


60 


65 „ 


65 


70 „ 


70 


75 „ 


75 


. 80 „ 


80 and 


upwards . . 


Unspecified 

, J.1 . _^ • 



rsons. 


M. 


F. 


19 


12 


7 


19 


13 


6 


32 


22 


10 


27 


16 


11 


22 


11 


11 


50 


35 


15 


70 


32 


38 


64 


42 


22 


60 


30 


30 


2 


1 


1 



Of the total number of the blind, 482 persons, there were 56 in regard to whom 
nothing as to occupation was stated on the household schedule ; 76 were returned 
as engaged in domestic duties, 121 as of no occupation, 19 as dairy-farmers U as 
proprietors of houses, 11 as basketmakers, 10 as piano-tuners, 20 as pensioners and 



56 



the rest (158) of various occupations in small numbers each, A complete statement 
is added, in regard to which it must be remarked that many of the occupations 
are evidently the past occupations of persons whom blindness has prevented from 
contiuuing to work at their usual calling. 



Occupations (Past or Present) op the Blind. 

Ji. 1-'. 



M. 



F. 






O 



Legislative Councillor 




1 .. 


Ropeworker 


. 3 


3 . 




Clerk in holy orders 




1 .. . . 


Matmaker 


. 6 


.. 6 . 




Surgeon 




. 1 .. .. 


Baker . . 


1 


1 . 




Sculptor 




. 1 


Cordial-manufacturer 


. 1 


.. 1 . 




Organist and music-teache 


r 1 


1 .. .. 


Wool-cleaner 


. 1 


1 . 




Street musician 




6 .. .. 


Blacksmith 


1 


.. 1 . 




Dealer 




. 1 .. .. 


Carpenter 


. 2 


2 . 




Capitalist 




1 .. 3 


Stonemason 


1 


1 . 




Proprietor of houses 


11 . 


. 9 .. 2 


Plumber 


. 1 


1 . 




Canvasser 




1 .. .. 


Mill hand 


. 1 


.. 1 . 




Paper-runner 




1 .. .. 


Labourer 


9 


.. 9 . 




Proprietor fancy - good 


s 




Gardener 


1 


.. 1 . 




business 




1 


Ploughman 


1 


1 . 




Fishmonger 




1 .. .. 


Farm-labourer . . 


7 


.. 7 . 




Dairy-assistant . 




1 


Dairy-farmer 


. 19 


.. 18 . 


1 


Fruiterer ... 




2 .. .. 


Sheep-farmer 


2 


.. 2 . 




Tea-dealer 




1 .. .. 


Shepherd 


1 


.. 1 . 




Tobacconist 




1 .. .. 


Fisherman 


. 1 


.. 1 . 




Timber-merchant 




1 .. .. 


Bush contractor 


1 


.. 1 . 




Storekeeper 




3 .. .. 


Bushman 


. 2 


.. 2 . 




Commercial traveller 




. 1 .. .. 


Gold-miner 


3 


.. 3 . 




Collector 




1 .. .. 


Gum-digger 


1 


.. 1 . 


. 


Express-driver . . 




. 1 .. .. 


Independent means 


. 5 




. 5 


Master mariner . . 




. 3 .. .. 


No occupation . . 


. 121 


.. 69 


1 51 


Seaman 




. 2 .. .. 


InvaUd 


1 


1 . 




Marine engineer. . 




. 1 .. .. 


Annuitant 


. 9 


.. 8 . 


1 


Book-printer 






Gentleman 


1 


1 , 




Piano-tuner 


10 


19.. -^,1 


Imperial Army pensioner . 


2 


.. 2 . 




Basketmaker 


11 


1 10 .. .. 


Pensioner 


. 18 


.. 13 . 


5 


Upholsterer 




1 .. .. 


Domestic duties 


. 76 


1 . 


. 75 


Boxmaker 




i . . . . 


Child, Government school 


1 




1 .. 


Watchmaker 




1 .. .. 


Child, cannot read and writ 


e 12 


X 


/ . . 


Carriage-builder 




1 .. .. 


Charitable aid . . 


. 29 


.. 3 1 


3 13 


Shipwright 




. 1 .. .. 


Occupation not stated 


. 56 


18 19 , 


. 19 


Boilermaker 




1 .. .. 


Boardinghouse-keeper 


. 3 


1 . 


k> 


Bootmaker 




1 .. .. 






— — _ 


_^ 


Dressmaker 




1 


Totals . . 


. 482 


25 254 2 


i 180 



Lunacy. 

The lunatics enumerated were 3,741 persons, 2,195 males and 1,546 females, 
nearly all of whom were inmates of the mental hospitals in the Dominion. Depart- 
mental returns for the 31st December, 1910, show 3,670 persons (including 42 Maoris) 
as the total number of inmates. 

Comparison with the results of previous censuses shows n continually increasing 
proportion of lunatics to the population in respect of either sex, and that there is 
considerably more lunacy among the male element than the female. 



m 



Lunatics.— Proportions per 10,000 or Population. 



Census 



1874 . 
1878 . 
1881 . 
1886 . 
1891 . 
1896 . 
1901 . 
1906 . 
1911 . 



ersons. 


Males. 


Females 


19-93 


23-28 


15-48 


20-85 


25-07 


15-54 


22-86 


27-30 


17-43 


26-50 


31-03 


21-18 


27-82 


31-28 


23-92 


31-13 


35-70 


26-02 


34-47 


39-23 


29-19 


35-40 


39-64 


30-63 


37-10 


41-27 


32-44 



The number of males who were lunatics was highest at the period 40-45 years, 
while the number of females was greatest at 45-50 years, as will be seen from the 
following statement : — 



Ages. 
All ages 

Under 5 years 
5 years to 10 years 
l.'i 



10 
16 
20 
25 
30 
35 



15 
20 
25 
30 
35 
40 



Lunatics. — Numbers at Quinquennial Age-periods. 



Persons. 
. 3,741 

3 

32 

32 

65 

150 

255 

359 

382 



M. 
2,195 

3 

17 

18 

43 

77 

149 

217 

226 



F. 
1,546 



15 

14 

22 

73 

106 

142 

156 



Ages. 
40 years to 45 years 



45 
50 
55 
60 
65 
70 
75 
80 year 



Unspecified 



50 

55 „ 

60 „ 

65 „ 

70 „ 

75 „ 

80 „ 

's and upwards 



Persons. 

435 
389 

377 
317 
290 
209 
207 
110 
70 
59 



M. 
269 
211 
209 
174 
180 
117 
126 
68 
44 
"47 



F. 

166 

178 

168 

143 

110 

92 

81 

42 

26 

12 



The proportion of lunatics per 10,000 males living at the above age-periods 
was only 9-60 at 15-20 years, but had advanced to 86-22 at 40-45 years, to 140-45 
at 60-65, and reached its maximum (160-88) at 80 years and upwards. In the 
case of females, the proportion rose to a maximum of 134-33 at 70-75 years. 

At the end of 1910 3-65 in every 1,000 persons (exclusive of Maoris) in New 
Zealand were inmates of mental hospitals. This proportion is slightly higher than 
that obtaining in the Australian Commonwealth, though lower than the rates of 
New South Wales, Victoria, and Queenslandr 



Lunacy in Australasia, 1910. 



New South Wales 
Victoria 
Queensland . . 
South Australia 
Western Australia 
Tasmania 



Australian Commonwealtli 
New Zealand 



Rate per 1,000 
of Population. 

3-74 

4-03 

3-77 
2-57 
2-87 
2-61 



3-62 
3-65 



In addition to those described in the census schedules as lunatics, 777 persons 
(423 males and 354 females) were returned as feeble-minded. The numbers of feeble- 
minded were highest at the ages 10 to 15, 15 to 20, and 20 to 25, being 88, 91, and 
89 respectively. 



o7 



PART VIII.— OCCUPATIONS OP THE PEOPLE. 

The Classification. 
The classification of occupations used at the census of 1906 was again followed 
in 1911, all persons being placed in one of eight classes. The full description of 
the arrangement of occupations in these eight classes is as follows : — 

DsriNiTioN OF Principal Classes. 

Section A. — Breadwinners. 
I. Professional. — Embracing all persona, not otherwise classed, mainly engaged in the govern- 
ment and defence of the country, and in satisfying the moral, intellectual, and social wants 
of its inhabitants. 

II. Domestic. — Embracing all persons engaged in the supply of board and lodging, and in 
rendering personal services for which remuneration is usually paid. 

III. Commercial. — Embracing all persons directly connected with the hire, sale, transfer, 

distribution, storage, and security of property and materials. 

IV. Transport and Communication. — Embracing all persons engaged in the transport of 

persons or goods, or in effecting communications. 

V. Industrial. — Embracing all persons, not otherwise classed, who are principally engaged in 
various works of utihty, or in specialities connected with the manufacture, construction, 
modification, or alteration of materials so as to render them more available for the various 
uses of man, but excluding, as far as possible, all who are mainly or solely engaged in the 
service of commercial interchange. 

VI. Agricultural, Pastoral, Mineral, and other Primary Producers. — Embracing all 
persons mainly engaged in the cultivation or acquisition of food products, and in 
obtaining other raw materials from natural sources. 

VII. Indefinite. — Embracing all persons who derive incomes from services rendered, but the 
direction of which services cannot be exactly determined. 

Section B. — Dependents : Non-breadwinners. 

VIII. Dependents.— Embracing all persons dependent upon relatives or natural guardians, 
including wives, children, and others not otherwise engaged in pursuits for which 
remuneration is paid ; and all persons dependent upon private charity, or whose 
support is a burden on the pubhc revenue. 

The old classification of Dr. Farr, in use prior to 1891, purported to divide 
the population so as to distinguish the commercial from the industrial class ; but, 
in allotting the various occupations to the different classes, the principle adopted 
was that of grouping all workers and dealers in different matters together according 
to the material dealt in or worked upon, and placing the whole in the industrial class. 
Thus the dealers, who are really commercial, went to swell the number of the 
industrial at the expense of the commercial class. General labourers were cast out 
of the industrial into the indefinite class, merely because the material on which 
they worked was not stated, &c. The classification used in 1891 and 1896, while 



58 

preserving Farr's professional class nearly intact, transfers, among other changes, a 
large number of women and children from the domestic to the dependent class, 
and completes the commercial class by including " trade " among the agorici of 
Farr. The industrial class now consists of part of what was assigned to it by Farr. 
but includes general labourers. Miners and other primary producers are placed 
with the agricultural and pastoral class, as being engaged in obtaining raw materials 
from natural sources. The indefinite class is greatly reduced in number, and the 
class styled " dependent " introduced. " Employers " are distinguished from 
" employed " — a division first attempted in New Zealand at the suggestion of Mr. 
E. J. von Dadelszen on the occasion of the census of 1886, and renewed in 1891, 
1896, 1901, and 1906. The importance of affording the means of distinguishing 
persons in business from wage-earners is obvious, besides being absolutely essential 
to an improved classification of occupations. 

It will be noticed that in the professional class are included persons described 
as " officers of Government " ; but the numbers given under this heading in the 
subsequent tables do not represent the whole number employed by the Govern- 
ment, the principle adopted having been to complete the other groups where the 
scheme of classification required it, rather than to show completely all persons paid 
by Government. Thus, Postal and Telegraph officers are classified in Class IV, 
" Transport and Communication." Railway employees are similarly dealt with. 
The full statement of persons paid by Government but not included in Order 1 would 
comprise some or all of the following : Persons connected with charitable or bene- 
volent institutions, education, insurance, railways, harbours, lighthouses, post and 
telegraph, and mining, also civil engineers, electricians, surveyors and assistants, 
architects and draughtsmen, printers and binders in the Government Printing Office, 
and artisans in Government railway workshops. It is highly important that persons 
making use of the tabulated results of the information as to occupations should be 
aware of and bear in mind the above facts. 

The numbers under " Commercial " and " Industrial " include all persons 
whose occupations were sufficiently defined to enable them to be classified in connec- 
tion with the business or industry in which they are engaged. Many, chiefly those 
whose employment was of a nature of unskilled clerical assistance, while entering 
" clerk " under the heading " Occupation," did not state in what trade or industry 
they were employed. These, of course, could not be allotted to any special industry. 
Those engaged as agents or assistants in any occupation belonging to Classes III to 
VII have been, generally speaking, included with the principals. All persons stated 
as both manufacturers and dealers or sellers have been classed as makers only, under 
Class V. Persons out of employment are included under their ordinary or former 
occupations. Inmates of mental hospitals, industrial schools, and refuges, together 
with all persons in gaols, have been classed not according to their ordinary occupa- 
tions, but in Class VIII, as part of the dependent population. 

The difficulty of tabulating the occupations of the people shown in the census 
is certainly lessened by the introduction of the card system ; but there remains an 
unsatisfaciboriness in the work on account of the different ways in which people 
return themselves when their occupation is virtually the same, and the number 
of instances in which unskilled labour is not defined as having to do with the industry 
on which it is temporarily employed. These causes prevent the published results 
from being what they ought to be, even with perfect care in the compilation-work. 
The basis of such work is often enough faulty or incomplete, and it is impossible to 
remedy the defect. One man may be a " carter at brewery," and returns himself 



Total. 


Males. 


Females. 


454,117 


363,856 


90,261 


554,051 


167,823 


386,228 


300 


231 


69 



59 

accordingly. Another omits the words " at brewery," and thus the total number 
of persons employed in the brewing business becomes deficient. As continual 
instances of these irregularities are found, it arises that the census industrial statistics 
often differ materially as to " hands employed " from the results brought out undec 
the head of " Occupation " in regard to labourers and others attached to various 
industries. 

The numbers being brought out for no fewer than seven groups of ages will 
afford evidence of what occupations the rising generation is mostly taking to. 



Numbers and Proportions in the Classes. 
The population, specified as to occupation, is divided into two sections :- 

Breadwinners 

Dependents, or non-breadwinners 

Occupation not stated 

The dependent population consists chiefly of wives, relatives, and others 
employed in household duties but unpaid, children, persons supported by charity, 
&c. Its proportion to the whole increases with the process going on of equalization 
in numbers of the sexes. 

The male breadwinners were more than twice as numerous as the male 
dependents, who were mostly under fifteen years of age ; but the female 
dependents were nearly five times as many as the breadwinners of that sex. 

Breadwinners are divided into the seven classes previously alluded to : — 

Primary Producers. — Males, 123,099 ; females, 7,482 : This class includes 
persons engaged in agricultural and pastoral pursuits, fishing, and mining. 
Males, 23-15, females, 1*57 per cent, of population of either sex. 

Industrial. — Males, 113,684; females, 19,871 ; persons engaged in manufacture 
or other processes where materials are employed combined. 

Males 21-38, females 4-17 per cent. 

Commercial. — Males, 52,994 ; females, 12,768. 

The commercial group forms 9-97 per cent, of the male and 2-68 per cent, of 
the female population. 

Transport and Communication. — Males, 35,212 ; females, 1,221 ; persons 
engaged in the transport of passengers and goods, and in effecting communication. 

Males 6-62, females 0-26 per cent. 

Professional. — Males, 19,796 ; females, 12,920. These are persons, not other- 
wise classed, engaged in Government, defence, law and order, or ministering to 
religion, charity, health, education, art, science, or amusement. 

Males 3-72, females 2-71 per cent. 

Domestic (but directly earning money). — Males, 10,891 ; females, 33,376 : 
persons supplying board and lodging, or personal services for which payment is 
rendered. 

Males 2-05, females 7-00 per cent. 



60 



Indefinite. — Males, 8,180 ; females, 2,623 : persons living on incomes earned 
in the past, or indefinitely described. 
Males, 1-54, females 0-55 per cent. 

The population of each class, and the proportion per cent, of the total popula- 
tion, are tabulated below : — 





Occupation. 


Numbers. 


Proportion per 


Cent. 




















Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Total 


jopulation 


1,008,468 


531,910 


476,558 


100-00 


10000 


100-00 


Section A. — Breadwinners. 














Class I. 


Professional 


32,716 


19,796 


12,920 


3-25 


3-72 


2-71 


II. 


Domestic 


44,267 


10,891 


33,376 


4-39 


2-05 


7-00 


„ III. 


CoTnmercial — 
















Sub-class A. Property and 


9,940 


8,687 


1,253 


0-99 


1-64 


0-26 




Finance 
















Sub-class B. Trade 


54,926 


43,412 


11,514 


5-45 


816 


2-42 




Sub-class C. Storage 


896 


895 


1 


0-09 


0-17 


0-00 


IV. 


Transport and Communica- 
tion 


36,433 


35,212 


1,221 


3-61 


6-62 


0-26 


V. 


Industrial 


133,555 


113,684 


19,871 


13-25 


21-38 


4-17 


VI. 


Agricultural, Pastoral, and 
other Primary Producers — 
















Sub-class A. Agricultural 


54,738 


52,426 


2,312 


5-43 


9-86 


0-48 




Sub-class B. Pastoral . . 


55,287 


50,148 


5,139 


5-48 


9-43 


1-08 




Sub-class C. Mineral 


14,775 


14,767 


8 


1-47 


2-78 


0-00 




Sub-class D. Other Prim- 


5,781 


5,758 


23 


0-57 


1-08 


0-01 




ary Producers 














„ VII. 


Indefinite 


10,803 


8,180 


2,623 


1-07 


1-54 


0-55 


Section B. — Non-breadivinners (De- 














' 


fendents). 














Class VIII. 


Dependents — 
















Sub - class A. Dependent 


543,229 


161,720 


381,509 


53-88 


30-42 


80-07 




on natural guardians 
















Sub - class B. Dependent 


10,822 


6,103 


4,719 


1-07 


1-15 


0-99 




upon the State, or upon 
















pubUc or private support 














Occupations 


! not stated 


300 


231 


69 









No less than 31-57 per cent, of the male population are shown to be dependent, 
and 81-06 per cent, of the females. These consist of 161,720 males and 381,509 
females dependent upon natural guardians ; and 6,103 males and 4,719 females 
dependent upon the State, or upon public or private support. The greater number 
of those dependent upon natural guardians are scholars and students. There are 
also a large number of dependent relatives who were not stated to be performing 
domestic duties, and, of females, many persons performing domestic duties for 
which remuneration is not paid. 



61 



In the next table the number of breadwinners of either sex in each class of 
occupation, and the proportions per cent, to the total of breadwinners, is given : — 









Number.s. 




Proportion per 


Cent. 




Occupation. 
































Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Person^;. 


Males. 


Females. 


Total breadwinners 


454.117 


363.856 


90.261 


100-00 


100-00 


100-00 


Class I. 


Professional 


32,716 


19,796 


12,920 


7-20 


5-44 


14-31 


„ II. 


Domestic 


44,267 


10,891 


33,376 


9-75 


2-99 


36-98 


„ III. 


Commercial — 
















Sub-class A. Property and 


9,940 


8.687 


1,253 


2-19 


2-39 


1-39 




Finance 
















Sub-class B. Trade 


54.926 


43.412 


11,514 


1210 


11-93 


12-76 




Sub-class C. Storage 


896 


895 


1 


0-20 


0-25 


0-00 


„ IV. 


Transport and Communication 


36,433 


35,212 


1,221 


8-02 


9-68 


1-35 


V. 


Industrial 


133,555 


113,684 


19.871 


29-41 


31-24 


22-01 


„ VI. 


Agricultural, Pastoral, and 
other Primary Producers — 
















Sub-class A. Agricultural 


54,738 


52,426 


2,312 


12-05 


14-41 


2-56 




Sub-class B. Pastoral 


55,287 


50,148 


5,139 


12-18 


13-78 


5-69 




Sub-class C. Mineral 


14,775 


14,767 


8 


3-25 


4-06 


0-01 




Sub-class D. Other Primary 


5,781 


5,758 


23 


1-27 


1-58 


0-03 




Producers 














„ VII. 


Indefinite 


10,803 


8,180 


2,623 


2-38 


2-25 


2-9] 



Employers and Employed. 

The breadwinners of the Dominion are also classified according to the grade of 
their occupations, by which means the entire population can be brought under six 
heads : — 







Per Cent. 




Per Gent. 




Males. 


of 
Breadwinners. 


Females. 


of 
Breadwinners 


Employers 


43,927 


12-07 


2,766 


3-07 


Independent workers 


56,708 


15-58 


9.659 


10-70 


Wage-earners 


231,653 


63-67 


64,264 


71-20 


Unemployed 


7,152 


1-97 


1,203 


1-33 


Relatives assisting, and not specified . 


24,416 


6-71 
100-00 


12,369 


13-70 


Breadwinners 


363,856 


90,261 


100-00 


Dependents 


167.823 




386,228 




Not stated 


231 




69 




Totals 


531.910 




476,558 





The proportion of the male breadwinners who are employers (12-07 per cent.) 
is slightly lower than it was in 1906 (12-81 per cent.). On the female side the pro- 
portion of employers was 3-07 per cent., as against 3-10 in 1906. Male wage-earners, 
employed or unemployed, were 65-64 per cent., against 65-52 per cent, in 1906. 
Female wage-earners, whether in work or not, were 72-53 per cent, in 1911, against 
75-57 per cent, in 1906, 



(yj. 

The Unemployed. 

The unemployed male population in New Zealand in April, 1911, formed only 
1-97 per cent, of the breadwinners, as against 2-53 per cent, returned at the census 
of 1906. 

Of the unemployed (males), which totalled 7,152, — 

1,607 are found in Order 24 (741 agricultural, 293 pastoral, 473 mining, gold, 

coal, &c., 76 bushmen, and 24 fishermen and others). 

950 in Order 23 : Industrial workers imperfectly defined (chiefly general 

labourers). 

869 in Order 21 : House building, road and railway-works labourers, &c. 

379 in Order 3 : Engaged in board and lodging and rendering personal 

services. 

535 in Order 14 : Road, railway, tram, or sea and river trafiic. 

604 in Order 15 : Manufacturers of books, tools, implements, furniture, build- 
ing materials, &c. 

194 in Order 16 : Manufacturing textile fabrics, dress, &c. 

298 in Order 2 : Ministering to religion, charity, health, education, &c. 

152 in Order 19 : Manufacturing earthenware, jewellery, and workers in 

metals. 

297 in Order 7 : Dealing in food, drinks, narcotics, and stimulants. 

209 in Order 17 : Workers in animal food, drinks, narcotics, stimulants, &c. 

The balance being fairly evenly distributed over the remaining Orders of Occu- 
pations. 

Of the regular agricultural workers for wages, only thirty-five in every thousand 
were found to be unemployed. 

Generally, the results of the investigation into the occupation of the people 
agree with the result of the inquiry into the development of manufactures and works, 
which is given further on in this report (Appendix A). It is found in regard to 
industries that spring directly from land settlement, such as butter and cheese 
making, meat-freezing, and sawing of timber, the development since 1906 was 
considerable. The exact number of persons unemployed belonging to each specific 
occupation will be found in the census volume, p. 453. 

It is a matter for congratulation that the total number of unemployed in 1911 
was found to be only 8,355, against 9,561 in 1906, when the population of the 
Dominion was much smaller. 

G-RADEs OP- Occupations. 
The numbers and proportions of persons of each sex in the different classes of 
occupation, divided according to grade— i.e., employers, independent workers, 
wage-earners, unemployed, and relatives assisting, are given in the two following 

statements : — ■ 



68 



Occupations — Employees and Employed. 



Occupations. 



Section A. — Breadwinners. 
I. Professional 
II. Domestic 
[II. Commercial — 

A. Property and Finance 

B. Trade 

C. Storage 
IV. Transport and Communica 

tion . . 
V. Industrial 
VI. Primary Producers — 

A. Agricultural 

B. Pastoral 
0. Mineral 

D. Other Primary Pro 

duoer,s 
VII. Indefinite 

Totals 

Section B. — Dependents (N cm- 
breadwinners). 
VIII. Dependents — 

A. On Natural Guardians 

B. On the State or Public 

Charity . . 
Not stated 

Totals 




896' 
6.740 



1,264' 
10,944 



.3,0101 4,327 199, 

6, 0781 29,1241.014 

874| 21 

2,101 31,203; 536 
7.909' 91,127'3,0.'52 



312 19,796 
144 10,891 

25.5 8,687 
456; 43,412 
895 

1091 35,212 
6.52113,684 



9,387| 13,893 

9,886; 14,902 

372! 3,910 

.349 1,461 



21,574 

17,865 

9,867 

3,718 



741 
293 
473 

100 



6,831 

7,202 

145 

130 
8,180 



52,426 
50,148 
14,767 

5,758 
8,180 



Females. 



209 
858 

47 
360 



HI 


1 


q 


bjOQCffl 

.5 .5 " 


% 




P'S 


■s§S,o 


©■*£ '^oi 

s§o8 




3S, 

U O 


II "-I 


§§»£ 




i? 


l-*^'*^ 






?pa 




7:<j ocL. 


5 ° 


^ § 




^ 


IS 


P3 


2,238 


9,493 


277 


7U3, 



2,105 

823 
1,156 



27,017 381' 3,015 33,376 



11 
.5691 2,173 

3361 360 

3761 786 

1 



18 



43,927 56,708 231,653 7,162 24,416363,8562,766 



317 
9,011 208 
1 



66i 1,253 

779: 11,514 

1 



1,194 l: 15] 1,221 

16,625 3.35' 169i 19,871 



119 

476 

7 



1 ,498 
3,. 501 1 



2,312 
5,1.39 

8 



ll .. 23 

2,623 2,623 



9,65964,2641,203 12,369| 90,261 



,161,7201 

6,103 

231j 



381,509 

4,719 
69 



531,9101 



476,558 



Occupations. — Peopoetion of Employees and Employed in each Class. 









Males. 










Females. 












m 


, 




















l^s 


W3 


s 


n a S 






l«s 


^ = 


a a g 




Occupations. 


o 


UBinesson 
count but 
ploying o 
rsons. 


503 


g 

ID . 

arc 

« >. 
a o 


tives assis 
t not recei 
Iges, and 
described. 




i 

o 


usinesR on 
count but 
ploying 
rsons. 


is 


CD . 

tu o 


tives assi 
t not recei 
Iges, and 
describerl. 


g 
& 




a 


33 o a 0) 


Sg 


wa 


=3 =iS a 





a 




8g 


^i 


<s 3,; a 
'j.cp a 






K 




^ 


& 


03 


^ 


H 




> 


^ 


02 


Eh 


Section A. — Breadwinners. 


























I. Professional 


10-95 


11-89 


73-84 


1-74 


1-58 


100-00 


1-62 


17-32 


73-48 


2-14 


5-44 


100-00 


II. Domestic 


17-64 


10-01 


67-55 


3-48 


1-32 


100-00 


2-57 


6-31 


80-95 


1-14 


9-03 


100-00 


n. Commercial — 


























A. Property and Finance 


10-31 


34-65 


49-81 


2-29 


2-94 


100-00 


3-75 


65-68 


25-30 




5-27 


100-00 


B. Trade 


15-52 


14-00 


67-09 


2-34 


1-06 


100-00 


3-13 


10-04 


78-26 


1-81 


6-76 


100-00 


C. Storage 






97-65 


2-35 




100-00 






100-00 






100-00 


IV. Transport and communication 


3-59 


5-97 


88-62 


1-51 


6-31 


100-00 


0-90 




97-79 


0-08 


1-23 


100-00 


V. Industrial 


9-63 


6-96 


80-16 


2-68 


0-57 


100-00 


2-86 


10-94 


83-66 


1-69 


0-85 


100-00 


VI. Primary Producers — 


























A. Agricultural 


17-91 


26-50 


41-15 


1-41 


13-03 


100-00 


14-49 


15-57 


5-15 




64-79 


100-00 


B. Pastoral 


19-71 


29-72 


36-63 


0-58 


14-36 


100-00 


7-32 


15-29 


9-26 




68-13 


100 00 


C. Mineral 


2-52 


26-48 


66-82 


3-20 


0-98 


100-00 


12-50 




87-50 






100-00 


D. Other Primary Pro- 


















' 






ducers 


6-06 


25-37 


64-57 


1-74 


2-26 


100-00 




78-26 


17-39: 4-35 




100-00 


VII. Indefinite 










100-00 


100-00 






. . 1 - . . 


100-00 


100-00 


Totals 


12-07 


15-.58 


63-67 


1-97 


6-71 


100-00 


3-07 


10-70 


71-20 


1-33 


13-70 


100-00 



64 

The classes are divided into twenty-seven orders, which again are divided into 
111 sub-orders. The items of the sub-orders are the specific occupations. In the 
succeeding tables each specific occupation is given according to the classification, 
and explanatory notes showing the unskilled assistance and other particulars included 
with the numbers for the various industries, &c. The totals of the orders and sub- 
orders precede the figures for the items contained in each sub-order. 

* 

An alphabetical arrangement of specific occupations shown in the census is 
added at the end of this report. 



CLASS I.— PROFESSIONAL. 

Obder 1. — Persons engaged in Government (not otherwise classed), Defence, 

Law, and Protection. 

115 per cent, of total male population. 
010 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1. Officers of General Government (not 

otherwise classed) 

2. Officers of local Government . . 

3. Persons ministering to defence 

4. Persons ministering to law and order 



Totals, Order 1, 1911 
Totals, Order 1, 1906 





! 
Under 
20. 


Males. 

Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Undf]' 
20, 


Females. 




Totals, 




Over 
20. . 


Totals. 


both 
Sexes. 


not 


252 


1,473 


1,725 


19 


159 


178 


1,903 




41 

11 

410 


589 

489 

2,858 


630 

500 

3,268 


5 

77 


29 
200 


34 

277 


664 

£00 

3,545 




714 


5,409 


6,123 


101 


388 


489 


6,612 




493 


4,386 


4,879 


48 


203 


251 


5,130 



The first sub-order consists of persons occupied in connection with Govern- 
ment whom it was not necessary to allot to other classes in carrying out the principle 
of classification. Hence the total number does not by any means represent the full 
number of persons employed by Government. It is a residue left after completing 
other groups — for instance, that of transport and communication, to which is carried 
the number of persons engaged in railways, telegraph, telephone, and postal service, 
although the employees in these services are paid by Government. Similarly with 
officers of local bodies, but to a less extent. 

It has been asked why the full number of persons employed by Government is 
not given. But the classification is not intended to show any such result, and the 
census is not the proper source from which to look for such information. It could 
not be given by means of the census, for the word " Government " is constantly 
omitted by the householders in describing occupations. When the total number of 
persons employed by Government is wanted, it is found necessary to have a special 
return compiled from departmental sources, distinguishing " permanent " from 
" temporary " employment. 



65 



The full details of the specific occupations in the order are given. In Sub-order 4 
the barristers and solicitors will be found to number 950, against 785 in 1906. Law 
clerks increased from 848 to 1,183 in five years, and law students from 84 to 109. 



Occupations. 



Class I. — Peoi^ssional. 

Order 1.— Persons ertgaged in Oovernment, Defence, Law, and Protection 
{not otherwise classed). 



Persons. 



Males. 



Females. 



Sub-order 1. — General Government. 

The Governor and suite 

Officer of Government Department (exclusive of officers specially 

classified). (See note above.) 
Others (including persons holding Ministerial or political office whose 

ordinary occupation was not stated) . . 



Sub-order 2. — Local Government. 
Officer of local body or Municipal Council 



2 


2 


,872 


1,694 


29 


29 



178 



664 



6.30 



.34 



Sub-order 3. — Defence. 

Officer of Defence Department 
Army officer in actual service . . 
Army non-commissioned, warrant officer, private 
Naval officer in actual service 
Naval petty, warrant officer, marine 
Others (including Volunteer whose ordinary 
stated) (1) 



jcupation was not 



Sub-order 4. — Law and Ordc 

Officer of Law Department 

Judge (Chief Justice, and Judges of Supreme, District, 

Land Courts) 
Law-court officer, clerk (Supreme, District, Magistrate, 

Land Courts official) 
Magistrate 

Sheriff's officer, baihff 
Barrister, solicitor 
Law clerk (not articled) 
Law student, articled clerk 
Others connected with the law (2) 
Police : principal officer 

Police : subordinate officer, policeman, detective 
Penal : principal officer 
Penal : subordinate officer, warder (3) . . 
Others (4) .. 



and Native 
and Native 



63 


63 


63 


63 


325 


325 


6 


5 


20 


20 



24 



34 
13 

121 
27 
41 

950 
1,183 

109 
71 
18 

807 
11 

147 
13 



24 



34 

13 

120 

27 

41 

947 

982 

108 

14 

18 

805 

11 

136 

12 



3 

201 
1 

57 



(1) Defence storekeeper 
Drill-instructor . . 
Magazine-keeper 
Military student 
Range-keeper . . 
Volunteer 

(2) Accountant 

5 — Census. 



M, 


F. 




3 





Justice of the Peace 


6 





Law agent 


1 





Typist 


1 





(3) Subordinate officer 


4 


11 


Matron 


9 





Prisons ofl&cer . . 







(4) Finger-print Expert 



M. 


E. 




AT 


V 


2 





Inspector Cruelty to Ani- 






1 





mals . . 


3 


n 


4 


67 


Member Arbitration Court 


1 





34 





Private detective 


7 


n 





11 


Secretary, Society for Pro- 






2 





tection of Woman and 






1 





Children 





1 



66 



Order 2.— Persons ministering to Religion, Charity, Health, Education, Art, 

Science, and Amusements. 

2-57 per cent, of total male population. 
2-61 per cent, of total female population. 







Males. 






Females. 


















Totals, 


Occupations, in Sub-orders. 














both 




Under 
20. 


Over 

20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20, 

8 


Over 
20. 

408 


Totals. 
416 


Sexes. 


1. Persons ministering to religion 


9 


1,643 


1,652 


2,068 


2. Persons ministering to charity (exclu- 
















sive of hospitals) 




68 


68 


19 


293 


312 


380 


3. Persons ministering to health 


382 


2,900 


3,282 


166 


4,259 


4,425 


7,707 


4. Persons connected with literature 


42 


663 


705 


3 


45 


48 


753 


5, Persons connected with science 


15 


133 


148 




3 


3 


151 


6. Persons engaged in civil and mechanical 
















engineering, architecture, and survey- 
















ing 


226 


2,237 


2,463 


9 


28 


37 


2,500 


7. Persons connected with education. .. 


312 


2,402 


2,714 


928 


4,218 


5,146 


7,860 


8. Persons connected with fine arts 


37 


678 


715 


85 


374 


459 


1,174 


9. Persons connected with music 


5 


476 


481 


154 


1.311 


1,465 


1,946 


10. Persons connected with amusements . . 


187 


1,258 


1,445 


20 


100 


120 


1.565 


Totals, Order 2, 1911 . . 


1,215 


12,458 


13,673 


1,392 


11,039 


12,431 


26,104 


Totals, Order 2, 1906 . . 


1 ,016 


10.683 


11,699 


1,058 


9,211 


10,269 


21,968 



In Sub-order 1 the number of the clergy is given as 1,149. In 1906 the number 
returned was 1,034. Besides the regular clergy, there were 60 Mormon missionaries 
and 256 Salvation Army oflficers, of whom 138 were females ; also 53 evangelists, 
141 missionaries (42 women), 10 preachers, and 29 women classed as irregular clergy. 
The number of the clergy on the list of ofl&ciating ministers under the Marriage Act, 
July, 1911, is 1,382, and the denominations to which they belong are as under : — 

.Denomination. 
Church of England 
Presbyterian Church of New Zealand 
Roman Cathohc Church 
Methodist Church of Australasia in New 

Zealand 
Congregational Independents 
Baptists 

Primitive Methodist Connexion . . 
Lutheran Church 
Hebrew Congregations . . 

There were 75 theological students, 64 church officers, such as sextons and 
others, 180 members of religious orders not ministering to charity or education ; 
and 51 others complete the group. 

Included in Sub-order 3 are 692 medical practitioners, against 601 returned in 
1906. Medical students numbered 79. There were 166 persons who are grouped in 
the detailed tables as irregular medical practitioners, including, among others, 30 
herbalists and 4 assistants, 47 medical galvanists, 3 homoeopathists, and 44 masseurs. 
Dentists numbered 1,098 (including apprentices), against 912 in 1906. Pharma- 
ceutical chemists and assistants were 1,085, against 959 at the previous census. The 
number of midwives, monthly nurses, and sick-nurses was 2,542, and of veterinary 
surgeons 91. 



No. 


Denomination. 


No. 


. 409 


Church of Christ 


. 28 


. 314 


Free Methodist Church of New Zealand . 


4 


. 218 


Salvation Army 


27 


ff 


Catholic Apostohc Church 


4 


. 210 


Unitarian 


3 


. 30 


Brethren 


6 


. 42 


Latter-day Saints 


3 


. 53 


Others 


15 


10 


Total 




6 


. 1.382 



(J7 



The full details in this order are,— 



Occupations. 



Sub-order I. — Religion. 
Clergymen . . 
Irregular clergy (5) . . 
Theological student . . 
Church officer, verger 
Member of religious order not classified as ministering to charity ( 

education 
Others (6) . , . . . . . ' \[ [] ' 

Sub-order 2.— Charity (exclusive of Hospitals). 
Officer of Department of charitj' 
Officer of charitable or benevolent institution 

Subordinate officer or servant, charitable or benevolent institution . 
Sister of charity . . 

Sub-order .3.— Health. 
Officer of Health Department . . 
Sanitary inspector, inspector of nuisances 
Medical Practitioner . . 
Medical student 

Irregular medical practitioner (7) 
Dentist (8) . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Pharmaceutical chemist, druggist (9) . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Hospital nurse 

Hospital officer or attendant (not elsewhere described) (10) 
Midwife, accoucheuse . . 

Sick nurse (not in hospital), also nurse (so stated) 
Veterinary surgeon 
Others (11) .. 

Sub-order 4. — Literature. 
Author, editor, journalist 
Reporter 

Literary amanuensis . . 
Others (12) . . 

Sub-order 5. — Science. 
Officer of scientific Department of State 
Analytical chemist 
Assayer, metallurgist 
Geologist, mineralogist 
Naturalist, Biologist, Botanist 
Others (13) . . 

Sub-order 6. — Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Architecture, and 

Surveying. 
Civil engineer (14) 

Directing or consulting engmeer, clerk 
Surveyor (15) 
Architect (16) 

Relative assisting 
Draughtsman 
Others (17) . . 



(5) Evangelist 
Missionary 
Irregular clergy 
Missionary Mormon 
Preacher 
Salvation Army officer 

(6) Diocesan clerk . . 
Deaconess 
Colporteur 
No-license advocate 
Secretary, Y.M.C.A. 

,, Boys' Institute 
Temperance lecturer 

(7) Irregular medical practi- 

tioner 

Herbalist 

,, assistant 

Homceopathist . . 

Medical galvaniat and as- 
sistant 

Masseur, masseuse 

Skin specialist . . 

(8) Dentist 

Apprentice 

Assistant 

Nurse 



M. 
49 
99 


69 

6 



4 
42 
29 

1 

4 



118 138 
3 





12 
13 
1 
tl 



17 
4 




1 

16 



16 

27 3 

1 3 

3 



19 

16 

1 

583 



28 

28 

6 

18 



63 . 112 
112 94 



Clerk 
(9) Chemist and druggist 
Apprentice 
Assistant 
Clerk 
Dispenser 
Manager 



Salesman, saleswoman 
(10) Hospital officer or attend- 
ant (not elsewhere de- 
scribed) 
Hospital clerk . . 
cook . . 
dispenser 
dresser 
matron, attendant, 

servant 
porter . . 
secretary 
steward 
l'^ warder 
Mental Hospital clerk, book- 
keeper, accountant 
Mental Hospital cook, baker 



M. 

2 

:.28 

127 

330 

16 

2 

2 

26 

3 



21 
6 



Persons. 



1,149 

549 

75 

64 

180 
51 



8 

124 

188 

60 



44 

53 

692 

79 

166 

1,098 

21 

1,085 

7 

811 

1,001 

523 

2,019 

91 

17 



577 

123 

5 

48 



41 

27 
57 
11 

7 



483 
388 
996 
457 

n 

160 

5 



1,149 

331 

75 

60 



29 



7 
25 
36 



42 

53 

663 

73 

83 

760 

17 

1.034 

5 

4 

437 

ii 

91 
9 



538 

121 

1 

45 



38 
27 
57 
11 

7 



476 
380 
991 
444 
11 
156 
5 



218 

"4 

172 
22 



1 

99 

152 

60 



29 

6 

83 

338 

4 
51 
2 
807 
564 
523 
,008 



39 
2 
4 
3 



5 
13 



P. 
12 

S 
1 
37 
7 
1 






6 

76 

1 



257 

1 





Mental Hospital messenger 
,, warder at- 

tendant 

(11) Eye specialist . . 
Manicurist 
Pathologist 

(12) Interpreter 
Native interpreter 

(13) Astronomer 
Archaeologist 
Museum assistant 
Secretary to explorer 

(14) Civil engineer 
Assistant, clerk, cadet, ty 

pist , . 
Draughtsman . . 
Relative assisting 

(15) Surveyor 
Surveyors' assistant, clerk 

(16) Architect 
Architect's assistant 

„ apprentice 
,, clerk 

(17) Cadet draughtsman 
Naval architeft 



M. F. 

6 

269 211 

7 
8 



2 

27 

18 

1 

1 

6 

1 

392 

72 

7 

5 

334 

657 

297 

70 

43 

34 




3 







5 
1 


5 

3 
;i 

in 

(I 



68 



Occupations. 



Males. 



Sub-order 7. — Education. 
Officer of Education Department (18) . . 
Unirersity professor, demonstrator, lecturer, &c. 
Professor, lecturer, teacher, college, grammar, high school 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher. State school (19) . . 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher, denominational school 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher, private school 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher, school undefined 
Tutor, governess 

Technical college lecturer, teacher 

Teacher of languages or other accomplishments (not art or music) 
Others (20) . . 

Sub-order 8.— Kne Arts. 
Artist, painter, art student 
Sculptor 

Engraver (art only) . . 
Photographer, retoucher (21) 

Relative assisting . . 
Others : Poster writer 

Sub-order 9. — Music. 
Musician, vocalist, student of music 
Music, professor, teacher, &c. . . 
Others (22) . . 

Sub-order 10. — Amusements. 
Actor, actress, circus performer 
Theatre, circus, haU proprietor, lessee, manager, doorkeeper, ticket 

taker 
Racecourse ranger, caretaker, secretary, labourer 
Jockey 

Cricket-ground, bowling-green, caretaker, professional player 
Billiard-table proprietor, keeper, marker 
Zoological gardens, menagerie, keeper, attendant, &c. 
Botanical gardens, park, caretaker, worker 
Others (23) . . 



157 
69 

227 
2,008 
400 
277 
3,979 
289 
145 
104 
205 



365 
22 
38 

730 

13 

6 



303 
1,636 

7 



]92 

.327 
73 

392 
93 

.336 

4 

39 

109 



136 

57 
96 

878 
38 
28 
],238 
22 
85 
36 

100 



167 

22 

38 

478 

4 

6 



207 
267 

7 



118 

302 
73 

392 
93 

336 

4 

39 

88 



21 
12 

131 
1,130 

362 

249 
2,741 

267 
60 
68 

105 



198 



252 
9 



96 
1,369 



74 



25 



21 



(18) Education Department of- 

ficer 
.Education Department 

cadet 
Education Department 

clerli 
Inspector of Schools 
Secretary, Education Board 

(19) Schoolmaster, Bclioolmistress 

Probationer . . 
Pupil-teacher 

(20) College clerks . . 

Clerk, correspondence school 

Librarian 

lyibrary caretaker 



M. F. 



53 
47 
17 

743 
25 

110 

3 



46 

11 



17 





862 

33 

235 



8 

74 




Library assistant 
School manager 

„ matron . . 
Teacher, School of Mines . . 

„ of navigation 
Truant oificer . . 
Physical instructor 

(21) Photographer, retoucher . . 

,, apprentice 

,, assistant . . 

„ canvasser . . 

„ clerk 

(22) Street musician 
Secretary, musical society 



M. 
9 





K 


6 


(1 


17 


11 





2 





4 





6 





21 


79 


2 





48 


167 


7 








6 


R 





1 






(23) Aviator 

Boxing-instructor 

Clairvoyant 

Hall custodian 

Pugilist 

Palmist 

Huntsman 

Phrenologist 

Physical instructor 

Professional athlete 

Bowing-shed caretaker 

Skating-rink employee 

Shooting-gallery proprietor 

Tourist-guide 



M. 
1 
1 

6 
1 


10 
2 
9 

17 



Order 3. 



CLASS II.— DOMESTIC. 
-Persons engaged in tlie Supply of Board and Lodging, and in render- 
ing Personal Service for wMch Eemuneration is usually paid. 

2-05 per cent, of total male population. 
7-00 per cent, of total female population. 





Males. 


Females. 


Totals, 


Occupations, in Sub-orders. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


both 
Sexes. 


1. Persons engaged in the supply of board 

and lodging 

2. Persons engaged in domestic service and 

in attendance 


265 
581 


5,452 
4,593 


5,717 
5,174 


1,823 
5,437 


10,231 

15,885 


12,054 
21,322 


17,771 
26,496 


Totals, Order 3, 1911 . . 


846 


10,045 


10,891 i 7,260 


26,116 


33,376 


44,267 


Totals, Order 3, 1906 . . 


1,015 


8,578 


9,593 


8,272 


21,938 


30,210 


39,803 



69 



Details of occupations in the foregoing sub-orders are, 



Occnpations. 



Persons. 



Males. 



Females. 



Sub-order 1. — Board and Lodging. 
Hotelkeeper, innkeeper 

Relative assisting . . 
Servants (24) 
Coffee palace, restaurant, tea-room, eating-house keeper 

Relative assisting . . 
Servants 
Board and lodginghouse keeper 

Relative assisting . . 
Servants 

Clubhouse manager, secretary, steward, servant 
Others (25) . . 

Sub-order 2. — Domestic Service and Attendance. 
Servants' registry-office keeper . . 
House servants 
Personal attendants . . 
Nurse (domestic), nursemaid . . 
Paid companion 
Coachman, groom 
Gardener 

Relative assisting . . 
Bath proprietor, attendant 
Porter, gatekeeper 
Office caretaker, attendant 

Relative assisting . . 
Charwoman, office-cleaner 
Hairdresser, barber 

Relative assisting . . 
Mangier, laundry-keeper, laundryman, washerwoman 

Relative assisting . . 
Shoeblack 
Others : Watchman undefined (224), infant home-keeper (13) 



1,373 


1,207 




166 


1,195 


64 


1 


,131 


5,896 


2,660 


3 


,236 


311 


171 




140 


74 


3 




71 


605 


107 




498 


3,070 


648 


2,422 


1,837 


52 


1 


,785 


2,597 


450 


1 2 


,147 


293 


2.59 




34 


520 


96 




424 


26 


1 




25 


9,399 


604 


18 


,795 


29 


19 


1 


10 


486 






486 


616 






616 


763 


763 






1,358 


1,358 






10 


10 






55 


34 




21 


35 


35 






436 


395 




41 


1 


1 


1 




344 


45 




299 


1,302 


1,216 




86 


5 


5 






1,366 


454 




912 


22 


4 




18 



237 



224 



13 



(24) Hotel servant 
„ clerk 
„ manager 



M. F. 
1,480 2,163 
52 42 
72 8 



Hotel cook 
Baimaid, barman 
(25) Caterer 



M. F. 

576 490 

500 543 

27 



M. F. 

Waiter, waitress (undefined) 42 422 

Sailors' Home servant . . 27 

Matron, Y.M.C.A. . . 2 



The total number of persons engaged in or connected with the sale or manu- 
facture of wine, beer, spirits, cordials, &c., is found to be returned as under : — 



Hotelkeeper 

Relative assisting 

Manager, clerk 
Hotel servant 

Manager, secretary, steward, servant, of club-house 
Barman, barmaid 
Wine, spirits, ale, mercbant 

Assistant 

Clerk, book-keeper, accountant, traveller, store 
man; carter 
Cordial, &c., merchant, salesman . . 
Brewer, bottler . . 

Manager, clerk, traveller 

Relative assisting, apprentice . . 

Cellarman, assistant, carter, &c. 
Maltster and assistants 
Wine-maker, bottler 
Cordial, &c., maker 

Clerk, book-keeper, traveller, assistant . . 

Relative assisting 

Totals . . 



Males. 


Females. 


Persons 


1,207 


166 


1,373 


64 


1,131 


1,195 


124 


50 


174 


2,036 


2,643 


4,679 


259 


34 


293 


500 


543 


1,043 


64 


1 


65 


23 




23 


137 




137 


2 




2 


119 


1 


120 


135 


6 


141 


1 




1 


581 


1 


582 


121 




121 


8 




8 


260 


4 


264 


372 


10 


382 


12 


1 


13 



6,025 4,591 10,616 



10 



CLASS III.— COMMEECIAL. 

Sub-class A.— Propeety and Finance. 
Order 4.— Persons performing Offices in connection with the Exchange, Valua- 
tion, Insurance, Lease, Loan, or Custody of Money, Houses, Land, or 
Property-rights. 

1-63 per cent, of total male population. 
0-26 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



Males. 



Females. 



Totals, 



1. Persons performing offices in connection 

with banking and finance . . 

2. Persons performing offices in connection 

with insurance and Valuation 

3. Persons performing offices in connection 

with land and household property . . 

4. Persons performing offices in connection 

with property-rights not otherwise 
classed . . 

Totals, Order 4, 1911 . . 

Totals, Order 4, 1906 . . ■■ 






"" 










both 


Under i 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


sexes. 


444 


2,747 


3,191 


19 


229 


248 


3,439 


335 


2,057 


2,392 


52 


128 


180 


2,572 


78 


3,004 


3,082 


41 


782 


823 


3,905 


2 


20 


22 


1 


1 


2 


24 


859 


7,828 


8,687 


113 


1,U0 


1.253 


9,940 


703 


5,667 


6.370 


! 48 


815 


863 


1 7,233 



Details of the sub-orders are, — 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Sub-order 1. — Banldng and Finance. 
Baulc director, banker 
Bank-manager, officer, clerk 

Building-society, savings-institute director, manager, officer, clerk . . 
Share and stock broker, dealer, jobber, speculator, mining agent, clerk 

to broker, &c. 
Money broker, iiuanoier, capitalist (26) 
Pawnbroker, loan-office keeper . . 
Public accountant, auditor 
Others (27) . . 

Sub-order 2. — Insurance and Valuation. 
Manager, officer, director, agent of insurance company (28) 
Actuary, average-stater, adjuster 
Underwriter, marine surveyor . . 
Auctioneer, appraiser, valuator (29) 
Friendly, benefit society officer 
Official Assignee 
Fire-brigade officer, fireman 

Sttb-order 3. — Land and Household Property. 
Land proprietor, speculator 
Land estate agent, broker (30) 
Others connected with dealings in land 
House proprietor, property owner 
House agent, rent-collector 

Sub-order 4. — Property Rights not otherwise classed. 
Patentee, owner of trade-mark, &c. 
Patents, trade-marks, agent 
Others connected with various property rights and transfers 



34 

1,848 
29 

267 

965 

31 

258 

7 



1,637 

8 

25 

775 

19 

6 

102 



1,089 
1,156 

57 
1,555 

48 



Females. 



34 

1,842 
25 

245 

755 

29 

254 

7 



1,509 

8 

25 

731 

13 

4 

102 



857 
1,059 

57 
1,063 

46 




4 

22 
210 

2 
4 



128 
44 



232 
97 

492 
2 



3 
13 

8 



3 
11 



(26) Moneybroker, financier, 

capitalist 
Accountant, loan company 
Financial agent 
Manager, secretary, 

cial company 

(27) Audit clerk 
Agent of capitalist 
Director of trusts 
Liquidator 



206 




flnan 



14 
2 
1 
1 
3 



(28) Manager, director, agent . . 

Accountant . . 

Cadet 

Canvasser, traveller 

Clerk 

Messenger 

Secretary 

(29) Auctioneer, appraiser, valu- 

ator . . 



M. 
701 

47 

11 

46 
691 119 



F. 


1 



8 



M. 

Accountant, clerk . . 254 

Assistant . . 46 

Manager . . . . S 

Salesman . . . . 7 

Storeman . . . . 66 
(30) Land and estate agent, 

broker , . . , 878 

Book-keeper, clerk ... 174 

Native-land agent . . 7 



F. 

42 
2 






95 




71 



Sub-class B. — Trade. 

These, it must be remembered, are dealers only, not makers. The exclusion 
of the latter, and compliance with the rule of grouping persons stated to be both 
manufacturers and dealers, as makers, under Class V, leaves some very small numbers, 
such as watch and clock dealers, 344, in Sub-order 7 ; while the watch and clock 
makers number 569 in Class V. 



Order 5. — Persons dealing in Art or Mechanic Productions in which Matters 
of various Kinds are employed in Combination. 
0-70 per cent, of total male population. 
0-19 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-ordera. 



Males. 



Under 
20. 



Over 

20. 



Totals. 



1. Persons dealing in books, publications, 

and advertising . . 

2. Persons dealing in musical instruments 

3. Persons dealing in prints, pictures, and 

art materials 
i. Persons dealing in ornaments, minor art 
products, and small wares 

5. Persons dealing in equipment for sports 

and games 

6. Persons dealing in designs, medals, type, 

and dies 

7 . Persons dealing in watches, clocks, j e wel- 

lery, platedware, and scientific instru- 
ments . . 

8. Persons dealing in surgical instruments 

and appliances 

9. Persona dealing in arms and explosives 

10. Persons dealing in machines, tools, and 

implements 

11. Persons dealing in carriages and vehicles 

12. Persons dealing in harness, saddlery, 

and leatherware . . 

13. Persons dealing in ships, boats, and 

marine stores 

14. Persons dealing in building - materials 

and house-fittings 

15. Persons dealing in furniture 

16. Persons dealing in chemicals and by- 

products 

17. Persons dealing in paper and paper- 

makers' materials 

Totals, Order 5, 1911 
Totals, Order 5, 1906 



262 
21 

3 

21 

1 



16 
2 

11 

59 

6 
3 

21 

22 



700 


962 


202 


223 


70 


73 


161 


182 


8 


9 


3 


3 


250 


266 


10 


12 


8 


8 


348 


359 


319 


378 


88 


94 


52 


55 


177 


198 


330 


352 



Females. 



Under 
20. 



'Xi. 
12 I 

4 
13 



Over 
20. 



220 
50 

11 

124 



16 



16 
11 



62 
1 



23 
35 



11 

9 



13 

57 



Totals. 



_l Totals, 
both 
Sexes. 



313 

62 

15 
167 



39 
46 

U 

1 

24 
66 



1,275 
285 

88 

349 

;.) 



344 

13 

8 

398 
424 

107 

56 

222 
418 



30 142 

83 ■ 299 


172 
382 


2 

25 


10 
46 


12 
71 


184 
453 


561 ! 3.167 


3.728 


249 


659 


908 


4.636 


490 1 2,240 


2,730 


127 


358 


485 


3.215 



72 



Details of the sub-orders are, — 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Males. 



Females, 



Sub-order 1. — Books, Publications, and Advertising. 
Bookseller, book-canvasser (31) 

Relative assisting . . 
Advertising agent, bill-poster, biU-distributor 
News agent, newspaper vendor (32) 

Relative assisting . . 
Others (33) .. 

Sub-order 2. — Musical Instruments. 
Musical-instrument importer, seller (34) 
Music-seUer . . 

Sub-order 3. — Prints, Pictures, and Art Materials. 
Picture dealer 

Art, photographic requisites importer, dealer 
Others : Stamp dealer, assistant 

Sub-ordor 4. — Ornaments, Minor Aft Products, and Small Wares. 
Basketware, wickerware dealer 
Fancy-goods dealer (35) 
Relative assisting . . 
Toys and minor arts products dealer 
Others : Dealer, curio 

Sub-order 5. — Equipment for Sports and Games. 
Sporting requisites dealer 

Sub-order 6. — Designs, Medals, Type, and Dies. 
Designs, patterns, medals, type, and dies dealer . . 

Sub-order 7. — Watches, Clocks, Jewellery, Platedware, and Scientific 

Instruments. 
Jewellery importer, dealer (36). . 

Relative assisting . . 
Scientific instruments importer, dealer 
Electroplate- wares importer, dealer 

Sub-order 8. — Surgical Instruments and Appliances. 
Surgical instruments and appliances dealer 
Dental requisites importer and dealer . . 

Sub-order 9. — Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives. 
Arms, explosive dealer 

Sub-order 10. — Machines, Tools, and Implements. 
Agricultural machinery, implement dealer (37) . . 
Sewing-machine importer, dealer (38) 
Other machines, tools, implement dealer (39) 

Sub-order 11. — Carriages and Vehicles. 
Carriage, wagon, cart dealer 
Bicycle, perambulator importer, dealer, agent 
Coachmakers' sundries dealer . . 
Others (40) . . 



663 

16 

115 

463 

12 



181 
104 



24 

55 

9 



2 

325 

11 

5 

6 



69 
146 
183 



5 

382 

1 

36 



395 

2 

115 

432 

12 

6 



131 
92 



22 
43 



1 

171 

1 

3 



337 


263 


5 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


9 


9 


4 


3 



64 
124 
171 



5 

336 

1 

36 



268 
14 

31 



50 
12 



2 

12 

1 



1 

154 

10 

2 



74 
4 



5 
22 
12 



46 



V M. F. 

(31) Bookseller, book-canvasser 220 49 

Apprentice . . . . 9 1 

Assistant .. 125 197 

Clerk 14 21 

Shoi>-boy . . . . 7 

Traveller ., 20 

(32) News agent, newspaper 

vendor . . . . 261 11 

Clerk . . . . 11 20 

News-boy . . . . 170 

(33) Agent, tract society . . 3 
Proprietor circulating li- 
brary . . . . 3 

(34) Musical - instrument im- 

porter, seller . . 70 4 

Clerk .. ,17 16 

Manager . . 6 

.Salesman, saleswoman . , 25 30 



Traveller 
Kelative assisting 

(35) Fancy-goods dealer 

Assistant 

Clerk 

Salesman, saleswoman 

Storeman 

Traveller 

(36) Jewellery importer, dealer 

Assistants 

Clerk 

Salesman, saleswoman 

Traveller 

(37) Agricultural machinery, im- 

plement dealer 
Clerk 
Traveller 



M. 

13 

1 



F. 





69 %f 
21 106 



6 
45 

153 

35 



34 

41 



17 

3 

21 

38 

15 







5 




(38) Sewing-machines importer, 

dealer 
Sewing-machine agent 
„ clerk 

„ manager 

„ traveller 

and col- 
lector 
,, shop-as- 

sistant 

(39) Dealer in other machines 

Agent, machinery 
Salesman 
Traveller 
Clerk 

(40) Motor-car dealer 

agent.. 
,, salesman 
„ traveller 



M. F. 



6 
53 

7 
12 



117 
81 

6 
11 

6 
18 

6 
10 

2 



78 



Ooonpationa. 


Pel-sons, 


Males. 


Females. 


Sub-order 12. — Harness, Saddlery, and Leatherware. 
Saddlery, harness importer, dealer (41) .. 
SaHdlers' ironmonger 
Leather and grindery merchant, dealer . . 


43 
10 

54 


36 
10 

48 


7 
6 


Sub-order 13.— Ships, Boats, and their Equipment, and Marine 

Stores. 
Ships and boats dealer, broker 
Ship-chandler 


3 
53 


3 
52 


"l 


Sub-order 14.— Building Materials and House-fittings. 
Materials for houses and buildings dealer 
Oil and colour man, glass, paperhangings dealer (42) 


12 
210 


12 
186 


'24 


Sub-order 15. — Furniture. 
Furniture dealer (43) . . 
Second-hand furniture dealer, broker 


374 
44 


320 
32 


54 
12 


Sub-order 16. — Chemicals and By-products. 
Chemical materials (not drugs) dealer . . 
Wholesale druggist (44) 
Others (45) .. 


13 

159 

12 


9 

163 

10 


4 
6 
2 


Sub-order 17. — Paper, Papermakers' Materials, Stationery. 
Paper merchant, importer 
Stationer (46) 

Relative assisting . . 
Rag, waste-paper dealer 


30 
411 

7 
5 


29 

345 

3 

5 


1 

66 

4 





M 


F 




M. 


F. 




M. 


V. 


(41) Saddlery, harness dealer . . 


7 





(43) Furniture dealer 


108 


10 


Traveller 


44 


1) 


„ clerk .. 


2 


7 


Clerk 


31 


14 


Carter 


3 


U 


„ ,, salesman 


18 





Salesman, saleswoman . . 


121 


30 


(46) Agent for sheep-dip 


6 


u 


„ „ traveller 


9 





Storeman 


21 


I) 


Patent medicine canvasser 


4 


a 


(42) Oil and colour dealer 


55 





Assistant 


20 





(46) Stationer 


148 


u 


clerk 


29 


16 


Traveller 


9 





Apprentice 


2 


u 


,, salesman. 






Carter 


10 





Assistant 


134 


46 


„ saleswoman 


66 


« 


(44) wholesale druggist 


20 





Clerk, typist . . 


30 


li 


„ storeman . . 


14 





Assistant 


48 


2 


Manager 


4 







4 


n 


Clerk 


26 


4 


Storeman 


5 





traveller 


19 





Storeman 


12 





Traveller 


22 






Order 6. — Persons engaged in the Sale, Hire, or Exchange of Textile Fabrics 
and Dress, and of Fibrous Materials. 

1-26 per cent, of total male population. 
0-69 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1. Persons engaged in the sale, Mre, or ex- 

change of textUe fabrics 

2. Persons engaged in the sale, hire, or ex- 

change of dress 

3. Persons engaged in the sale, hire, or ex- 

change of fibrous materials. . 

Totals, Order 6, 1911 
Totals, Order 6, 1906 



1,353 
139 



Males. 



Females. 




Over 
20. 



Totals. 



4,179 5,532 
1,01) 1,149 



Totals, 
both 
Sexes. 



983 1,987 I 2,970 8,502 
80 256 i 336 i 1,485 





7 7 




1 


1 


8 


1,492 


5,196 6,688 


1,063 


2,244 3,307 


9,9.35 


1,411 


4,194 5,605 

1 


737 


1,591 2,328 

1 


7,933 



74 



Details for the sub-orders are. 





Occupations 




Persons. 


Males. Females. 


Sub- order 


1. — Textile Fabrics. 










- 


Wholesale diaper (47) 










2,250 


2,090 


160 




Draper, woollen-draper (48) 










6,161 


3,412 


2,749 




Relative assisting . . 










77 


17 


60 




Silk mercer, dealer 










14 


13 


1 




Sub-order 2. 


—Dress. 












Clothier, outfitter (49) 










281 


257 


24 




Men's mercer, hatter, hosier, 


haberdasher (60) 






237 


224 


13 




Millinery dealer 












87 


5 


82 




Shoe, boot dealer (51) 












777 


594 


183 




Relative assisting . . 












11 


5 


6 




Fur rug dealer 












3 


3 






Second-hand clothes dealer 












88 


61 


27 




Others : Corset canvasser 












1 




1 




Sub-order 3. — Fibrous Materials. 












Rope, cord dealer 










2 


1 


1 




Tent, tarpaulin dealer 










1 


1 






Bag, sack importer, dealer 










4 


4 






Others : Flax merchant 










1 


1 








M. 


F. 




M. 


r. 1 




M. 


F. 


(47) Ageni, sott-gooOs 


21 


1 


Assistant .. ..2 


027 2,121 ; 


Errand-boy . . 


1 





Assistant in warehouse 


316 


25 


Apprentice . . 


66 


36 


Salesman, saleswoman . 


25 


4 


Apprentice, soft-goods ware- 






Boy . . 


87 


(60) Mercer 


91 


2 


house 


44 





Carter 


29 





Assistant 


126 


11 


Clerlj, typist . . 


262 


98 


Clerli, typiste 


172 


398 


Manager 


4 





Carter . . 


8 





Manager 


8b 


3 i 


Traveller 


3 





Manager 


74 


1 


Porter 


32 


! (51) Shoe, boot dealer 


266 


12 


Paclter.. 


61 





Shopwalker . . 


2 





Clerk 


14 


17 


Salesman, saleswoman 


421 


35 


Traveller 


154 


10 


Errand-boy . . 


10 





Storeman 


86 





(49) Clothier, outfitter, &q. . . 


119 


9 


Manager 


27 


1 


Traveller 


252 





Apprentice . . 


2 


" 


Salesman, saleswoman . 


. 247 


162 


Warehouseman (undefined) 


656 





Clerk 


U 


« 


Traveller 


31 


1 


(48) Draper, woollen-draper . . 


768 


1S2 


Assistant 


110 


5 









Order 7. — Persons engaged in dealing in Food, Drinks, Narcotics, and 

Stimulants. 

2-34 per cent, of total male population. 
0-34 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



Males. 



Under 
20. 



1 . Persons engaged in dealing in animal food 865 

2. Persons engaged in dealing in vegetable 

food .. .. .. .. I 183 

3. Persons engaged in dealing in groceries, 

drinks, narcotics, and stimulants . . I 867 



Totals, Order 7, 1911 
Totals, Order 7, 1906 



1,915 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Females. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Totals, 
both 

Sexes. 



5,156 

2,084 
3,274 



6,021 
2,267 
4,141 



64 
195 
145 



10,514 12.429 ' 404 



143 I 207 
712 : 907 
340 : 485 



1.195 1.599 



1,904 ! 8.989 llO, 893 238' 936 1,174 



6,228 
3,174 
4,626 



14,028 



12,067 



75 



Details for the sub-orders are, 





Occupations 






Persons. Males. 


Females. 




Sub-order 1.- 


-Animal Food. 




1 






MUk-seller (52) 










806 756 


50 




Relative assisting . . 












40 23 


17 




Cheesemonger, dairy-produce 


dealer 








54 54 






Butcher (53) 












4,548 : 4,467 


81 




Relative assisting . . 












102 78 


24 




Provision merchant, dealer 












169 i 159 


10 




Poulterer, game dealer 












53 53 






Fishmonger, oyster dealer (54) 










456 431 


25 




Sub-order 2. — 


Vegetable Food. 




! 






Flour, grain merchant, dealer (55] 








881 ' 855 


2b 




Relative assisting . . 








. . 




2 1 2 






Confectioner, pastry dealer (56) 










922 434 


488 




Relative assisting 






• 






49 , 1 


48 




Greengrocer, fruiterer, potato 


dealer (57) 






1,242 i 955 


287 




Relative assisting . . 












78 i 20 


58 




Sub-order 3. — Groceries 


Drinks, Narcotics, and Stimulants. 




1 






Wine and spirit merchant, wine-shop keeper (58) 




225 ', 224 


1 




Cordial, aerated-water seller 










2 


2 






Cocoa, coffee dealer . . 










15 


14 


"l 




Grocer, tea dealer (59) 










4,112 


3,710 


402 




Relative assisting . . 










61 


15 


46 




Tobacconist (60) 










203 


173 


30 




Relative assisting . . 










8 


3 


5 






M. 


F. 1 




M. 


F. 


M. 


F. 


(62) Milk-seller 


338 


20 


riour-clerk, typiste 


166 


26 Assistant 


23 





Assistant 


285 


24 


„ engine-driver 


3 


Clerjj 


49 





Clerk 





6 


„ labourer . . 


142 


' storeman 


34 





Driver, milk-cart 


133 





,, salesman . . 


54 


' Traveller 


54 





(63) Butcher . . . . 2 


,719 


8 


,, sampler . . 


14 


i (59) Grocer, tea dealer 


658 


105 


Apprentice 


56 





storeman . . 


184 





Grocer's assistant 


.. 1,760 


83 


Boy 


60 





„ store manager 


7 





„ clerk 


.. 178 


184 


Carter 


84 





„ traveller . . 


23 





,, carter . . 


492 





Clerk, book-keeper 


76 


62 


(56) Confectionery, pastry dealer 


348 


168 


delivery-bo J 


11 





Labourer 


221 





Clerk 


6 


9 


„ manager 


32 





Pork-butcher 


95 


11 


Driver 


IS 





„ messenger 


20 





Rider-out 


56 





Shopman, shopwoman . , 


67 


311 


,, shopman 


291 





Salesman, shopman . , 1 


,101 


i 


(57) Greengrocer, fruiterer 


709 


170 


traveller 


.. 107 





(54) Fishmonger, oyster dealer 


311 


18 


Assistant 


116 


117 ! Tea agent, broker 


36 





Assistant 


107 


5 


Carter 


19 


,, packer, sortei 


75 


29 


Carter 


4 


i 


Clerk 


16 


„ wrapper 


6 





Clerk 


9 


2 ' 


Shop-boy 


2 


„ traveller 


44 


1 


(66) Flour-merchant 


174 





Storeman 


10 


' (60) Tobacconist 


.. 135 


12 


„ agent 


8 





Vegetable-hawker 


84 


1 Clerk 


3 





„ assistant , . 


30 





(58) Wine and spirit merchant. . 


64 


1 1 Salesman, saleswoman . . 36 


18 


,, carrier 


50 






















OriSer 8. — Persons engaged in dealing in and treating Animals, and dealing in 
Animal and Vegetable Substances (excluding Dealers in Food). 

0-77 per cent, of total male population. 
003 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1. Persons engaged in dealing in and treat- 
ing living animals 

"2. Persons engaged in dealing in manures 
and animal waste products . . 

3. Persons engaged in dealing in leather, raw 
materials, and manufactures 

i. Persons engaged in dealing in wool and 
other animal matters 

5. Persons engaged in dealing in seeds, 

plants, fodder, &c. 

6. Persons engaged in dealing in other vege- 

table matters (not included elsewhere) 

Totals, Order 8, 1911 " . . 
Totals, Order 8, 1906 




97 


1 


,551 
13 


1 


,648 1 
13 




6 


6 




66 




72 






30 




333 




363 


2 


7 


75 




500 




575 ' 


23 


57 


92 


1 


,313 


1 


.405 


( 


22 



V) 1,654 
13 

. . I 72 

9 j 372 

80 655 

29 I 1,434 



300 


3.776 


4,076 


32 


92 


124 


4,200 


242 


2,605 


2,847 


29 1 


69 


98 


2.945 



76 



Details for the sub-orders are,- 



Timber-merohant (66) 

Belative assisting . . 
Indiarubber wares dealer 



1,397 

5 

32 



1,368 
5 



Occnpations. 


Persona. 


Males. 


Females. 


Sub-order 1. — Living Animals. 








Live-stook dealer, stock and station agent (61) . . 


993 


987 


6 


Relative assisting . . 


9 


9 




Animal-trainer, horse-breaker . . 


625 


625 




Relative assisting . . 


18 


18 




Bird-fancier 


5 


5 




Others : Sale-yard caretaker . . 


4 


4 




Sub-order 2. — Manures and Animal Waste Products. 








Manure dealer 


10 


10 




Waste-products dealer 


3 


3 




Sub-order 3. — Leather, Raw Materials, and Manufactures. 








Hide, skin merchant . . 


49 


49 




Prepared skins, leather dealer (62) 


23 


23 




Sub-order 4. — Wool and other Animal Matters. 








Wool broker, merchant (63) 


364 


355 


9 


Tallow merchant, dealer 


6 


6 




Bone, horn, hoof, hair merchant, dealer 


2 


2 




Sub-order 5. — Seeds, Plants, Flowers, Vegetable Products for Foddei 








and Gardening Purposes. 




1 




Seo i-merohant (64) . . 


295 


276 


19 


Florist, flower and plant seller. . 


70 


20 


50 


Produce merchant, dealer (65) . . 


290 


279 


11 


Sub-order 6. — Other Veaetable Matters not included elsewhere. 









29 





M. 


r. 




M. 


E. 




M. 


F. 


(61) Live-stocK dealer 


240 





Buyer 


23 





Salesman 


26 





Cattle dealer . . 


96 





Clerk 


82 


9 


Storeman 


30 





Horse dealer . . 


97 


I) 


Manager 


12 





Traveller 


10 





Sheep dealer . . 


63 





Labourer 


41 





(66) Timber-merchant 


181 





Stock agent . . 


. 293 


u 


Storeman 


81 


u 


Agent 


12 


U 


,, agent's clerk 


92 


6 


(64) Seed-merchant . . 


83 


1 


Assistant 


39 





„ salesman 


12 





Apprentice . . 


11 


u 


Carter 


243 





Stock and station agent 


96 





Clerk 


44 


13 


Clerk 


203 


29 


(62) Prepared skins, leathe 


r 




Shopman, shopwoman . . 


136 


b 


Labourer 


498 







11 


11 


Traveller 


3 





Manager 


44 





Clerk 


5 





(65) Produce-merchant 


165 


1 


Measurer 


32 





Salesman 


7 





Clerk 


19 


10 


Ordennan 


41 


U 


(63) Wool-broker 


99 





Carter 


24 





Salesman 


76 


u 


Assistant 


17 





Manager 


5 












Order 9. — Persons engaged in dealing in Minerals and other Substances mainly 

used for Fuel and Light. 

0-21 per cent, of total male population. 
0-01 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1. Persons engaged in dealing in coal, &c., 
for fuel and light 

Totals, Order 9, 1911 

Totals, Order 9, 1906 





Males. 






Females. 




Totals, 


Under 
20. 


Over 

20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 
45 


both 

Sexes. 


74 


1,053 


1,127 


23 


22 


1,172 


74 


1,053 


1,127 


23 


22 


45 


1,172 


64 


968 


1,032 


9 


21 


30 


1,062 



77 



Details for the sub-order are, — 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Sub-order ] . — Coal and other Substances mainly used for Fuel 
and Light. 

Coal merchant, dealer (67) .. 1,028 

Relative assisting . . . . . . 12 

Firewood, fuel merchant, dealer (68) . . 90 

Petroleum, kerosene importer, dealer . . I 42 



989 

7 
90 



Females. 



39 

5 





M. 


Tf. 




M. 


P 




M. 


F 


(67) Coal-merchant . . 


.. 346 


4 


Carter 


327 


n 


Yardman 


27 





Agent 


21 


U 


Labourer 


92 





(68) Firewood dealer.. 


60 





Assistant 


31 


8 


Manager 


32 





Carter 


30 


(1 


Olerk 


98 


ii7 


Salesman 


15 












Order 10. — Persons engaged in dealing in Minerals other than for Fuel and 

Light. 

0-1:5 per cent, of total male population. 
0-03 per cent, of total female population. 



Males. 



Females. 



Totals. 



OocupationB, in Sub-orders. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 

206 

3 

2,179 


Under 
20. 

7 

29 


Over 
20. 

38 

71 


Totals. 

45 
100 


both 

Sexc:., 


1. Persons engaged in dealing in stone, clay, 

earthenware, glass, &c. 

2. Persons engaged in dealing in gold, silver, 

and precious stones 

3. Persons engaged in dealing in metals other 

than gold and sUver 


20 
480 


186 

3 

1,699 


251 
3 

2,279 


Totals, Order 10, 1911 


500 


1,888 


2,388 


36 


109 


145 


2,533 


Totals, Order 10, 1906 


442 


1,394 


1,836 


21 


64 


85 


1,921 



Details for the sub-orders are,- 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Males. 



Females. 



Sub-order 1. — Stone, Clay, Earthenware, Glass, and Minerals not 

otherwise classed. 
Stone, marble, sand dealer 
Lime merchant, dealer 
Cement, plaster merchant 
Potteryware, earthenware dealer 
Glassware dealer 
China, crockeryware dealer (69) 



Sub-order 2.- 
Preoious-stones dealer 



-Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones. 



Sub-order 3. — Metals other than Gold or Silver. 



92 


91 


1 


7 


6 


1 


8 


8 




3 


3 




20 


18 


2 


121 


80 


41 



Antimony, lead dealer 










1 




1 








Pig-iron, scrap-iron dealer 










2 1 2 








Iron, galvanized-iron, wire 


importer, dealer (70) . . 




36 1 36 








Ironmonger, hardware dealer (71) 






. 


2,128 


2,028 




ioo 




Others (72) .. 










112 


112 










M. 


F. 




M. 


F. 






F. 


M. 


(69) China, crockeryware dealer 


22 


2 


Traveller 


1 





Snop-boy 




21 





Assistant 


24 


14 


(71) Ironmonger 


217 


3 


Traveller 




183 





Clerk 


2 





Apprentice 


4.5 





Warehousemen 


21 





Manager 


1 





Assistant 


892 


6 


(72) Kauri-gum buyer 


65 





Salesman, saleswoman . . 


19 


25 


Caerk 


256 


86 


Gum-merchant 


s assistant 


7 





Traveller 


12 


II 


Carter 


54 





jj 


clerk . . 


8 


11 


( 70) Iron (galvanized) and wire 






Manager 


49 





„ 


labourer 


23 





dealer 


24 





Porter, packer 


20 





jj 


packer . 


1 





Clerk 


5 





Salesman, saleswoman . 


168 


h 




storeman 


8 


(1 


Storeman 


6 





Storeman 


108 


n 













78 



Ordee 11. — Persons engaged as General Dealers, or in Mercantile Pursuits 

not elsewhere classed. 

2-44 per cent, of total male population. 
1-13 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-ocder.s. 



1. Persons engaged as merchants, dealers 

(undefined) 

2. Persons engaged in other mercantile pur- 

suits (undefined) . . 

Totals, Order 11, 1911 
Totals, Order 11, 1906 



Males. Females. 


Totals, 


1 Under Over 
1 2(1. 20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


both 
Sexes. 


1,393 ' 7,167 
701 3,708 

1 


8,560 
4,409 


872 
84.0 


2.036 
1,633 


2,908 
2,478 


11,468 
6,887 


2,09 {10,875 


12,969 


1.717 


3,669 


5,386 


18,355 


1,765 1 9,551 


11, 3L 


1,060 ' 2,500 


3,560 


14,876 



Details for each sub-order are,- 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Males. 



JTemales. 



Sub-order 1. — Merchants, Dealers (undefined). 
Merchant, importer (undefined) (73) 

Relative assisting . . 
Storekeeper, shopkeeper (74) . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Dealer, trader (75) 

Relative assisting . . 
Hawker, pedlar 
Broker, agent, commission agent (76) 

Relative assisting . . 
Others (77) . . 

Sub-order 2. — Other Mercantile Persons. 
Officer of public company, society (78) . . 
Clerk, cashier, accountant (commercial or other undefined) 

Relative assisting . . 
Commercial traveller, canvasser, salesman (undefined) 
Others (79) . - 



(73) Merchant, importer (unde^ 

fined) 
Apprentice 
Assistant, cleric 
Manager 
Storeman 
Paclter 
Traveller 

(74) Storekeeper, shopkeeper . 

Apprentice 

Clerk, book-keeper, a( 

countant 
Carter 
Manager 
Packer 
Salesman, saleswoman . 



454 


2 


2 





946 


243 


78 


(1 


204 


(1 


3 





110 





2,413 


.f.57 


7 





210 


148 


112 





97 


3 


13 





38 


\ 



2,042 

4 

7,379 

605 

264 

7 

174 

956 

7 



199 

5,001 

23 

1,393 

271 



1,797 

2 

5,228 

186 

258 

7 

163 

890 

4 

25 



192 

2,824 

7 

1,122 

264 



245 

2 

2,151 
419 



11 



Stableman 
Storeman 
Shop-assistant 
Shop-boy and messenger 
Store assistant 

(75) Dealer, trader . . 

Assistant 
Carter 

(76) Broker, agent, commission 

agent 
Agent (undefined) 
Assistant 
Clerk, typiste 
Manufacturers 

(77) In business on own account 



M. F. 

3 

78 

521 1,040 



36 

1,710 

228 

26 

4 

631 
68 
21 
98 
72 
11 



1 

398 
6 





Business systematizer , 
j Providore, assistant 

, (78) Officer ot public company 
I Agent 

Clerk, accountant 
Manager 
(79) Debt-coUector . . 

Collector (undefined) 
Customhouse agent 
Labour agent and assist 

ants 
Elevator attendant 
Packer (undefined) 
Secretary to consul 
Weighbridge clerk 



2,177 




16 




271 




7 




M. 


P. 


3 





11 


1 


31 


2 


3 





79 


5 


79 





14 


1 


88 





58 


1 


13 


3 


29 





45 








2 


17 


(1 



79 



Order 12. — Persons engaged as Speculators on Chance Events. 

0-00 per cent, of total male population. 
0-00 per cent, of total female population. 







Males. 








Feinale.s. 






Totals, 


Oocupation.s. in Sub-orders. 


Under 
20. 


Over 

20. 

7 


Totals. 


Und 
20 


er 


Over 

20. 


Totals. 


both 

Sexi'H. 


] . Persons engaged in speculating on events 


7 




7 


Totals, Order 12, 1911 




7 


7 




7 


Totals, Order 12, 1906 




58 


58 




58 


Details for the sub-order are, — 
















Occupations. 


Persons. 




Males. 


Females. 


Sub-order 1. — Chance Events. 
Turf commission agent 
Bookmaker . . 
Others : Totalizator proprietor 






1 
3 
3 






1 
3 
3 









Sub-class C. — Storage. 
Order 13. — Persons engaged in Storage. 

0-17 per cent, of total male population. 
0-00 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1. Persons engaged in storage 

Totals, Order 13, 1911 
Totals, Order 13, 1906 



Under 
20. 



101 



101 



61 



Male 



Females, 



Over 
20. 



794 



Totak. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



794 



591 



893 



895 



652 



Totals, 

both 

Sexes. 



1 
1 



6 i 



896 



896 



658 



Details for the sub-order are, 



Occupations. 



Sub-order 1. — Storage. 
Bonded store, proprietor, manager, clerk 
Bonded store, storeman, worker (80) 
Government-store worker 
Others : Hulk-keeper 



Persons. 



(80) Bonded store, storeman, 
worker 



Store assistant 
Clerk . . 



4 

836 

5 

51 



M. F. 

246 

1 



4 

835 



Paclier 



Females. 



M. F. 
96 



80 



CLASS IV.— TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION. 

Order 14. — Persons engaged in the Transport of Passengers, Goods, or in 

effecting Communications. 

6-62 per cent, of total male population. 
0-26 per cent, of total female population. 







Males. 


- 




Females. 




Totals. 


Occupations, in Sub-orders. 












both 




Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Under 

20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Sexes. 


1. Persons engaged on railways (not con- 
















struction) 


702 


8,295 


8,997 


3 


5 


8 


9,005 


2. Persons engaged on roads 


667 


8,695 


9,362 


20 


39 


59 


9,421 


3. Persons engaged on seas and rivers 


760 


11,265 


12,025 


10 


94 


104 


12,129 


4. Persons engaged on postal service 


427 


1,559 


1,986 


91 


481 


572 


2,558 


5. Persons engaged on telegraph and tele- 
















phone service 


936 


1,586 


2,522 


96 


376 


472 


2,994 


6. Persons engaged in delivery of documents, 
















parcels, and messages by hand 


291 


29 


320 


6 




6 


326 


Totals, Order 14, 1911 


3,783 


31,429 


35,212 


226 


995 


1,221 


36,433 


Totals, Order 14, 1906 


3,372 


24,265 


27,637 


105 


644 


749 


28,386 



Details for each sub-order are,- 



Occupations. 


Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Sub-order 1. — On Railways (not construction). 








Railway ofBcer, Statioumaster, clerk 


1,912 


1,904 


8 


Railway engine-driver, fireman, cleaner. . 


1,657 


1,657 




Railway guard, porter, servant 


1,955 


1,955 




Railway ganger, fettler 


1,835 


1,835 




Railway employee, labourer . . 


1,646 


1,646 




Sub-order 2. — On Roads. 








Tramway officer, clerk 


138 


133 


5 


Tramway driver, conductor, worker 


1,171 


1,171 




Coach, omnibus, cab proprietor 


390 


381 


9 


Relative assisting . . 


7 


6 


1 


Coach, omnibus, cab driver, conductor . . 


637 


637 




Relative assisting . . 


5 


5 




Parcels-delivery agent, driver, clerk 


198 


180 


18 


Drayman, carrier, carter, teamster, horse-driver (not elsewhere 








classified) (81) . . 


5,730 


5,710 


20 


Relative assisting . . 


73 


73 




Livery-stable keeper (82) 


803 


797 


6 


Relative assisting . . 


7 


7 




Others (83) . . 


262 


262 





(81) Drayman, carrier, carter , 

Clerk 

(82) Livery-stable keeper 

Clerk 



M. P. 



42 

289 

7 



15 
1 



G-room 
Hostler 
Stable-boy 



M. F. 

.368 

24 

109 



(83) Packer on roads 

Chafleur, motorman 
Motor-garage employees 



M. 


F. 


44 





170 





48 






81 



Occupations. 




Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Sub-order 3.— On Seas and Rivers, and the Regulation thereof. 










Harbours and River Navigation Department, Marine Board officer. . 




375 


370 


5 


Ferry-service officer, worker . . 




38 


38 




Pilot 




33 


33 




Lighthouse-keeper 




87 


87 




Shipowner, shipping agent, manager, clerk (84) . . 




1,006 


976 


30 


Shipmaster, officer, seaman (merchant service) .. 




3,315 


3,315 




Engineer, stoker, ooal-trimmer of steamer (merchant service) 




1,965 


1,965 




Steward, stewardess, ship-servant 




] ,095 


1,026 


69 


Bargemaster, lighterman 






23 


23 




Stevedore, lumper, wharf labourer 






3,863 


3,863 




Boat-proprietor, boatman, waterman 






186 


186 




Ferry-punt lessee, worker 






19 


19 




Wharf owner, lessee, wharfinger 






52 


52 




Others (85) . . 






72 


72 




Sub-order 4. — On Postal Service. 










Postal officer. Postmaster, clerk, sorter . . 




1,804 


1,235 


569 


Letter-carrier 




485 


485 




Mail-oontraotor 




70 


69 


1 


Mailman, mail-guard, mail-carrier, driver 




119 


117 


2 


Others (86) . . 




80 


80 




Sub-order 5. — On Telegraph and Telephone Service. 










Telegraph officer, Statioumaster, operator, clerk . . 




1,110 


1,093 


17 


Electrician, lineman . . 




547 


547 




Telephone officer 




560 


113 


447 


Messenger 




754 


746 


8 


Others (87) . . 




23 


23 




Sub-order 6. — Delivery of Documents, Parcels, and Messages by Hand. 






' 




Messenger, porter 




75 


71 


4 


Errand bov, airl 




251 


249 

1 


2 


M. F. 1 


M 


F. 




M. P. 


(84) Shipowner, manager, clerk 927 27 1 Harbour Board caretaker. . 


16 


1 Caretaker 


4 


Book-keeper, accountant 34 3 Wharf gatekeeper 


6 


(87) Caretaker 


6 


Storeman . . . . 15 (86) Post-office messenger 


66 


Carter . . 


4 


(85) Cadet, training-ship . . 51 Storeman 


11 


1 Storeman 


14 




CLASS v.— INDUSTR 


lAI 


J, 







In Sub-class B of the Commercial class all persons engaged in dealing were 
included ; the makers or manufacturers have now to be considered. 
Order 15. — Persons engaged in connection with the Manufacture of or in other 

Processes relating to Art and Mechanic Productions in which Materials 

of various Kinds are employed in Combination. 

4'83 per cent, of total male population. 
0'32 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of books and publications 

2. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of musical instruments. . 

3. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of prints, pictures, and art 
materials 



Males. 



Under I Over 



20. 



20. 



Totals. 



Females. 



Under I Over 



20. 



Totals. 



Totals, 
both 
Sexes. 



661 2.667 3.328 j 418 
13 178 191 

V) ' 272 317 ; 7 



429 



847 : 4.175 



192 



4 i 



11 



328 



6 — Census. 



82 



Order 15. — Persons engaged in connection with the Manufacture of or in 
other Processes relating to Art and Mechanic Productions in which 
Materials of various Kinds are employed in Combination — continued. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



4. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of ornaments, minor art 
products, and small wares 

5. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of equipment for sports 
and games 

6. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of designs, medals, type, 
and dies 

7. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of watches, clocks, and 
scientific instruments 

8. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of surgical instruments 
and appliances . . 

9. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of arms, ammunition, 
and explosives 

10. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of engines, machines, 
tools, and implements 

i 

11. Persons engaged in connection with the I 

manufacture of carriages and vehicles - 

12. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of harness, saddlery, ! 
leather, and leatherware . . . . • 

13. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of ships, boats, and 
their equipment . . 

14. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of furniture . . 

15. Persons engaged in manufacturing build- 

ing material, &c. . . 

16. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of chemicals and by-pro- 
ducts 

Totals, Order 15, 1911 

Totals, Order 15, 1906 



Under 
20. 



90 



18 



62 



Males. 






Females. 




Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20, 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


374 
20 


464 

1 

24 


94 
.1 


117 
8 


211 
9 



Totak. 
both 
Sexes. 



67 



499 



7 I 39 



565 I 3.645 



621 

221 

85 
502 



2,638 
1,302 

743 

2.075 



788 7.261 



23 213 



3,705 21,999 
3,899 Il8,791 



85 



561 



46 

4,210 
3,259 

1,523 

828 
2,577 
8,049 

236 



25,704 



22,690 



11 



27 



36 



22 



57 



690 



659 



1 

4 


8 


1 


1 


20 


31 


5 


10 


8 


12 


26 


53 


9 


13 


95 


131 



33 



89 



569 



77 

4.220 
3,271 

1,576 

841 

2,708 

23 45 8,094 

63 120 356 

817 1,507 27,211 



631 



1,290 23,980 



83 



Details for each sub-order are, — 



Occupations. 



Sub-order 1. — Books and PublicationB. 
Publisher, newspaper-proprietor (88) 
Printer, printers' manager, clerk (89) . . 
Compositor . . 

Machinist, stereotyper, and others engaged in printing (90) 
Bookbinder, manufacturing stationer (all branches) (91) 

Sub-order 2. — Musical Instruments. 
Musical-instrument maker 
Musical-instrument tuner, repairer 

Sub-order 3. — Prints, Pictures, and Art Materials. 
Lithographer, lithographic, zincographic printer (92) 
Picture-frame maker, picture restorer, cleaner 
Others (93) . . 

Sub-order 4. — Ornaments, Minor Art Products, and Small Wares. 
Carver (all branches), carver and gilder. . 
Image maker, modeller 
Taxidermist 
Toymaker . . 

Basketmaker, wickerworker (94) 
Artificial-flower maker, art needle-worker 
Paper-bag, box maker 
Brush, broom maker 
Others (95) . . 

Sub-order 5. — ^Equipment for Sports and Games. 
Billiard-, bagateUe-table manufacturer . . 
Fishing-tackle maker 

Sub-order 6. — Designs, Medals, Type, and Dies. 
Engraver (not art), pattern designer 
Rubber-stamp maker . . 
Others : Metal-plate worker . . 

Sub-order 7. — Watches, Clocks, and Scientific Instruments. 
Watch, clock, chronometer maker, repairer (96) . . 
Scientific-instrument maker 
Optician 

Sub-order 8. — Surgical Instruments and Appliances. 
Surgical-instrument maker 
Surgical appliances, truss, bandage maker 

Sub-order 9. — Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives. 
Gunsmith 
Fireworks -maker 
Fuse, cartridge maker 
Others : Annealer 

Sub-order 10. — -Engines, Machines, Tools, and Implements. 
Eugme maker, fitter, mechanical engineer (97) . . 
Millwright . . 
Boilermaker (98) 

Agricultural machinery and implement maker (99) 
Sewing-machine maker, repairer 
Cutler, tool-maker, saw-setter . . 
Gas-, water-meter maker 
Scale, weighing-machine maker, adjuster 
Others (100) .^ ^ ^ ■_■ 



Persons. 



(88) Pablisher, newspaper - pro- 

prietor 
Assistant 
Clerk 
Manager 
Reader 
Traveller 

(89) Printer, manager, clerk . 

Apprentice 
Assistant 

(90) Machinist, stereotyper 
Linotype-operator 

(91) Bookbinder 

Apprentice 

Assistant 

Cutter 

Folder 

Ruler 

Sewer 

(92) Lithographer, zincograph 

printer 



94 


2 


4 





124 


53 


28 


1 


54 


14 


fil 


3 


sni 


71 


220 


2 


210 


76 


4fl4 


34 


316 


•i 


74 


36 


34 


31 



175 392 




2 
12 

2 

117 



27 



25 



Lithographic apprentice 
„ assistant 

,, artist 

,, draughts- 

man 

(93) Photo. -process engraver 
Showcard-writer 

(94) Basketmaker, wickerworker 

Apprentice 
Assistant 

(95) Corli-cutter 
Tobacco-pipe maker 

(96) Watchmaker, &c. 

Apprentice 
Assistant 

(97) Engine-maker, fitter, &c. 1, 

Apprentice 
Assistant 
aerk 
Driller 
Engine-fitter . . 



438 
,386 

722 
817 
812 



36 

156 



153 
152 

23 



92 

6 

18 

4 

174 

27 

197 

153 

5 



21 
12 



82 
5 
2 



501 
2 



365 
1,237 
645 
780 
301 



36 

155 



147 

148 

22 



87 

5 

16 

4 

168 

2 

62 

115 

5 



Females. 



73 

149 

77 

37 

511 



6 

25 

135 

38 



20 
4 



78 
5 
2 



499 

2 

60 



42 
3 



I:!, 139 

53 

638 

159 

17 

41 

14 

5 

144 



Machinist 

Riveter 

Smith 

Turner 

Hammerman 

Pattern-maker 

(98) Boilermaker 

Apprentice 
Labourer 

(99) Agricultural machinery and 

implement maker 
Assistant 
aerk 
Engineer 

(100) Bellows-maker 
Cistern-fitter . . 
Machinery inspector 
Ovenmaker 
Range-maker . . 
Range-fitter 
Typewriter mechanic 



2 

2 

27 



M. 

130 
33 
18 

165 
12 

155 

605 
16 
17 

50 

25 

32 

52 

3 

1 

13 

8 

47 

58 

14 



F. 












(] 

4 











84 



Occupations. 



Persons, 



Females. 



Sub-order 11. — Carriages and Vehicles. 
Railway carriage, wagon, tram-car builder (101) . 
Coach, carriage, wagon, cart builder (102) 
Bicycle maker, repairer 
Perambulator, wheel -chair maker 
Wheelwright (103) 
Others (104).. 

Sub-order 12. — Harness. Saddlery, Leather, and Leatherwaro. 
Saddlery and harness maker, whip-maker (104a) 
Relative assisting 
Leather-beltitig maker 
Leather cutter, designer 
Portmanteau-maker . . 
Saddle-tree maker 
Fancy-leather worker. . 
Others : Legging-maker 

Sub-order 13. — Ships, Boats, and their Equipment. 
Shipbuilder, shipwright, boat-builder (105) 

Relative assisting . . 
Ship-rigger . . 
Block, oar, mast maker 
Sailmaker (106) 

Relative assisting . . 
Graving-dock, patent-slip proprietor, manager 
Dock engine-driver, labourer . . 
Others : Fender-maker 

Sub-order 14. — -Furniture. 
Furniture-manufacturer, cabinetmaker, bedstead-maker (107) 

Relative assisting . . 
Bed, mattress maker, upholsterer (108) . . 
Others (108a) 

Sub-order 15. — Building Materials and other Manufactiires 

prised mainly of Timber. 
Sawmill proprietor, worker (109) 

Relative assisting . . 
Joiner, wood-turner . . 
Cooper 
Others (110) 

Sub-order 16. — Chemicals and By-products. 
Manufacturing chemist (not elsewhere classed) (111) 
Ink, blacking manufacturer 
Salt, starch, blue maker 
Chemical-manure maker (112) 
Paint-manufacturer . . 
Others (113).. 







M. 


F. 






M. 


F. 


(101) Railway carriage, wagon. 






Apprentice . . 




51 





car builder 




104 





Assistant 




26 





Apprentice . . 




2 





Joiner 




23 





Assistant 




67 





Painter 




3 





Fitter 




71 





(106) Sailmaker 




149 


4 


lifter 




102 





Assistant 




14 


8 


Painter, polisher 




67 





(107) Furniture - manufacturer. 






Trimmer 




12 





cabinetmaker 




813 





(102) Coach and cart builder 


718 


2 


-Apprentice . . 




193 





Apprentice . . 




90 





Assistant 




713 


4 


Assistant 




70 





Clerk 







9 


€lerk 







7 


Chairmaker . . 




77 





(^oach-painter 




386 





French-polisher 




241 


4 


a p p r en- 






(108) Bed, mattress maker. 


up- 






tice . . 


44 





holsterer . . 




289 


44 


Coach trimmer 




60 





Apprentice . . 




32 


4 


,, smith 




184 





Assistant 




160 


55 


apprentice 




37 





(103a) Blind-maker .. 




47 


6 


(103) Wheelwright . . 




258 





Carpet machinij^t 









Apprentice . . 




36 





(109) Sawmill proprietor, worker 


735 


2 


Assistant 




46 





Benchman . . 




99 





(104) Motor-car repairer 




299 





Blacksn ith . . 




25 





,j, tire repaii 


er . . 


3 





Bullock-driver 




22 





(104a) Saddlery, harness. 


whip 






Bushman 




360 





maker 




1,090 


1 


Carpenter 




19 





Apprentice 




139 


3 


Carter, horse - di 


iver, 






Assistant 




185 


21 


truckman . . 




181 





Clerk 




12 


14 


Clerk, accountant, book- 






(105) Shipbuilder and 


ship- 






keeper 




148 


11 


wrisrht 




531 





Contractor 




39 










425 


425 








1,598 


1,589 


9 






579 


577 


2 






27 


26 


1 






340 


340 








302 


.302 




are. 










1,465 


1,426 


39 






12 


10 


2 






12 


12 








8 


8 








58 


49 


"9 






7 


7 








9 


6 


'3 






5 


5 






634 


634 








4 


4 






. 


20 


20 






. i 1 


1 






. t 175 


163 


12 




. ! 2 


1 


1 




. ' 1 


1 








1 


1 








3 


3 






2,054 


2,037 


17 




•12 


12 






584 


481 


103 




58 


47 


11 


com- 










0,248 


6,235 


13 




42 


41 


1 




1,441 


1,441 






176 


176 






187 


156 


31 




173 


143 


30 






15 


12 


3 






29 


27 


2 






21 


21 








12 


12 








106 


21 


85 



Cook 

Engine-driver 

Feeder, planiug-machine 

Fireman 

Foreman 

Labourer 

Log-getter 

Machinist 

Manager 

Saw sliarpener, doctor 

trimmer 
Sawyer 
Timber-rafter 

,, stacker 
Tram way -layer 
Trollyman . . 
Watchman . . 
Yardman 

(110) Boxmaker 

Clerk, woodwaie-factory 
Packing-case maker . " 
Woodware machinist . . 
Walking-stick maker . . 

(111) Manufacturing chemist .. 

Acid-works employee . . 

(112) Chemical-manure maker 

Labourpr 
Manager 
(1131 Employee, match-factory 
Sheep-dip manufacturer' . 



M. 


F. 


15 





537 





s 10 





42 





49 


11 


2,681 





41 





281 





130 





45 





361 





13 





11 





107 





66 





49 





179 





117 


29 





2 


7 





31 





1 





123 


29 


20 


1 


6 





14 





1 





17 


85 


4 






86 



Order 16. — Persons engaged in connection with the Manufacture of, or Repair^ 
ING, Cleansing, or in other Processes relating to Textile Fabrics, Dress, 
and Fibrous Materials. 

1-74: per cent, of total male population. 
3-54 per cent, of total female population. 



Males. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Females. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Totals, 
both 
Sexes. 



1. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture, repairs, cleansing, &c., of 
textile fabrics 

2. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of dress . . _ 

3. Persons engaged in connection with the 

manufacture of fibrous materials 

Totals, Order 16, 1911.. 
Totals, Order 16, 1906.. 



150 

727 



875 
6,044 



1,025 



397 



633 



1,030 



6,771 5,319 ilO,4.54 15,773 



133 1.320 1.453 



27 



38 



65 



2,055 

22.544 

1.518 



1,010 


8.239 


9,249 


1 

5.743 '11,125 Il6,868 


26,117 


1,446 


9,002 


10,448 


5,426 110,283 15,709 


26 . 157 



Details for each sub-order are, — 



Occupations. 



Females. 



Sub-order 1. — Textile Fabrics. 
Cotton manufacturer, spinner, and other worker (all branches) 
Woollen manufacturer, spinner, and other worker (all branches) (114) 
Silk manufacturer, spinner, and other worker (all branches) 
Dyer, scourer 
Flock-manufacturer . . 
Others (115).. 

Sub-order 2. — Dress. 
Clothing -manufacturer, taOor, dressmaker (116) 

Relative assisting . . 
Hat, cap maker (117) 
Shirtmaker (118) 

Milliner, stay maker, glovemaker (119) 
Knitter, sockmaker . . 
Furrier 



1,900 

2 

130 

13 

7 



16,740 

93 

174 

527 

1,684 



14 



902 

1 

104 

13 

2 



3,142 
17 
71 
56 

25 
11 



998 
1 



] 2 , .i9s 

76 

103 

471 

1,684 

63 

3 



M. F. 



(114) Woollen manufacturer, 
worker 
A&sistant 
Burler 
Carder 
Classer 
Clerlj 

floth-flnisher 
Darner 
Designer 
Dres«er 
Dver 
Engine-driver, fireman, 

stoker, &c. 
Factory-hand 
Factory-Warehouseman 
Fuller 
Knitter 
Machinist 
Macliine-cleaner 
Manager 
Ni ghtwatchm an 
Bresser 
Piecer 



31 

19 



41 

67 

28 

28 



26 

4 

28 



30 





201 


2+2 


3 


(1 


2 


II 


16 


4» 


6 


177 


2 


(1 


17 


II 


3 


II 


13 


1 





7 



I Scourer 

Sorter 

Spinner 
I Seamer 

Stapler 
' Tenterer 

I Traveller 

Tuner (loom) 

Tweed-finisher 

Warper 
I Washer 

Weaver 

Winder 

Varn-scourer 

Yarn-twister 
I (115) Fancy Berlin-wool worker 

Laceraaker . . 
( (116) Clothing - manufacturer, 
tailor, dressmaker . . 

Apprentice tailor 

,, dressmaker 

Assistant 

Clerk 
I Cutter 



M. F. 

16 
132 

69 23 
18 



1 
1 
7 


23 297 



1 

7 

30 

13 

21 



1 



87 



4 





14 


8 


1 


2 


1 


3 


.4216,152 


199 


437 





574 


911 4,655 


30 


19 


296 


6 



Errand and siiop boy 

Labourer 

Machinist 

„ relative assist 
ing 
Manager 
Pattern-cutter 
Presser 

Seamstress . . 
Trimmer 

(117) Hat, cap maker 

Assistant 
Straw-hat maker 

(118) Shirtmaker 

Needlewoman 
Sewing-maciiinist 
Shirt-cutter . . 
Siiirt-factory hand 

(119) Milliner, staymaker, glove 

maker 
Mantle-maker 
Milliner's apprentice 
,, assistant 



M. F. 

13 u 

19 

ti 498 




33 
11 



U 
14 



16 




13 

U 
(I 

21 



14 
47 
1". 
64 
62 

219 
14 

112 



II 067 

37 

187 

793 



86 



Occapfttious. 



Females. 



Sub-order 2. — Dress — continued. 

Bootmaker, shoemaker (all branches) (120) 

Relative assisting . . 
Umbrella, parasol maker, repairer 
Feather-dresser, glove-cleaner . . 
Others (121).. 



Sub-order 3.^ — ^Fibrous Materials. 
Matmaker . . 
Rope, cord maker (122) 
Canvas, sailcloth maker 
Tent, tarpaulin maker 
Bag, sack maker 
Flax-miller, owner, worker (123) 
Relative assisting . . 




(120) Bootmaker 
Apprentice 
Assistant 
Clerlt 
Cliclier 
Cordwainer 
Cutter 
Errand-boy 
Finisher 
Fitter 
Machinist 
Presser 
Eepairer 
Sewing-machinist 
Traveller 



M. 

,683 

133 

991 

26 

130 

3 

20 

16 

108 

1 

87 

9 

126 

2 

2<t 



19 





2 



12 

62 

498 











M. F. 

(121) Waterproof-manufacturer 3 

Neckwear-Worker . . 4 

Oilskin-maker .. 22 8 

(122) Rope, cord maker . . 51 

Apprentice . . . . 3 

Assistant . . . . 51 8 

Labourer . . 65 

(123) Flax-miller, flax-mill owner 105 

Assistant . . . . 27 

Baler . . 14 

Bleacher . . . . 1 

Carpenter . . . . 2 
Carter, horse-driver, 

wagoner . . . . 54 

Catcher .. .. 8 



Gasser 

Clerk 

Contractor 

Cook 

Dresser 

Engine-driver^ 

Feeder 

Hackler 

Manager 

Mill hand 

Paddocker 

Presser 

Scutcher 

Stripper 

Washer 



M. 


F, 


11 





» 





2« 





24 


6 


22 





47 





26 


(1 


6 





30 





SI 8 


n 


511 


n 


fi 


n 


85 





17 





20 






Order 17. — Persons engaged in the Manufacture of or in other Processes 
relating to Food, Drink, Narcotics, and Stimulants. 

2-05 per cent, of total male population. 
0-12 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1 . Persons engaged in processes relating to 

tlie production of animal food 

2. Persons engaged in processes relating to 

the production of vegetable food 

3. Persons engaged in processes relating to 

groceries, drinks, narcotics, and stimu- 
lants 

Totals, Order 17, 1911 . . 

Totals, Order 17, 1906.. 




Males. 



4,422 j 4,838 
3,627 I 4,305 



202 ' 1,573 1,775 



1,296 i 9.622 10,918 




Females. 



Under • Over 

20 ' 20, 



12 
233 

20 



265 



Totals. 



Totals, 
both 
Sexes. 



21 

266 

35 



33 4,871 
499 ; 4,804 



55 



322 



587 



1,327 : 7,357 8,684 ' 236 ! 236 



472 



1,830 



11,505 



9,156 



87 



Details for each sub-order"are, — 



Occupations 



Fetsona. 



MalEs. 



Females. 



Sub-order 1. — Animal Food. 

Slaughterman, abattoir-worker (124) 

Meat, bacon, ham curer, preserver, dry-iialter (125) 

Fish-curer 

Butter, cheeae maker, factory-worker (126) 

Animal-food refrigerator (127) 

Others (128) 



Sub-order 2. — Vegetable Food. 



Miller, maizena-manufacturer (129) 

Relative assisting . . 
Baker, biscuit, pastry maker (130) 

Relative assisting . . 
Fruit-preserver, jam-maker (131) 

Relative assisting . . 
Confectionery-maker (132) 
Sugar-mill owner, sugar-refiner (133) 



Sub-order 3. — Groceries, Drinks, Narcotics, and Stimulants. 



Brewer, bottler, and others engaged in brewing (134) 

Maltster (135) 

Wine-manufacturer (not grower) 

Cordial, aerated-water manufacturer (all branches) (136) 

Relative assisting . . 
Coffee-roaster 
Tea mixer, taster 

Tobacco, cigar, cigarette manufacturer . . 
Ice-manufacturer 
Spice-manufacturer . . 
Condiment-maker (all branches) 
Other : Baking-powder manufacturer 



640 

525 

87 

1,549 

1,990 



536 

7 

3,387 

83 

169 

4 

417 

201 



an 
121 



13 
11 
46 

14 

1 

10 

94 

22 



B40 

514 

87 

1,530 

1,988 

79 



.)32 

7 

,135 

48 

98 

1 

283 

201 



836 

121 

8 

632 

12 

11 

39 

10 

1 

8 

79 

18 



11 

'i9 
2 
1 



4 

252 
35 

71 

134 



14 
1 

7 
4 

"2 

15 

4 





M. 


V. 




M. 


F. 




M. 


F. 


(124) Slaughterman, abattoir- 






Carter 


34 





Biscuit-factory packer 


30 


48 


worker 


554 





Clerk, book-keeper 


169 


2 


traveUer 12 





Labourer 


86 





Engineer, fireman 


190 





(131) Fruit-preseiTer, jam-maker 41 





(125) Meat and bacon preserver, 






Expert foreman 


50 





Assistant 


57 


71 


dry-salter . . 


52 





Freezer 


83 





(132) Confectionery-maker 


68 


23 


Assistant 


15 


4 


Greaser 


31 





Apprentice . . 


12 


6 


Boner 


9 





Labourer 


1,098 





Assistant 


146 


104 


Clerk 


54 


7 


Manager 


25 





Sugar-boiler, lollie-maker 31 


2 


Engine-driver 


16 





Meat-grader 


35 





Traveller 


26 





Pat-collector 


1 





Mechanical engineer 


30 





(133) Sugar-mill owner, refiner 
Clerk 


4 





Flesher 


4 





Storeman 


26 





11 





Gutter and runner 


3 





(128) Sausage-skin maker 


77 





Fireman 


9 





Ham and bacon curer. . 


82 





Bag-maker 





1 


Labourer 


126 





Labourer, meat-works . . 


174 





Condensed milk factor 


f 




Sugar-works employee 


51 





„ rabbit-factory 


16 





worker 


2 





(134) Brewer, bottler, &c. 


119 


1 


Meat-packer 


4 





(129) Miller.. 


113 





Apprentice . 


1 





Meat-preserver 


65 





Apprentice . . 


9 





Assistant 


184 





Storeman in bacon-fac- 






Assistant 


178 





Bottle-washer 


10 


1 


tory 


12 





Clerk 


37 


4 


Carter 


103 





linsmitli 


8 





Flour-mill carter 


51 





Cellarman 


120 





(126) Butter and cheese worker 


342 


1 


engine-drivei 


41 





Clerk 


86 


6 


Assisting in cheese - fac- 






,, fireman 


2 





Cooper 


15 





tory 


185 


4 


labourer . 


94 





Engine-driver 


21 





„ dairy factory 


279 


7 


traveller . 


7 





Labourer 


128 





Butter-packer 


28 


3 


(130) Baker, biscuit, pastrj 






Manager 


26 





Creamery assistant 


114 





maker 


1,222 


13 


Traveller 


23 





Labourer in cheese-fac- 






Apprentice . . 


149 





(135) Maltster 


48 





tory 


36 





Assistant 


948 


54 


Labourer 


73 





Manager, dairy factory 


523 





Boy 


34 





(136) Cordial-manufacturer, &c 


260 


4 


Messenger, dairy factory 


7 





Driver 


627 





Assistant 


213 


6 


Milk-preserver 


7 


4 


Labourer 


16 





Clerk 


18 


4 


Oleo-worker . . 


9 





Biscuit-factory assistan 


74 


132 


Cordial, aerated-wate 


r 




(127) Animal-food refrigerator. . 


9 





clerk . 


15 


6 


bottler . . 


33 





Assistant 


33 





engine 






Driver 


96 





Butcher 


164 





driver 


8 





Traveller 


13 





Caretaker . . 


11 


















88 



Order 18. — Persons (not otherwise classed) engaged in Manufactures or other 
Processes connected with Animal and Vegetable Substances. 

0-45 per cent, of total male population. 
0-01 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 


Males. 


Females. 


Totals, 


Undei- 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


both 
Sexes. 


1. Persons engaged in manufactures or 

other processes connected with animal 
matters (not otherwise classed) 

2. Persons engaged in working in wood (not 

elsewhere classed) 

3. Workers in vegetable produce for fodder 

4. Paper-manufacturers 


127 

36 
31 
19 


1,298 

525 

290 

90 


1,425 

561 
321 
109 


11 

9 

22 


2 13 

5' 5 

8 ; "so 


1,438 

566 
321 
139 


Totals, Order 18, 1911.. 


213 


2,203 i 2.416 

1 


33 1 15 ' 48 


2,464 


Totals, Order 18, 1906.. 


237 


1,861 


2,098 


26 


14 40 


2,138 



Details for each sub-order are,- 



Occupations. 



Pei'sons. 



Sub-order 1. — Animal Matter (not otherwise classed). 
Soap, candle manufacturer (137) 
Tallow-melter, boiling-down worker (138) 
Fellmouger, wool washer, scourer (139) 

Relative assisting . . 
Tanner, currier (140) 
Bone-dust-manure manufacturer 
Others (141).. 

Sub-order 2. — Working in Wood (not elsewhere classed). 
Fu-ewood cutter, chopper 
Fencer, hurdle-maker (142) 
Cork-cutter . . 
Rubber-manufacturer 

Sub-order 3. — Workers in Vegetable Produce for Fodder. 
Chaff-cutter (143) 

Relative assisting . . 
Oil and seed cake maker 
Others : Seed dresser 

Sub-order 4. — Paper-manufacture. 
Paper-manufacturer (all branches) (144) 



139 



209 


197 


49 


49 


718 


718 


7 


7 


431 


430 


17 


17 


7 


7 


135 


135 


418 


418 


4 


4 


9 


4 


303 


303 


10 


10 


3 


3 


5 


5 



109 



12 



30 



(137) Soap, candle, manufac- 

turer 
Apprentice . . 
Candle-maker 
Packer 
Clerk 
Labourer 
Soap-boiler . . 

(138) Tallow - melter, boiling- 

down worker 
Labourer 
Tallow-man . . 

(139) Fellmonger, wool-washer 

Apprentice . . 
Clerk 



40 
2 
12 
9 
27 
87 
20 



19 





17 


U 


13 





185 





12 





14 






Claaser, sorter 
Labourer 
Skinner, iiesher 
Skin dresser, splitter 
Wool and skin cleaner, 
washer 
(140) Tanner, currier 
Assistant 
Basil-dresser 
Beamsman 
Carter 
Clerk 

Engine-driver 
Flesher, skinner 
Labourer 



M. F. 

41 

338 

9 

28 



91 
133 
70 
36 
22 
15 
12 
16 
5 
90 



Currier's apprentice . 
Leather - manufacturer 
assistant . . 

(141) Glue-maker 
Hide expert 

(142) Fencer, hurdle-maker 

Fencing contractor 
Labourer 

(143) Chaff-cutter . . 

Engine-driver 
Labourer 

(144) Paper-manufacturer 

Clerk 
Worker, mills 



M. 


F. 


12 





3 





17 


1 


(5 





1 





178 





13fi 





104 





89 





29 


n 


185 





8 








1 


101 


29 



89 



Order 19. — Persons engaged in the Alteration, Modification, or Manufacture 
of or other Processes relating to Metals or Mineral Matters. 

1-82 per cent, of total male population. 
0-01 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Suborders. 



Males. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



1. Persons engaged in manufactures and 

processes relating to stone, clay, 
earthenware, glass, and minerals (not 
elsewhere classed) 

2. Persons engaged in manufactures relating 

to gold, silver, and precious stones . . 

3. Persons engaged in manufactures relating 

to metals other than gold and silver 
(not elsewhere classed) 

Totals, Order 19, 1911 . . 

Totals, Order 19, 1906.. 



184 
129 

1,203 



1,516 



1,757 



1,673 
442 

6,040 



8,155 



7,543 




1,857 
571 

7,243 



9,671 



9,300 



1 

7 

19 



27 



21 



5 I 6 ! 1,863 

17 24 595 



15 



37 



36 



Details for each sub-order are,- 



Occupations. 



Sub-order 1. — Manufactures and Processes relating to Stone, Clay, 

Earthenware, Glass, and Minerals (not otherwise classed). 
Monumental, marble mason, stone cutter, dresser 

Relative assisting . . 
Lime-burner (145) 

Relative assisting . . 
Cement-manufacturer (146) 
Brick'maker, tile-manufacturer (147) 

Relative assisting . . 
Pottery-maker (148) . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Glass manufacturer, worker 
Crockery, earthenware repairer, maker 
Asphalt-maker 
Asbestos-manufacturer 
Others : Pumice-worker 

Sub-order 2. — Workers in Jewellery and Precious Stones. 
Goldsmith, silversmith, jeweller (149) . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Lapidary, precious stones worker 
Electroplater, plater . . 

Sub-order 3. — Metals other than Gold and Silver. 
Tinsmith, worker (150) 
Zinc, antimony worker 
Silver, copper, lead worker 



34 



64 



57 



7,277 



9,735 



9,357 




M. F. 



(145) Lime-burner . . 

Engineer 
Labourer 

(146) Plaster - maker, cement- 

manufacturer 
Cement-miller 
Clerk 

Engine-driver 
Laboui'er 

(147) Brickmaker, tile - manu- 

facturer . . 



28 

5 

91 

11 

30 



18 

255 

285 



Apprentice . . 
Assistant 
Carter 
Clerk 

Engine-driver 
Labourer 
(148) Pottery-maker 
Apprentice . . 
.Assistant 
Clerk 
Engine-driver 



M. 

2 

135 

41 



26 

344 

84 

1 
65 


11 



P. 




1 






3 




Pipemaker . . 102 

(149) Goldsmith, silversmith, 

jeweller . . . . 227 

Apprentice . . 66 

Assistant . . 201 

Clerk 13 

(150) Tin-worker . . . . 2I6 

Apprentice . . . . 55 

-Assistant . . 313 

Clerk . , n 



1 
12 
7 



1 



90 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Females. 



Sub-order 3. — Metals other than Gold and Silver — continued. 










Malleable iron and steel manufacturer, worker (all branches) (151 ) . 




121 


121 




Iron founder, moulder, worker (152) 








1,347 


1,320 


27 


Brassfounder, moulder, finisher, brazier (153) 








249 


245 


4 


GalTauized-iron worker (all branches) . . 








11 


11 




Wire and cable manufacturer, worker . . 








92 


91 


1 


Blacksmith, farrier, whitesmith (154) 








4,538 


4,537 


1 


Relative assisting . . 








67 


67 




Locksmith . . 








22 


22 




Others (155).. 








115 


115 







M. 


F. 






M. 


F 






M. 


F. 


(161) Malleable-iron worker 


63 





Assistant 




386 







Moulder 


82 





Apprentice . . 


11 





Clerk 




39 


18 


(154) Blacksmith, farrier, white- 






Clerk 


8 





Engine-driver 




37 







smith 


2,240 





Engine-driver 


2 


u 


Fumaceman 




50 







Apprentice . . 


244 





Fumaceman 


4 


(1 


Labourer 




255 







Assistant 


1,577 





Galvanizer of iron 


10 


() 


Striker 




70 


n 




Clerk 





1 


Puddler, roller 


2 





(153) Brass founder, 


moulder, 








Hammerman 


11 





Smelter 


5 


(1 


brazier 




28 







Horse-shoer . . 


231 


(1 


Worker 


16 


c 


Apprentice . 




25 


n 




Labourer 


35 





(152) Iron founder, moulder 






Clerk 







1 




Striker 


199 





■worker 


410 





Core-maker . 







3 


(15 


)) Nailmaker 


17 


n 


Apprentice . . 


73 





Finisher, polisher 


110 







Sheet-metal worker 


98 






Order 20. — Persons engaged in the Conversion of Coal and other Substances 
,to purposes of Heat, Light, or forms of Energy not otherwise classed. 

0-33 per cent, of total male population. 
0-01 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



1 . Persons engaged in the conversion of coal, 
&c., to purposes of heat, light, &c. . . 

Totals, Order 20, 1911 

Totals, Order 20, 1906 



Under 
20. 


Males. 

Over 

20. 


Totals, 




Females. 




Totals, 


Under 
20 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


both 
Sexes. 


228 


1,532 


1,760 


12 


19 


31 


1,791 


228 


1,532 


1,760 


12 


19 


31 


1,791 


152 


1,036 


1,188 


3 


6 


9 


1,197 



Details for the sub-order are,- 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Sub-order 1. — Working in Fuel, Light, and other Forms of Energy. 
Gas manufacture and supply officer, worker (156) 
Coke manufacturer, burner 

Electric light or energy producer, worker, electrician (157) 
Hydraulic -power producer, worker 
Charcoal-burner 
Kerosene-oil manufacturer 
Others (158).. 



1,005 
2 

633 
8 
2 
2 

139 



Males. 



987 
2 

631 
8 
2 
2 

128 



Females. 



18 
2 





M. 


F. 


(153) Gas manufacturer, oificer, 






worker 


11 


(1 


Engineer 


150 





Fitter 


111 


(1 


Lamplighter 


89 





Secretary, clerk 


166 


18 



M. 

Workman . . 460 

(157) Electric light or energy 

producer, worker . . 53 
Clerk .. .. 19 

Electrician . , 349 



Electric engineer 
(158) Motor engineer 
Oil engineer 
Light expert . . 
G-as-mantle makeT 



M. 


F. 


.. 210 





108 





14 





6 








11 



91 



Oeder 21. — Persons engaged in the Making or Repairing of Buildings, 
Railways, Canals, Docks, Earthworks, &c., or in Operations the 
of which is undefined. 

6-95 per cent, of total male population. 
0-01 per cent, of total female population. 



Roads, 

Nature 



Ocoupatioaa, ia Sub-orders. 



Males. 



Under 
20. 



Over 

20. 



Totals. 



Under 
20. 



Females. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Totals, 
both 
Sexes. 



1. Persons engaged in making or repairing 

houses and buildings .. .. 2,670,21,776 

2. Persons engaged in making or repairing 

roads, railways, bridges, &c. 

Totals, Order 21, 1911 
Totals, Order 21, 1906 



24,446 



15 



46 



61 24,507 



408 


12,064 


12,472 








12,472 


3,078 


33,840 


36,918 ; 

i 


16 


46 


61 


36,979 


3.749 


27,934 


31,683 


13 


19 


32 


31,716 



Details for each sub-order are, — 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Females. 



Sub-order 1. — -Houses and Buildings. 
Builder, contractor, manager, foreman, clerk (159) 

Relative assisting . . 
Stonemason, labourer (160) 
Bricklayer, hodman, labourer (161) 

Relative assisting . . 
Carpenter, turner, labourer (162) 

Relative assisting . . 
Slater, shingler 
Plasterer, modeller (163) 

Relative assisting . . 
House-painter, paperhanger, glazier (164) 

Relative assisting . . 
Plumber, gasfitter, bell-hanger (165) 

Relative assisting . . 
Others (166).. 

Sub-order 2. — -Roads, Railways, Earthworks, &c. 
Road, railway, bridge, telegraph, wharf, sewer contractor 

Relative assisting . . 
Skilled assistant, foreman, inspector, manager (167) 
Carter, teamster 
Engine-driver, fireman 
Navvy, labourer, platelayer 
Stonebreaker, contractor (road-metal) 
Dredge-worker, diver (168) 
Drainer, pavior, asphalt-worker (169) 

Relative assisting . . 
Others (170).. 



11 



2,860 

30 

396 

1,800 

7 

137 

70 

64 

735 

3 

4,278 

21 

2,927 

18 

161 



1,364 

7 

755 

408 

61 

8,606 

96 

201 

912 

2 

60 



2,841 

30 

396 

1,800 

7 

11,137 

70 

64 

735 

3 

4,255 

21 

2,908 

18 

161 



1,364 

7 

755 

408 

61 

8,606 

96 

201 

912 

2 

80 



19 



23 

ig 



(169) Builder, contractor, man- 
ager, foreman, clerk 
Apprentice . . 
Assistant 
Inspector 
Labourer 

(160) Stonemason, labourer . 

Apprentice . . 
Assistant 

Concrete mason and as 
sistant 

(161) Bricklayer, hodman, la 

bourer 
Apprentice . . 
Assistant 

(162) Carpenter, turner, labourer 

Apprentice . . 
Assistant 
163) Plasterer, modeller 
Apprentice 



M. 

2,212 
48 
4D 
25 
607 
305 
12 
69 

10 

1,719 

42 

39 

10,147 

590 

400 

375 

32 



Assistant 
Labourer 

(164) House - painter, paper- 

hanger, glazier 
Apprentice 
Assistant 
Clerk 
Decorator 

(165) Plumber, gasfitter, bell- 

hanger 
Apprentice 
Assistant 
Qerk 

(166) SignWriter 

Ceiling-fixer 
Spouting-maker 
Quantity surveyor 

(167) Skilled assistant foreman, 

inspector, manager. 
*c. 



M. V. 
202 
126 



3,115 

235 

637 

23 

246 

1,902 

364 

605 

37 

141 

16 

2 

2 



Bridge carpenter 
„ fitter 

Clerk, roadworks 

Foreman, ganger, rail- 
way and road works 

Inspector, roadworks 

Overseer, works 

Timekeeper . . 

(168) Dredge-worker, diver 

Engineer 
Marine diver 

(169) Drainer, pavior, asphalt- 

Worker 
Ditcher 
Drain labourer 

(170) Concreter 
Camp cook 
Pile-driver 



M. 
159 

28 



240 
47 

102 
13 

140 

52 

9 

436 
37 

440 

37 

6 

17 



92 



Order 22. — Persons engaged in the Disposal of the Dead, or of Refuse. 

0-06 per cent, of total male population. 
0-00 per cent, of total female population. 





Males. 




Females. 




Totals, 


Occupations, in Sub-orders. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


Under 

20, 


Over 
20. 


Totals. 


both 
Sexes. 


1. Engaged in the disposal of the dead . . 

2. Engaged in the disposal of refuse, &c. 


1 
5 


130 
171 


131 
176 




1 


1 


132 
176 


Totals, Order 22, 1911 


6 


301 


307 




1 


1 


308 


Totals, Order 22, 1906 


14 


232 


246 




3 


3 


249 



Details for each sub-order are,- 



Occupations, 



Sub-order 1. — Disposal of the Dead, 
Undertaker . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Cemetery -keeper, gravedigger . . 



Sub-order 2. — Disposal of Refuse. 
Scavenger, street-cleaner 
Chimney-sweep 

Sanitary contractor, nightman . . 
Others : Rag- and bottle-gatherer 




Order 23. — Industrial and other active Workers imperfectly defined. 

3-15 per cent, of total male population. 
0-15 per cent, of total female population. 





Males 


FemilcH 


Totals 


Occupations, in Sub-orders. 


Under i Over 
20. 20. 


Totals. 


Under 
20. 


Over 
20. 

384 


Totals. 


both 
Sexes. 


1 . Industrial workers imperfectly defined . . 


1,621 


15,120 


16,741 


320 


704 


17,445 


Totals, Order 23, 1911 


1,621 


15,120 


16,7-11 


320 


384 


704 ! 17.445 


Totals, Order 23, 1906 


2.115 


17,316 


19,431 


406 


469 


875 


20.306 



!)8 



Details for the sub-order are,- 



OccapationK. 



tiub-order 1. — Imperfectly defined. 
Mechanic, manufacturer (so defined) 
Factory worker, manager (so defined) . . 
Engineer, engine-driver, stoker (so defined) (171) , , 

Relative assisting . . 
Machinist, machine hand (so defined) 
Contractor, manager, apprentice, foreman (so defined) 
Relative assisting 
Labourer (so defined) . . 
Others (172).. 



-M. F. 
(171) Engineer, engine - driver, 

stoker .. .. 1,792 

Engineer's apprentice . . .346 n 

,, assistant 63 



Engineer's clerli 
(172) Handyman 

Wage-earner . . 



Person!^, 



181 

083 

2,209 

12 

.".44 

1.117 

12 

12,271 

116 



ii. 

10 

4 



Males. 



179 

708 

2,201 

12 

172 

1,070 

12 

12,271 

116 



Mill hand 
Factory -inspector 
Timekeeper 



Females. 



2 
275 



372 

47 



CLASS VI.— AGRICULTUEAL, PASTORAL, MINERAL, AND OTHER PRIMARY 

PRODUCERS. 

Order 24. — Persons directly engaged in the Cultivation of Land, in Breeding 
or Rearing Animals, or in obtaining Raw Products from Natural Sources. 

23-14 per cent, of total male population. 
1-57 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Snh-orders. 



1. Persons directly engaged in agricul- 

tural pursuits . . 

2. Persons directly engaged in pastoral 

pursuits 

3. Persons engaged in rabbiting, bee- 

keeping, &c. 

4. Persons directly engaged in fisheries, 

&c. 

5. Persons directly engaged in forestry, or 

the acquisition of raw products 
yielded by natural vegetation 

6. Persons engaged in the conservancy of 

water . . 

7. Persons engaged in mines, quarries, &c. 

Totals, Order 24, 1911 . . 
Totals, Order 24, 1906 . . 



Males. 



Females. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Under 

! 20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Totals, 
both 
Sexes, 



7,341 


45,085 


52,426 


626 


1,686 


2.312 


54.738 


8.173 


41.975 


50,148 


1,657 


3,482 


5 . 139 


55,287 


156 


914 


1.070 


4 


17 


21 


1,091 


58 


867 


925 








925 


201 


3,173 


3,374 




2 


2 


3.376 


20 


369 


389 








389 


809 


13,958 


14.767 


1 


" 


8 


14,775 


16,758 


106,341 


123,099 


2,288 


5,194 


7,482 


130,581 


17 , 164 


97,742 


114,906 


907 


2,560 


3,467 


118,373 



It will be observed that there is a decrease in the number of persons who returned 
themselves on the census schedules as engaged in agricultural pursuits (67,557 in 
1906 and 54,738 in 1911), while the number returning themselves as engaged in 
pastoral pursuits has largely increased (55,287 in 1911 as against 27,400 in 1906). 
This would apparently point to the fact that less attention is now being paid to 
agricultural and more to pastoral farming, particularly dairying, than formerly. 



94 

According to the agriculture statistics of the Dominion the amount of cropping in New 
Zealand has not varied greatly during recent years, but the industrial statistics (see 
Appendix A of this report) show a great advance in the output of butter and cheese, 
particularly of the latter. Taking the two classes together there appears to have been 
an increase in the number engaged in agricultural and pastoral pursuits of over 
15,000 during the five years between the two censuses 1906 and 1911. 

Details for each sub-order in 1911 are, — 



Occupations. 



Sub-order 1. — Agricultural Pursuits. 
Farmer 

Relative assisting . . 
Farm manager, overseer 

Relative assisting . . 
Farm servant, agricultural labourer (173) 

Relative assisting . . 
Market-gardener (174) 

Relative assisting . . 
Fruit-grower, orchardist (175) . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Hop, cotton, tea, coffee, grower 
Wine-grower, vigneron 
Sugar-planter 
Horticulturist, gardener (176) . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Agricultural Department officer 
Others (177).. 

Sub-order 2. — Pastoral Pursuits. 
Grazier, pastoraUst stock-breeder 

Relative assisting . . 
Station manager, overseer, book-keeper . . 

Relative assisting . . 
Stockrider, drover, shepherd, pastoral labourer (178) 
Dairy-farmer 

Relative assisting . . 
Dairy assistant, labourer 
Poultry farmer 
Pig-farmer . . 
Wool classer, sorter . . 
Stock and Brands Department officer , . 
Others (179).. 

Sub-order 3. — ^The Capture, Preservation, or Destruction of Wild 
Animals, or the Acquisition of Products yielded by Wild Animals. 

Bee-keeper . . 

Rabbiter 

Relative assisting 

Bird-trapper 

Others (180).. 



Persons. 



20,851 

7,897 

566 

5 

18,321 

81 

2,104 

53 

1,223 

145 

32 

76 

2 

1,967 

67 

100 

1,248 



10,614 

3,510 

778 

4 

12,842 

14,489 

6,997 

4,862 

589 

62 

357 

76 

107 



116 
913 

18 
37 

7 



20,201 

6,414 

566 

4 

18,210 

81 

2,096 

53 

1,183 

135 

32 

75 

2 

1,964 

63 

100 

1,247 



10,330 

3,095 

778 

3 

12,607 

13,652 

3,932 

4,625 

524 

62 

357 

76 

107 



109 
913 

18 
23 

7 



(173) rarm servant, agricultural 

labourer . . . . 13,047 73 

Assistant .. ..3,415 25 

Bov . . . . 72 

EuJlock-clriver . . 5 

Cadet .. 77 

Carter . . 92 

Cook . . 71 13 

Fencer . . . . 39 

Gardener . . . . 62 

Groom . . . . 25 

Harvester . . 16 

Ploughman .. . . 1,256 

Rouseabout . . . . 28 

Stableman . . . . 5 

(174) Market-gardener ..1,310 6 

Assistant , . . .• 507 2 

Labourer . . . . 279 

(176) Fruit-grower, orchardist. . 889 36 

Assistant . . 294 4 

(176) Horticulturist, gardener. . 987 1 

Assistant . . 968 2 

Apprentice , . . . 9 

(177) Agricultural - implement 

owner, worker 156 1 



Agricultural student , 

Cook 

Cropper 

,, assistant 
Engine-driver 
Harvest contractor 
Ploughing contractor . 
Ploughing contractor 

son assisting 
Threshint^-machine ai 

sistant 
Labourer 
(178) Stockrider, drover, shearer 

shepherd, pastoral la^ 

bourer 
Blacltsraith . . 
Book-keeper, clerk 
Boundary-keeper 
Bullock-driver 
Butcher, baker 
Cadet 
Carpenter 
Carter, wagoner, horse 

driver 



20 
18 
64 
84 
36 



269 

447 



F. 










3,702 


1 


13 


n 


37 


o 


2 


n 


41 





14 


(1 


123 


n 


67 






Cook 



650 
1,483 



40 
10 



284 
415 

1 
235 
837 
,065 
237 
65 



14 



M. F. 

444 120 



169 



Fencer 


444 





Gardener 


269 


n 


Grass-seed sower 


17 





Groom 


139 





Labourer and assistant 


6,842 


112 


Musterer 


54 


n 


Packer 


71 





Ploughman . . 


635 





Bouseabout . . 


73 





Scourer, washer 


52 


n 


Shepherd's relative as 






sisting 


62 


n 


Stockman 


268 


n 


Storekeeper . . 


4 





Visitor assisting 


2 





Wood-cutter . . 


78 





(179) Contractor on station . 


72 





Ostrich-farmer 


2 





Stud groom . . 


33 





(180) Caretaker, bird sanctuar 


2 





Curator acclimatizatioi 


1 




society 


1 






95 



Occupations. 



Sub-order 4.— Fisheries. 
Fisheries Department inspector, officer . . 
Fisherman (181) 

Relative assisting . . 
Oyster-bed lessee, worker, shellfish-catcher 
Engaged in whale-fishery 



Sub-order 5. — Forestry, or the Acquisition of Raw Products yielded 

by Natural Vegetation. 
Forest Department ranger, officer 
Axeman, woodman, timber getter, splitter 

Relative assisting . . 
Bark-stripper 
Others (182).. 



Persons. 



Males. 



Females. 



20 


20 




841 


841 


43 


43 


15 


15 


6 


ti 




129 


129 1 


714 


2.714 \ 


56 


56 


82 


82 


395 


393 





Sub-order 6.— Engaged in the Conservation of Water in all its Formn 

and in Water-supply from Natural Sources. 
Conservation of Water Department officer . . . . . . 9 

Conservation of Water Department, caretaker, worker . . 41 

Water-supply officer, worker, well-sinker (183) . . . . 339 



Sub-order 7. — Mines, Quarries, or the Acquisition of Natural i 

Mineral Products. 

Mines Department officer . . . . . . . . . . 14 

Mine (gold, quartz) proprietor, manager, worker (184) ., .. 3,553 

Relative assisting . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 

Mine (gold, alluvial) proprietor, manager, worker (185) .. 2.810 

Relative assisting . . . . . . . . . . 21 

Mine (gold, undefined) proprietor, manager, worker . . . . 1 539 

Mine (silver) proprietor, manager, worker (186) . . . . 20 

Mine (coal) proprietor, manager, worker (187) .. ..1 4,090 

Relative assisting . . . . . . . . 22 

Mine (iron) worker . . . . . . . . . . 9 

Mine (copper) manager, officer, miner, worker . . . . . . 4 

Mine (shale) manager, officer, miner, worker . . . . 9 

Mine (others and undefined) manager, worker (188) . . 755 

Relative assisting . . . . . . . . . . 11 

Quarry proprietor, manager, clerk . . . . . . . . 36 

Quarryman, worker . . . . . . . . . . 668 

Kauri-gum digger, scraper, sorter .. .. .. .. 2,141 

Relative assisting . . . . . . . . . . . . ' 23 







M. 


F. 




M. 


F. 


(181) Fishennan 




659 





Battery-boy 


14 





Assistant 




180 





„ engine-driver. . 


102 





Boy 




2 





„ feeder 


6 





(182) Flax-cutt«r 




245 





„ labourer, hand 


348 





Bush cook 




148 


2 


Battery-manager 


30 





(183) Water-supply officer, well 






Cyanide-process Worker 


13 





sinker 




111 





Mine (quartz) carter . . 


3 





Clerk 




1 





Manager 


77 





Water-race caretaker . 


68 





(185) Mine (gold, alluvial) pro- 






„ 


manager . 


19 





prietor, manager, 






Waterworks engine 






worker 


1,924 







driver . 


24 





Clerk, book-keeper 


2 


3 


^1 


inspector. 


13 





Gold-dredge — 








labourer . 


64 





Dredgemaster 


86 







turncock . 


31 





Engine-driver 


122 







engineer . 


8 





Winchman 


84 





(184) Mine (gold, 


quartz) pro 






Worker, labourer 


547 





prietor, 


manager 






Mine-manager 


42 





worker 




2,915 





(186) Mine (silver) proprietor, 






Amalgamator 


29 





manager, Worker . . 


1 





Assayer 




15 





Prospector . . 


19 





Olerk 







1 









41 
339 



14 

3,552 

50 

2,807 

21 

539 

20 

4,090 

22 

9 

4 

9 

752 

11 

36 

668 

2,140 

23 



(187) Mine (coal) proprietor, 
manager, worker 



M. F. 



Banksman and screener 

Blacksmith . . 

Carpenter 

Carter 

Clerk, accoxmtant 

Engine-driver 

Horse-driver . . 

Manager 

Trucker 

Mining engineer 
(188) Mine (others and unde- 
fined) manager, 
worker 

Engine-driver 

Manager 

Student 

Petroleum-borer 

■prosnector 



872 

,780 

19 

15 

13 

9 

37 

141 

14 

87 

80 

23 



518 
25 

164 

7 

17 

21 



96 



CLASS VII.— INDEFINITE. 

Order 25. — Persons whose Occupations are unknown or undefined, embracing 
those who derive Incomes from Sources which cannot be directly related to any 
other Class. 

1-54- per cent, of total male population. 
0-55 per cent, of total female population. 



Ocoupationa, in Sub-orders. 



Under 
20. 



1 . Persons of independent means, having 
no specific occupation, or undefined 



Totals, Order 25, 1911 
Totals, Order 25, 1906 



Male 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Females. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Totals, 

both 

Sexes. 



2 


8,178 


8,180 


14 2,609 


2,623 


10,803 


2 


8.178 


8,180 


14 i 2,609 


2.623 


10,803 


9 


6.011 


6,020 


27 j 3,155 

i 


3,182 


9,202 



Details for the sub-order are,- 



Oocupations. 



Persona. 



Sub-order 1. — Persons of Independent Means, having no Specific 

Occupation, or Undefined. ! 

Pensioner . , . . . . . . . . . . . . j 2 , 907 

Annuitant . . . , . . . . . . . . . . 1 , 077 

Independent means, lady, gentleman (so returned) (189) . . . . j 4,279 

Others : No occupation . . . . . . . . . . ' 2 , 540 



(189) Indepenaent meanB 



M. P. 

1,286 1,283 



Private means . 



M. F. 

12 40 I 



Retired 



2,225 


682 


696 


381 


2,871 


1,408 


2,388 


152 



M. P. 
.. 1,673 86 



CLASS VIII.— DEPENDENTS. 
Order 26. — Persons dependent upon Natural Guardians. 

30-40 per cent, of total male population. 
80-06 per cent, of total female population. 



Occupations, in Sub-orders. 



Males 



Under 
20. 



1 . Persons performing domestic duties for 

•which remuneration is not paid . . 

2. Dependent scholars and students 

3. Dependent relatives and others, not 

stated to be performing domestic 
duties . . 

Totals, Order 26, 1911 . . 

Totals, Order 26, 1906 . . 



495 
94,965 



64.432 



159.892 



140,546 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Females. 



Under 
20. 



Over 
20. 



Totals. 



Totals, 
both 

Sexes. 



130 625 

243 95,208 



1,455 



1.828 



733 



65,887 



161,720 



20,339 

92,435 



62,444 



175,218 



141,279160,143 



202,449 
171 



3,671 



206,291 



222,788 
92,606 



66,115 



223,413 

187,814 



132,002 



381,509543,229 



178,875339,018480.297 



97 



Details for each sub-order are, — 



Occapationa. 



Sub-order 1.— Domestic Duties for wiucH Remuneration is not paid. 

Wife, widow, head 

Son, daughter, relative . . , , ]] 

Visitor 

Boarder, lodger . . . . ' 

Sub-order 2.— Dependent Scholars and Students. 
Son, daughter, relative, and others supported at university 
Son, daughter, relative, and others at school 
Son, daughter, relative, and others taught at home 

Sub-order 3.— Dependent Relatives and Others not stated to be 

performing Domestic Duties. 
Father, mother (dependent upon children) 
Son, daughter, relative (including also all persons under twenty years 

of age with unspecified occupations) . . 
Visitor 
Others .... 



Peraons. 



156,941 

64,397 

7,171 

4,904 



3,580 

180,107 

4,127 



2,561 

123,502 
2,912 
3,027 



Males. 



301 

62,806 
1,294 
1,486 



Females. 



456 
78 
91 


156,941 

63,941 

7,093 

4,813 


3,338 

90,277 
1,593 


242 

89,830 

2,534 



2,260 

60,696 
1,618 
1,541 



Order 27. — Persons dependent upon the State, or upon Public or Private 

Support. 

1-15 per cent, of total male population. 
0-99 per cent, of total female population. 







Males. 






Females. 
0-r Totals. 


Totals, 


Occupations, in Sub- orders. 


Under 
20. 


Over i m i I 
2(j ! Totals. 


Under 
20. 


both 
Sexes- 


1. Persons supported by voluntary and 

State contributions 

2. Criminal class (under legal detention) 


662 
597 


4,107 

737 


4,769 
1,334 


1,244 
263 


3,133 

79 


4.377 
342 


9,146 
1,676 


Totals, Order 27, 1911 . . 


1,259 


4,844 


6,103 1,507 


3,212 4,719 10,822 


Totals, Order 27, 1906 . . 


1,008 


4,660 


5,668 


885 


2,410 


3,295 


8,963 



Details for each sub-order are? — 



Occupations. 



Persons. 



Females. 



7— Census. 



Sub-order 1. — Supported by Voluntary and State Contributions. 








Inmate of hospital 


2,201 


1,066 


1,135 


benevolent institution 


2,544 


1,267 


1,277 


-, mental hospital 


3,648 


2,168 


1.490 


„ orphan asy um 


636 


165 


470 


Others dependent on charity . . 


118 


113 


5 


Sub-order 2. — Criminal Classes (under legal detention). 








Inmate of gaol, penal establishment 


810 


746 


64 


„ lock-up, watch-house 


3 


3 


, , 


„ reformatory, industrial school 


856 


585 


271 


Others 


7 




7 



98 

Occupations of the Chinese. 

The Chinese enumerated at the census numbered 2,630, against 2,570 in 1906, 
an increase of 60, or 2-34 per cent. 

Of the number in 1911, 2,542 were males and 88 females. Of the males 74 
were returned as married. 

The number of Chinese under 15 years of age was only 73 (31 males and 42 
females). 

The occupations show 416 gold-miners, 943 market gardeners, labourers and 
assistants, 306 fruiterers or greengrocers and assistants, 287 laundrymen, 63 store- 
keepers and assistants, 63 labourers undefined, 63 farm labourers, 66 hotel and 
restaurant cooks, 21 boardinghouse-keepers, 63 seamen, including ship's cook and 
steward, 7 fish-hawkers, 13 rabbiters, 2 fishermen, 3 restaurant-keepers, 4 rag, bone, 
and bottle dealers, 1 interpreter, 70 fruit hawkers, and 4 of independent means. 

In addition to the number of hotel and boardinghouse cooks there were 4 farm 
cooks and 27 cooks undefined. 

Ten of the Chinese were inmates of benevolent asylums. There were 4 Chinese 
lunatics (in asylums), and 1 of this race was a prisoner in gaol on the census night. 



99 



APPENDICES. 



APPENDIX A. — INDUSTRIES ; PUBLIC LIBRARIES, AND OTHER 
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS ; PLACES OF WORSHIP. 

INDUSTRIES. 
Manufactories and Works. 
In connection with the following tables relating to census industrial statistics it 
should be mentioned, to avoid misunderstanding, that they do not purport to 
include all " factories " registered under the Factories Act. The tables, as in 
previous census collections, only show the results of returns collected from manu- 
factories and works employing over two hands. In a number of cases where work 
was carried on by the same manufacturer in separate buildings a considerable 
distance from one another, each building would be registered as a distinct "factory," 
but only one census return would be furnished. For instance, in the case of a 
butter-factory with, say, a dozen or more creameries separating and supplying 
cream, each creamery would be registered as a separate " factory," but the par- 
ticulars for all would be included in one census return. Certain industries also 
which are registered as factories (bakers, blacksmiths, &c.) do not furnish returns 
for census purposes. The present collection has followed as closely as possible 
the lines of previous census collections. 



Manufactories and Works, 1911 and 1906. 



Number of establishments* 
Hands employed — 

Males . . 

Females 



AprU, 1911. 

No. 

4,402 

42,267 
13,967 



April, 1906. 

No. 

4,186 

44,946 
11,413 



Increase, 1906-11. 
No. 
216 

— 2,679t 
2,554 



Totals 



Wages paid — 
To males 
To females 



56,234 
1910. 

£ 

4,865,426 
706,844 



56,359 

1905. 

£ 

3,979,593 
478,026 



— 125t 

1905-10. 

£ 

885,833 
228,818 



Totals 



Horse-power 

Total approximate value of — ■ 
Land . . 
Buildings 
Machinery and plant 

Totals 



5,572,270 4,457,619 1,114,651 



H.p. 
100,587 



3,890,921 
5,174,890 
7,665,548 



H.p. 
60,335 



3,264,862 
3,851,902 
5,392,522 



.. 16,731,359 12,509,286 
* Omitting Government Railway Workshops and Government Printing OfBce. 



H.p. 
40,252 

£ 
626,059 
1,322,988 
2,273,026 

4,222,073 
f Decrease. 



The number of establishments has increased in the quinquennium by 216, 
but the returns show that there were 125 less hands employed in 1911 than in 1906. 



100 

A remarkable feature of this is that while the number of males decreased by 2,679, 
or at a rate of 6-96 per cent., the females actually increased by 2,554, or 22-38 per 
cent. In 1906, males represented 79-75 per cent, of the hands employed, and 
females 20-25 per cent., while in 1911 the proportions were 75-16 per cent, and 24-84 
per cent, respectively. 

In spite of the decrease in the hands employed, and in the proportion of males, 
the wages paid in 1910 show a considerable increase on the figures for 1905. The 
wages paid in the factories or industrial works dealt with in the census returns 
were returned for 1905 at £4,457,619, and for 1910 at £5,572,270, the increase on 
the total sum being at the rate of 25 per cent. 

The average amount of wages paid to male hands in 1905 was £88 10s. lid., 
and in 1910 £115 2s. 3d. ; for females, £41 17s. 8d., and £50 12s. 2d. in the respective 
years. It must be remembered that these are not adult wages, but those of persons 
of all ages. 

The increase for the quinquennium in the horse-power stated in the returns 
was 40,252, equal to a rate of 66-71 per cent. 

The approximate value of the land used for purposes of the factories was 
returned as £3,264,862 for 1905, and £3,890,921 for 1910. The value of the lands 
used for mining is not included in the above figures, and the value of Crown lands 
has been omitted throughout. 

As in the previous quinquennium a very large increase is found in the value 
of machinery and plant. The figures for the censuses of 1901, 1906, and 1911 are 
£3,852,457, £5,392,522, and £7,665,548 respectively. The rate of increase during 
the first of the two five-yearly periods was 39-98 per cent., and for the second 
42-15 per cent. 

Value of Manupactuebs or Produce (Output). 

1905. 1910. Increase in 5 Years. 

Value of all manufactures or produce £ £ £ 

(including repairs) .. .. 23,444,235 31,729,002 8,284,767 



This increase is at the rate of 35-34 per cent, for the quinquennium, as against 
an increase of 31-31 per cent, for the preceding five years. 

The development is analysed in the following statement, which includes nearly 
the whole increase, and has been worked down to a limit of £20,000 to show the 
main features. The factories or works in connection with our great primary 
industries, agricultural, pastoral, timber, and flax, include the greater part of the 
money. 



Principal Increases between 1905 and 1910. 

Meat freeziag and preserving and boUing-down works 

Butter and cheese factories 

Sawmills, sash and door factories . . 

Tailoring establishments . . 

Iron and brass foundries, &c. (excluding Government Railway Workshops) 

Printing and bookbinding establishments (excluding Government Printing 

Office) 

Clothing and boot and shoe factories 

Dressmaking and millinery establishments 

Gasworks 

Tanning, fellmongering,, and wool-scouring establishments 

Grain-mills 

Furniture- and cabinet-making factories 

Breweries and malt-houses 

Sugar-boUiug and confectionery works 



£ 

,493,642 

,337,545 

571,122 

357,821 

312,077 

310,099 
278,621 
243,791 
236,289 
200,460 
189,315 
169,496 
141,895 
120,863 



101 



Ham- and bacon-curing establishments 

Coach building and painting works 

Soap and candle works . . 

Saddlery and harness factories 

Lime and cement works . . 

Ship- and boat-building yards 

Hosiery-factories 

Aerated-water factories . . 

Paper bag and box factories 

Sail, tent, and oilskin factories 

Electric light and supply works 

Fruit-preserving and jam-making factories 

Cooperages 

Tinware-factories 

Baking-powder factories 

Mattress-factories 

Sausage-casing factories 

Agricultural-implement factories 

Glass-works 



£ 
117,684 
101,194 
90,079 
79,551 
77,011 
76,447 
72,854 
61,010 
50,110 
46,928 
42,921 
37,474 
35.683 
33,434 
30,602 
29,023 
28,233 
22,299 
21,204 



From this table has been omitted reference to electric tramways (returns of 
which were collected in 1911 for the first time), as well as certain industries included 
with others in 1906, but shown separately in 1911. 

The amounts shown above are in some cases over the fact. For instance, 
some of the butter made is included in returns for meat-freezing estabhshments, 
as well as in the butter-factory returns ; timber cut is valued under sawmilling, 
and some again in the furniture -making line ; while leather is valued in the tanning 
returns, and some part of it again in the boot and saddlery items. A certain amount 
of duplication is unavoidable. This is admitted in the accounts of industrial 
statistics of the United States of America and elsewhere. 

Where decreases have been found in the returns these may be referred to in 
a comparative statement which follows. 

Particulars relating to individual industries clearly show that quantities as 
well as the value of manufactures have risen, so that the development is not merely 
a question of market prices, but of actual output. 



Cost of Materials operated upon. 

This information was given in case of most industries, but in some cases 
estimates had to be made to obtain completeness. The sum arrived at for the year 
1910 is £20,810,211. The difference between this amount and the total value of all 
the manufacture and produce (with repairs) may be termed the net value of the 
manufacture in a sense, and duplications on account of the articles of any one kind 
becoming materials operated upon for another sort would be eliminated. But to 
arrive at any approximate estimate as to profit £5,572,270 spent in wages ought 
further to be deducted, and also interest and depreciation on £16,731,359 invested 
in land, buildings, machinery, and plant, together with taxes, insurance, and other 
incidental expenses. 

Industries in Provincial Districts. 

All the various industries for which returns were received in 1911 are given 
in the statement below, which thus enumerates completely the maunfactories and 
works in operation, specifying the provincial districts in which they are situated : — 



102 



Industries in Provincial Districts. 





Number of Industries in Provincial Districts. 


14H 
O 


Manufactories, Works, &c. 


1 
1 






1 


f 

O 




T3 




d 


T3 


CD . 
JS to 

ll 

— .-a 




<1 




s 
^ 


1 


1 


1 


1 


■*3 

a 

6 


o 


3 
o 
CO 


1^ 


Animal food — 
























Meat freezing and preserving 


8 


3 


4 


4 


1 


1 




7 


6 


7 


41 


works 
























Ham- and bacon-curing esta- 


7 


3 


2 


3 




2 




7 


14 


4 


42 


blishments 
























Fish curing and preserving 


9 


1 




4 




1 


1 




3 


1 


20 


works 
























Butter and cheese factories . . 


57 


75 


18 


65 


8 


10 


4 


33 


15 


53 


338 


Condensed-milk factories 


















1 


1 


2 


Vegetable food — 
























Grain-mills 


4 


3 




10 


3 


3 




23 


16 


4 


66 


Biscuit-factories 


2 






1 




1 




2 


2 


1 


9 


Fruit-preserving and jam-mak- 


5 




1 


2 




5 




2 


5 


2 


22 


ing works 
























Sugar-boiling and confectionery 


7 




1 


8 




1 


1 


8 


6 


1 


33 


works 
























Sugar-refining works 


1 




















1 


Baking-powder factories 


5 






4 








1 


1 




11 


Drinks, narcotics, and stimulants — 
























Breweries . . 


8 


2 


5 


10 


1 


8 


5 


10 


7 


4 


60 


Malthouses 


3 




1 


3 


1 


4 




8 


7 


1 


28 


Colonial-wine making 


5 




3 


1 


■ . 




1 


2 






12 


Aerated-water factories 


28 


6 


7 


35 


3 


9 


4 


15 


13 


4 


124 


Cofiee and spice works 


3 






2 




1 




1 


4 


1 


12 


Tobacco and cigarette works 


3 






6 


. . 


* * 










9 


Sauce, pickle, and vinegar fac- 


4 




1 


5 




1 


1 


4 


7 




23 


tories 
























Animal matters (not otherwise 
























classed) — 
























Soap and candle works 


6 




1 


5 






• • 


4 


4 




20 


Glue-factories 


1 










. , 




1 






2 


Sausage-casing factories 


2 




1 


4 








3 


2 


1 


13 


Boiling-down works 


3 


"i 


2 


5 




2 


1 


2 


1 


3 


23 


Bone-mills and other manure- 


3 






1 




1 






1 


4 


10 


works 
























Working in wood — 
























Cooperages 


4 


2 


2 


7 








4 


1 




20 


Sawmills, sash and door fac- 


118 


17 


29 


123 


22 


64 


38 


53 


23 


47 


534 


tories 
























Woodware and turnery fac- 




1 




4 


1 






3 






9 


tories 
























Vegetable produce for fodder — 
























Chaffcutting establishments . . 






1 


1 


2 


4 




5 






13 

S7 


Grass-seed-dressing establish- 


1 


1 


3 


2 


1 






13 


9 


7 


ments 






















O 1 


Paper-manufacture — 
























Paper-mills 


1 
















I 


1 
1 

1 


3 
13 

48 

14 

5 


Paper bag and box factories . . 


6 






1 








1 


4 


Gasworks 


10 


2 


6 


10 


2 


3 


2 


8 


4 
1 


Electric light and supply works . . 


1 


5 


1 






1 




5 


Electric tramways 


1 






2 




.. 




1 


1 





103 



Industries in Provincial Districts — continued. 



Manufactories, Works, &o. 



Number of Induatries in Provincial Districts. 













m 








a 






ta 






M 


a 

c6 


t 


=1 


ci3 


rt 


< 


H 


w 



Processes relating to stone, clay, 
glass, &c. — 

Lime and cement works 

Asphalt-works 

Brick, tile, and pottery works 

Monumental-masonry works 

Glassworks. . 

Electroplating-works 

Pumice-works 

Fibrous-plaster works 
Metals other than gold or silver — 

Tinware-factories 

Iron and brass foundries, boiler- 
making, machinists, &c. 
Heel- and toe-plate factories 

Engineering-works* 

Electrical-engineering works 

Range-making works 

Spouting and ridging works 

Lead-headed-nail works 

Wirework-factories . . 
Books and publications — 

Printing and book - binding 
officesf 
Musical instruments — 

Musical-instrument factories . . 
Ornaments, minor art products, 
and small wares — 

Toy-factories 

Picture-frame makers 

Basket and perambulator fac- 
tories 

Lapidaries 
Equipment for sports and games — 

Billiard-table works 
Designs, medals, type, and dies — 

Rubber-stamp making 
Ammunition — 

Ammunition-works . . 
Machines, tools, and implements — 

Agricultural - implement fac- 
tories 

Brush and broom factories . . 
Carriages and vehicles — 

Coach building and painting 
works 

Cycle-works 
Harness, saddlery, and leather- 
ware — 

Saddlery and harness factories 

Whip-thong factories 

Portmanteau -factories 

Tanning, fellmongering, and 
wool-scouring establishments 



4 
1 
17 
4 
4 
1 
1 
3 

13 

17 

1 

26 
4 
4 
3 
1 
2 

56 



4 

43 

4 

32 
2 



11 



1 

12 

1 

10 



10 
1 



2 6 

- 

3 I 2 



13 



14 
4 

6 

7 



■M. 









2 
3 

24 
6 



12 
20 



23 
5 
1 
2 
3 
5 

53 



3 
3 

4 

1 

39 : 
23 



22 
1 
2 



12 



1 
3 

13 
7 
1 
3 



13 
11 

1 
21 
4 
3 
3 
1 
3 

34 



9 
12 

1 
20 
2 
3 
2 
1 
3 

36 



7 


2 


2 


2 


29 


20 


15 


17 


20 


14 


2 




28 


9 



10 
2 



10 

1 
16 



a -a 

o " 

H 



17 

7 

94 

26 

12 

6 

1 

13 

65 
69 

3 

120 

15 

11 

17 

6 
14 

241 



4 
14 
26 

4 

4 

5 

1 

19 

10 

180 

71 



117 
1 
6 

79 



* Excluding Government Railway Workshops. t Excluding Government Printing Office. 



104 

Industeibs of Provincial Districts — continued. 



Manufactories, Works, &c. 



Ships, boats, and their equip 
ment — 

Ship- and boat-building yards 

Block and pump factories 

Sail, tent, and oilskin factories 
Furniture — 

Furniture and cabinetmaking 

Venetian-blind works 

Mattress-factories 

Wool, rug, and mat making 
Chemicals and by-products — 

Varnish-factories 

Ink-factories 

Starch-factories 

Chemical-works 

Heematite-paint works 

Sheep-dip works 

Match-factories 

Blacking-factories . . 
TextUe fabrics — 

WooIlen-mUls 

Flock-mills 

Cleaning and dyeing works 
Dress — 

Tailoring establishments 

Dressmaking and millinery esta 
blishments 

Boot and shoe factories 

Clothing and waterproof fac- 
tories 

Corset and belt factories 

Hosiery-factories 

Umbrella-factories . . 
Fibrous materials — 

Rope and twine works 

Bag and sack works. . 

Flax-mills . . 
Returns not included in above . . 

Totals, census 1911 

Totals, census 1906 



3 

< 



20 
1 

7 

55 

2 



1 
3 

104 

76 

25 
16 



1 
1 

1 

1 

14 

6 



Number of Industries in Provincial Districts. 






30 
19 



pq 






25 
29 





-a 


§ 


f 


be. 

a 


1 










J" 


I6 


iS 


s 



51 

13 
3 



1 
1 

1 
1 
5 

97 
84 

14 
23 

1 

2 
1 



38 
11 



I '^ 



20 
12 



12 
4 



3 







3 
3 

74 

77 

19 
14 

1 

4 
2 

3 

2 
3 
9 





1 


4 


1 


7 


3 


5 


25 


21 




2 


1 


, 


6 


4 


■ 1 


1 


1 



4 
1 
1 

60 
53 

10 
14 



1 

2 

18 
22 

3 
1 



a. 2 
« c 



29 

1 

34 

207 
5 

42 



4 
2 
3 
13 
2 
2 
2 
1 

11 

2 
14 

448 
382 

74 
69 

2 

14 
5 



4 
81 
35 



934 I 253 251 1 982 I 95 214 | 107 1 724 ; 549 293 , 4,402 

I ill ' 



247 i 214 846 68 229 i 112 696 



* i 4,186 



* Included in Otagc. 1906. 



Details of the Principal Industries. 
The principal industries returned at the census of 1911, and particulars relating 
thereto, are given in detail in the following table. These industries are arranged 
in classes according to their nature. 



105 



Details of the Pbincipal Industeies. 



Nature of Industries. 



as 



Number of Hauds 
employed 



3 

l4 



Wages paid. 



Animal food — 

Meat freezing and pre- 
serving worksf 

Ham- and baoon-ouring 
establishmentsf 

Pish curing and preserv- 
ing worksf 

Butter and cheese lac- 
toriesf 

Condensed-milk factories} 

Vegetable food— 

Grain-millsf . . 

Biscuit-faotoriesf 

Pruit-preserviug and jam- 
making worksf 

Sugar-boiling and oon- 
feotionery worksf 

Sugar-refining works} . . 

Baking-powder factories 

Drinks, narcotics, and 

stimulants — 
Breweriesf 
Malthousos 

Colonial-wine makingf . . 
Aerated-water faotoriesf 
Cofiee and spice works . . 
Tobacco and cigarette 

works 
Sauce, pickle, and vinegar 

factoriesf 

Animal matters (not other- 
wise classed) — 
Soap and candle worksf 
Glue factories} 
Sausage-casing factories 
Boiling-down worksf . . 
Bone-mills and other 
manure- works 

Working in wood — 
Cooperagesf . . 
Sawmills, sash and door 

factoriesf 
Woodware and turnery 
factories 

Vegetable produce for fod- 
der — 

ChafEcuttlng establish- 
ments 

Qrass-seed-dressing esta- 
blishments 

Paper-manufacture — 
Paper-mills} . . 
Paper-bag and box fac- 
tories 



41 3,954 

42 200 

57 

338 I i,46i 
2 ! 34 



66 

9 

22 

33 

1 
11 

60 
28 
12 
124 
12 
9 

23 



13 
37 



3 
13 



419 
210 
164 

311 

338 
37 



738 
106 

20 
537 

47 



80 



20 


223 


2 


9 


13 


174 


23 


117 


10 


92 


20 


170 


534 


6,871 



30 



37 
110 



69 
100 



24 


3,978 


1 


201 


2 


59 


23 


1,504 


22 


56 


5 
171 
125 


424 
381 
289 


418 


729 


31 


338 
68 


3 
1 

33 
19 
12 


741 

107 

20 

570 

66 

20 


63 


143 


29 
2 


252 

11 

174 

117 

92 


1 

6 


171 
6,877 




30 




37 


■• 


110 


31 
140 


100 
240 



444,237 

27,016 

5,660 

169,380 



50,774 
22,356 
12,548 

30,794 
4,423 



109,465 

13,727 

1,433 

61,578 

4,559 

768 

7,436 



27,177 

19^300 
14,252 
10,991 



14,841 
774,043 

3,045 



2,924 
11,359 



10,060 



£. 
1,161 

39 

73 
085 



210 

7,736 
4,179 

16,928 
1,001 



79 
50 

1,359 
770 
511 

2,648 



1,213 



150 
359 



£ 
445,398 

27,055 

5,733 

170,065 



50,984 
30,092 
16,727 

47,722 



5,424 



109,544 

13,777 

1,438 

62,937 

5,329 

1,279 

10,084 



28,390 

19,300 
14,252 
10,991 



14,991 
774,402 

3,045 



2,924 
11,359 



Si 


&E 


o o 


PMW 




°^ 








P Pffe 


°ao 


a<D& 


< 



sss 
a°.g 



OTI g 
-g » P. 



3 p ? S 

3 ,S o 






3 o Ma 
■33.3 •* 

> 3ra - 
<D M 3 ^ 

wH p d iS 

§■3035 



8,152 I 18,212 



H.p. 
16,531 

678 

109 

5,995 

40 



3,624 
448 
327 

403 

1,313 
81 



1,378 
114 

10 
431 
108 

16 

102 



308 

50 

39 

366 

180 



484 
19,484 

56 



167 
729 



782 
344 



£ 
6,533,363 

285,354 

18,207 

3,304,993 



1,040,762 
98,460 
90,248 

143,831 
26^027 



304,062 

118,395 

2,461 

75,501 

21,388 

10,962 

38,846 



197,259 

37! 233 
96,117 
54,663 



48,517 
1,253,153 

6,267 



39,818 
238,414 

29,345 



7,304,676 

371,621 

29,002 

3,919,184 



1,248,001 
168,122 
135,506 

259,498 



46,954 



634,759 

152,773 

5,498 

250,571 

32,261 

16,403 

62,726 



268,635 

65^278 

117,511 

80,716 



73,807 
2,699,888 

12,602 



48,398 
275,693 

62,051 



£ 
1,741,170 

103,266 

20,724 

954,122 



407,720 
89,974 
55,461 

141,074 
I6I223 



499,357 

114,170 

17,290 

200,965 

25,977 

10,501 

34,751 



92,609 

13,101 
75,260 
40,175 



33,881 
1,806,628 

7,228 



16,266 
116,011 

60,915 



♦ For information as to quantities manufactured or produced, 
these industries see special tables in Census volume. X Value 

small that particulars might be identified. 



see special tables in Cpusus volume. f For full particulars respecting 

of output, wages, &c., not shown where the number of establishments is so 



106 



Details of the Pkincipad Industeies — continued. 



Nabure of Industries. 


■s 

as 

2 


Number of Hands 
employed 


Wages paid. 




IIS 


all Mauu- 
9 or Pro- 
cludingBe- 
31 the Year 


ite Value 
excluding 
Buildings, 
ery, and 














pproximi 
of Land ( 
Crown), : 
Machin 
Plant 




la 

. o 


1 


09 

CD 

■3 


O 




ID 

a 


1 


ogo 


«S5 
"■gg 


alue of 
facturei 
duce(iD 
pairs) fi 
1910.* 






a 


fe 


tH 


a 


s 


EH 








> 


1 < 












£ 


£ 


£ 


H.p. 


£ 


£ 


£ 


Gasworkst 


48 


751 


6 


757 


92,721 


429 


93,150 




§176,306 


623,209 


1,079,387 


Electric light and supply 


14 


168 


2 


170 


28,785 


734 


24,469 


16,780 


22,372 


124,951 


404,681 


worksf 
























Electric tramwaysf 


5 


1,638 


. , 


1,633 


221,229 




221,229 




106,187 


548,842 


1,387,68511 


Processes relating to stone, 
























clay, glass, &o. — 
























Lime and cement worksf 


17 


456 




456 


53,934 




53,934 


3,586 


80,882 


184,686 


255,614 


Asphalt-works 


7 


33 




33 


8,666 




8,666 


10 


8,921 


16,831 


7,044 


Brick, tile, and pottery 


94 


966 




966 


112,328 


11 


112,328 


3,039 




235,220 


326,290 


worksf 
























Monumental -masonry 


26 


121 


1 


122 


14,823 


52 


14,875 


107 


22,126 


47,718 


34,221 


works 
























Glass-works . . 


12 


84 




84 


8,705 




8,705 


59 


11,974 


26,327 


15,070 


Electro-plating works . . 


6 


12 


"l 


13 


1,514 


'io4 


1,618 


22 


955 


4,885 


6,650 


Pumice-worksl 


1 


20 




20 




, , 




40 








Fibrous-plaster works . . 


13 


65 


"l 


66 


7^242 


21 


7^263 


5 


4^151 


16^907 


15',445 


Metals, other than gold or 
























silver — 
























Tinware-faotoriesf 


65 


414 




414 


40,493 




40,493 


146 


76,942 


160,584 


98,589 


Iron and brass foundries. 


69 


1,304 


1 


1,805 


187,816 


"52 


137,868 


1,179 


142,861 


874,155 


241,381 


boiler-making, machi- 
























nists, &c.f 
























Heel- and toe- plate fac- 


3 


6 




6 








7 








tories! 
























Engineering-worksf** .. 


120 


2,442 




2,442 


260,225 


, , 


260,225 


3,333 


315,371 


751,485 


514,809 


Electrical-engineering 

works 
Range-making works 


15 


128 


•• 


128 


10,543 


■• 


10,548 


49 


40,015 


69,673 


28,576 


11 


271 




271 


34,156 




84,156 


265 


24,730 


82,600 


58,542 


Spouting and ridging 


17 


92 




92 


10,290 




10,290 


88 


23,769 


44,728 


20,541 


works 
























Lead-headed-nail works 


6 


10 




10 


970 


.. 


970 


24 


3,759 


5,905 


8,650 


Wirework-factories 


14 


64 




64 


6,439 




6,439 


68 


15,147 


31,991 


18,708 


Books and publications- 
























Printing and bookbinding 
offioeaf** 
Musical instruments — 


241 


3,433 


789 


4,222 


454,812 


35,434 


490,246 


3,370 


314,763 


1,377,926 


1,802,497 
























Musical-instrument fac- 


6 


17 




17 


2,112 




2,112 


10 


1,330 


4,954 


5,274 


tories 
























Ornaments, minor art pro- 
























ducts, and small wares— 
























Toy-factories . . 


4 


19 




19 


1,688 




1,688 


47 


1,706 


5,139 


3,538 


Picture-frame makers . . 


14 


29 


"s 


37 


3,170 


'475 


8,645 


9 


5,024 


14,185 


11,132 


Basket and perambulator 


26 


140 


17 


157 


12,458 


841 


13,299 


18 


15,289 


40,025 


29,115 


factories 
























Lapidaries 


4 


6 




6 


576 




576 


10 


158 


1,423 


2,747 


Equipment for sports and 
























games — 
























Billiard-table works 


4 


85 




35 


4,574 




4,574 


45 


7,914 


20,165 


18,407 


Designs, medals, type, and 
























dies — 
























Bubber-stamp making . . 


5 


6 




6 


369 




869 




418 


1,460 


2,640 


AmTnunition — 
























Ammunition-works} 


1 


20 


65 


85 








48 








Machines, tools, and imple- 
























ments — 
























Agricultural - implement 
factoriesf 


19 


646 




646 


81,026 




81,026 


426 


81,237 


222,040 


118,631 


Brush and broom factories 


10 


90 


43 


138 


8,860 


1,939 


10,799 


139 


17,497 


33,308 


18,714 



»iror information as to quantities manufactured or produced, see special tables in Census volume. t For full nartionlars rBRnnotinD 

these industries see special, tables in Census volume ^ ^^. t^ Value of output, wages, &c., not showi where the numLr of Sblishments U 
so small that particulars might be identified. § To this total of the cost of materials used should be added an amount estTmatedaTlM 000 

to cover the cost of gas fittings, pipes, &c., purchased and sold to consumers, the proceeds from which eo to make iiri th^Tmnnnf nf tntoi v^t^i,;i^ 
given in next column | Includes £782,665 permanent-way, and £249,218 ca.^ and other vehfoles.^ I TheVost ^materials u^ed to^hl 

lianufac ure of bricks, tiles, and pottery is not given, as the actual cost of the clay operated upon (apart from the Ztlay for labour) is 
practically ml. . "Particulars in reference to the operations of the aovernment Printing Offlie and the Government RaUwav 

Workshops are not included m the table The total value of output at the Government lUilway Workshops for the y Jar t" 31st Marah 
1911, was |701,175. In the Goyernmenl Printing Office there were 326 male and 106 female hands employed ; there we?e 12 electric 
motors and 3 steam-engines, with an aggregate horse-power of 170; 4 linotypes and 7 monotypes were in operation; and the total valuerf 

output was Aiysit^o. 



107 



Details of the Pbinoipal Industries — continued. 



Nature of Industries. 


■s 

U ■ 

•S-S 
s » 

1" 

EH 


Number of Hands 
employed 


Wages paid 


n 



'S'S 

D P.fc 

gao 

Sop. 


'S'gg 


aloe of all Manu- 
factures or Pro- 
duce (i ncludingEe- 
pairs) for the Year 
1910.* 


ite Value 
excluding 
BuildingB, 
lery, aud 


IS 


i 

■3 

i 


3 

o 


"3 


•3 

a 


"3 


pproximi 
of Land ( 
Crown), 
MaohiD 
Plant 






a 


f» 


EH 


S 


6i 


frH 








> 1 


«! 


Oarriages and vebioles — 






1 


£ 


£ 


£ 


H.p. 


£ 


£ 




Ooaoh building and paint- 


180 


1,436 


3 


1,439 


149,699 


107 


149,806 


657 


156,829 


396,012 


320,974 


ing wotksf 
























Cyole-workst . . 


71 


310 


5 


315 


30,137 


229 


30,366 


239 


38,904 


92,141 


144,877 


Harness, saddlery, and 
























leatherware— 
























Saddlery and harness fao- 


117 


541 


53 


594 


59,233 


3,249 


62,482 


21 


114,993 


220,364 


142,974 


toriesf 
























Whip-thong factories! • • 


1 


4 




4 




, , 


, , 










Portmanteau-factories , . 


6 


32 


7 


39 


2 ',978 


872 


8,350 




10,496 


16,585 


6 ',611 


Tanning, feUmcugcriug, 


79 


i,37i! 




1,372 


136,875 




186,875 


1,927 


1,788,772 


2,036,770 


261,456 


aud wool-BOOuring 
























establishmentsf 
























Ships, boats, and their 






















equipment — 
























Ship- and boatbuilding 


29 


589 




589 


69,41-5 




69,415 


292 


37,059 


143,019 


74,741 


yardsf 
























Blook and pump fac- 

toriesf 
Sail, tent, and oilskin fao- 


1 


1 


•• 


1 




■• 


•• 


4 




•• 




34 


118 


111 


224 


12,533 


5,754 


18,287 


43 


61,572 


92,249 


46,593 


toriesf 
























Furniture — 
























Furniture- and cabinet- 


207 


1,588 


101 


1,689 


172,960 


5,082 


178 042 


1,339 


215,031 


497,681 


327,682 


making factoriesf 
























Venetian-blind works .. 


5 


24 


10 


34 


2,377 


411 


2,788 


15 


6,942 


11,868 


8,589 


Mattress-factories 


42 


112 


16 


128 


11,680 


742 


12,422 


49 


24,886 


46,915 


23,978 


Wool-, rug-, and mat- 


5 


7 


8 


15 


859 


330 


1,189 


11 


1,852 


5,267 


3,950 


making works 
























Ohemioals and by - pro- 
























ducts- 
























Varnish- factories 


4 


15 


2 


17 


1,780 


77 


1,857 


29 


11,718 


16,260 


8,555 


Tnk-faotoriesJ . . 


2 


7 




7 








9 








Staroh-faotoriest 


3 


18 


"e 


24 








60 








Chemioal-works 


13 


46 


52 


98 


5^880 


1,885 


7 ',765 


62 


31 i 346 


49^866 


36,488 


Hsematite-paint worksj 


2 


3 




3 








12 








Sheep-dip works} 


2 


4 




4 








6 








Matoh-faotories} 


2 


28 


160 


188 








113 








Blacking- factories} 


1 


1 


2 


3 
















Textile fabrics- 
























Woollen- millsf 


11 


664 


746 


1,410 


77,787 


59,374 


137,161 


2,641 


248,187 


377,713 


289,089 


Flock-mills} . . 


2 


4 


3 


7 








24 








Cleaning and dyeing works 


14 


32 


27 


59 


3^323 


1,407 


4,780 


37 


1^672 


11,599 


14,141 


Dress — 
























Tailoring establishments 


448 


1,581 


2,644 


4,225 


193,957 


149,308 


843,265 


150 


364,389 


936,237 


483,719 


Dressmaking and mil- 


382 


43 


4,085 


4,128 


6,041 


180,407 


186,448 


95 


285,573 


575,059 


859,819 


linery establishments 
























Corset and belt factories} 


2 




5 


5 
















Boot and shoe factories} 


74 


1,359 


713 


2,072 


154,244 


43,549 


197,798 


'esc 


334 ',880 


619,873 


227,057 


Hosiery-faotoriesf 


14 


49 


478 


527 


6,930 


29,772 


36,702 


9£ 


82,132 


140,442 


92,159 


Umbrella-factories 


5 


16 


45 


61 


1,475 


2,276 


3,751 


4 


17,581 


22,885 


6,768 


Clothing and waterproof 


69 


477 


2,470 


2,947 


52,957 


116,695 


169,652 


57C 


297,913 


507,125 


194,481 


factoriesf 
























Fibrous materials — 
























Rope and twine worksf . . 


8 


190 




190 


20,377 




20,377 


1,07] 


L 65,020 


104,825 


98,342 


Bag and sack works 


4 


9 


'36 


45 


674 


1,995 


2,669 


3( 


5 39,387 


50,871 


12,885 


Flax-millsf 


81 


1,240 


4 


1,244 


143,676 


219 


143,895 


2,51f 


3 73,835 


284,899 


342,688 


Values for industries of 










69,991 


12,976 


82,967 




796,689 


952,926 


422,988 


which less than four of 
























any one sort were found 
























in the returns} 
























Returns not included ia 


35 


128 


79 


207 


12,963 


3,244 


16,207 


14< 


3 67,608 


107,650 


60,458 


above 
























Totals census 1911. . 


4,402 


42,267 


13,967 


56,234 


4,865,426 


706,844 


5,572,270 


100,58 


? 20,810,211 


31,729,002 


§ 16,731,359 


Totals, census 1906 . . 


t,186 


44,946 


11,413 


56,359 


3,979,593 


478,026 


4,457,619 


60,33 


5 13,163,692 


23,444,285 


12,509,286 



* For information as to quantities manufactured or produced, see special tables in Census volume. + For full particulars respecting these 
industries, see special tables in Census volume. t Value of output, wages, &c.. not shown where the number of establishments is bo small that 
particulars might be identified. § Particulars in reference to the operations of the Government Printing Office and the Government Kailway 
Workshops are not included in the table. 

Note. — Two or more discinct industries were carried on at some establishments. In such cases particulars of power, hands, and plant 
emploved, and wages paid, unless stated separately for each branch of industry, have been treated as belonging to the most important work. 



108 



The succeeding statement shows the most important industries in operation in 
1911, ranged in order of the values of their output for 1910, and compared with the 
results obtained for the years 1905, 1900, 1895, and 1890 :— 



Total Value of all Manufactures or Produce, including Repairs. 



Meat freezing and preserving and boiling- 
down works 

Butter and cheese factories . . 

Sawmills, sash, and door factories 

Tanning, fellmongering, and wool-scour- 
ing establishments 

Printing establishments (not in luding 
Government Printing Office) 

Grain-mills 

Clothing and boot and shoe factories . . 

Iron and brass foundries, boilermaking, 
machiaists, &c. (not including Govern- 
ment Railway Workshops) . . 

Tailoriag establishments 

Breweries and malthouses 

Gasworks . . 

Dressmaking and millinery establish 
ments 

Electric tramways . . 

Furniture and cabinetmaking factorie' 

Coach building and painting factories 

Woollen-miEs 

Ham- and bacon-curing establishments 

Flax-mills . . 

Grass-seed-dressing establishments 

Soap and candle works 

Sugar-boiling and confectionery works 

Aerated-water factories 

Brick, tile, and pottery works 

Agricultural-implement factories 

Saddlery and harness factories 

Lime and cement works 

Biscuit-factories 

Tinware-factories 

Ship- and boat-building yards 

Hosiery-factories 

Fruit-preserving and jam-making 

Electric light and supply 

Rope and twine works 

Sail, tent, and oilskin factories 

Cycle-works 

Range-making works 

Bone-mUls and other manure- works 

Cooperages 

Sausage-casing factories 

Sauce, pickle, and vinegar factories 

Paper bag and box factories . . 

Bag and sack factories 

Chemical-works 

Chaficutting establishments . . 

Monumental-masonry works . . 

Baking-powder factories 

Mattress-factories 

Spouting and ridging works . . 

Basket and perambulator factories 

Brush and broom factories 

Coiiee and spice works 

Wirework-factories . . 

Fish curing and preserving works 



1910. 


1905. 


1900. 


1895. 


1890. 


£ 


£ 


£ 


£ 


£ 


7,422,187 


4.928,545 


3,834,891 


1,652,275 


1,464,659 


3,919,184 


2,581,639 


1,535,150 


501,274 


150,957 


2,699,888 


2,128,766 


1,268,689 


898,807 


832,959 


2,036,770 


1,836,310 


1,888,107 


1,237,252 


1,026,349 


1,377,926 


1,067,827 


704,285 


389,124 


354,559 


1,248,001 


1,058,686 


682,884 


874,656 


991,812 


1,126,998 


848,377 


897,299 


649,414 


591,943 


1,125,640 


813,563 


870,864 


302,815 


403,635 


936,237 


578,416 


301,356 






787,532 


645,637 


659,298 


418,830 


380,849 


623,209 


386,920 


290,567 


199,025 


178,947 


575,059 


331,268 


312,436 






548,842 








. , 


497,681 


328,185 


241,024 


85,327 


131,314 


396,012 


294,818 


216,077 


148,969 


139,660 


377,713 


397,348 


359,382 


302,423 


279,175 


371,621 


253,937 


159,564 


86,022 


83,435 


284,399 


557,808 


203,492 


32,546 


234,266 


275,693 


270,028 


241,239 






268,635 


178,556 


158.649 


152,298 


155,714 


259.498 


138,635 


88.580 


33,235 


17,248 


250,571 


189,561 


151,811 


98,609 


91,691 


235,220 


216,550 


122,230 


66,140 


56,830 


222.040 


199,741 


138,094 


102.054 


144,472 


220,364 


140,813 


147,626 


63,735 


37,347 


184,686 


107,675 


45,142 


15,881 


19,416 


168,122 


225,476 


197,989 


118,979 


127,147 


160,584 


127,150 


98,587 


63.723 


14,297 


143,019 


66,572 


45,811 


25,233- 


35,847 


140,442 


67,588 


31,265 


9,357 


5,650 


135,506 


98,032 


58,092 


36,108 


27,255 


124,951 


82,030 


23,234 




, , 


104,325 


100,753 


87,863 


52,400 


76,711 


92,249 


45,321 


44,854 


30,166 


31,083 


92,141 


j75,991 


65,047 


18,817 


5,655 


82,600 


64,271 


53,307 






80,716 


66,558 


40,298 


12,246 


4,628 


73,807 


38,124 


37,521 


19,233 


11,540 


65,278 


37,045 


30,674 


13,472 


10,582 


62,726 


56,326 


38,082 


13,417 


6,407 


62,051 


11,941 


114,217 


7,698 


4,497 


50,871 










49,866 


95,390 


64 ',834 


75,320 


41,568 


48,398 


139,060 


169,313 


78,497 


63,236 


47,718 


35,993 


22,313 






46,954 


16,352 


18,163 


10,153 


5,637 


46,915 


17,892 


16,296 


1,850 




44,728 


73,756 


112,691 


23,762 


33,140 


40,025 


34,103 


17,942 


11,920 


7,381 


33,303 


36,345 


21.131 


23,363 


13,340 


32,261 


60,758 


45,628 


74,339 


64,024 



31,991 
29,002 



28,109 



25,173 



10,292 



19,537 



109 



Total Value of all Manufactures or Produce,, including Repairs. 







1910. 1905. 1900. 1895. 


1890. 


£ £ 
Glass-works .. ,. .. 26,327 5,123 


£ 


£ 


£ 


Umbrella-factories . . 




22,885 










Billiard-table factories 




20,165 10,417 










Fibrous-plaster works 




16,907 










Asphalt-works 




16,831 










Portmanteau-factories 




16,585 12,064 5,483 




2 


889 


Tobacco and cigarette works . 




16,403 










Varnish-factories 




16,260 .. ( 


3.732 




6 


850 


Picture-frame making 




14,135 16,296 5,771 








Woodware and turnery factories 


12,602 110,225 37,552 18,276 


9 


050 


Cleaning and dyeing works . . 


11,599 10,332 


r,855 7,530 


13 


667 


The order of the principal industries, ranged according 


to the number of hands 


employed, is as follows : — 










Number of Hand-!. 




1911. 


190(i. 


1901. 


1896. 


Sawmills, sash and door factories . . . . . . 6 , 877 


9,111 


6,812 


4,059 


Clothing and boot and shoe factories .. .. ..5,019 


4,357 


5,439 


4,500 


Tailoring establishments . . . . . . • ■ 4 , 225 


2,997 


1,621 




Printing and bookbinding estabhshments (excluding Govern- 








ment Printing Office) .. .. .. ..4,222 


3,898 


3,134 


2,351 


Dressmaking and millinery establishments .. .. 4,128 


3,039 


2,888 




Meat freezing, preserving, and boiling-down works . . 4 , 095 


3,260 


2,282 


2,037 


Iron and brass foundries, machinists, &c. (excluding Govern- 








ment Kailway Workshops) . . . . . . . . 3 . 747 


3,706 


3,397 


1,642 


Furniture and cabinetmaHng works . . . . ■ ■ 1 , 689 


1,528 


1,310 


496 


Electric tramways . . . . . . . . ■ • 1 , 633 








Butter and cheese factories . . . . . . • • 1 , 504 


1,484 


1,188 


576 


Coach building and paiating works . . . . • • 1 , 439 


1,465 


1,185 


807 


Woollen-mills .. .. .. .. .. 1,410 


1.549 


1,693 


1,416 


Tanning, fellmongering, and wool-scouriag establishments . . 1 , 372 


1,336 


1,963 


1,629 


Flax-mills .. .. .. .. 1,244 


4,076 


1,698 


647 


Brick, tile, and pottery works . . . . . . 966 


1,254 


838 


455 


Breweries and malthouses . . . . . . . . 848 


821 


827 


560 


Gasworks . . . . . . . . . . . . 757 


954 


572 


295 


Sugar-boiling and confectionery works . . . . . . 729 


571 


305 


69 


Agricultural-implement factories . . . . . . 646 


793 


586 


581 


Saddlery and harness factories . . . . . . . . 594 


544 


652 


266 


Ship- and boat-building yards . . . . . . . . 589 


237 


211 


108 


Aerated-water factories . . . . . . 570 


586 


452 


347 


Hosiery-factories . . . . . . . . • . 527 


374 


282 


133 


Lime and cement works . . . . • . . . 456 


280 


184 


79 


Grain-mills . . . . . . . . . . • • 424 


540 


515 


419 


Tinware-factories . . . . . . . . . . 414 


473 


337 


289 


Biscuit-factories . . . . . . * ■ • 381 


587 


667 


425 


Sugar-refining works . . . . . . ■ . • • 338 


228 


256 


160 


Cycle-works . . . . . . • ■ ■ ■ 315 


452 


395 


125 


Fruit-preserving and jam-making works . . . . . . 289 


311 


172 


193 


Range-making works . . . . . . • . • • 271 


230 


193 




Soap and candle works . . . . ■ . ■ • 252 


238 


232 


190 


Paper bag and box factories . . . . . • ■ . 240 


100 


81 


86 


Sail, tent, and oilskin factories . . . . . . . . 224 


163 


231 


143 


Ham- and bacon-curing establishments . . . . ■ ■ 201 


224 


196 


123 


Rope and twine works . . . . • ■ • • 190 


195 


192 


150 


Match -factories . . . . ■ ■ ■ • ■' • 188 


206 


183 


121 


Sausage-casing factories . . . . ■ . . • • 174 


151 


98 


56 


Cooperages . . . - . . ■ • • • ■ ■ I'i^l 


116 


138 


76 


Electric light and supply works . . . . ■ ■ 170 


118 


52 




Basket and perambulator factories . . . . ■ • 157 


148 


118 


76 


Sauce and pickle factories . . . . . . . . 143 


219 


151 


74 


Brush and broom factories . . . . . . 133 


154 


128 


92 


Mattress-factories . . . . . . . . . . 128 


53 


55 


15 


Grass-seed-dressing estabKshments 


110 


92 


60 




7 



no-. 

Paper-mills . . 

Chemical-works 

Bone-mills and other manure-works 

Spouting and ridgiug works 

Ammunition-works 

Glass-works . . 

Baking-powder factories 

Cofiee and spice works. . 

Fibrous-plaster works . . 

Wirework-faotories 

Umbrella-factories 

Cleaning and dyeing works 

Fish, curing and preserving works 

Condensed-milk factories 

Bag and sack factories . . 

Portmanteau-factories .... 

ChafEouttiug establishments 

Picture-frame makers . . 

Billiard-table factories 

Venetian-blind works . . 

Woodware and turnery factories 

Starch-manufactories . . 

Colonial-wiae makiag . . 

Tobacco and cigarette works 

Pumice-works 

Motive Power employed. 
The following table showing for provincial districts the number of engines, &c., 
driven by the various kinds of motive power will be of interest. When compared 
with previous censuses a very large increase is apparent in the figures for electricity 

Table showing Motive Power employed in Provincial Districts. 





Number of Hands. 




1911. 


1900. 


1901. 


1896. 


100 


116 


98 


84 


98 


178 


95 


114 


92 


216 


47 


46 


92 


159 


261 


90 


85 


130 


105 


90 


84 


14 


9 


6 


68 


25 


29 


19 


66 


120 


78 


119 


66 








64 








61 




, , 




59 


46 


51 


58 


59 


106 


137 


75 


56 


58 


33 


10 


45 


36 


6 


22 


39 


64 


22 


13 


37 


197 


266 


212 


37 


34 


22 




35 


25 


7 


2 


34 


35 


51 


45 


30 


304 


156 


81 


24 


25 


32 


27 


20 


51 


59 


53 


20 


13 


38 


19 


20 


12 


28 


20 







Motive Power employed : 


Num 


ber of Engines, 


&c.. 














driven by 












Nmnber 




















Provincial District. 


of 
Works. 


















of 
Horse- 






a 


S3 






S 


r^ 


.& 


rs 


power. 








1 


1 


§ 


w 


w 




1 




Auckland . . 


934 


497 


16 


219 


62 




17 


189 


1,000 


23,398 


Taranaki . . 




253 


167 


67 


29 


32 




3 


49 


347 


3,677 


Hawke's Bay 




251 


111 


5 


72 


22 


2 


7 


23 


242 


3,891 


Wellington 




982 


470 


13 


205 


46 




14 


303 


1,051 


27,547 


Marlborough 




95 


69 


3 


15 


7 




4 




98 


1,577 


Nelson 




214 


110 


14 


36 


11 


. . 




6 


177 


2,293 


Westland . . 




107 


100 


11 


^7 


1 


. , 


3 




142 


3,176 


Canterbury 




724 


267 


41 


145 


20 


1 


3 


338 


815 


16,719 


Otago 




549 


231 


48 


81 


15 




9 


239 


623 


11,400 


Southland . . 




293 


199 


12 


43 


15 


1 


1 


16 


287 


6,909 




4,402 


2,221 


230 


872 


231 


4 


61 


1,163 


4,782 


100,587 


Industries not included in 1896, 






















1901, and 1906 . . 


883 


3 


1 


19 


20 






79 


102 


628 


Totals for 1910 (net) 


3,519 


2,218 


229 


853 


231 


4 


61 


1,084 


4,680 


99,959 


Totals for 1905 


3,495 


1,372 


197 


452 


97 


19 


99 


55 


2,293 


60,278 


Totals for 1900 


3,163 


1,359 


216 


400 


31 


72 




15 


2,094 


39,052 


Totals for 1895 




2,459 


1,201 


236 


179 


6 


93 




1 


1,723 


28,096 



Note. — In 1905 wind was used as the motive power in two cases ; in 1900 one case, and in 1895 seven ( 



Ill 



Ages op Industries. 

The next table shows, according to industries, the numbers of works esta- 
blished during each of the last six years, and for various periods of years prior to 
1905. Five electric tramways are excluded from the table. 

Table showing Ages of Industries. 



Industry. 



Number established in 






-p -p 

O c6 

2;-s 



Meat-freezing 

Bacon-curing 

Fisii-curing 

Butter and cheese 

Condensed milk. 

Grain-mills 

Biscuits 

Fruit-preserving 

Confectionery . 

Sugar-refining . 

Baking-powder . 

Brewing 

Malting 

Colonial wine . 

Aerated waters . 

Cofiee and spice 

Tobacco and cigarettes 

Sauce, pickle, &c. 

Soap and candle 

Glue .. 

Sausage-casings 

BoiUng-down 

Bone-mills 

Cooperages 

Sawmilling 

Woodware and turnery 

Chaficutting 

Grass-seed dressing 

Paper-mills 

Paper bag and box 

Gasworks 

Electric light and supply 

Lime and cement works 

Asphalt-works . . 

Brick, tile, and pottery 

Monumental masonry 

Glass-works 

Electroplating . . 

Pumice-works . . 

Fibrous-plaster . . 

Tinware-factories 

Iron and brass foundries 

Heel and toe plates 

Engineering-works 

Electrical engineering 

Range-making . . 

Spouting and ridging 

Lead-headed nails 



4 

3 

14 

3 



14 



2 

10 
5 

13 
2 
1 
1 
2 
1 



1 
1 

4 
25 



13 
5 
1 

24 



12 
5 

2 



1 
9 

11 
1 

17 



16 



3 
4 
1 
3 

11 
3 
1 

15 
3 

'7 
5 
1 
1 
2 

2 
42 



14 
3 
1 
1 



12 
6 



5 

3 

1 

46 



16 
1 

2 
2 
3 



2 
3 
2 
3 

14 
1 

4 

4 



1 

2 

46 

3 

2 



1 

57 



11 
2 
1 
1 



1 
3 
1 

57 

1 
1 



5 
7 
8 
57 
1 
4 



2 
10 
1 
2 
20 
2 
2 
5 



10 
1 

2 
2 



1 
4 
3 
2 

79 
3 
2 
6 
1 
2 
1 
5 
1 
1 

18 
6 
1 
3 



32 



10 

4 



3 

10 
9 
2 

16 
1 



1 

25 

1 
3 



20 



4 

51 

1 



2 
15 



47 
1 



2 
1 

30 



1 
36 

i 

1 



1 

6 

2 

37 



31 
1 



2 
3 
3 
23 
1 
9 
1 
1 
4 



11 



5 
1 
3 

50 
1 
1 



13 
1 



41 

42 

20 

338 

2 

66 

9 

22 

33 

1 

11 

60 

28 

12 

124 

12 

9 

23 

20 

2 

13 

23 

10 

20 

534 

9 

13 

37 

3 

13 

48 

14 

17 

7 

94 

26 

12 

6 

1 

13 

65 

69 

3 

120 

15 

11 

17 

6 



112 



Table showing Ages op Industries — continued. 











Number established in 












Industry. 


.s 


Oi 1 OJ 


«? 


-ti 


o: 


1900-4. 

1905. 

1906. 








■d 






2§ 
S2 


00 


1870- 
1880- 


o 

Oi 

4 


(35 
2 


o 
as 




Oi 

o 

s 


1910 

NoV 
state 


1 


Wire-working . . 






1 


3 


1 






.. 1 2 


1 

! 


3 


14 


Printing 


9 


33 


38 


30 


27 


28 


22 


5 


12 


5 3 7 , 5 i 17 


241 


Musical instruments 








2 




1 




.. 1 


..ill.. .. ' 1 


6 


Toy-factories 






1 








1 




1 .. ..1 


4 


Picture-framers 




1 


3 


1 


3 




1 


1 


1 2 .. ; .. 1 


14 


Basket and perambulator 






2 


5 


7 


4 


3 


1 { .. 


.. 1 1 .. 2 1 


26 


Lapidaries 




1 


1 




1 


1 




. . 1 . . ..!..' 

1 1 1 


4 


Billiard-tables . . 










2 




1 




;. : .. 1 .. i .. , 1 i .. 


4 


Rubber-stamps 






2 


1 




1 




1 










5 


Ammunition 






.. 1 












.. ! .. 








1 


Agricultural implements . . 




4 


3 


1 


3 




3 


3 




1 •■ 






1 


19 


Brush and broom 






1 


4 


2 
















1 


2 


10 


Coachbuilding . . 


3 


9 


30 39 


22 


11 


21 


9 


4 


3 


5 


4 


6 


14 


180 


Cycle-works 








2 


6 


13 


16 


4 


5 


6 


3 


5 


3 


8 


71 


Saddlery and harness 


1 


7 1 7 


34 


8 


15 


12 


1 


4 


1 


4 


2 


3 


18 


117 


Whip-thong factories 






. . 




















1 


1 


Portmanteau 














1 


1 




1 




1 




2 


6 


Tanning and fellmongering 




4 


5 


23 


12 


9 


8 


1 


3 


1 


1 


2 


3 


7 


79 


Ship and boat building . . 




1 


4 


6 


3 


5 


3 


1 


3 








1 


2 


29 


Block and pump 


1 




























1 


Sail, tent, and oUskin 


2 


3 


7 


5 


2 


6 


4 




1 








1 


3 


34 


Furniture and cabinetmak- 
































ing . . 


1 


8 


8 


18 


24 


19 


38 


9 


11 


10 


10 


16 


9 


26 


207 


Venetian-blinds 




1 




2 










2 












5 


Mattress-factories 


2 


3 


7 


2 


3 


3 


7 


3 


2 


3 


4 


1 




2 


42 


Wool, rug, and mat 








1 




1 


1 






1 








1 


5 


Vamish-factories 








2 


1 




















4 


Ink-factories 








1 










i 












2 


Starch 








2 






1 
















3 


Chemical-works 




1 


1 


1 


4 


3 1 




1 










1 


13 


Hsematite paint 














2 
















2 


Sheep -dip 








2 






















2 


Match-factories 










2 




















2 


Blacking 




















1 










1 


Woollen-mills . . 




. 


4 


4 


1 


1 
















1 


11 


Flock-mills 












1 








1 








2 


Cleaning and dyeing 




2 




1 


4 


2 




1 


1 


1 


1 






1 


14 


Tailoring 


8 


10 


22 


45 


41 


41 


77 


28 


28 


28 


18 


35 


38 


29 


448 


Dressmaking 


4 


13 


18 


38 


29 


18 


70 


17 


16 


24 


24 


28 


44 


39 


382 


Corset and belt . . 






. . ' . . 


















1 


1 


2 


Boot and shoe . . 




4 


14 9 


8 


6 


15 


1 


1 


2 


3 


2 




9 


74 


Hosiery-factories 






2 1 4 




2 


1 


2 


. . 


1 








2 


14 


Umbrella-factories 






1 


2 


1 










1 










5 


Clothing and waterproof . . 




.. : 4 13 


7 


8 


10 


1 


2 


5 


7 


4 


3 


5 


69 


Rope and twine 




.. ; 2 1 


1 




1 












3 


8 


Bag and sack . . 






1 


1 




1 




.. ; 1 










4 


Flax-mills 




1 , 1 j 4 


3 


3 


23 


6 


11 3 


2 


7 


5 : 12 


81 


Miscellaneous . . 




1 1 1 i 5 


3 


4 


9 


1 


1 1 2 


2 ! 1 1 1 ; 4 


35 


Totals . . 


62 


223 


369 


559 


440 


424 


670 


182 


200 214 194 :218 

1 


245 397 


4,397 



113 



Capital of Registered Companies. 

The two following tables give information as to capital of (1) private registered 
companies and (2) public registered companies : — 

Table showing Capital of Private Ee&istered Companies. 



Industry. 







(»■) 




Number 


Amount of 




of 


Subscribed 




Private 


Capital, 




Com- 


including all 




panies. 

1 


Classes 
of Shares. 



(6.) 

Amount 
of Paid-up 

Capital. 



(c.) 

Amount of 
Loan-capital 
— i.e., Di'ben- 

tures and 
Fixed Loans. 



{d.) 

Amount of 
Paid-up Sbares 
issued to 
Vendors (in- 
cluded in (6) ). 







£ 


£ 


£ 


£ 


Meat-freezing 


4 


44,211 


34,682 


15,156 




Ham and bacon curing 


4 


73,055 


59,501 


1,809 




Butter and cheese factories 


8 


18,731 


10,069 


4,242 


5,14] 


Grain-mills 


13 


172,000 


156,560 


4,951 


57.300 


Breweries 


6 


100,850 


100,350 




49,850 


Aerated- water factories . . . . 


7 


31,600 


29,600 


500 


13,418 


Coffee and spice works 


5 


14,792 


14,792 


750 


4,000 


Sauce, pickle, and vinegar works 


8 


97,000 


96,000 


1,600 


5,000 


Soap and candle works 


5 


44,000 


30,250 


1,500 


14,000 


Sawmilling 


73 


436,722 


355,629 


104.722 


97,241 


Grass-seed dressing 


10 


12,500 


12,095 


405 




Tiime and cement works . . 


4 


4,975 


4,975 


445 




Brick, tile, and pottery works 


9 


62,000 


51,900 


1,800 


600 


Glass-works 


4 


2,350 


2,350 






Iron and brass foundries . . 


15 


98,424 


97,949 


6,032 


58,400 


Engineering-works 


16 


263,787 


257,787 


21,275 


59,300 


Electrical engineering 


5 


10,370 


10,370 




3,000 


Printing-works 


37 


389,858 


309,679 


45,376 


135,650 


Agricultural-implement works 


5 


47,500 


45.625 


15,000 


3,000 


Coachbuilding 


4 


17,300 


14,728 




8,577 


Cycle-works 


6 


60,930 


58,545 


14,216 


45,070 


Saddlery and harness works 


5 


60,000 


51.734 


1,443 


8,004 


Tanneries and fellmongeries 


11 


54,521 


.52.208 


1,500 


19,003 


Furniture-factories 


13 


66,617 


61,967 




6,950 


Mattress-making* 


6 










Tailoring establishments . . 


15 


22,350 


13,768 




3,000 


Dressmaking and millinery 


39 


26,030 


23,730 


1,500 


7,650 


Boot and shoe factories 


6 


121,396 


100,100 


7,590 




Clothing and waterproof factories . . 


12 


43,365 


41,865 




1,300 


Flax-milling 


10 


121,550 


114,511 


14,181 


45,560 


Industries not included above 


5 


10,085 


11,500 




8,015 


Industries, less than four of one kind 


63 


421,896 


381,616 


60,282 


139,021 


Totals 


433 


2,950,765 


2,606,435 


326,275 


798,050 



* Capital is included in figures given for furniture-factories. 



8— Oeneus. 



114 
Table showing Capital of Public Registered Companies. 



Industry. 



Number 

of 
Public 
Com- 
paniea. 



Meat-freezing . . . . ■ ■ 29 

Ham and bacon curing . . . . 4 

Butter and cheese factories . . , 110 

Graia-mills . . . . ■ ■ ' 8 

Biscuit-factories . . . . ■ • i 5 

Fruit-preserving . . . . • ■ 6 

Sugar-boiling and confectionery . . ! 5 

Breweries . . • . ■ ■ , 15 

Maltbouses . . . . . . | 14 

Aerated-water factories . . . . I 14 

Soap and candle works . . . . I 4 

Boiling-down works . . • • | 6 

Sawmilluig . . . . . . ■ 50 

Grass-seed dressing . . . . 10 

Paper bag and box making . . 4 

Gasworks . . • • • • 22 

Electric light and supply . . . . 5 

Brick, tile, and pottery works . . 12 

Iron and brass foundries . . . . 10 

Engineering-works . . . . 25 

Printing-works . . . . . . 36 

Agricultural-implement works . . 7 

Coaohbuilding . . . . • . 6 

Saddlery and harness works . . 6 

Tanneries and fellmongeries* . . 10 

Ship and boat building . . . . 4 

Sail, tent, and oilskin making . . 4 

Furniture-factories . . . . 10 

Woollen-mills . . . . • ■ " 

Tailoring establishments . . . . 8 

Dressmaking and millinery . . | 19 

Boot and shoe factories . . . . 1 

Hosiery-factoriesf . • • • : 5 

Clothing and waterproof factories . . ' 8 

Industries not included above . . ; 6 

Industries, less than four of one kind I 68 



Totals .. .. .. i 566 



(«■) 

Amount 

of Subscribed 

Capital, 

including all 

Classes 

of Shares. 



1 



1,664,983 

17.427 

898,627 

167.587 

63,008 

119,167 

41,917 

925,052 

136,500 

45,300 

115,000 

43,382 

2,212,600 

559,000 

34,500 

144,423 

33,025 

158,977 

55,635 

197,080 

703,735 

122,623 

107,054 

78,000 

90,000 

32,000 

3.811 

37,149 

1,169,511 

46,000 

38.200 

59,168 

15,382 

95,375 

1,265,897 



12,497,095 



(6.) 

Amount 

of Paid-up 

Capital. 



1,336,818 

13.212 

625,273 

144,876 

63,008 

111,016 

41,917 

838,782 

130,000 

25,408 

88,585 

42,141 

1,935,843 

259,000 

34,500 

837,421 

33,025 

146,707 

55,635 

187,919 

591.715 

108,967 

77,208 

73,500 

80,000 

32,000 

3,811 

35,904 

1,076,868 

38,500 

38,200 

58,302 

15,382 

95,375 

1,224,874 



10,501,692 



(c.) 

Amount of 
Loan-capital 
— i.e., Deben- 
tures and 
Pixed Loans. 



£ 

233,999 

2,059 

160,372 

13,750 

22,250 

2,750 

24,084 

240,784 

5,050 

12,896 

4,000 

1,000 

179,108 

1,200 

162,175 

24,000 

32,840 

3,458 
20,900 
69,628 

6,955 

6,000 
18,000 
11,500 

1,000 

1,880 

79,350 

7,000 
506 

2,000 

387,632 



id.) 

Amount of 
Paid-up Shares 

issued to 
Vendors (in- 
cluded in (6) ). 



1,738,126 



£ 

58,000 
870 
36,517 
47,507 
10,000 



427,675 

12,300 

4,000 



588,609 

3,500 
14,100 

5,300 
74,562 
28,835 
68,300 
38,920 
30,999 
28,927 
12,000 
60,000 



6,500 

17,950 
12,100 



3,500 
187,815 



1,778,786 



* Capital in some cases is included in the figures given for meat-freezing and boiling-down, 
t Capital is included in figures given for woollen-mills. 



Chaeaoter op Organization. 

Of the total number of works (4,402) in operation at the census of 1911, 2,076 
were under individual ownership. Public registered companies owned only 566 of 
the works, or 12-86 per cent, of the whole, but the value of the manufactures or 
products of these 566 amounted to £15,635,535, or 49-28 per cent, of the total 
output. A summary is given showing figures for the various works as classified 
according to character of organization. 



116 



Table showing Char^ 


CTER OF 


Organizatio 


N OF Manufactories and Works. 




Number 

of 
Works. 


Hands 


employed. 


Pc 


wer. 


Cost of 
Materials 

ufed or 

operated 

upon. 


Value 
of 


Character of Organizatioo. 


Number. 


Wages. 


Number 
using. 


Horse- 
power. 


Manufactures 

or 

Products. 




£ 


£ 


£ 






£ 


£ 


Individual 


2,076 


13,654 


1,164,137 


973 


12,444 


2,292,634 


4,498,825 


Firm or limited partnership 


1,126 


11,497 


1,141,979 


747 


l.T,933 


2,562,074 


4,706,066 


Public registered company 


566 


19,480 


2,059,360 


474 


40,995 


11,697,405 


15,635,535 


Private registered company 


433 


9,118 


905,238 


332 


12,104 


2,281,193 


4,062,757 


Co-operative and misoel- 


201 


2,485 


301,556 


154 


19,111 


1,976,905 


2,825,819 


















Totals .. 


4,402 


56,234 


5,572,270 


2,680 


' 100,587 


20,810,211 


31,729,002 



Freezing and Preserving Works with Boiling-down. 

The establishments increased from 48 in 1901 to 56 in 1906, and the hands 
employed from 2,282 to 3,260 ; while in 1911 the number of works was returned 
as 64, employing 4,095 hands. The value of output for 1910 greatly exceeds that 
for 1905, showing £2,493,642 increase, the figures being £7,422,187 against £4,928,545. 
Of the total value for 1910 (£7,422,187), sheep and lambs frozen were valued at 
£3,598,251, excluding legs of mutton. The number of carcases of sheep frozen in 
1910 was more than in 1905 by 644,197, and carcases of lambs frozen increased 
by 1,599,792. Frozen beef increased at a great rate between 1905 and 1910, as 
regards both weight and value. The freezing of butter and other produce (excepting 
rabbits) which developed very greatly between 1900 and 1905, shows a decrease 
between 1905 and 1910, the figures for the respective years being £1,728,468 and 
£1,537,248. 

The table below shows that while some items of the output decreased there nas 
been considerable advance made on the operations taken as a whole. 

Census Years 
19( 

Number of works . . 

„ Lands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
„ of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . . 
„ buildings 

„ machinery and plant 

Frozen sheep — 

Carcases 

Value 
Frozen lambs — ■ 

Carcases 

Value 
Frozen legs of mutton — 

Quantity 

Value 
Frozen beef — 

Quantity 

Value 
Frozen rabbits — 

Quantity 

Value 
Frozen produce (butter and all other) — Value 

8' 



£ 
H.p. 

£ 
£ 
£ 




1906. 

56 

3,260 

283.916 

9,625 

126,174 

732.802 

644,631 

Output 

190:-. 


1911. 

64 
4,095 
459,650 
16,897 
196,327 
845,159 
774,944 

for Years 
1910. 


No. 
£ 


1 
1 


,355,934 
.023,385 


2.000,131 
1,337,407 


No. 
£ 


2 

1 


,258,211 
,407.761 


3,858,003 
2,26 ,844 


Cwt. 




15,598 
23.210 


41,452 
49,807 


Cwt. 

£ 




160.133 
154.088 


461,852 
520,734 


No. 
£ 

£ 


2 

1 


632.874 

60,329 

,728,468 


2.830,076 

60,523 

1.537,248 



116 











Output for Years 


Preserved meats — 


1905. 1910. 


Quantity 
Value 






. Cwt. 
. £ 


44,453 52,527 
88,719 140,610 


Tallow- 










Quantity 
Value 






. Tons 
, £ 


13,910 19,267 
316,532 561,261 


Bonedust— 










Quantity 






. Tons 


5,870 6,356 


Value 






. £ 


28.859 39,174 


Other manures — 










Quantity 






. Tons 


6,410 4,845 


Value 






. £ 


28,349 31,473 


Neatsfoot and trotter oil — 










Quantity 






. Gal. 


32,938 44,804 


Value 






. £ 


3,879 4,420 


Bones, horns, hoofs, &c. — 










Quantity 






. Tons 


240 44 


Value 






. £ 


1,276 1,277 


Other products — Value 






. £ 


62,790 877,729 


Total value of output 






. £ 


4,928,545 7,422,187 



Bacon-curing Establishments. 
These were 42 in number, employing 201 hands, against 52 with 224 in 1905. 
There is a steady increase observed in the value of the output, the figures being 
£86,022 for 1895, £159,564 for 1900, £253,937 for 1905, and £371,621 for 1910. The 
business done in hams and bacon now amounts to 132,007 cwt., besides which there 
was a large output of lard (370,533 lb.). 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed . . 
Amount paid in wages 
,, of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . . 
, P^ ,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Value of material used 



Hams and bacon — -Quantity 
Lard — Quantity 
Total value of output 





Censu 


s Years 




1906. 


1911. 




52 


42 




224 


201 


£ 


22,222 


27,055 


H.p. 


532 


678 


£ 


21,098 


18,342 


£ 


35,130 


51,814 


£ 


22,738 


33,110 


£ 


186,375 


285,354 




Output 


Eor Years 




190.5. 


1910. 


Cwt. 


67,822 


132,007 


lb. 


364,896 


370,533 


£ 


253,937 


37]-. 62] 



Fish curing and preserving. 



There was a considerable increase shown in the value of fish cured and tinned 
in 1910 as compared with 1905. The figures for 1905 were £11,859 for fish cured, 
and £2,736 for fish tinned, and the corresponding totals for 1910 were £22,599 and 
£5,929 respectively. The value of other products decreased from £13,514 to £474, 
but the total value of all products of the establishments rose from £28,109 to £29,002. 



Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



Fish, cured — Value. . 
Fish, tinned — Value 
Value of other products 
Total value of output 





Census Years. 




1906. 


1911. 


£ 


5.555 


6,017 


£ 


7,155 


7,069 


£ 


7,662 


7,638 




Outpu 


J for Years 




1905. 


1910. 


£ 


11,859 


22,599 


£ 


2,736 


5,929 


£ 


13,514 


474 


£ 


28,109 


29,002 



117 



Butter and Cheese Factories. 

Comparison of the results shown by the returns collected at the census of 1906 
with that of 1901 showed great development, and a similar development between 
1905 and 1910 is shown by the census of 1911. Not only did the number of factories 
increase from 264 to 338 between 1906 and 1911, but the value of the output rose 
to £1,337,545 over the amount for 1905. The figures are £2,581,639 for 1905, and 
£3,919,184 for 1910. 

The produce of factory-made butter for 1905 was set down at 462,666 cwt., 
and for 1910 at 541,851 cwt., while cheese made increased from 150,061 cwt. to 
474,111 cwt. in the same period. 

By far the greater number of butter and cheese factories are in the]4North 
Island, the number having been 215 out of a total of 338 which turned out 
467,753 cwt. of butter and 315,460 cwt. of cheese in the year 1910, leaving 
74,098 cwt. of butter and 158,651 cwt. of cheese as the output for the South Island. 
Taranaki is the provincial district in which the operations are by far the largest, 
142,913 cwt. of butter and 197,690 cwt. of cheese being the result of the factory 
operations. Wellington factories show for 1910 a total of 111,158 cwt. of butter 
and 74,568 cwt. of cheese. Otago makes more cheese (127,411 cwt.) in her factories 
than any other district with the exception of Taranaki, while Auckland, which 
makes little cheese, heads the list of provinces for output of butter. 

The money invested for purposes of this industry in land, buildings, machinery, 
and plant has largely increased. Full particulars are given in the subjoined table : — 

Census Years 







1906. 


1911. 


Number of factories 




264 


338 


,, hands employed 




1,484 


1,504 


Amount paid in wages 


.. £ 


131,123 


170,065 


of horse-power 


.. H.p. 


3,759 


5,995 


Approximate value of land . . 


.. £ 


56,008 


110,360 


„ buildings 


.. £ 


215,178 


381,308 


,, machinery and plant 


.. £ 


345,080 


462,454 






Produce 


for Years 


Butter — 

Quantity 
Value 


. . Cwt. 
.. £ 


1905. 
462,666 
2,195,681 


1910. 
541,851 
2,685,103 


Cheese — 

Quantity 

VflrlU.6 


. . Cwt. 
.. £ 


150,061 
362,684 


474,111 
1,199,677 


Other produce— Value 


.. £ 


23,274 


34,404 


Total value of all produce 


.. £ 


2,581,639 


3,919,184 


Grain-mills 









The result of the inquiry regarding this industry is to show that so far as it 
relates to number of mills and hands employed there has been a decrease during 
the past five years. There has, however, been an increase as regards value of 
materials operated on, and of output. The flour produced in 1905 was given as 
95 528 tons, against which 105,939 tons were produced in 1910. The value of the 
output of all kinds, which includes meal, was returned for 1905 as £1,058,686, and 
for 1910 as £1,248,001. 



Number of mills . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . . 
buildings 
machinery and plant 







, Census Year 




1906. 


T911. 




77 


66 






540 


424 




. £ 


57,335 


50,984 




■ H.p: 


3,188 


3,624 




. t' 


71,870 


81,513 




. £ 


160,799 


153,668 




. £ 


178,889 


172.539 



118 



Wheat — Quantity . 
Total grain — Value 



Flour 

Oatmeal . . 

Other products — Value 

Total value of output 



Bush. 

£ 


Grain operated on in 
1905. 1910. 
4,352,544 5,165,763 
835,477 1,040,762 


Tons 
Tons 

£ 
£ 


Produce for 

1905. 1910. 

95,528 105,939 

7,247 6,758 

144,188 192,502 

1,058,686 1,248,001 



Biscuit-factories. 

A comparison of hands employed in the year 1910 with those in 1905 shows 
381 against 587, a decrease of 206. The male hands decreased by 169 and females 
by 37 in the five years. In biscuit-making an increase from 4,133 to 5,667 tons 
is shown, but the value of biscuits manufactured decreased from £178,646 to 
£158,253, while that of other products (chiefly confectionery) decreased from 
£46,830 to £9,869. The total output came to only £168,122 as against £225,476 
in 1905. Confectionery (included in returns of biscuit-factories) is, however, only a 
small portion of that made in the Dominion, as will be seen from a separate table, 
relating to confectionery-works and sugar-boiUng only, which exhibits further output 
valued at £259,498, and 729 hands employed, for the year 1910. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
,, of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

„ machinery and plant 

Value of materials used 

Biscuits made — 

Quantity 

Value 
Other products — Value 
Total value of all manufactures 





Census Years 




1806. 


1911. 




12 


9 




587 


381 


£ 


33,881 


30,092 


H.p. 


389 


448 


£ 


26,131 


14,000 


£ 


42,440 


29,780 


£ 


52,795 


46,194 


£ 


110,396 


98,460 




Manufactures for the Years 




1905. 


1910. 


Tons 


4,133 


5,667 


£ 


178,646 


158,253 


£ 


46,830 


9,869 


£ 


225,476 


168,122 



Fbuit-preserving and Jam-making. 
The weight of fruit preserved in cans in New Zealand during 1910 was returned 
at 11,957 cwt., valued at £20,372, and in addition there were 3,026 dozen of bottled 
fruit, valued at £2,499. The total weight of fruit canned or bottled in 1905 was 
5,910 cwt., valued at £9,537 ; so that the output has more than doubled in the 
five years. The manufacture of jams and jellies also increased, the figures being 
46,396 cwt. in 1905 and 49,661 cwt. in 1910. The value of the total output stood 
at £135,506, against £98,032 five years previously. The results shown for this 
industry are very satisfactory, although the actual money value of the total manu- 
facture is not so great as in the case of many industries. 

Census Years 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
Approximate value of land . . 

,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



£ 
£ 
£ 
£ 



1906. 
24 
311 
12,203 
10,828 
20,021 
11,468 



1911. 
22 
289 
16,727 
11,179 
23,297 
20,985 



119 



Fruit bottled or preserved — Value 
Jams and jellies made — 

Quantity 

Value 
Other preserves — Value 
Total value of all manufactures 



£ 

Cwt. 
£ 
£ 
£ 



ManufactureB for Years 
1905. 1910. 

9,537 22,871 



46,396 

83,520 

4.975 

98,032 



49,661 

88,281 

24,354 

135,506 



Confectionery and Sugar-boiling Works. 
This industry is now of considerable magnitude, and gives employment to a 
large number of persons. There were 33 works in 1911, against 36 in 1906, a 
decrease of 3. The value of the manufactured articles, however, which for the 
year 1905 reached the sum of £138,635, was returned for 1910 as £259,498, an 
increase of nearly 100 per cent. Besides the output of £259,498 for the year 1910 
given in these returns, a certain amount of confectionery is included in " other 
products " in the biscuit-factory table. The confectionery and sugar-boiling works 
used 3,836 tons of sugar, valued at £55,488, during the year 1910, together with 
other materials valued at £88,343. The hands employed show an increase from 571 
to 729, of whom 418 were females. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 

Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Sugar used- 
Quantity 
Value 

Other materials used — Value 

Total value of output 



£ 

£ 
£ 



Tons 
£ 

£ 
£ 



1906. 
36 
571 
29,410 
22,840 
26,654 
34,258 



Census Y( 



Years 



iy05. 

2,350 

44,703 

44,252 

138,635 



1911. 
33 

729 
47.722 
27,300 
51,311 
62.463 

1910. 

3,836 

55,488 

88,343 

259,498 



Breweries. 

The number of breweries in the Dominion shown in the census returns for 1911 
was somewhat fewer than that returned five years previously, but the hands 
employed were more numerous and the quantity of beer manufactured considerably 
greater. 

While in the year 1905 there were 7,634,362 gallons of beer brewed, the output 
for 1910 amounted to 9,582,790 gallons, being an increase of nearly 2,000,000 gallons 
in the five-year period. In addition 489,972 gallons of stout, valued at £29,058, 
and other products of the value of £6,608 were produced in 1910. The value of 
the total output in 1910 amounted to £634,759, as against £572,579 in 1905. 

The quantities of beer on which excise duty was paid were — for ]905, 7,796,160 
gallons, and 9,399,440 gallons for 1910. These quantities are in close agreement 
with those returned at the corresponding censuses as manufactured. 

The imported beer entered at the Customs for home consumption only 
increased in quantity from 218,270 gallons in 1905, to 271,594 gallons in 1910, 
which tends to show that the colonial-made beer has practically displaced the beer 
brought from abroad. The consumption of beer per head of population, which was 
7*421 gallons in the year 1895, reached 9-150 in the year 1900, 9-212 in 1905, and 
9-741 in 1910. 



120 



Number of breweries 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
,, of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



Quantity 
Value 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




72 


60 




731 


741 


£ 


92,308 


109,544 


H.p. 


703 


1,378 


£ 


82,590 


130,932 


£ 


156,541 


208,543 


£ 


95,800 


159,882 




Beer made in 




1905. 


1910. 


Gal. 


7,634,362 


9,582,790 


£ 


572,579 


599,093 



Malthouses. 
The number of malthouses returned in 1911 was 28, as against 22 in 1906. The 
industry, though as yet not of any great dimensions, is a growing one, the output 
having more than doubled between 1905 and 1910, the figures for the respective 
years being £73,058 and £152,773. The malt produced in 1910 amounted to 
509,391 bushels. 



Number of malthouses 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
,, of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Value of output, 1905 and 1910 





(,'ensus Years 




1906. 1911. 




22 28 




90 107 


£ 


8,673 13,777 


H.p. 


59 114 


£ 


15,618 21,715 


£ 


49,050 67,513 


£ 


10,139 24,942 


£ 


73,058 152,773 



Colonial-wine making. 

Establishments for the manufacture of colonial wine decreased in number 
from 22 in 1906 to 12 in 1911, and the output of wine from 33,842 gallons in 1905 
to 11,285 gallons in the year 1910. Cider-making seems to have increased slightly 
as regards amount, but to have decreased in value of output. 

In 1905, 11,595 gallons of cider, of a value of £1,208, were produced in these 
establishments, while in 1910 the output was 12,200 gallons, valued at £956. A 
considerable quantity of cider is, however, turned out by aerated-water and cordial 
manufactories, for which see special table following. 

Census Years 
1906. 1911. 

Number of works . . . . . . 22 12 

,, hands employed 

Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Wine — 

Quantity 
Value 

Cider- 
Quantity 
Value 

Other value 

Total value of all manufactures 





51 


20 


£ 


13,334 


7,316 


£ 


7,768 


4,490 


£ 


3,690 


5,485 




Manufactures for Years 




1905. 


1910. 


Gal. 


33,842 


11,285 


£ 


8,558 


4,552 


Gal. 


11,595 


12,200 


£ 


1,208 


956 


£ 


199 




£ 


9,965 


5,498 



121 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




123 


124 




586 


570 


.. £ 


49,617 


62,937 


.. £ 


57,083 


71 737 


.. £ 


52,128 


62,904 


.. £ 


57,259 


-66,324 




Manufacture.' 


for Year.s 




1905. 


1910. 


. . Doz. 


2,220,174 


1,780,163 


. . Doz. 


37,945 


36,399 


. . Doz. 


106,607 


95,400 


.. £ 


189,561 


250,571 



Aerated-water and Cordial Factories. 

Although the output of these factories appears to have decreased as regards 
quantity, a considerable increase in value is shown. The value of manufactures 
increased from £189,561 in 1905 to £250,571 in 1910, an increase of £61,010, or at 
the rate of 32-18 per cent. 

On the other hand decreases in quantity of output are recorded. In 1905, 
2,220,174 dozen of aerated waters, 37,945 dozen of cordials, and 106,607 dozen of 
hop-beer were produced, the corresponding figures for 1910 being 1,780,163 dozen, 
36,399 dozen, and 95,400 dozen respectively. 

The full particulars are tabulated below. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 
Approximate value of land . . 

,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



Aerated waters — Quantity . . 

Cordials — Quantity 

Hop-beer-^Quantity 

Total value of all manufactures 

Sauce, Pickle, and Vinegar Making. 
This industry employed 115 males and 104 females in 1906, the numbers for 
1911 being 80 and 63 respectively. Sauces and pickles with other condiments and 
vinegar were manufactured to the value of £62,726 in 1910, an increase of £6,400 
over the amount made five years before. The quantities of the various articles 
manufactured, however, show considerable decreases. 

Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 
Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Sauces — 

Quantity 

Value 
Pickles — 

Quantity 

Value 
Vinegar — 

Quantity 

Value 
Other condiments — Value 
Total value of all manufactures 

Soap and Candle Works. 

The value of manufactures of all kinds at these works reached the sum of 

£178,556 for the year 1905, and £268,635 for 1910. The soap made in 1910 was 

7 609 tons, or 1,818 tons more than that produced five years previously. The 

making of candles also increased, according to the returns, the output for 1910 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




27- 


23 




219 


143 


£ 


11,163 


10,084 


£ 


14,483 


11,176 


£ 


22,842 


16,995 


£ 


7,657 


6,580 




Manufactures for Years. 




1905. 


1910. 


Doz. pt. 


111,982 


67,983 


£ 


23,468 


29,613 


Doz. pt. 


46,901 


28,364 


£ 


13,090 


20,668 


Gal. 


130,092 


62,301 


£ 


6,473 


8,090 


£ 


13,295 


4,355 


£ 


56,326 


62,726 



122 



being 3,520,205 lb., valued at £75,047, as against 1,930,544 lb., of a value of £48,385, 
in 1905. Additional manufactures in 1910 consisted of 1,252 tons of soda crystals, 
valued at £5,628, and 70 tons of glycerine, valued at £3,519. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
Approximate value of land . . 
„ buildings 

. „ machinery and plant 

Soap — 

Quantity 

Value 
Candles — 

Quantity 

Value 
Other manufactures — Value 
Total value of all manufactures 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




19 


20 




238 


252 


£ 


21,853 


28,390 


£ 


9,447 


16,459 


£ 


27,533 


44,562 


£ 


31,586 


31,588 




Manufactures for Years 




1905. 


1910. 


Tons 


5,791 


7,609 


£ 


107,012 


149,970 


lb. 


1,930,544 


3,520,205 


£ 


48,385 


75,047 


£ 


23,159 


51,802 


£ 


178,556 


268,635 



Cooperages. 

These numbered 20 according to the returns for 1911. The manufacture of 
casks would appear to have decreased slightly between the years 1905 and 1910, 
judging from the comparison given below. Kegs, however, went up by nearly 
200 per cent., and butter-boxes by well over 100 per cent., while cheese cases and 
crates manufactured in 1910 numbered 184,343, against 10,645 in 1905. 

The total value of the manufacture of all kinds increased by nearly 100 per 
cent, during the five-year period. 

Census Years 
190 
Number of works . . 

„ hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 
Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



Kegs 

Casks 

Butter-boxes 

Cheese cases and crates 

Other manufactures — Value 

Total value of all manufactures 





1906. 


1911. 




22 


20 




116 


171 


£ 


9,503 


14,991 


£ 


10,283 


9,915 


£ 


7,200 


9,104 


£ 


9,253 


14,862 




Manufactures for Years 




1905. 


1910. 


No. 


11,297 


32,028 


No. 


37,936 


36,859 


No. 


212,776 


512,414 


No. 


10,645 


184,343 


£ 


7,620 


9,684 


£ 


38,124 


73,807 



Sawmills, and Sash and Door Factories. 

The great development of this industry between 1901 and 1906 has not been 
maintained at a similar rate during the five years preceding the census of 1911, 
though the value of the total output shows an increase of £571,122, the figures for 
1910 being £2,699,888, as against £2,128,766 for 1905. Most of this increase, how- 
ever, is due to higher prices, as there were decreases in the quantities of sawn 
timber and of mouldings in 1910, which are not compensated for by an increase in 
the quantity of flooring and skirting. The number of works increased in the quin- 
quennium from 444 to 534, but the number of hands employed decreased by 2,234, 
this being due to the increased use of machinery. 



123 



The value of the output for the mills for the year 1910 was far greater in the 
Auckland Provincial District than in any other, the order being as follows : — 



Auckland 

Wellington 

Otago (including Southland, £159,044) 

Westland 

Canterbury 

Hawke's Bay 

Nelson 

Taranaki 

Marlborough 



Number of mills 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
,, of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . . 
buildings 
,, machinery and plant 

Sawn timber — 
Quantity 
Value 

Posts, rails, &c. — Value 

Resawing, planed, flooring, skirting, (fee- 
Quantity 
Value 

Moulding — 
Quantity 
Value 

Doors and sashes — Value 

Total value of all manufactures 



Value of Output 
of Sawmills. 

£ 

1,194,953 

558,573 

230,594 

173,670 

127,761 

122,041 

103,691 

94,613 

93,992 



(Jensus Years 



£ 

H.p. 

£ 

£ 
£ 



Feet 

£ 

£ 

Feet 
£ 

Feet 

£ 
£ 
£ 



1906. 

444 
9.111 
834.927 
13,278 
373,313 
181,899 
649,631 



1911. 
534 

6.877 
774.402 

19,484 
340.968 
283,122 
826,436 



Produce for Years 
1905. 1910. 

336,470.930 296,033,017 

1,442,950 1,725,827 

12,297 56,778 



51.588,812 
517,954 



56,770,537 
435,986 



12,148,474 10,896,134 

56,027 80,056 

99,538 150,302 

2,128,766 2,699,888 



GrASWORKS. 

The operations of the gasworks in the Dominion for the year 1910 still show 
such expansion as must be considered highly satisfactory, and this notwithstanding 
the increased use of electricity in substitution for gas. 

There were 38 gasworks at the time of the census of 1906, employing 954 hands, 
and 48 with 757 hands in 1911. The quantity of gas generated in 1910 shows a 
big increase on the figures for 1905, being 2,074,566,794 cubic feet, against 
1 274 873 860 cubic feet. The output of coke and tar also increased during the 
fi've years' but no exact comparison of these items can be given, as in 1906 the value 
of "output " was returned, while the figures collected m 1911 are as regards " sales." 



Number of works . . 

„ hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
Approximate value of land . . 

buildings 

machinery and plant 
Value of materials used 







Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




38 


48 






954 


757 




£ 


113,785 


93,150 




£ 


132,188 


151,101 




£ 


135,919 


174,858 




£ 


1,107,134 


753,428 




£ 


134,474 


176,306 



124 



Produce for Year 
1910. 



Gas made— Quantity , . . . 


. . C. ft. 


2,074,566,794 


Gas sold — 






Quantity 


. . 0. ft. 


1,881,867,919 


Value 


.. £ 


500,299 


Coke sold — 






Quantity 


. . Tons 


58,960 


Value . . 


.. £ 


60,718 


Tar sold— 






Quantity 


. . Gal. 


1,643,765 


Value 


.. £ 


30,575 


Other receipts 


.. £ 


31,617 


Total receipts 


.. £ 


623,209 


Total expenditure 


.. £ 


494,297 





Census Years 




1906. 1911. 




13 14 




118 170 


£ 


17,627 23,969 


H.p. 


6,029 16,780 


£ 


48,245 83,032 


£ 


51,222 86,983 


£ 


223,961 234,666 



Electric Current. 

The number of works at the census of 1911 was 14, an increase of 1 since 1906. 
The hands employed increased from 118 to 170, and the amount of wages paid from 
£17,627 to £23,969. The units generated during 1910 aggregated 18,392,733, and 
the units sold 12,419,940. The total revenue for 1910 amounted to £124,951, and 
the total expenditure to £120,866. Certain comparisons with the previous census 
are given below, and other items, concerning which no comparison can be given, 
will be found in Appendix E of the census volume. 

» Number of works . . 

„ hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 
„ horse-power 

Approximate value of land . . 
,, buUdings 

,, machinery and plant 

Electric Tramways. 

In 1911, returns re electric tramways were collected for the first time. These 
show that 1,633 hands were employed, the length of lines being 146 miles, including 
26 miles of double track. During 1910, 8,080,155 car-miles were run, and 82,865,450 
passengers carried. The revenue for --the year amounted to £548,842 and the 
expenditure to £491,119. 

Lime and Cement Works. 

Twenty of these works, employing 280 hands, were in operation in 1906. In 
1911 the number of works was only 17, but the number of hands employed had 
increased to 456. The value of the manufacture for 1910 was nearly double that 
for 1905, the figures being £184,686 and £107,675 for these years respectively. The 
value of land, buildings, machinery, and plant more than doubled during the five 
years. 



Number of works . . 

„ hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 
„ horse^power 

Approximate value of land 

,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



ya/Iue of materials used 
Total value of manufactures . 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




20 


17 




280 


456 


£ 


34,249 


53,934 


H.p. 


1,175 


3,586 


£ 


17,565 


45,289 


£ 


23,539 


43,650 


£ 


75,642 


166,675 
Year's 




1905. 


1910. 


£ 


36,251 


80,882 


£ 


107,675 


184,686 



126 



Brick, Tile, and Pottery Works. 

These works employed 966 hands in 1910, against 1,254 in 1905, and the 
number of bricks made decreased from 69,785,911 to 62,735,239 in the quinquennium. 
There were also firebricks made to the number of 774,281 in 1905, and 877,028 in 1910. 
The value of bricks of all kinds made in 1910 was £131,594, a decrease of £18,606 
on the figures for 1905. The value of pottery made, including drain-pipes, rose 
from £52,193 to £92,125, and the total value of all the manufactures from £216,550 
to £235,220. The number of brick, stone, and concrete dwellinghouses increased 
between the last two censuses from 8,359 to 9,650, a rate of 15-44 per cent. Houses 
built of wood or iron increased from 178,551 to 209,760, the rate, 17-48 per cent., 
being somewhat higher than that which obtained for brick and stone dwellings. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
,, of horse-power 
Approximate value of land 

,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



Bricks — • 

Common 

Firebricks 

Total value 
Pottery — 

Draia-pipes 

Tiles . . 

Flower-pots 

Miscellaneous — Value 
Pottery, &c. — Total value 
Total value of all manufactures 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




125 


94 




1,254 


966 


£ 


99,246 


112,328 


H.p. 


1,496 


3,039 


£ 


96,001 


97,890 


£ 


83,367 


103,501 


£ 


94,463 


124,899 




.Manufactures for Years 




1905. 


1910. 


No. 


69,785,911 


62,735,239 


No. 


774,281 


877,028 


£ 


150.200 


131,594 


No. 


1,460,250 


1,529,721 


No. 


484,741 


1,409,700 


No. 


179,050 


43,063 


£ 


14,157 


11,501 


£ 


52,193 


92,125 


£ 


216,550 


235,220 



Tinware-factories. 
Again a steady development is observed in respect of this industry. The value 
of the manufacture rose from £98,587 in 1900 to £127,150 in 1905, and to £160,584 
in 1910. In 1895 the value of the goods was only £63,723. The number of hands 
decreased from 473 to 414 between 1905 and 1910, though the wages paid were 
more in 1910 than in 1905, the figures being £40,493 and £36,467 for the respective 
years. 

Number of works . . 

hands employed . . 
Amount of wages paid 
Approximate value of land . . 
buildings 

machinery and plant 
Total value of manufactures and repairs 

Iron and Brass Foundries and Boiler-making. 
The total value of the manufacture (including repairs) in connection with these 
industries was returned for the year 1910 at £374,155, which sum is £2,372 less than 
the amount returned for the year 1905. The number of works decreased m the 
quinquennium by 2, and the number of hands employed by 533. 





Census Years 




1906. 1911. 




54 65 




473 414 


£ 


36,467 40,493 


£ 


36,792 39,072 


£ 


23,657 .38,564 


£ 


19,821 20,95,3 


£ 


127. 150- 160.584 



126 



Number of works 

,, hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 
,, horse-power 

Approximate value of land 

,, buildings 

„ machinery and plant 



Value of materials used or operated on 

Total value of manufactures (including repairs) 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




71 


69 




1,838 


1,305 


£ 


145,042 


137,868 


H.p. 


1,221 


1,179 


£ 


87,392 


90,772 


£ 


67,851 


63,230 


£ 


129,632 

Years 


87,379 




1905. 


1910. 


£ 


173,685 


142,861 


£ 


376,527 


374,155 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




61 


120 




1,868 


2,442 


£ 


167,996 


260,225 


H.p. 


1,109 


3,333 


£ 


80,837 


149,872 


£ 


49,237 


125,761 


£ 


119,827 


239,176 




Years 






1905. 


1910. 


£ 


223,365 


315,371 


£ 


437,036 


751,485 



Engineering Works. 

The number of these increased from 61 in 1905 to 120 in 1910, and the hands 
employed increased from 1,868 to 2,442 in the five years. The total value of manu- 
factured, including repairs, amounted to £751,485 in 1910, as against £437,036 in 
1905. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount of wages paid 
,, horse-power 

Approximate value of land 

„ buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



Value of materials used 

Total value of manufactures (including repairs) 

Note. — Particulars in reference to the Government Railway Workshops are 
not included above. The value of output of these for the year ended 31st March, 
1911, was £701,175. 

Printing and Bookbinding Establishments. 

It is necessary to remark previously to considering the figures given that, for 
the sake of obtaining true comparisons, particulars relating to the Government 
Printing Oflice have been omitted. To arrive at the full measure of the printing 
and bookbinding industry as in 1911, 432 hands should be added, with £89,293 
value of output for 1910. 

The number of establishments increased from 239 in 1906 to 241 in 1911, and 
the number of hands employed from 3,898 to 4,222. Female hands increased from 
660 to 789. The linotypes used in 1906 numbered 110, and the monolines in opera- 
tion were 31, while in 1911 the number of linotypes was 216, and of monolines 26. 
The value of output increased in the five years from £1,067,827 to £1,377;926. 



Number of works . . 
Hands employed — 

Males 

Females 
Approximate value of land, buildings, machinery, and plant 

Wages paid — 

Males 

Females 
Value of all manufactures 





Census Years 
1906. 1911. 
239 241 


£ 


3,238 
660 

920,022 


3,433 

789 
1,302,497 


£ 
£ 

£ 


Yea 
1905. 
374,872 
25,940 
1,067,827 


rs 

1910. 

454,812 

35,434 

1,377.926 



121 



Agricultural-implement Factories. 

The total value of all manufacture increased from £199,741 to £222,040, 
including repairs. On the other hand, however, the number of works decreased 
from 29 to 19 in the five years, while the hands employed decreased by nearly 150. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed . . 

Amount of wages paid 
,, horse-power 

Approximate value of land . . 
,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Value of all materials used . . 

Total value of manufactures (including repairs) 





Census 


Years 




1906. 


1911. 




29 


19 




793 


646 


.'.' £ 


79,042 


81,026 


.. H.p. 


419 


426 


.. £ 


27,878 


42,914 


.. £ 


30,791 


30,006 


,. £ 


36,798 


45,711 




Yea 


rs 




1905. 


1910. 


.. £ 


91,043 


81,237 


.. £ 


199,741 


222,040 



Coach- BUILDING. 

The value of the manufacture and repairs rose from £294,818 in 1905 to 
£396,012 in 1910, an increase of £101,194, or at a rate of 34 per cent. The number 
of establishments decreased by 3, and the number of hands employed by 26. 











Census Year.i 






1906. 


1911. 


Number of works . . 








183 


180 


„ hands employed . . 








1,465 


1,439 


Amount paid in wages 






'. £ 


116.204 


149,806 


„ of horse-power 






. H.p. 


395 


657 


Approximate value of land . . 






. £ 


116,916 


142,414 


„ buildings 






. £ 


97,238 


127,754 


„ machinery and plant 






. £ 


37,563 


50,806 


Value of materials used 






. £ 


122,384 


156,829 


Total value of manufactures (including repairs) 




. £ 


294,818 


396,012 


Cyc 


XE-WOB 


.KS. 









The number of cycle-works was 71 in 1911, being 26 less than in 1906. The 
value of the manufacture rose from £75,991 for the year 1905 to £92,141 for 1910, 
or at a rate of 21 per cent. The value of land, buildings, machinery, and plant was 
much higher in 1911 than in 1906. 



Number of works . . 

„ hands employed . . 

Amount of wages paid 
Approximate value of land . . 
„ buildings 

machinery and plant 



Total value of manufactures (including repairs) 

Saddlery and Harness Works. 
A considerable increase in the value of output is shown, as compared with 
1905 the figures for 1910 being £220,364, or an increase of £79,551 during the five 
years The number of works in 1911 was 117, or 11 more than in 1906. 





Census Years 




1906. 




1911. 




97 




71 




452 




315 


£ 


30,831 




30,366 


£ 


38,020 




71,266 


£ 


33,664 




58,244 


£ 


11,982 


Years 


15,367 




1905. 




1910. 


£ 


75,991 




92,141 



128 



Number of works 

,, hands employed . . 

Amount of wages paid 
Approxima^ e value of land . . 

,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Value of materials used 

Total value of manufactures (including repairs) 





Ceneue 
1906. 
106 


Years 

1911. 
117 




544 


594 


£ 


42,213 
65,038 


62,482 
76,913 


£ 
£ 


36,554 

7,082 


54,995 
11,066 


£ 
£ 


Years 

1905. 1910. 

72,662 114,993 

140,813 220,364 



Tanning, Fellmongering, and Wool-scouring. 
Although, the number of works decreased from 99 to 79 during the five years, 
the value of manufactures and products was £200,000 more in 1910 than in 1905. 
Hands employed increased by 36, while horse-power shows an increase of nearly 
100 per cent. 



Number of works . . 

hands employed 
Amount paid in wages 
,, of horse-power 
Approximate value of land 

,, buildings 

,, machinery and plant 



Value of materials used 

Wool scoured and sliped 

Pelts salted or preserved 

Total value of manufactures and produce 





Censu.s Years 




1906. 




1911. 




99 




79 




1,336 




1,372 


£ 


102,506 




136,875 


H.p. 


980 




1,927 


£ 


48,386 




46,305 


£ 


80,380 




124,894 


£ 


53,916 




90,257 




Years 






1905. 




1910. 


£ 


1,261,026 


1 


,788,772 


lb. 


23,347,891 


25 


,281,998 


No. 


4,432,103 


2 


,944,360 


£ 


1,836,310 


2 


,036,770 



Ship and Boat Building. 

As to the number of hands employed and total value of all manufactures and 
repairs, the returns for last census show a great improvement on those for 1906. 
Nevertheless, the number of establishments has fallen from 30 to 29, and boat- 
building is shown to have very slightly declined, while the number of larger vessels 
built shows a decided decrease. 

Of vessels under 50 tons, 95 were built in 1910, and of those 50 to 100 tons, 5. 
There were also built 3 vessels over 100 tons. 



Number of establishments . . 
„ hands employed . . 

Amount of wages paid 

Total value of manufactures. . 
,, repairs 

,, manufactures and repairs 





Census Years 




1906. 1911. 




30 29 




237 589 


£ 


20,889 69,415 




Years 




1905. 1910. 


£ 


52,070 40,763 


£ 


14,502 102,256 


£ 


66,572 143,019 



Sail, Tent, and Oilskin Making. 
This industry, though still of small dimensions, shows a considerable advance 
during the quinquennium. In 1911 there were 34 establishments employing 224 
hands, as against 29 establishments and 163 hands in 1906. The value of products 
was £92 249 in 1910. an amount more than double that for 1905. 





Census Years 




1906. 




1911. 




29 




34 




163 




224 


.'.' £ 


11,205 


Years 


18,287 




1905. 




1910. 


No. 


489 




1,505 


No. 


6,048 




15,921 


. . No. 


15,920 




31 , 773 


. . No. 


11,345 




15.292 


£ 


45,321 




92,249 



129 

Number of works . . 

>, hands employed . . 

Amount of wages paid 

Sails manufactured . . 

Tents and flies manufactured 

Oilskins manufactured 

Horse and cow covers manufactured 

Total value of all manufactures 

Furniture Factories. 
In this branch of industrial work a substantial rise took place during the five 
years' operations. The value of the output which was £328,185 in 1905 rose to 
£497,681 in 1910. There were 1,689 hands employed in 1911, being an increase of 
161 on the number for 1906. 

Number of factories 

,, hands employed . , 

Amount of wages paid 
Approximate value of land , . 

buildings 

machinery and plant 

Value of material used 

Total value of all manufactures 

Woollen-mills. 

In April, 1911, there were 11 woollen-mills in the Dominion, which employed 
1,410 persons — 664 being males and 746 females. These factories therefore provide 
more occupation for women and girls than for the male sex. 

The value of manufactures shown for 1910 is less than that for 1906 by nearly 
£20,000. It must be pointed out, however, that in 1910 hosiery branches of woollen- 
mills have been excluded from the woollen-mills table and included with the 
hosiery-factories in a separate table. In 1905, 80,578 dozen pairs of hosiery, manu- 
factured in hosiery branches of woollen-mills, helped to swell the value of output of 
woollen-mills for that year. In comparing 1910 with 1905 increases are shown in 
respect of blankets, shawls, and rugs and yarn, while the quantity of flannel and of 
tweed and cloth manufactured was less in 1910 than in 1905. 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed . . 

Amount of wages paid 

„ horse-power 

Approximate value of land . . 
„ buildings 





(tensus 


Y 


cars 




1906. 




1911. 




172 




207 




1,528 




1,689 


£ 


134,584 




178,042 


£ 


98,966 




134,279 


£ 


99,373 




138,039 


£ 


41,036 




55,364 




Years 






1905. 




1910. 


£ 


157,484 




215.031 


£ 


328,185 




497,681 



machinery and plant 



Wool used — 
Quantity 
Value 



Tweed . . 

Flannel . . 

Blankets 

Rugs and shawls 

Yarn 

Total value 

9 — Census. 







Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




10 


11 






1,549 


1,410 




£ 


105,036 


137,161 




H.p. 


1,945 


2.641 




£ 


9,003 


7,694 




£ 


110,297 


100,941 




£ 


188,459 


180,454 




Years 




1905. 


1910. 


, . lb. 


3,835,064 


3.092.777 


.. £ 


167,291 


214,387 




Output for Year.s 




1905. 


1910. 


. . Yd. 


1,300,471 


1,160,686 


. . Yd. 


1,368,268 


1,140,794 


. . Pr. 


59,572 


67,201 


.. No. 


23.780 


49.073 


.. lb. 


259,067 


260,397 




£ 


397,348 


377.713 



130 



Clothing and Waterproof Factories. 
This industry employs nearly three thousand hands therefore it is of con- 
siderable importance in the matter of labour, especially that of the female sex, of 

whom 2,470 are required. „ .„ . 

The value of all manufacture for the year 1905 was returned at £308,943 and 

for 1910 £507,125, the increase for the quinquennium being £198,18^, or at tne 

rate of 64 per cent. 

Number of works . . 
Number of hands employed- - 

Males. . 

Females 
Amount of wages paid — 

Males. ; 

Females 
Approximate value of land . . 
„ buildings 

„ machinery and plant 



Suits 

Shirts 

Caps and hats 

Waterproof garments 

Other garments 

Total value 







Census Years 






1906. 


1911. 






23 


69 






375 


477 






1,539 


2,470 




.. £ 


38,045 


52,957 




.. £ 


67,516 


116,695 




. . £ 


32,985 


63,036 




.. £ 


42,493 


92,285 


plant 


.. £ 


15,163 


39,160 






Output 


for Years 






1905. 


1910. 




.. No. 


101,113 


196,825 




. . Doz. 


45,239 


94,249 




. . Doz. 


5,895 


23,861 




. . No. 


7,280 


745 




. . No. 


27,985 


355,445 




.. £ 


308.943 


507,125 



14 hosiery-factories, employing 
amounted to £140,442, against 
should be added the value of 
branches of woollen-mills, and 



Hosiery-factories. 

At the census of 1911 returns were obtained from 
49 males and 478 females. The value of the output 
£67,588 in 1905., To the total for 1905, however, 
80,578 dozen pairs of hose, manufactured in hosiery 
included in the woollen-mills table for that year. 



Number of works . . 

hands employed . . 
Amount of wages paid 
Approximate value of land . . 

buildings 

machinery and plant 



Hose — Quantity 
Half-hose— Quantity 
Shirts and pants— Quantity . . 
Other knitted goods— Value 
Total value of all manufactures 

Boot and Shoe Factories. 

The total value of all manufactures as brought out is £619,873 for 1910, an 
increase of £118,808 on the figures for 1905. The output from the factories during 
1910 was 1,324,477 pairs of boots and shoes, 68,040 pairs of slippers, 98,644 pairs 
of shoe-ettes, and 17,464 pairs of uppers. 

During 1910, boots and shoes to the value of £261,327 were imported into the 
Dominion. Of this amount £243,399 represents the value of British manufacture, 
and £17,928 foreign — including United States of America, £16,771. 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




10 


14 




374 


527 


£ 


21,960 


36,702 


£ 


4,248 


4,077 


£ 


5,513 


32,067 


£ 


26,936 


.56,015 




Manufactures 


for Years 




1905. 


1910. 


Doz. 


12,499 


33,348 


Doz. 


44,165 


50,794 


Doz. 


19,129 


21,444 


£ 


6,581 


39,939 


£ 


67,588 


140,442 



131 



Comparison of quantity and value of output from the boot and shoe factories 
of New Zealand for the year 1910 with the returns rendered for 1905 exhibits a 
great improvement in the condition of the industry. Increases are shown in number 
of factories as well as in value of output. Moreover a decrease in the value of boots 
imported is shown, the imports for 1910 agereffatine only £261,327, as against 
£282,211 in 1905. ^b b & j , , b 









C'ensu,s Years 








1906. 


1911. 


Number of works 






72 


74 


Number of bauds 


employed — 








Males. . 






1,518 


1,359 


Females 






688 


713 


Amount of wages 


paid — 








Males. . 




.. £ 


142,826 


154,244 


Females 




.. £ 


28,669 


43,549 


xVpproximate value of land . . 


.. £ 


46,409 


61,602 


!J 


buildings 


.. £ 


50,170 


74,751 


" 


machinery and plant 


.. £ 


57,412 

Manufacture 
1905. 


90,704 

for Year.s 
1910. 


Boots and shoes 




. . Pair 


1,081,644 


1.324,477 


Slippers . . 


» 


. . Pair 


89,378 


68,040 


Uppers 




.. Pair 


38,410 


17,464 


Leggings . . 




. . Pair 


1,468 


2,279 


Shoe-ettes 




. . Pair 


20,000 


98.644 


Total value of all manufactures 


.. £ 


501,065 


619,873 



Rope and Twine Works. 

The number of these works decreased from 10 in 1906 to 8 in 1911, and the 
number of hands employed also decreased slightly. The output, however, shows a 
great increase as regards quantity, 1,377 tons of rope and 1,490 tons of twine being 
produced in 1910, as against 618 tons of rope and 1,117 tons of twine in 1905. On 
account of a drop in prices the value of the output increased by only £3,572 during 
the quinquennium. As to materials used, phormium comes by far the first, 5,267 
tons in 1910 being utilized, against 558 tons of manila. 



Census Years 



Number of works . . 

„ hands employed . . 

Materials used— 
Phormium — 
Quantity . . 
Value 
Manila — 

Quantity . . 
Value 
Total value of all manufactures 



Tons 
£ 

Tons 
£ 

£ 



1906. 
10 

195 

1905. 

1,568 

35,165 

363 

16,524 

100,753 



1911. 



190 



Years 



1910. 

5,267 
44,040 

558 

14,469 

104,325 



Flax-mills. 
This industry was in the lowest depths of depression at the time of the census 
of 1896. At that time only 52 mills were left in operation, and the hands employed 
had fallen in number to 484 men and 163 boys. Returns for 1901 showed a revival 
in the mills to 101 in operation, with 1,519 men and 179 boys, while in 1906 there 
were 240 mills, with a total of 4,076 employees. But the census returns for 1911 
show only 81 mills in operation during April of that year, with 1,244 persons 
employed thereat. The wages paid stood at £227,646 for the year 1905, but 
decreased to £143,895 for 1910. While nearly 200,000 tons of raw material were 



132 



used in 1905 only 126,034 tons were used in 1910. The money value of the total 
output in 1910 was £284,399, against £557,808 in 1905. Of the total value of out- 
put for 1910 the Provincial District of Wellington contributed £217,879, or 77 per 

cent. 

The export of phormium for eleven years has been as under :- 



Year. 

1900 
1901 
1902 
1903 
1904 
1905 
1906 
1907 
1908 
1909 
1910 



Exported. 

Tons. 
15,906* 
10,171 
20,852 
22,652 
26,936 
27,877* 
27,779 
28,547 
17,403 
14,318 
20.645* 



\ alue. 
£ 
332,182 
195,728 
534,031 
595,684 
710,281 
696,467 
776,106 
832,068 
396,288 
306,973 
448,414 



The grading of phormium for exportation from New Zealand by a Grovernment 
official under regulations has the effect of 'preventing flax badly dressed or of an inferior 
quality from being sent away, and thus injuring the reputation of the article gene- 
rally by depreciation. 

The most important particulars given in the returns are tabulated below : — 



Number of works . . 

,, hands employed 

Amount paid in wages 
of horse-power 
Approximate value of land . 

„ buildings 

,, machinery and plant 

Raw material used — 

Quantity 

Value 
Fibre dressed — 

Quantity 

Value 
Tow produced — 

Quantity 

Value 
Total value of output 





Census Years 




1906. 


1911. 




240 


81 




4,076 


1,244 


£ 


227,646 


143,895 


H.p. 


3,087 


2,516 


£ 


192,471 


236,306 


£ 


43,751 


31,197 


£ 


119,618 


75,135 

Year.s 




1905. 


1910. 


Tons 


199,171 


126,034 


£ 


185,894 


73,835 


Tons 


22,128 


15,130 


£ 


544,070 


270.530 


Tons 


2.439 


2,396 


£ 


13,738 


13,869 


£ 


557,808 


284,399 



Mines and Quarries. 

Gold-quartz Mining and Crushing. 

Returns were received from 90 gold-quartz mining and crushing works in 1911, 
an increase of 2 on the number for the previous census. Of the 90 in 1911, 
employing 4,014 hands, 63, with a total of 2,893 hands employed, were situated 
in the Auckland Provincial District. 

The census tables show £1,520,072 as the total value of gold and silver obtained 
by quartz-crushing in the year 1910. This is no doubt somewhat under the correct 

* This is greater than the quantity returned as dressed at the census. 



133 





Census 
1906. 


Years 
191J. 




88 


90 




3,869 


4,014 


H.p, 


7,824 


11,977 


£ 


1,040,104 


837,156 




Output i'o) 
1905. 


? Years 
1910. 


Oz. 


289,884 


289,567 


Oz. 


1,355,421 


1,738,903 


£ 


1,272,375 


1,520,072 



value, as in some cases the value of output was not skown in the returns. The 
annual report of the Mines Department gives the total output for 1910 as £1,564,189. 



Number of quartz-crushing works 

,, hands employed 

Amount of horse-power 
Approximate value of machinery and plant 

Quantity of gold produced by quartz-crushing 

silver 
Total value of gold and silver produced by quartz-crushing 

Hydraulic Gold-mining. 

Returns for the purposes of the table showing results of hydraulic gold-mining 
were obtained from public companies and parties of miners operating on a large 
scale, but individual miners and small parties were not asked to furnish returns. 
Special returns were obtained for gold-dredging, the summarized results of which 
are given below separately : — 

Number of hydraulic gold-mining works 
,, hands employed 

Yield of gold at hydraulic works — 
Quantity 
Value 



Gold-dredging. 
During the quinquennial period 1905-10 this class of industry has consider- 
ably decreased in importance. The number of dredges was 139 in 1906, and the 
hands employed 1,165, while in 1911 there were only 82 dredges (75 of these in Otago 
and Southland) employing 632 hands. The yield of gold during 1905 was 
132,778 oz., valued at £531,112, and for 1910 only 68,137 oz., valued at £261,043. 
The capital invested in dredging fell from £648,876 in 1906 to £247,158 in 1911, 
and the value of machinery and plant from £477,780 to £263,336. The expenditure 
in 1910 was as follows : — 

Labour .. .. 90,328 

Plant, repairs, &c. ■• •■ •■ •■ ..86,461 

Management .. ■• •• •• •■ •■ 1^,280 

Total 188,877 

Collieries. 
The table shows the full output of all the collieries in the Dominion during 
1910. The quantity mined was 1,689,148 tons, against 1,585,756 in 1905, an increase 
of 103 392 tons or 6-52 per cent. The number of persons employed in coal-mining 
increased from 1,799 in 1895 to 2,460 in 1900, 3,329 in 1905, and 3,331 in 1910. 





Census Year.s 




1906. 


1911. 




93 


197 




650 


895 
Years 




1905. 


19J0. 


Oz. 


34,738 


36,961 


£ 


135,618 


147,172 



184 



Summarized Results. 
A summary of all the information obtained under the Census Act, relating to 
mines and quarries, is appended : — 





Number of Works. 


1910. 

4,014 

465 

895 

3,331 

221 


umber of Hands employed. 






1911. 


1906. 


1901. 


1896. 


1905: 


1900. 


1895. 


Gold-quartz mines and ma- 
chinery 
Gold-dredging . . 
Hydraulic gold-mining . . 
Collieries* 

Stone (road-metal) quarries 
Stone (building) quarries 


90 

52 
197 
118- 

[ ^^ 


88 

139 
|93 
162 

17 


120 

145 
130 
145 

8 


168 

35 
105 
164 

12 


3,869 

1,165 

650 

3,329 

294 


4,333 

965 

962 

2,460 

58 


2,814 

258 

744 

1,799 

59 


Totals . . 


475 


499 


548 


484 


8,926 


9,307 


8,778 


5,674 






Approximate Value of Output. 


Approximate Value of Machinery and Plant. 




1910. 


1905. 


1900. 


1895. 


1910. 


1903. 


1900. 


1896. 


Gold-quartz mines and ma- 
chinery 
Gold-dredging . . 
Hydraulic gold-mining . . 
Collieries 

Stone (road-metal) quarries 
Stone (building) quarries . . 


£ 
1,520,072 

159,138 
147,172 
800,211 

I 47,625 


£ 
1,272,375 

531,112 
135,618 
783,045 

39,370 


£ 
796,871 

287,061 
135,944 
540,778 

11,164 


492,478 

70,016 
113,769 
370,400 

6,041 


£ 
837,156 

153,999 

247,623 

t 

33,217 


£ 
1,040,104 

477,780 
255,844 
310,094 

39,324 


£ 
735,927 

528,600t 

207,750 

372,093 

4,660 


£ 
335,474 

86,003 

X 

148,367 
4,070 


Totals . . 


2,674,218 


2,761,520 


1,771,818 


1,052,704 




2,123,146 


1,849.030 





* Figures for 1895 taken from Mines Report ; census returns incomplete, 
machinery and plant incomplete. % Value of machinery and plant not returned. 



t Capital invested ; infoi-mation as to value of 



Fisheries. 

An effort was made to obtain full information respecting the fisheries of the 
Dominion, but on account of the incompleteness of the returns, it was found 
impossible to present reliable statistics. The number of persons employed in con- 
nection with the fishing industry as returned on Household Schedules, however, 
shows an increase of 50 on the number returned at the previous census : and, 
judging from the number of fishing-boats licensed by the Marine Department — 
1,085 in 1905 and 1,187 in 1910 — it would appear that the industry is on the 
upward grade, though still capable of considerable development. 

The number of fishermen and others employed in connection with the fishing 
industry in 1911 was as follows : — 

Fishermen and oyatermen 
Fish and oyster salesmen 
Fish-curers 

Total number 

The value of fish exported in 1911 was 
The value of oysters exported in 1911 was 
The value of whalebone exported in 1911 was . . 
The value of whale-oil exported in 1911 was 

Total value 
The total value of dried, salted, and canned fish imported in 1911 was 



899 


456 


87 


1,442 


£ 


27,608 


2,178 


4,552 


2,372 


£36.710 


£89,659 



135 

Poultry. 
The number of poultry in New Zealand at the time of the census was 
ascertamed to be 3,693,137, which is an increase of 501,633 on the number for the 
year 1906, this last being 3,191,604. 

The figures for 1906 and 1911 in respect of each class of poultry were as 
under : — 

1906. 
Fowls .. .. .. .. .. 2,784,269 



Ducks . 
Turkeys 



Other poultry 



281,999 

77,101 

44,300 

3,935 



1911. 
3,215,031 
329,230 
97,933 

45,389 
5,554 



in 



Fifty-two ostriches have been included in the number for " Other Poultry 
1906 and 29 in 1911. 

The poultry owned in the North Island numbered 1,926,283 and in the South 
Island 1,765,674, the remaining 1,180 belonging to the Chatham Islands. 



Apiaries. 

Householders who kept bees at the time of the census were requested to state 
so on the schedule. The number of persons so returned in April, 1911, was 11,011, 
and the number of hives (of all kinds) was 71,605. Further information was 
obtained as to the quantity of honey and wax made in the course of the year. The 
result is given below for provincial districts. 

The production of honey during 1910 amounted to 1,467,429 lb., of which 
917,772 lb., or 63 per cent, of the whole, came from the North Island. The Auck- 
land ProArincial District produced 399,703 lb. and Wellington 358,710 lb. In 1905 
WelUngton produced only 89,148 lb. 



Provincial District. 


Pounds of Honey made 


^ Pounds of Wax made. 


Auckland 


399,703 


9,022 


Taranaki 


122,189 


1,989 


Hawke's Bay 


37,170 


958 


Wellington . . 


358,710 


4,4.36 


Marlborough . . 


22,023 


325 


Nelson 


71,186 


1,610 


Westland 


8,495 


113 


Canterbury 


237,844 


5,087 


Otago— 






Otago portion 


114,912 


2,038 


Southland portion 


85,040 


2,483 


Chatham Islands . . . . • ■ ■ • 


157 




Totals . . 


1,457,429 


28,061 



Taking 5d. per pound for the honey and Is. 3d. per pound for the wax, the value 
of the output for the year would amount to £32,117 — viz., £30,363 for honey and 
£1,754 for wax. 



136 



PLACES OP WOESHIP. 

Places op Worship of various Religious Denominations. 

The following table shows the number of churches and chapels, schoolhouses, 
and other buildings used for public worship by the different religious denominations 
in April, 1911 ; also the number of persons for whom there was accommodation, 
and the number usually attending (according to returns furnished under the Census 
Act) :— 









Dwellings 


Number of Persons. 




Churches 
and 


School- 
houses used 
for Public 


and Public 
Buildings 
used for 






Denominations. * 


For whom 






Chapels. 


Worship. 


Public 
Worship. 


Accommoda- 
tion. 


Attending 
Service. 


Church of England 


554 


137 


105 


99,944 


53,258 


Presbyterian 




426 


202 


81 


98,779 


55,256 


Roman Catholic 




296 


19 


43 


67,873 


48,146 


Catholic Apostolic 




5 






1,115 


566 


Greek Orthodox 




1 


. . 




85 


45 


Methodists — 














Methodist Church of Australasia . 




320 


77 


73 


70,580 


37,730 


Primitive Methodist 




84 


22 


6 


■jr.. 623 


8,303 


Free Methodist . . 




1 






120 


60 


Other denominations — 














Baptist 




46 


2 


7 


11,675 


6,032 


Congregational . . 




31 


1 




8.360 


4,235 


Brethren . . . . 




51 


1 


16 


10,415 


3,563 


Church of Christ 




36 


1 


7 


8.732 


3.745 


Lutheran 




11 






1,360 


728 


Society of Friends 




1 






60 


20 


Christadelphians 


• i 3 






284 


47 


Seventh-day Adventists . . 


■ i 7 




1 


1,305 


240 


Unitarian 


2 




1 


650 


470 


Salvation Army 




65 


1 


13 


20,392 


8,143 


Hebrew 




5 






986 


360 


Church of God . . 


• ■ 


1 




70 


50 


Spiritualist 




1 




1 


500 


325 


Mormons 


, 


2 




1 


350 


150 


Theosophists 








1 


70 


50 


Undenominational 




28 


27 


36 




9,726 


3,472 


Totals 




1,976 


491 


392 


429,059 


234,994 



* For numbers of adherents see Part II. 



Note. — As stated above, the %ures in this and the succeeding table give the results according 
to the returns furnished to the Government Statistician. The attendance at service and other details 
may be made up in different ways by the several denominations, but the general view of the position 
is probably useful information, and the Census Act requires its publication. 



Summary by Provincial Districts. 
The following table shows for each provincial district the number of churches 
and chapels, schoolhouses, and other buildings used for public worship in April, 
1911 ; also the number of persons for whom there was accommodation, and the 



l;-i7 

number usually attending (according to returns furnished under the Census 
Act) :— 









Dwellings 


Number of Persons. 




Churches 
and 


School- 
house.s used 


or other 
Buildings 






Provincial District. 








Chapels. 


for Public 
Worship. 


used for 

Public 

Worship. 


Accommoda- 
tion. 


Attending 
Service. 


Auckland 


482 


128 


129 


103,422 


55,883 


Taranaki 


92 


15 


23 


17,422 


10,208 


Hawke's Bay 


92 


32 


26 


20,276 


11,666 


Wellington 


350 


84 


79 


77,554 


42,706 


Marlborough 


41 


2 


1 


6,431 


3,697 


Nelson . . 


126 


26 


19 


20,895 


10,673 


Westland 


37 


4 


18 


7,255 


5,057 


Canterbury 


347 


75 


23 


72,382 


40,425 


Otago— 












Otago portion . . 


301 


85 


51 


79,575 


40,740 


Southland portion ; . 


107 


40 


23 


23,802 


13,904 


Chatham Islands . . 


1 






45 


35 


Totals 


1,976 


491 


392 


429,059 


234,994 



See nt)te to preceding table. 



PUBLIC LIBRARIES, ETC. 
Principal Public Libraries, Mechanics' Institutes, and other Literary and 

Scientific Institutions. 

The following table shows the number of principal public libraries, mechanics' 
institutes, and other literary and scientific institutions in the Dominion of New 
Zealand in April, 1911 — for which returns were furnished to the Government 
Statistician — specifying the number of institutions in each provincial district, the 
number of members, and the number of books : — 





Provincial Districts. \ 


Number of 












Institutions. 

I 


Members. 


Books. 


Auckland 




71 


4,841 


1 

157.793 


Taranaki 










13 


094 


27,760 


Hawke's Bay 










26 


1,805 


56.111 


Wellington 










47 


8,774 


216.099 


Marlborough 








6 


284 


12.109 


Nelson 










27 


1.268 


44.171 


Westland 










12 


791 


11.628 


Canteibury 










80 


6,856 


! 168,644 


Otago 








■ 


76 


5,608 


169,563 




Tc 


)tals 




. 


358 


31,221 


863,878 



Note. The census returns are incomplete as regards the smaller public libraries. The number 

of these amongst which Government subsidy was distributed in February, 1911, was 405. 



138 



APPENDIX B.— THE MAORI POPULATION. 

The census of»the Maori population — that is, full-blooded Maoris, with all half- 
castes living as members of a Native tribe — was taken under the supervision of the 
officers of the Native Department in March, 1911. The enumeration of the Natives 
cannot be effected for one particular night, as is done with Europeans, but it is done 
as quickly and thoroughly as is possible under the circumstances existing. 

The enumeration was made to state the aames of the Natives in the Sub- 
Enumerator's books, besides information as to sex and age, and particulars as to 
extent of cultivations owned individually or communally, with live-stock. 

The proportion of the Maori population to that of European descent was in the 
years 1896, 1901, and 1906 one Maori to every nineteen Europeans, and in 1911, 
one to every 20. It is in the North Island that the proportion of Maoris to 
Europeans is by far the highest, being one in every twelve, against one in 
one hundred and sixty-two for the South and Stewart Islands. 

The percentage of each race to the population was, — 











European. 


Maori. 












Per Cent. 


Per Cerit 




North Island 








92-36 


7-64 




South Island 








99-39 


0-6] 




In March, 1911, the number of Maoris on the 


principal 


. islands 


of New Zealand 


was as shown hereunder : — 






















Hali-castes li-vdng as 


Members 






IVTfl.nris 




of Maori Tribes (included in 










the 


preceding numbers). 

A 




Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


Persons. 


Males. 


Females. 


North Island . . 


46,632 


24,935 


21,697 


3,151 


1,760 


1,391 


South Island . . 


2,681 


1,386 


1,295 


976 


501 


475 


Stewart Island. . 


63 


42 . 


21 


17 


10 


7 


Chatham Islands — 














Maoris 


204 


105 


99 


37 


20 


17 


Morioris 


15 


7 


8 








Maori wives living with European 














husbands 


249 




249 








Totals 


49,844 


26,475 


23,369 


4,181 


2,291 


1,890 



In addition to the above, schedules were received from Ceylon in respect of 
42 Maoris (23 males and 19 females) who were at sea on census might, and were 
enumerated on ships passing through Colombo, but not included in the census of 
Ceylon or any other country. The inclusion of these would make the total Maori 
population 49,886. 

Besides the half-castes included in the above table, there were 2,879 half-castes 
(males, 1,475 ; females, 1,404) living with and enumerated as Europeans at the 
time of the census. 

The Maori population as returned at successive censuses is as shown below. 

The fluctuations exhibited in the table cannot be regarded as normal, and con- 
clusions deduced from the figures must be regarded to a large degree as conjectural. 
It was doubted whether the large decrease shown by the census of 1896 was a real 



U9 



decrease, or merely due to non-inclusion of a number of Natives either by accident 
or through refusals to give proper information to the sub -enumerators. However, 



the increase shown 
the position. 



by the present census may be taken as a fair index'^fof 



Maori Population as enumerated, 



1874 
1878 
1881 
1886 
1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 



1874 TO 
Persons. 
45,470 
43,595 
44,097 
41,969 
41,993 
39,854 
43,143 
47,731 
49,844 



1906. 

Increase. 

502 

24 

3,289 
4.588 
2,113 



Decrea.se. 



1,875 



2,128 



2 . 139 



Half-castes. 

The half-caste population consists of those who live as members of Maori tribes, 
and others living with and counted as Europeans in the census. Adding the 
numbers of the two kinds gives the following figures for five censuses : — 

Census. 

1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 

Here the tota,l half-caste population is shown as increasing in number on a review 
of the numbers for the five censuses. 



Half-castes living 

as Members of 

Maori Tribes. 

Persons. 


Half-castes living 

as Europeans. 

Persons. 


Total Half-caste 

Population. 

Persons. 


.. 2.681 


,2,184 


4,865 


.. 3,503 


2,259 


5.762 


.. 3,133 


2,407 


5,540 


.. 3,938 


2,578 


6,516 


.. 4,181 


2.879 


7,060 



Proportions at Different Age-groups. 
The proportions of the Maori population under and over 15 years are now 
given for five successive census years, and the figures certainly tend to show a 
growing proportion at the earlier ages. 



Proportions per 100 Persons living. — Maoris. 

Males. 



Females. 



Under 15 years. 


Over 15 years. 


Under 15 year.s. 


Over 15 years. 


. . 39-10 


60-90 


40-97 


5903 ■ 


. . 38-26 


J61-74 


39-20 


60-80 


. . 35-75 


64-25 


37-89 


62-11 


. . 35-28 


[64-72 


36-82 


63-18 


. . 33-22 


66-78 


35-22 


64-78 



1911 

1906 

1901 

1896 

1891 

The proportions per cent, under 15 years of the young people of either sex are 
somewhat different from those found in the European population, which are— Males 
under 15, 30-18 ; over 16 years, 69-82 : and females under 15, 32-57 ; and over 
15 years, 67-43. In the case of the Europeans the proportions of the people under 
15 years are somewhat kept down by the excess of arrivals over departures, which 
consists mainly of grown-up persons. 

Details showing the distribution of the Maori population and also of the Cook 
and other annexed Pacific Islands follow ; but the figures in the succeeding portions 
of this section exclude these special features. 



140 



Total Number op Maoris in each County, Census 1911. 



Counties. 


Persons. 


Counties. 


Persons. 


Counties. 


Persons. 


Mangonui 


.. 2,330 


Cook 


.. 1,424 


Clifton 


. 388 


Whangaroa 


626 


Waiapu 


.. 2,952 


Whangamomona 


51 


Hokianga 


., 3,228 


Wairoa 


2,660 


Waimea 


. 133 


Bay of Islands 


.. 2,623 


Hawke's Bay 


.. 1,262 


CoUingwood 


5 


Hobson 


818 


Patangata . . 


134 


Takaka 


. 48 


Otamatea 


454 


Waipawa 


324 


BuUer 


. 36 


Whangarei . 


941 


Waipukurau 


7 


Westland 


82 


Rodney 


155 


Dannevirke . . 


162 


Sounds 


. 218 


Waitemata . 


186 


Weber 


3 


Marlborough . . 


. 162 


Great Barrier 


[sland . . 72 


Wairarapa South 


114 


Kaikoura 


. 109 


Waiheke and 


Chamber- 


Mauriceville . . 


15 


Ashley 


. 230 


lain Islands 


54 


Eketahuna . . 


9 


Selwyn 


83 


Eden 


372 


Pahiatua 


33 


Heathcote 


5 


Waipa 


375 


Akitio 


56 


Malvern 


5 


Raglan 


.. 1,720 


Castlepoint . . 


26 


Akaroa 


25 


Kawhia 


588 


Masterton 


279 


Wairewa 


. 107 


Awakino 


86 


Peatherston . . 


348 


Mount Herbert 


. 106 


Waitomo 


.. 1,523 


Hutt and Makara 


311 


Geraldine 


. 174 


Manukau 


776 


Horowhenua. . 


.. 1,295 


Levels 


41 


Waikato 


603 


Manawatu . . 


248 


Mackenzie 


4 


Matamata 


403 


Kairanga 


171 


Waimate 


71 


Piako 


231 


Oroua, Pohangina, 


and 


Waitaki 


. 96 


Thames 


770 


Kiwitea . . 


221 


Waikouaiti 


. 138 


Ohinemuri 


661 


Rangitikei . . 


387 


Peninsula 


. 140 


Ohura 


61 


Waimarino . . 


632 


Waihemo 


7 


WestTaupo . 


.. 1,299 


Wanganui . 


656 


Taieri 


59 


Coromandel . 


498 


Waitotara 


430 


Clutha 


. 39 


Opotiki 


.. 1,427 


Patea 


258 


Southland 


. 190 


Wtakatane . 


.. 2,228 


Hawera 


570 


Wallace 


. 327 


East Taupo . 


.. 1,046 


Eltham 


38 


Stewart Island 


63 


Rotorua 


.. 1,461 


Waimate West 


153 


Ruapuke Island 


41 


Tauranga 


.. 1,718 


Egmont 


659 


Chatham Islands 


. 219 


Waikohu 


549 


Taranaki 


.. 474 







141 



APPENDIX C— COOK AND OTHER PACIFIC ISLANDS BELONGING TO 

NEW ZEALAND. 

Appendix B of the Census Volume will be found to contain detailed tables giving 
full particulars as to the population of these islands, which it is not deemed necessary 
to repeat here. 

Whites and Half- Natives and Half- 





castes living as 


castes living as 


Total. 


Absentees. * 




Whites. 


Natives. 






Rarotonga 


. . 139 (») 


2,620 


2,759 




Mangaia 


• • 5 


1,466 


1,471 




Atiu 


2 (") 


810 


812 




Aitutaki 


.. 16(*) 


1,221 


1,237 




Mauke (or Parry Island) 


■ • io(=) 


447 


457 




Mitiaro 


.. l(') 
.. 173 
• • 52 («) 


198 


199 




Total Cook Group . . 


6,762 


6,935 




Niue (or Savage Island) 


3,891 


3,943 


513 


Palinerston 




107 


107 




Penrhyn (or Tongareva) 


.. 3('>) 


332 


335 




ManiMki 


40 


440 


444 




Rakaanga 




315 


315 




Danger (or Pukapuka) 




490 


490 




Hervey Islands 


.. 59 
.. 232 


29 


29 




Total other islands 


5,604 


5,663 


513* 


Total population of Pacific islands 


12,366 


12,598 


513* 



* Absent in ships or at the guano islands, &c. 

(M Birthplaces —United Kingdom, 52 ; New Zealand, 30 ; Australia, 4 ; Tasmania, 1 ; Rarotonga, 22 ; Mangaia, 2 : 
Atiu, 1 ; Aitutaki, 1 ; France, 6 ; Germany, 3 ; Sweden, 1 ; United States of America, 9 ; Holland; 1 ; Pitcairn 
Island, 2 ; Tahiti, 2 ; not stated, 2. 
C) Birthplaces.— United Kingdom, 3 ; New Zealand, 1 ; AustraUa, 1. 

Society Islands, 1. 
New Zealand, 1 ; Norway, 2 ; Aitutaki, 4 ; France, 2 ; Germany, 1 ; Raro- 



(«) Birthplaces.— United Kingdom, 1 
(<>) Birthplaces.— United Kingdom, 5 

tonga, 1. 
(«) Birthplaces.- United Kingdom, 2 ; 
(') Birthplaces. — Denmark, 1. 
(8) Birthplaces not stated. 
(1') Bh-thplaces.- United Kingdom, 2 
(i) Bh-thplaces.- United Kingdom, 1 ; 



Mauke, 6 ; Germany, 2. 



New Zealand, 1. 

New Zealand, 1 ; France, 2. 



«™,^.„-^ r,^ TirRTHPLACES —United Kmgdom, 66 ; New Zealand, 34 ; Australia, 5 ; Tasmania, 1 ; Rarotonga, 23 : 
SlTMMA^Y OF BmTi^LAOES. Umte g^^^^ France, 10; Germany, 6; Sweden,!; United States of America, 9 ; 

nSd/liHtcairk Island, 2: Norway, 2 ; Tahiti, 2 ; Society Islands, 1 ; Denmark,!; not st.ted, 54 (.52 

on Niue Island). Total. 232. 



142 



APPENDIX D.— OCCUPATION OF LAND, LIVE-STOCK, AND AGKI- 

CULTURE. 

OCCUPATION OF LAND. 

The occupation of land must not be confused with ownership,* because there are 
large parcels of lands held which are unused and unoccupied. Neither can lands 
occupied be properly compared with the returns of Crown lands alienated or in 
process of alienation, for certain lands have passed into the hands; of Europeans 
which were never made waste lands of the Crown. 

The area of land in occupation during 1910-11 has been returned at 40,238,126 
acres, including Crown lands leased for pastoral purposes only, or 2,033,777 acres 
in excess of the area for the year 1908-9. : 

Tables are given showing the numbers and acreages of holdings, grouped 
according to size, 1905-6 to 1910-11. 

In 1895 the holdings of over 1 acre in extent, as returned to the Registrar- 
General, numbered only 46,676. Holdings occupied by Maoris were excluded, 
besides holdings of exactly 1 acre, also gardens and orchards attached to. residences. 



Occupied Lands : Holdings. 
[This and tte succeeding statement deal with the full extent of occupied land, including Crown 
pastoral leases.] 

Number of Holdings. 







Sizf 


)S of Holdings. 




1 


acre 


to 


10 acres 


inclusive 


11 


acres to 


50 




51 






100 




101 






200 




201 






320 




321 






640 




641 






1,000 




1,001 






5,000 




5,001 ", 
10,001 
20,001 
Over50,00( 


10,000 
20,000 
50,000 
) acres 






1907-8. 

21.186 

12,147 

7,760 

10,098 

6,827 

7,602 

3,011 

3.816 

436 

247 

153 

84 



1908-9. 

21.927 

12,360 

7,780 

10,206 

6,831 

7,828 

3,202 

4,090 

458 

235 

151 

84 



1910-11. 

18,075 

12,151 

7,948 

10,746 

7,083 

8,466 

3,611 

4,780 

526 

264 

136 

90 



Totals.. 69,942 72,338 73,367 75.152 73,876 
The holdings are shown to have increased by the number of 3,934 since 1905-6. 



* The latest information in reference to ownership of land which is available gives figures up to the 31st March 
1910. It is contained in Parliamentary Return B.-17A of the year 1911, and estimates the total number of owners 
of land (town and country holdings of all sizes) to be 150,000. The most important figures (showing ownership of 
productive land) are those of freeholders outside boroughs and town districts, and excluding holdings of under 5 acres. 
These figures are, — 

New Zealand Owners (Oveb 5 Acres). 



Year 1910 
„ 1906 
„ 1902 
„ 1892 



46,922 
45,068 
13,735 
38,935 



Year 1889 
„ 1886 
„ 1883 



37,432 
34,450 
30,764 



143 

The total acreage of occupied land for each of the five years, 1905-6 to 1910-11, 
is shown : — 

Occupied Lands : Acreages. 



Sizes 


of Holdings, in Acres. 


1905-6. 


1906-7. 


1907-8. 


1908-9. 


1910-11. 






Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


1 tc 


) 10 inclusive 


79,926 


81,339 


86,870 


88,749 


81,397 


11 , 


50 * „ 


324,375 


328,657 


340,498 


346,453 


335,056 


51 , 


100 


591,209 


599,236 


604,567 


611,622 


618,980 


101 . 


200 „ 


1,514,084 


1,544,242 


1,533,048 


1,544,963 


1,628,608 


201 , 


320 


. 1,692,824 


1,742,123 


1,764,903 


1,769,875 


1,818,087 


321 , 


640 


.3,306,475 


3,390,762 


3,491,728 


3,582,822 


3,872.809 


641 , 


1,000 


2,220,149 


2,354,891 


2,425,028 


2,618,008 


2,931,721 


1,001 , 


5,000 


. 6,955,310 


7,212.587 


7,677,624 


8,088,931 


9,388,126 


6,001 , 


10,000 


. 2,874,562 


2,822,030 


2.994,820 


3,193,571 


3,525.514 


10,001 , 


20,000 


3,278,498 


3,536,334 


3,365,132 


3,234,480 


3,751,346 


20,001 , 


50,000 


. 5,273,472 


4,911,977 


4,870.772 


4,781,801 


4,157,740 


Over 50, 


000 acres . . 

Totals . 


. 9,056,576 


8,884,295 


8,409,298 


8,343,074 


8.128,742 




. 37,167,460 


37,408,473 


37,564,288 


38,204,349 


40,238,126 



Of a total of 73,876 holdings in 1910-11, 38,174, or 51-67 per cent., were from 
1 to 100 acres in extent ; 48,920, or 66-22 per cent., were from 1 to 200 acres ; and 
56,003, or 75-81 per cent., were from 1 to 320 acres in size. The total number over 
320 acres was only 17,873, or 24-19 per cent, of the whole, thus indicatiag a con- 
siderable degree of moderately close settlement, although the area of the holdings 
over the 320-acres limit necessarily shows as very large in a table which includes 
the Crown pastoral leases. 

The extent of land occupied as shown in the returns according to tenure is 
tabulated for each provincial district. The acreage in the last column of the state- 
ment is apparently short of the actual facts, judging from the figures shown in the 
table of " Crown Tenants," as given in the report of the Surveyor-Gen eral. The 
difference lies in what has been returned for Crown pastoral leases to the agricultural- 
statistics collectors and the areas on which rent is paid given by the Lands Depart- 
ment. 



Occupation op Land : Tenure 1910-11. 



Provincial Districts. 


Total of 
Holdings. 


Freehold. 


Leased from 
Individuals or 
Public Bodies. 


Leased from 
Natives. 


Held from 

Crown under 

Different 

Tenures. 




Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Auckland 


7,769,048 


4,382,289 


610,095 


787,515 


1,989,149 


Taranaki . . 


1,358,271 


618,246 


257,973 


117,565 


364,487 


Hawke's Bay 


3,211,086 


1,757,830 


278,959 


654,021 


520,276 


Wellington . . 


4,434,755 


2,518,309 


673,605 


462,106 


780,735 


Marlborough 


2,440,109 


804,021 


105,561 


41,975 


1,488,552 


Nelson 


2,314,116 


1,002,256 


139,476 


21,490 


1,150,894 


Westland . . 


961,068 


76,966 


34,237 


6.963 


842,902 


Canterbury 


6.587,587 


2,581,682 


926,471 


19,322 


3.060,112 


Otago— 












Otago portion 
Southland portion 


7.997,952 


1,493,718 


509,867 


30.995 


5,963,372 


3,164,134 


1,316,380 


462,642 


5,476 


1,379,636 


Totals 


40,238,126 


16,551,697 


3,998,886 


2,147,428 


17, .540, 115 



144 

Arranged according to the number of holdings, the provincial districts stand 
in order as under : — 

Auckland 

Otago 

Canterbury 

Wellington 

Taranaki 

Hawke's Bay 

Nelson . . 

Marlborough 

Westland 

The occupied holdings of the North Island now considerably outnumber those 
of the South Island, the numbers being — North Island, 42,503 ; South Island, 
31,373. For the year 1900-1 the returns showed 30,086 holdings for the South 
Island, against 32,700 for the North. 

The full details of holdings and acreages, classified according to size, for the 
year 1910-11 will be found in the following table : — 



. 21 


180 


holdings. 


. 13 


484 


5» 


. 11 


576 


„ 


. 11 


252 


51 


. 5 


423 


„ 


4 


648 


55 


. 3 


650 




1 


718 
945 


n 



Occupation op Land : Provincial Districts. Classified Holdings. 



Table showing for the Year 1911 the Occupied Holdings 


md the 


Acreages (including Crown Pastoral 


Leases) 


in Groups of 






S 


zes, aooording 


jO the Provincial Districts. 
















^® 


CD d 


9 aj 


S ■ 


ca 

ID . 


go 


a ^ 


IB 

si 


o 3 

2"3 


<ia <D 


m 

•D 


fa 


Provincial Districts, 


d^ a 
H -3 


8-§ 

< 3 


8.E 

ts, 

in o 


II 


o > 
o S 


St 

o P 


3 f- 
So 


g 3 


O m 


a > 


o > 






a 


7 a 


-L fl 


"V d 


_L 


rt " 


1 a 


7 fl 


T CI 


V a 


1 fl 


J. g 


== 






rH.rt 


3- 


§■" 


s" 


i" 


1 -rt 

CO 


,-7 


i" 

U5 






s 


Auckland: Area in acres 


7,769,048 


20,600 


102,821 


195,792 


509,383 


533,707 


1,151,137 


834,126 


2,457,800 


735,717 


639,919 


371,667 


316,489 


Nv/mher of holdings 


SI, 180 


4,638 


3,618 


2,478 


3,361 


2,074 


2,512 


1,038 


1,284 


116 


U 


12 


5 


Taranaki : Area in acres 


1,358,271 


4,845 


VI, W! 


65,544 


205,928 


178,111 


242,835 


173,088 


438,215 


32,258 








Number of holdings 


5,4S3 


9Si 


638 


822 


1,305 


700 


533 


216 


251 


4 








Hawke's Bay: Area in acres 


3,211,086 


6,973 


21,025 


34,782 


77,235 


79,780 


180,223 


190,780 


872,251 


667,103 


476,'686 


277,080 


428','l68 


Number of holdings 


iMS 


1,408 


788 


472 


511 


322 


386 


233 


400 


80 


32 


11 


5 


Wellington : Area in acres 


4,434,755 


14,813 


48,465 


86,664 


230,651 


228,896 


573,232 


459,587 


1,642,537 


496,209 


436,872 


92,337 


224,492 


Number of holdings 


11,252 


3,254 


1,770 


1,094 


1,528 


896 


1,240 


560 


799 


73 


31 


3 


4 


Marlborough : Area in acres 


2,440,109 


1,946 


5,478 


10,466 


26,758 


.31,044 


107,707 


84,723 


385,980 


194,694 


407,263 


506,644 


677,506 


NuTnber of holdings 


1,718 


475 


209 


1S9 


179 


119 


226 


205 


192 


31 


24 


15 


4 


Nelson : Area in acres . 


2,314,116 


3,390 


17,811 


31,897 


64,925 


82,699 


207,741 


196,282 


529,000 


169,171 


152,122 


279,162 


690,016 


Number of holdings 


3,660 


806 


653 


407 


444 


317 


448 


250 


282 


21 


10 


S 


4 


Westland: Areain acres 


961,068 


700 


4,661 


8,098 


18,370 


29,782 


56,857 


42,853 


59,820 


127,099 


129,856 


340,635 


142,437 


Number of holdings 


9iS 


200 


163 


105 


120 


115 


125 


46 


29 


20 


9 


22 


8 


Canterbury : Area in acres 


6,587,587 


14,502 


60,890 


86,460 


194,829 


260,770 


553,054 


408,450 


1,381,409 


336,680 


386,271 


788,005 


2,126,267 


Number of holdiJigs 
Otago— 
Otago portion : Area in acres 


11,576 


3,381 


2,192 


1,137 


1,317 


976 


1,231 


509 


698 


S5 


27 


27 


26 


7,997,952 


8,955 


35,913 


62,724 


161,144 


197,984 


401,721 


314,783 


1,247,213 


673,802 


935,894 


1,093,700 


2,864,119 


N'umber of holdings 


8,020 


1,940 


1,320 


833 


1,094 


772 


885 


365 


584 


95 


67 


U 


31 


Soutblanrt portion : Area, acres 


3,164,1.34 


4,773 


20,545 


36,553 


139,385 


205,414 


398,302 


227,049 


473,901 


202,781 


287,463 


408,720 


759,248 


Niumber of ho Iditigs 


6,4M 


1,019 


800 


461 


887 


792 


880 


2S9 


261 


31 


20 


25 


9 


TAtflls i Area in acres 
iotais \j<iumber of holdings 


40,238,126 


81,397 


335,056 


618,980 


1,628,608 


1,818,087 


3,872,809 


2,931,721 


9,388,126 


3,625,514 


3,751,346 


4,157,740 


8,128,742 


73,876 


18,075 


12,151 


7,948 


10,746 


7,083 


8,466 


3,611 


4,780 


526 


264 


136 


90 



Ownership of Land. 

From the tables following it will be seen that of the total area of New Zealand 
(66,861,440 acres) there was held as freehold on 31st March, 1910, more than 
nineteen million and a half acres of rural lands. The balance is in the hands of 
owners of urban lands, the Crown, Native owners, local bodies, church, education, 
friendly societies, and other public bodies. The number of freeholders of country 
lands {i.e., exclusive of those in boroughs and townships), with the area held, and 



145 

the capital and unimproved values of same on 31st March, 1910, is as fol- 
lows : — 



Size of Holdings, in Acres. 



5 and under 
320 



640 

1,000 

2,000 

5,000 

10,000 

20.000 

30.000 

40,000 

50,000 



320 

640 

1,000 

2,000 

5,000 

10,000 

20,000 

30,000 

40,000 

50,000 

100,000 



Totals .. 



Number of 
Owners. 



36,234 

5,394 

2,063 

1,748 

1,006 

306 

121 

28 

5 

6 

11 



Total Area. 



Acres. 

3,457,551 

2,422,803 

1,618,609 

2,487,571 

3,966,195 

2,113,081 

1,661,381 

683,368 

175,001 

262,565 

727,156 



46,922 19,575,281 



Capital Value. 



39,426,890 

18,177,896 

11,179,793 

14,967,929 

16,733,307 

9,214,768 

6,044,068 

1,984,990 

. 313,003 

331,727 

723,084 



Unimproved 
Value. 



119,097,455 



26,224,383 

13,049,185 

8,087,573 

11,034,208 

12,612,376 

6,934,896 

4,665,446 

1,508,004 

232,999 

196,091 

565,858 



85,111,019 



Number of Freeholders (exclusive of those in Boroughs or Townships) with Sizes of 

Holdings. 











Number of Freeholders in 
























1883. 


1886. 


1889. 


1892. 


1902. 


1906. 


1910. 


5 and under 320 


25,407 


28,521 


31,324 


32,211 


34,800 


35,200 


36,234 


320 „ 640 




2,695 


2,982 


3,189 


3,553 


4,735 


5,107 


5,394 


640 „ 1,000 




931 


1,043 


1,035 


1,143 


1,580 


1,862 


2,063 


1,000 „ 2,000 




816 


916 


906 


992 


1,369 


1,553 


1,748 


2,000 „ 5,000 




465 


509 


507 


566 


775 


864 


1,006 


5,000 „ 10,000 




203 


220 


221 


208 


260 


278 


306 


10,000 „ 20,000 




141 


151 


134 


148 


123 


129 


121 


20,000 „ 30,000 




49 


43 


50 


45 


40 


40 


28 


30,000 „ 40,000 




23 


31 


26 


30 


21 


14 


5 


40,000 „ 50,000 




11 


5 


13 


9 


9 


8 


6 


50,000 „ 100,000 




19 


25 


18 


20 


18 


12 


11 


100,000 „ 150,000 




2 


2 


2 


4 


2 






150,000 and over 




2 


2 


7 


6 


3 


1 




Totals 


30,764 


34,450 


37,432 


38,935 


43,735 


45,068 


46,922 



Prior to the year 1906 the areas of freehold lands under 10,000 acres were 
not classified, but it is possible to compare the areas above that quantity as held 
in 1889, 1906, and 1910. Still excluding lands m the hands of Native owners, local 
bodies, 'church, education, friendly societies, and other pubhc bodies, the figures 



are. 



Area, in Acres. 



10,000 and under 20,000 

20,000 „ 30,000 

30,000 „ 40,000 

40,000 „ 50,000 

50,000 „ 75,000 

75,000 „ 100,000 

100,000 „ 150,000 

150,000 and over .. 

10 — Census. 



1889. 


1906. 


1910. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


1,911,154 


1,817,562 


1,661,381 


1,221,829 


1,002,816 


683,368 


921,435 


474,822 


175,001 


570,646 


353,100 


262,565 


723,459 


490,507 


560,250 


522,590 


342,493 


166,906 


241,423 






1,389,664 


223,242 





146 



It would appear from the above that there has been a reduction in the total 
held in areas of 10,000 acres and over of 2,797,658 acres during the period 
1889-1906, and a further reduction of 1,195,071 acres during the period 1906-10, 
or a total reduction of 3,992,729 acres between 1889 and 1910. The average area 
held by owners of 10,000 acres and upwards shows a steady decrease since 1889, 
as follows : — 

Average Area held. 
Year. ^Acres. 

1889 .. .. .. .. .. .. 30,009 



1892 
1902 
1906 
1910 



29,924 
28,312 
23,061 
20,523 



LIVE-STOCK. 
A comparative table is presented showing the increase in live-stock since the 
year 1858. The figures are taken from the census as far as 1891 and for 1911, but 
for 1895-96 and foUowiug years up to 1910 the results of the enumeration made 
annually by the Department of Agriculture have been made use of. 



Year. 


Horses. 


Aasesand 
Miilea. 


Cattle. 


Sheep. 


Goats. 


Pigs. 


Potdtry. 


1858 . . 


14,912 


122 


137,204 


1,523,324 


11,797 


40,734 


* 


1861 . 




28,275 


153 


193,285 


2,761,383 


12,191 


43,270 


236,098 


1864 . 




49,409 


339 


249,760 


4,937,273 


12,005 


61,276 


378,414 


1867 . 




65,715 


323 


312,835 


8,418,579 


11,964 


115,104 


676,065 


1871 . 




81,028 


397 


436,592 


9,700,629 


12,434 


151,460 


872,174 


1874 . 




99,859 


267 


494,917 


11,704,853 


14,276 


123,921 


1,058,198 


1878 . 




137,768 


241 


578,430 


13,069,338 


14,243 


207,337 


1,323,542 


1881 . 




161,736 


362 


698,637 


12,985,085 


11,223 


200,083 


1,566,114 


1886 . 




187,382 


297 


853,358 


16,564,595 


10,220 


277,901 


1,679,021 


1891 . 




211,040 


348 


831,831 


18,128,186 


9,055 


308,812 


1,790,070 


1895-96 


237,418 


426 


1,047,901 


19,826,604t 


* 


239,778 


* 


1896-97 


249,813 


434 


1,138,067 


19,138,493t 


* 


209,834 


* 


1897-98 


252,834 


393 


1,209,165 


19,687,9541 


* 


186,027 


* 


1898-99 


258,115 


534 


1,203,024 


19,673,725t 


sN 


193,512 


* 


1899-1900 


261,931 


459 


1,222,139 


19,348,506t 


* 


249,751 


* 


1900-1 


266,245 


480 


1,256,680 


19,355, 195t 


* 


250,975 


* 


1901-2 


279,672 


406 


1,361,784 


20,233,099t 


* 


224,024 


* 


1902-3 


286,955 


464 


1,460,663 


20,342,727t 


* 


193,740 


* 


1903^ 


298,714 


468 


1,593,547 


18,954,5531 


* 


226,591 


* 


1904-5 


314,322 


448 


1,736,850 


18,280,806t 


* 


255,320 


* 


1905-6 


326,537 


429 


1,810,936 


19,130,875t 


* 


249,727 


* 


1906-7 


342,608 


451 


1,851,750 


20,108,471t 


* 


242,273 


3,191,604 


1907-8 


352,832 


425 


1,816,299 


20,983,772-|- 


* 


241,128 


* 


1908-9 


363,259 


519 


1,773,326 


22,449,0531 


* 


245,092 


* 


1909 . . 


* 


* 


* 


23,480,7071 


* 


* 


* 


1910 . . 


* 


* 


* 


24,269,620t 


* 


* 


* 


1911 .. 


404,284 


404 


2,020,171 


23,996,126t 


* 


348,754 


3,691,957 



* Not enumerated. f Numbers for April, 1899, and years following. 

' The stock owned by Maoris in April, 1911, which are included in the above 
figures, comprised : Horses, 48,222 ; cattle, 61,300 ; sheep, 486,922 ; pigs, 33,290. 



147 



Live-stock in each County. 
Details of the live-stock in eacli county of New Zealand are appended : — 

Number op Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, and Angora Goats in each County in the Dominion in 

April, 1911. 



County. 



Mangouui 

Whangaroa 

Hokianga 

Bay of Islands 

Whangarei 

Hobson 

Otamatea 

Rodney 

Waitemata 

Eden 

Manukau 

Goromandel 

Thames 

Waikato 

Baglan 

Waipa 

Rawhia 

Waitomo 

Awakino 

Ohinemuri 

Piako 

Matamata 

Tauranga 

East Taupo and Rotorua 

West Taupo and Ohura 

Whakatane 

Opotiki 

Waiapu 

Cook 

Waikohu 

Totals 



HorseB. 



Absgb 

and 

Mules. 



Cattle T^ . „ 
linoludins Dairy Cows (in 
D^ryCows). Milk and Dry). 



Sheep. 



Angora 
Goats. 



PigB. 



Provincial District of Auckland. 








3,164 


1 


13,678 


3,398 


25,644 


112 


2,819 


1,100 




3,264 


807 


7,746 


132 


938 


4,443 




18,409 


4,869 


14,767 


29 


2,619 


2,741 


6 


14,933 


3,491 


44,856 


264 


1,899 


5,415 


6 


45,581 


14,583 


40,817 


260 


4,475 


2,109 




22,055 


4,803 


54,294 


34 


1,793 


2,716 


4 


24,376 


6,608 


60,410 


134 


2,757 


2,972 


5 


20,391 


5,807 


77,635 


116 


2,125 


3,594 


14 


15,553 


6,084 


50,335 


175 


3,242 


6,124 


15 


9,047 


4,145 


3,542 


60 


2,939 


10,910 


10 


60,766 


28,492 


119,866 


406 


11,360 


997 


1 


6,114 


1,531 


26,549 


74 


750 


1,558 




8,507 


3,398 


7,952 


6 


1,983 


5,791 


i 


36,091 


14,371 


64,227 


276 


8,002 


3,951 


1 


31,659 


5,617 


154,240 


137 


2,793 


5,383 


3 


32,500 


13,541 


28,228 


44 


7,319 


1,091 




5,832 


1,304 


42,123 


3 


773 


4,508 


, , 


19,952 


4,451 


66,546 


13 


3,828 


657 


, , 


7,514 


496 


53,325 




318 


2,504 


3 


11,405 


4,319 


6,433 


12 


2,871 


2,910 




22,127 


8,866 


* 


7 


3,825 


3,525 


1 


28,402 


9,993 


« 


3 


4,365 


5,335 


2 


27,926 


8,264 


7,324 


4 


4,802 


3,104 


1 


5,979 


1,876 


40,833 




1,735 


4,085 


8 


20,325 


3,430 


m 


1 


4,574 


1,970 


4 


11,684 


3,909 


34,586 


1 


1,259 


2,301 




9,121 


3,152 


92,625 


1 


1,956 


5,713 


94 


36,682 


560 


602,497 


13 


2,681 


10,159 


15 


69,332 


6,625 


924,741 


32 


4,625 


4,191 


•■ 


45,182 


1,596 


492,640 


•■ 


1,113 


115,021 


195 


684,387 


180,386 


3.286,019 


2,849 


96,538 



Provincial District of Taranaki. 



Clifton 


2,040 




21,994 


6,287 


98,409 


104 


2,782 


Taranaki 




5,268 




53,113 


25,027 


45,698 


828 


10,019 


Egmont 




3,369 


4 


39,983 


17,770 


13,366 


8 


5,055 


Stratford 




3,489 




44,405 


22,184 


136,345 


315 


7,859 


Whangamomona 




739 


2 


7,449 


1,406 


109,307 


19 


403 


Eltham 




2,573 




32,944 


17,995 


55,212 


65 


7,590 


Waimate West 




1,909 




24,690 


15,688 


97,397 


11 


6,155 


Hawera 




3,255 




35,933 


16,385 


7,153 


Patea 




3,763 


•• 


37,649 


11,499 


268,514 




3,644 


Totals 




26,405 


6 


298,160 


134,241 


824,248 


1,350 


50,660 





Provincial District of Hawke's Bay. 










6,711 




29,455 


3,245 


625,608 


7 


1,901 


Hawke'a Bay 

Waipawa 

Wftipukurau 

Patangata 

Weber 


9,705 


9 


50,196 


7,285 


1,143,934 


95 


3,964 


3,152 




16,383 


3,029 


404,290 


, , 


1,137 


869 




4,298 


765 


97,993 


, , 


221 


2,752 
490 




37,790 
5,036 


1,506 
725 


748,228 


116 
150 


360 
81 


Dannevirke 


3,652 




24,636 


9,135 


265,309 


7 


3,657 


Woodville 


1,577 




15,404 


5,711 


102,629 


■• 


2,379 


Totals 


28,908 


9 


183,198 


31,401 


3,387,991 


375 


13,700 



» The Sheep Returns are oompUed by^tbe Agricultural^ Department, which arranges the counties as follows: Piako and part 



Matamatl.T03,6?4rWest TaTpo and ?a7t Matamata, 6.826; Ohura. 31.238. 



148 
Number of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, and Angora Goats in April, 1911 — continued. 



County. 



Horses. 



ASBBB 

and 

Mules. 



Cattle 
(including 
Dairy Cows). 



Dairy Cows (in 
Milk and Dry). 



Sheep. 



Angora 

Goats. 



Pigs. 



Provincial District of Wellington. 



Pahiatua 


2,455 




26,095 


9,959 


239,462 




4,758 


Akitio 


1,397 




16,421 


1,528 


253,649 




267 


Eketahuna 


1,346 




12,974 


5,821 


110,471 


10 


2,432 


Waimarino .'. 


1,496 




6,282 


1,386 


192,681 




609 


Kaitleke 


733 


2 


1,914 


510 






299 


Waitotara 


2,256 


11 


18,538 


4,380 


194,022 


31 


2,550 


Wanganui 


4,208 


2 


27,544 


4,577 


528,849 


35 


1,361 


Bangitikei 


8,608 


7 


48,529 


10,198 


946,539 


19 


3,832 


Kiwitea 


3,010 




19,551 


4,429 


317,827 




2,395 


Pohangina 


1,567 


t . 


13,898 


3,805 


156,810 


13 


1,995 


Oroua 


3,147 


6 


18,396 


8,772 


156,269 




4,269 


Manawatu 


4,108 


3 


28,121 


11 ,971 


130,947 


17 


6,963 


Kaitanga 


4,045 


1 


28,025 


11,216 


115,583 


8 


5,804 


Horowhenua 


3,729 


1 


24,761 


8,447 


166,001 


40 


5,405 


Masterton 


4,306 


1 


34,021 


3,855 


601,913 


7 


1,574 


Maurioeville 


506 




5,306 


1,447 


79,152 




585 


Gastlepoiut 


855 




14,712 


441 


174,312 




128 


Wairarapa South 


2,637 


4 


25,442 


7,598 


185,314 


39 


3,857 


Featherston 


4,163 


4 


40,034 


6,874 


521,971 


9 


4,087 


Hutt 


2,867 


30 


11,026 


4,876 


159,791 


139 


1,493 


Makara 


3,019 


2 


4,704 


2,701 


85,027 


26 


1,912 


Totals 


60,458 


74 


426,244 


114,741 


5,316,095 


393 


56,575 



Provincial District of Marlborough. 



Sounds 

Marlborough 

Kaikoura 


314 
6,421 
1,663 




2,780 

12,763 

5,159 


974 
4,624 
1,859 


185,463 
696,493 
223,087 


29 

569 

15 


1,475 
3,991 
1,267 


Totals 


8,398 




20,702 


7,457 


1,105,043 


613 


6,733 



Provincial District of Nelson. 



CoUingwood 




467 




5,359 


1,685 


12,624 


14 


953 


Takaka 




1,032 




5,217 


2,432 


47,779 


88 


1,907 


Waimea 




5,964 




13,517 


5,214 


310,897 


548 


4,349 


BuUer 




1,148 




6,009 


2,268 


4,618 


6 


969 


Inangahua 




597 


1 


3,293 


1,050 


9,732 


49 


705 


Murohlson 




662 




4,824 


1,265 


33,727 




707 


Amuri 




2,233 




3,605 


607 


467,924 




519 


Cheviot 




1,544 




3,215 


627 


211,173 


* 


454 


Totala 




13,647 


1 


45,039 


15,148 


1,098,474 


709 


10,563 



Provincial District of V\'e.'!tland. 



Grey 

Westland .- 


1,435 
2,343 


1 


7,529 
17,085 


2,223 
4,427 


29,891 
29,801 


14 
5 


1,510 
1,096 


Totals 


3,778 


1 


24,614 


6,650 


59,692 


19 


2,606 



149 



Number of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, and Angora Goats, in April, 1911— continued. 



County. 



Horses. 



Asses 

and 

Mules. 



Cattle 

(including 

Dairy Cows). 



Dairy Cows (in 
Milk and Dry). 



Sheep. 



Angora 
Goats. 



Provincial District of Canterbury. 



Provincial District of Otago. 

OTAQO PORTION. 



SOUTHLAND POETION. 



Pigs. 



Waipara 


2,530 




2,997 


7671 
8,012 




"23 


622 


Ashley 


8,792 


2 


17,233 


839,426 


11,032 


Tawera 


844 




992 


396 X 
527 






488 


Selwyn 


1,482 




1,289 






709 


Waimairi 


2,461 


2 


5,507 


3,637 




10 


4,613 


Malvern 


3,450 




2,769 


1,323 






2,645 


Paparua 


2,281 


1 


3,375 


2,199 V 


713,625 


} 19 


3,875 


Heathcote 


2,732 


1 


2,247 


1,471 




43 


1,473 


Halswell 


1,042 


1 


3,665 


2,061 






1,173 


Springs 


1,573 




4,326 


2,335 






2,955 


Ellesmere 


3,480 




7,428 


3,869/ 




I 44 


8,823 


Mount Herbert 


467 




1,794 


387] 




( 52 


281 


Akaroa 


1,596 


2 


16,829 


4,510 


243,228 


12 


1,412 


Wairewa 


956 


1 


5,708 


1,853 






855 


Ashburton 


14,018 


14 


15,226 


6,438 


846,126 


16 


11,058 


Geraldine 


6,218 


18 


9,360 


4,083 
2,905 




24 


5,452 


Levels 


5,150 


6 


6,242 


585,603 


3,261 


Mackenzie 


2,564 


5 


3,392 


1,009 


492,191 


1 


976 


Waimate 


8,315 


3 


9,811 


4,047 


541,056 


25 


6,506 


Totals 


69,951 


56 


120,190 


51,829 


4,311,255 


269 


68,209 



Waitaki 


9,080 


19 


19,051 


9,529 


537,951 


15 


5,811 


Waihemo 


1,712 


1 


3,610 


1,814 


139,237 




1,020 


Waikouaiti 


2,113 


1 


9,376 


5,477 


68,889 


6 


2,267 


Taieri 


7,481 


3 


20,042 


8,749 


207,964 




5,277 


Peninsula 


939 




4,767 


3,449 


5,696 




831 


Bruce 


4,996 


1 


11,269 


4,867 


209,255 




2,928 


Clutba 


6,519 


7 


16,587 


6,646 


369.961 




3,644 


Tuapeka 


5,073 


2 


7,260 


2,367 


454,112 




1,831 


Vincent 


2,542 




3,725 


1,243 


327 , 139 


3 


811 


Lake 


1,720 




4,013 


797 


241,780 


8 


697 


Maniototo 


3,145 


8 


5,055 


1,392 


322,676 


•• 


-382 


Totals 


45,320 


42 


104,755 


46,330 


2,884,660 


32 


25,499 



Southland 
Wallace and Fiord 
Stewart Island 


24,836 

7,515 

47 


20 


88,981 

23,712 

189 


36,845 

8,618 

87 


1,193,757 

525,931 

2,961 


10 


14,328 

3,329 

14 


Totals 


32,398 


20 


112,882 


45,550 


1,722,649 


10 


17,671 


Totals for Otago 


77,718 


62 


217,637 


91,880 


4,607,309 


42 


43,170 


Totals for Dominion 


404,284 


404 


2,020,171 


633,733 


23,996,126 


6,119 


348,754 



Sheep. 

The returns made to the Department of Agriculture show a smaller number of 

sheep for the year 1886 than the census figures given previously, because the account 

was taken later in the year. The particulars are given for that year, and each of 

ten years, 1902-11, distinguishing the number in the North from that in the South 

According to these returns, the flocks of the North Island increased from 
6 286 907 sheep in the year 1886 to 10,286,346 in 1902, and 12,814,353 in 1911, or 



150 



at the rate of 95 per cent, in the first sixteen years of the period and of 24-6 per cent, 
between 1902 and 1911. Sheep in the South Island increased from 9,888,356 in 
1886 to 10,056,381 in 1902, an increase of only 1-7 per cent, in the sixteen years, 
and actually decreased to 9,076,843 in 1904. Between 1902 and 1911, however, 
the South Island shows an increase of 1,125,392, or at the rate of 11-2 per cent. 



Year. 






North Island. 


South Island. 


Total. 


1886 .. .. .. 5,285,907 


9,888,356 


15,174,263 


1902 .. .. .. .. 10,286,346 


10,056,381 


20,342,727 


1903 . . 






. 9,433,831 


9,520,722 


18,954,553 


1904 . . 






. 9,203,963 


9,076,843 


18,280,806 


1905 .. 






. 9,388,605 


9,742,270 


19,130,875 


1906 . . 






. 10,009,731 


10,098,740 


20,108,471 


1907 .. 






. 10,854,018 


10,129,754 


20,983,772 


1908 . . 






. 11,632,201 


10,816,852 


22,449,053 


1909 . . 






. 12,193,211 


11,287,496 


23,480,707 


1910 .. 






. 12,917,662 


11,351,958 


24,269,620 


1911 .. 






. 12,814,353 


11,181,773 


23,996,126 



There was an increase of 3,653,399 in the total number of sheep between 1902 
and 1911. 

Of the provincial districts, Wellington had most sheep in 1911, Otago came next, 
and Canterbury occupied the third place. The particulars given below show that 
although six of the nine provinces show increases on the figures for 1910 amounting 
in the aggregate to 236,123, substantial decreases in Canterbury and Hawke's Bay 
and a lesser decrease in Auckland more than counter-balance this, the net decrease 
being 273,494. 



Provinoial District. 






No. of Sheep 
in 1910. 


No. of Sheep 
in 1911. 


Increase or 
Decrease. 




Wellington 






5,278,797 


5,316 


095 


37,298 




Otago 








4,563,435 


4,607 


309 


43,874 




Canterbury 








4,620,609 


4,311 


255 


-309,354 




Hawke's Bay . 








3,553,255 


3,387 


991 


-165,464 




Auckland 








3,321,018 


3,286 


019 


-34,999 




Marlborougli . 








1,072,946 


1,105 


043 


32,097 




Nelson 








1,045,115 


1,098 


474 


53,359 




Taranaki 








764,592 


824,248 


59,656 




Westland 








49,853 


59 


,692 


9,839 




Totals 


24,269,620 


23,996 


,126 


-273,494 




Number of F 


LOCKS, 


1891 


, 1896, 1901, 


1906, 1910 


, AND 1911. 




Size of Flocks. 


1891. 


1896. 


1901. 


1906. 


1910. 


1911. 


Under 500 


.. 8 


,272 


12,028 


11,700 


11,793 


11,564 


11,463 


500 and under 1,000 




.. 1 


,691 


2,605 


3,059 


3,431 


4,313 


4,366 


1,000 „ 2,000 






969 


1,460 










2,000 „ 5,000 






666 


892 


2,877* 


3,340* 


4,791* 


4,833* 


5,000 „ 10,000 






287 


340 


397 


394 


544 


540 


10,000 „ 20,000 






239 


231 


189 


213 


233 


216 


20,000 and upwards 






169 


147 


138 


94 


77 


75 


Totals 


.. 12 


,293 


17,703 


18,360 


19,265 


21,522 


21,493 










1901. 


1906. 


1910. 1911 




* From 1,000 to 2,500 








2,189 2,558 


3,663 3,701 


i 


2,500 to 5,0 


00 








688 


782 


1,128 1,130 



2,877 



3,340 



4,791 



4,833 



The average size of the flocks is found to have been 1,081 sheep in 1896, 1,127 
in 1910, and 1,116 in 1911. 



161 



Crossbreds and other longwools comprise over 90 per cent, of the New Zealand 
flocks, the niermo being less suited for freezing. The number of the different classes 
composmg the flocks in April, 1910, and April, 1911, was as follows :— 
Stud- 
Merino 

Lincoln 

Romney 

Border Leicester 

English Leicester 

Shropshire . . 

Southdown . . 

Other breeds 

Totals . . 
Flock— 

Crossbreds and other longwools 
Merino 



1910. 




1911. 


50,201 




53,920 


111,707 




100,303 


237,120 




256,015 


101,998 




96,575 


105,458 




99,455 


31,607 




25,899 


26,760 




28,919 


42,082 




44,537 


706,933 


705,623 


.. 21,680,235 


21 


,525,084 


.. 1,882,452 


1 


,765,419 


.. 23,562,687 


23,290,503 


.. 24,269,620 


23 


996,126 



Totals . . 
Grand totals 

Cattle. 
The cattle as enumerated in 1911 for each provincial district are given in the 
next table, and show an increase over the figures for 1908-9 of 246,845. 

Summary op Provincial Districts. 



Provincial District. 


Bulls 
(all Ages). 


Dairy Cows 

(in Milk and 

Dry). 


Heifers to calve 

next Season 

intended for 

Dairying. 


All other 
Kinds. 


Totals. 


Auckland 


13,114 


180,386 


59,411 


431,476 


684,387 


Taranaki 




6,358 


134,241 


31,616 


125,945 


298,160 


Hawke's Bay . . 




2,976 


31,401 


8,781 


140,040 


183,198 


Wellington 




8,255 


114,741 


31,212 


272,036 


426,244 


Marlborough 




543 


7,457 


1,981 


10,721 


20,702 


Nelson 




1,142 


15,148 


4,080 


24,669 


45,039 


Westland 




418 


6,650 


2,088 


15,458 


24,614 


Canterbury 




2,837 


51,829 


11,506 


54,018 


120,190 


Otago : Otago portion . . 




2,536 


46,330 


8,620 


47,269 


104,755 


„ Southland portion 


2,691 


45,550 


11,050 


53,591 


112,882 


Totals 




40,870 


633,733 1 


170,345 


1,175,223 


2,020,171 



No comparison is possible with the 1908 figures, as the classification is not the same. 

The large increase in cattle is fairly evenly distributed, the only district showing 
a decrease being the Otago portion of the Otago Provincial District. The following 
table shows the respective increases, &c., of the provincial districts : — 

Decrease. ' 



Provincial District. 
Auckland 
Taranaki 
Hawke's Bay 
Wellington 
Marlborough 
Nelson 
Westland 
Canterbury 
Otago : Otago portion 

„ Southland portion 

Totals 

Total increase 



Increase. 

93,531 

40,767 

15,907 

47,040 

2,958 

7,827 

2,954 

19,273 

22,955 

253,212 

246,845 



6,367 



6,367 



152 

Out of a total of 2,020,171 cattle, the North Island is shown to have had 
1,591,989, or 79 per cent., while the South Island had 428,182, or 21 per cent. The 
dairy cows and heifers intended for dairjdng in the North Island numbered 591,789, 
or 74 per cent., and in the South Island 212,289, or 26 per cent. 



Horses. 
The increase in horses is shown for six census years :- 

Number of 
Horses. 

187,382 
211,040 
237,418 
266,245 



Census Years. 

1880 
1891 
1896 
1901 
1906 
1911 



326,537 
404,284 



Numerical 
Increase. 



23,658 
26,378 
28,827 
60,292 

77,747 



Increase 
per Cent. 

12-63 
12-50 
12-14 
22-65 
23-81 



At the enumeration made in April, 1911, the number of horses was found to have 
increased to 404,688 (including 404 mules and asses), for which particulars are given. 
It will be seen that the Provincial District of Auckland had by far the most horses, 
Otago and Canterbury following, Wellington taking fourth place. 



SUMMAEY OF TOTALS. 





Entires 
(all Ages). 


Geldings 


Mares 


Colts and Fillies 


Total Horses 


Provincial District. 


over Two Years 


over Two Years 


under 


(including Asses 




Old. 


Old. 


Two Years Old. 


and Mules). 


Auckland . . 


1,245 


48,550 


45,843 


19,578 


115,216 


Taranaki . . 


182 


10,319 


11,931 


3,979 


26,411 


Hawks's Bay 


280 


12,063 


12,050 


4,524 


28,917 


Wellington 


597 


25,331 


26,514 


8,090 


60,532 


Marlborough 


71 


3,526 


3,717 


1,084 


8,398 


Nelson 


132 


5,804 


5,936 


1,776 


18,648 


Westland.. 


59 


1,544 


1,507 


669 


3,779 


Canterbury 


678 


29,523 


29,966 


9,840 


70,007 


Otago : Otago portion 


373 


18,591 


19,559 


6,839 


45,362 


Southland portion . . 


201 


13,132 


14,081 


5,004 


32,418 


To'^i^llgJ^ :: :: :: :: 


3,818 


168,383 


171,104 


61,383 


404,688» 


3,407 


155,586 


153,298 


51,487 


363,778* 


Increase 


411 


12,797 


17,806 


9,896 


40,910 



* The totals include 404 asses and mules tor 1911, and 619 for 1908. 



Increase for horses 
Decrease for asses and mules 



41,025. 
115. 



Pigs and Angora Goats. 

The following table shows the number of pigs and angora goats in the 
Dominion in 1911 compared with 1908. The angora goats, of which, however, 
there is not a large number, have more than doubled during the three years. Pigs 



163 



have increased from 245,092 to 348,754, the rate of increase being 42 per cent, for 
the period. 









Piga. 




Angora Goats. 


















1911. 


1908. 


luorease. 


1911. 


1908. 


Increase. 


Auckland 








96,538 


71,895 


24,643 


2,349 


882 


1,467 


Taranaki 






. ! 50,660 


50,265 


395 


1,350 


368 


982 


Hawke's Bay 








13,700 


8,746 


4,954 


375 


336 


39 


WeUington 








56,575 


44,472 


12,103 


393 


45 


348 


Marlborough 








6,733 


3,146 


3,587 


613 


265 


348 


Nelson 








10,563 


6,865 


3,698 


709 


527 


182 


Westland 








2,606 


1,782 


824 


|19 


5 


14 


Canterbury 






68,209 


32,073 


36,136 


269 


64 


205 


Otago : Otago portion 




. 1 25,499 


15,773 


9,726 


32 




32 


„ Southland portion . 






17,671 


10,075 


7,596 


10 


2 


8 


Total 


s 






348,754 


245,092 


103,662 


6,119 


2,494 


3,625 



AGRICULTURE. 

Up to and including the 1908-9 season, complete agricultural statistics were 
collected annually, the plan adopted being similar to that used in the United 
Kingdom, the account of land laid down in crop being ascertained at an early date, 
while statistics of produce were made up after the results of threshing were known. 

For the 1909-10 season full statistics were not collected, but the area imder 
the principal grain and root crops was ascertained and an estimate made of the 
yields . 

In conjunction with the census of 1911, complete statistics were collected by 
the Government Statistician, covering the 1910-11 season, and the results of this 
collection are embodied in the tables which follow. 



Yields of Wheat, Oats, Barley, and Potatoes for 1910- 


11. — Summary of Provincial Districts. 




Wheat.' 


Gate.* 




Barley. 


> 


Potatoes. 


FrovlnclaJ District. 




1 a « 


Total 






Total 




|ai 


Total 




Ms 


Total 




Acres. 


ssl 


Produce, 


Acres. 


"^ ^"5 


Produce, 


Acres. 


Yield 
Acre, 
Bush 


Produce, 


Acres. 


Produce, 






« « o 


in Busbels. 




P-Sn 


in Bushels. 




in Bushels. 




25H 


in Tons. 


Auckland 


1,552 


25 


38,800 


5,444 


30 


163,320 


1,092 


33 


36,036 


4,910 


4 


19,640 


Taranaki 


735 


27 


19,845 


2,663 


32 


85,216 


657 


38 


24,966 


506 


5 


2,530 


Hawke's Bay 


1,261 


22 


27,742 


5,778 


29 


167,562 


1,283 


41 


52,603 


1,245 


5-5 


6,847 


Wellington 


6,443 


28 


180,404 


15,569 


34 


529,346 


1,322 


42 


55,524 


2,317 


5-5 


12,743 


Marlborough 


2,948 


28 


82,544 


3,003 


36 


108,108 


11,891 


25 


297,275 


513 


5 


2,565 


Nelson 


5,466 


27 


147,582 


7,120 


29 


206,480 


3,204 


26 


83,304 


896 


4-5 


4,032 


Westland 








234 


33 


7,722 








42 


5 


210 


Canterbury 


229,876 


26 


5,976,776 


112,673 


31 


3,492,863 


9,565 


27 


258,255 


9,435 


5 


47,175 


Otago— 


























Otagc portion . . 


62,171 


23 


1,429,933 


65,542 


30 


1,966,260 


3,574 


25 


89,350 


6,124 


4-5 


27,558 


Southland portion 


11,715 


33 


386,595 


84,801 


40 


3,392,040 


903 


33 


29,799 


3,035 


6 


18,210 


Totals 


322,167 


25-73 


8,290,221 


302,827 


33-41 


10,118,917 


33,491 


27-68 


927,112 


29,023 


4-87 


141,510 



• For threshii^ only. 



154 



The following table shows the acreage and actual yield of corn and pulse crops, 
grasses, &c., for the last 10 years. 















Totals foe 


Dominion. 
















Wheat.* 


Oats.* 


Barley.* 


Eye.* 


Maize.* 


Year. 


Acres. 


2g-S 

£ o S 


Total 
Bushels. 


Acres. 


a- -3 
2£-S 

CD O S 


Total 
Bushels. 


Acres. 


ft-" I 

(DOS 


Total 
Bushels. 


Acres. 


So" 

(O oT-^ 
■3 g 


Total 
Bushels. 


Acres. 


as 
a-fS 

u a 


Total 
Bushels. 


1901-2 

1902-3 

1903-4 

1904-5 

1905-6 

1906-7 

1907-8 

1908-9 

1909-10 

1910-11 


163,462 
194,355 
230,346 
258,015 
222,183 
206,185 
193,031 
252,391 
311,000 
322,167 


24-76 

38-37 

34-26 

35-36 

30-60 

27-18 

28-84 

34-75 

28 

25-73 


4,046,589 
7,457,915 
7,891,654 
9,123,673 
6,798,934 
5,605,252 
5,567,139 
8,772,790 
8,661,100 
8,290,221 


405,924 
483,659 
391,640 
342,189 
354,291 
351,929 
386,885 
406,908 
377,000 
302,827 


37-06 

45 

38-67 

42-53 

35-86 

31-83 

38-82 

46-46 

37 

33 41 


15,045,233 
21,766,708 
15,107,237 
14,553,611 
12,707,982 
11,201,789 
15,021,861 
18,906,788 
13,804,000 
10,118,917 


26,514 
27,921 
34,681 
29,484 
29,644 
33,305 
36,177 
48,853 
41,500 
33,491 


32-28 

40-69 

33-46 

38-26 

34-54 

31-08 

32-15 

39-67 

31 

27-68 


855,993 
1,136,2-32 
1,160,504 
1,128,164 
1,024,045 
1,035,346 
1,163,406 
1,938,452 
1,304,000 

927,112 


1,090 
1,279 
1,176 
1,129 
1,397 
1,298 
2,958 
3,506 

4^395 


25 

30 

17 

28 

38 

32 

23-9 

26 

24-18 


27,250 
38,370 
19,992 
31,612 
68,086 
41,536 
70,702 
91,156 

106 i 271 


12,503 
12,038 
11,156 
10,084 
10,485 
8,869 
8,869 
11,522 

13, '657 


45-77 
50-48 
47-53 
48-63 
60-39 
45-83 
56-74 
61-95 

4.3-'64 


571,834 
607,609 
530,291 
490,405 
633,212 
406,491 
503,301 
713,838 

569,807 




Peas.* 


Beans.* 


Bye-grass. 


Cocksfoot. 


Potatoes. 


Year. 


Acres. 


B :3 CD 

2£-S 

OOP 


Total 
Bushels. 


Acres. »« g.i3 

-o O p 


Total 
Bushels. 


Acres. 


Q,'-«0 


Total 
Bushels. 


Acres. 


O fl 09 

a-" -a 

2S§ 

% O O 


Total 
Pounds. 


Acres. 


2£§ 


Total 
Tons. 


1901-2 

1902-3 

1903-4 

1904-5 

1905-6 

1906-7 

1907-8 

1908-9 

1909-10 

1910-11 


7,242 

8,600 

10,328 

11,426 

13,211 

11,519 

8,416 

6,993 

14 i 829 


22-88 
34-96 
30-15 
33-09 
29-89 
29-21 
28-78 
4-2-77 

34-50 


164,712 
300,675 
311,412 
378,195 
894,903 
336,452 
242,245 
299,162 

511^600 


3,504 
3,037 
2,646 
2,545 
2,054 
1,960 
1,168 
1,251 

1,798 


25-65 

29-71 

29-64 

35-34 

33-21 

37-39 

37-6 

41-65 

40-13 


88,905 
90,346 
78,421 
89,964 
68,222 
73,299 
43,923 
52,116 

72,'i.50 


16,244 
27,881 
29,350 
31,662 
30,626 
25,893 
40,435 
50,126 
56,550 
46,706 


iii-y7 

20-69 

22-43 

23-95 

32-23 

22-37 

28-69 

32-53 

33 

25 


356,765 

576,931 

658,280 

758,387 

987,243 

579,399 

1,160,413 

1,630,615 

1,894,650 

1,167,650 


27,876 160-76 
27,884 243-a9 
29,590 176-70 
39,707 223-90 
37,039 237-14 
31,633 183-19 
28, 73l! 144-37 
32,705 144-35 
29,500|151 
41,918' 140 


4,481,340 
6,786,844 
5,228,572 
8,890,775 
8,783,571 
5,795,915 
4,147,902 
4,721,159 
4,451,000 
5,868,520 


31,259 
31,408 
31,778 
26,331 
26,834 
31,289 
27,035 
29,919 
30,500 
29,023 


6-61 

6-15 

6-57 

5-11 

4-59 

5-42 

5-28 

6-52 

6 

4-87 


206,815 
193,267 
208,787 
134,608 
123,402 
169,878 
142,990 
195,206 
180,509 
141,510 



* For threshing only 



Area in Cultivation and in Occupation, 1910-11. 



Provincial District. 


In Grain 

and Pulse 

Crops. 


En Green 

aud 

Boot 

Crops. 


In 

Fallow 
Land. 


In Sown 

Grasses: 

Land 

ploughed. 
(For all 

purposes.) 


In Sown 
Grasses : 
Land not 

ploughed. 
(For all 

purposes.) 


In Hay : Area 

included in 

two Previous 

Columns. 


IS £, 
S.S 

i-H a 
(g 




In Plantation. 

(Not Native 

Bush.) 


Total Area 

in 
Cultivation. 


In Tussock 

or Native 

Grass, and 

Ummproved 

Land. 


Total Area 

in 
Occupation. 


Auoklaad . . 


Acreri. 
52,811 


Acres. 
57,502 


Acres. 
56,201 


Acres. 
802,262 


Acres. 
2,541,999 


Acres. 
16,890 


Acres. 
12,035 


Acres. 
3,435 


Acres. 
20,401 


Acres. 
3,546,646 


Acres. 
4,222,402 


Acres. 
7,769,048 


Taranaki . . 


11,984 


23,982 


3,274 


211,189 


793,385 


12,397 


953 


610 


1,332 


1,046,709 


311,562 


1,358,271 


Hawke'a Bay 


22,819 


35,573 


7,281 


356,925 


1,405,543 


3,874 


2,421 


1,098 


3,810 


1,835,470 


1,375,616 


3,211,086 


Wellington 


49,327 


58,799 


7,183 


357,980 


2,699,664 


10,149 


3,646 


2,745 


5,463 


3,184,807 


1,249,948 


4,434,755 


Marlborough 


36,344 


11,614 


3,189 


100,255 


421,898 


1,243 


592 


272 


1,927 


576,091 


1,864,018 


2,440,109 


Nelson 


32,071 


18,475 


5,445 


139,318 


418,063 


2,594 


4,894 


662 


4,544 


623,472 


1,690,644 


2,314,116 


Westland . . 


668 


1,524 


778 


9,903 


73,768 


470 


208 


85 


14 


86,948 


874,120 


961,068 


Canterbury 


474,503 


228,936 


64,708 


1,455,519 


507,446 


6,344 


3,943 


3,715 


18,112 


2,756,882 


3,830,705 


6,587,587 


Otago — 
Otago portion 


193,994 


136,995 


40,220 


818,416 


227,346 


5,927 


3,081 


1,685 


6,851 


1,428,588 


6,569,364 


7,997,952 


Southland portion 


141,301 


140,282 


21,694 


748,459 


125,403 


2,712 


960 


852 


1,326 


1,180,277 


1,983,857 


3,164,134 


Totals 


1,015,822 


713,682 


209,973 


5,000,226 


9,214,515 


62,600 


32,733 


15,159 


63,780 


16,265,890 


23,972,236 


40,238,126 



155 



Land in Cultivation. — Acreage under Crop, Fallow Land, Sown Grasses, etc.; 

THE 1st January, 19n. 



FOR EACH County as at 



County. 


Total 
under 


Fallow 


In Sown 
Grasses, Land 


In Surfo.ce 

Sown Grasses, 

Land 


In Orchard 
and 


In Garden. 


Plantation. 


Total Area 
under 




Crop. 




ploughed. 


not ploughed. 


Vineyard. 






Cultivation 






North Island. 












Acres. 


Acreu. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Acres. 


Mangonui . . 




859 


332 


9,590 


31,946 


151 


57 


4 


42,939 


Whangaroa 




244 


186 


794 


9,179 


71 


42 


9 


10,525 


Hokianga . . 




1,319 


481 


3,348 


81,418 


389 


174 


54 


87,183 


Bay of Islands 




1,465 


871 


8,023 


50,456 


216 


78 


16 


61,125 


Whangarei . . 




1,899 


1,914 


30,461 


139,997 


1,124 


107 


76 


175,578 


Hobson 




935 


1,314 


4,996 


90,171 


162 


100 


145 


97,823 


Qtamatea . . 




1,058 


1,181 


8,753 


103,319 


282 


85 


37 


114,715 


Rodney 




1,323 


2,095 


17,776 


102,884 


1,427 


125 


149 


125,779 


Waitemata 




2,233 


5,293 


29,930 


43,310 


2,945 


351 


367 


84,429 


Eden 




517 


442 


14,253 


14,246 


460 


680 


127 


30,725 


Manukau . . 




13,814 


11,365 


138,965 


73,633 


1,024 


301 


951 


240,053 


Coromandel 




271 


77 


3,343 


23,443 


90 


73 


8 


27,305 


Thames 




855 


435 


7,225 


11,098 


310 


80 


17 


20,020 


Waikato . . 




8,584 


5,926 


75,012 


48,269 


728 


164 


5,427 


144,110 


Baglan 




3,244 


2,781 


28,510 


147,219 


213 


65 


113 


182,145 


Waipa 




10,081 


3,941 


78,650 


21,687 


384 


112 


466 


115,321 


Kawhia 




1 226 


135 


1,041 


48,849 


49 


22 


6 


50,328 


Waitomo . . 




1 3,083 


2,833 


21,734 


87,019 


148 


69 


91 


114,977 


Awakino . . 




364 


8 


699 


59,328 


18 


13 


1 


60,431 


Ohlnemuri . . 




2,161 


1,063 


15,233 


15,679 


119 


107 


84 


34,446 


Piako 




7,749 


3,413 


70,314 


28,765 


232 


58 


408 


110,939 


Matamata . . 




9,894 


5,262 


91,186 


19,807 


116 


61 


651 


126,977 


Tauranga . . 




9,597 


1,596 


54,403 


32,637 


549 


86 


343 


99,211 


Rotoraa 




1,092 


406 


7,240 


24,791 


81 


57 


9,937 


43,604 


East Taupo 




715 


46 


1,897 


2,475 


13 


12 


518 


5,676 


West Taupo 




3,387 


896 


13,907 


21,791 


14 


17 


35 


40,047 


Ohura 




526 


30 


197 


62,833 


54 


28 


3 


63,671 


Whakatane 




2,162 


811 


11,672 


25,582 


83 


1» 


14 


40,342 


Opotiki 




3,427 


319 


15,669 


58,092 


118 


32 


28 


77,685 


Waiapu 




5,057 


69 


654 


273,575 


30 


31 


31 


279,447 


Cook 




9,872 


529 


31,699 


467,904 


378 


194 


199 


510,775 


Waikohu 




2,300 


151 


5,088 


320,597 


57 


36 


86 


328,315 


Clifton 




2,772 


315 


17,601 


95,310 


109 


42 


24 


116,173 


Taranaki 




9,302 


1,122 


53,259 


101,095 


341 


245 


462 


165,826 


Egmont 
Stratford 




4,170 


212 


18,579 


73,363 


84 


33 


134 


96,575 




5,680 


295 


14,226 


141,286 


84 


79 


105 


161,755 


Whangamomona 
Eltham 




129 


14 


1,163 


73,796 


36 


17 


5 


75,160 




3,129 


412 


11,270 


73,152 


74 


56 


100 


88,193 


Waimate West 




2,629 


246 


18,093 


24,608 


40 


25 


69 


45,710 


Hawera 




2,621 


190 


30,727 


59,921 


71 


58 


193 


93,781 


Patea . . . 




5,534 


468 


46,271 


150,854 


114 


55 


240 


203,536 


Wairoa . . 




6,626 


342 


14,655 


393,581 


103 


57 


144 


415,508 


Hawke's Bay 
Waipawa . . 
Waipukurau 
Patangata . . 
Dannevirke 




19,949 


3,173 


169,151 


290,299 


1,778 


641 


1,783 


486,774 




16,726 


1,673 


57,644 


152,007 


116 


83 


706 


228,955 




3,189 


286 


26,862 


12,873 


43 


59 


267 


43,579 




3,914 


494 


68,273 


247,275 


71 


60 


655 


320,742 




4,796 


735 


13,958 


161,874 


123 


135 


138 


181,759 


Wnhnr 




271 


185 


599 


61,483 


23 


11 


51 


62,623 


vr OUDl . . 

Wnodville . . 




2,921 


393 


5,783 


86,151 


164 


52 


66 


95,530 


Pfl.Tiifttna 




2,025 


219 


4,663 


149,539 


208 


HI 


116 


156,881 


Akitio 
RkfitftliiiTift 




542 


22 


719 


137,488 


50 


26 


68 


138,915 




1,311 


59 


1,499 


71,881 


70 


35 


71 


74,926 


WaiTnariTlo 




1,197 


42 


661 


71,363 


29 


28 


99 


73,419 


TT ..1. .....■■ ..... . 

1{ O ITI^I^A 




447 


14 


336 


32,138 


39 


22 


2 


32,998 


ix.aiiiieKe • 
Waitotara . 
Wanganui . 
Bangitikei . 
Kiwitea 
Pohangina . 
Oroua 

Manawatu . 
Kairanga . 
Horowhenua 






3,040 


291 


24,429 


103,584 


184 


82 


90 


131,700 






3,828 


415 


17,772 


207,759 


219 


304 


332 


230,629 






23,680 


1,141 


74,352 


324,036 


470 


289 


975 


424,943 






4,400 


269 


9,402 


160,471 


137 


60 


157 


174,896 






1,523 


147 


1,989 


94,329 


97 


19 


63 


98,167 






7,860 


613 


17,829 


84,058 


248 


94 


164 


110,866 






13,453 
4,361 


850 
477 


46,741 
21,485 


52,596 
66,501 


186 
422 


186 
175 


545 
311 


114,557 
93,732 






4,957 


461 


12,090 


105,251 


342 


259 


224 


123,584 



156 



Land in Cultivation. — Acreage undee Crop, Fallow Land, Sown Grasses, etc. — continued. 



County. 



Total 
under 
Crop. 



Fallow 
Laud. 



In Sown 

Grasses, Land 

ploughed. 



In Surface 
Sown Grasses, 

Land 
not plongbed. 



In Orcliard 

and 
Vineyard. 



In Garden. 



Plantation. 



Total Area 

under 
Cultivation. 



North Island — continued. 



Masterton . . 

Maurice ville 

Castlepoiat . . 

Wairarapa South 

Featherston 

Hutt 

Makara 



Totals for Nortli Island . . 



Acres. 

12,498 

520 

479 

7,853 

12,196 

1,288 



312,797 



Acres. 
822 
30 
10 
291 
790 
112 
108 



73,939 



Acres. 

36,939 

1,595 

3,640 

24,930 

49,993 

4,931 

1,985 



1,728,356 



Acres 
317,066 

45,118 
114,656 
149,525 
246,918 
104,507 

60,880 



7,440,591 



Acres. 

209 

33 

30 

144 

305 

191 

33 



19,055 



Acres. 

276 

8 

20 

61 

151 

446 

93 



7,888 



Acres. 

449 

27 

154 

255 

1,130 
127 
104 



Acres. 
368,259 

47,331 
118,989 
183,059 
311,483 
111,602 

63,871 



31,006 I 9,613,632 



South Island. 



Sounds 






360 


21- 


503 


91,580 


64 


17 


35 


92,580 


Marlborough 






43,646 


2,631 


72,616 


266,914 


472 


220 


1,805 


388,304 


Kaikoura . . 






3,952 


537 


27,136 


63,404 


56 


35 


87 


95,207 


CoUingwood 






175 


40 


1,921 


19,899 


76 


19 


4 


22,134 


Takaka 






1,100 


352 


5,176 


33,561 


187 


16 


7 


40,399 


Waimea 






23,462 


2,406 


32,876 


185,710 


4,215 


409 


532 


249,610 


Buller 






192 


95 


2,006 


15,720 


155 


50 


3 


18,221 


Inangahua . . 






441 


256 


4,527 


8,230 


72 


41 


1 


13,568 


Miirohison . . 






513 


164 


778 


28,094 


45 


12 


3 


29,609 


Amari 






15,135 


1,813 


53,329 


80,581 


57 


70 


3,298 


154,283 


Cheviot 






9,528 


319 


38,705 


46,268 


87 


45 


696 


95,648 


Grey 






863 


321 


6,471 


24,514 


128 


47 




32,344 


Westland . . 






1,329 


457 


3,432 


49,254 


80 


38 


"l4 


54,604 


Waipara 






23,509 


1.943 


101,688 


102,963 


67 


74 


902 


231,146 


Tawers 






5,440 


949 


10,224 


15,337 


17 


17 


140 


32,124 


Ashley 






74,567 


6,041 


174,287 


76,699 


392 


310 


1,099 


332,395 


Selwyn 






21,348 


2,038 


65,053 


3,869 


39 


51 


1,552 


93,950 


Waimairi 






4,931 


531 


12,082 


1,354 


612 


655 


220 


20.385 


Malvern 






51,462 


4,029 


94,035 


2,114 


115 


138 


2,190 


154,083 


Paparua 






15,490 


947 


17,193 


758 


114 


112 


190 


34,804 


Heathi ote . . 






422 


263 


3,885 


2,333 


277 


392 


146 


7,718 


Halsweh 






3,263 


152 


9,355 


3,678 


69 


113 


193 


16,823 


Springs 






13,055 


1,497 


24,550 


2,675 


45 


48 


186 


42,056 


EUesmere . . 






32,982 


2,528 


50,905 


1,335 


215 


78 


797 


88,840 


Mount Herbert 






310 


45 


8,599 


20,348 


90 


12 


109 


29,513 


Akaroa 






62 




8,379 


88,800 


144 


58 


164 


97,607 


Wairewa 






2,404 


122 


8,764 


52,545 


56 


33 


154 


64,078 


Ashburton . . 






203,661 


14,542 


408,830 


22,182 


427 


586 


5,716 


655,944 


Geraldine . . 






67,705 


5,654 


133,784 


47,842 


301 


311 


1,769 


257,366 


Levels 






52,760 


5,722 


74,033 


6,989 


323 


290 


922 


141,039 


Mackenzie . . 






24,022 


1,609 


61,546 


19,638 


150 


52 


572 


107,589 


Waimate . . 






106,046 


16,096 


188,327 


36,987 


490 


385 


1,091 


349,422 


Waitaki 






85,529 


9,707 


179,412 


53,251 


390 


313 


986 


329,588 


Waihemo . . 






12,648 


554 


33,561 


9,880 


54 


49 


107 


56,853 


Waikouaiti 






6,669 


465 


19,064 


42,378 


146 


132 


164 


69,018 


Taieri 






25,551 


2,119 


81,378 


16,300 


302 


368 


401 


126,419 


Peninsula . . 






1,375 


108 


2,839 


13,129 


50 


169 


70 


17,740 


Bruce 






42,968 


3,215 


98,177 


9,241 


131 


135 


447 


154,314 


Clutha 






62,728 


6,038 


168,885 


41,947 


191 


151 


519 


280,459 


Tuapeka . . 






44,947 


3,308 


113,033 


26,153 


998 


141 


3,377 


191,957 


Vincent 






13,065 


6,580 


33,122 


4,177 


664 


75 


59 


57,742 


Lake 






12,256 


3,992 


17,164 


7,670 


91 


84 


216 


41,473 


Maniototo . . 






23,253 


4,134 


71,781 


3,220 


64 


68 


505 


103,025 


Southland . . 






218,260 


14,776 


574,686 


67,454 


778 


705 


977 


877,636 


Wallace and Kord . 






63,318 


6,918 


173,772 


56,276 


179 


143 


346 


300,952 


Stewart Island 






5 




1 


1,673 


3 


4 


3 


1,689 


Totals for South Island . . 


1,416,707 


136,034 


3,271,870 


1,773,924 


13,678 


7,271 


32,774 


6,652,258 


Totals for D 


ominion 




1,729,504 


209,973 


5,000,226 


9,214,515 


32,733 


15,159 


63,780 


16,265,890 



157 



Wheat. 

The wlieat harvest of 1911 showed an average yield of 25-73 bushels per acre, 
the crop reahzed being 8,290,221 bushels, against 8,661,100 bushels in 1910. 

The estimated area under wheat- for threshing increased from 311,000 acres 
in 1910 to 322,167 acres in 1911, and the increase was general throughout the 
Dominion. 

The area under wheat for grain, the estimated gross produce in bushels, and 
the average yield per acre for each of the last eleven years were, — 











Land under 


Estimated 


Average Yield 


S«*"°"' Wheat. 


Gross Produce. 


per Acre. 


Acres. 


Bushels. 


Bushels. 


1900-1 




.. 206,465 


6,527,154 


31-61 


1901-2 








. 163,462 


4,046,589 


24-76 


1902-3 








. 194,355 


7,457,915 


38-37 


1903^ 








. 230,346 


7,891,654 


34-26 


1904-5 








. 258,015 


9,123,673 


35-36 


1905-6 








. 222,965 


6,798,934 


30-60 


1906-7 








. 206,185 


5,605,252 


27-18 


1907-8 








. 193,031 


5,567,139 


28-84 


1908-9 








. 252,391 


8,772,790 


34-75 


1909-10 








. 311,000 


8,661,100 


28-00 


1910-11 








. . 322,167 


8,290,221 


25-73 



Oats. 

The estimated extent of land in oats sown for grain in 1910-11 was 302,827 
acres, against 377,000 acres harvested in the preceding year. The breadth of land 
in oats for chaffing, ensilage, or feeding down for 1911 was 290,569 acres. 

The yield per acre was, in 1911, 33-41 bushels, and in 1910 37 bushels, and 
the quantity of grain produced was 10,118,917 bushels and 13,804,000 bushels for 

each year respectively. 

Maize. 

The returns for 1910-11 show that there were 13,057 acres sown for grain, 
the yield being 569,807 bushels of corn, an average of 43-64 bushels per acre, and 
5 800 acres sown for ensilage or feeding down with stock. Maize is grown only m 
the North Island, with the exception of a few acres. The Provincial District of 
Auckland had 14,568 acres ; Hawke's Bay, 943 acres ; Taranaki, 1,597 acres ; and 
WelHngton, 1,480 acres, in 1911. Small acreages are found m nearly all the counties 
of the Auckland, Taranaki, and Hawke's Bay Districts. 

Barley. 

The estimated area under barley (for threshing) for the season 1910-11 was 
33,491 acres, the crop being estimated at 927 112 bushels an average peld per acre 
of 27-68 bushels. In 1909-10 the area under barley was 41,500 acres, and the yield 
1,304,000 bushels, or 31 bushels per acre. 

Eye. 
There were 4,395 acres in rye, yielding 106,271 bushels, or at the rate of 
24-18 bushels per acre, in 1910-11. No figures are available for 1909-10. 

Peas and Beans. 
The area under peas for threshing in the season 1910-11 was 14,829 acres, 
yielding 511,600 bushels, or an average of 34-50 bushels per acre. No figures are 
available for the previous year. 



168 

Under beans there were 1,798 acres, giving a return of 72,150 bushels, the 
average being 40-13 bushels per acre. No returns were collected in 1909-10. 

Potatoes. 

The area under potatoes was 29,023 acres in 1910-11, jdelding a return of 
141,510 tons, or a rate of 4-87 tons per acre, against 30,500 acres in 1909-10, and 
180,509 tons (or 6 tons per acre). 

Turnips and Rape. 

Turnips and rape form a most important crop in a sheep -breeding country- 
such as New Zealand, and in 1892 the area of land under this crop amounted to 
422,359 acres. The returns for 1898 gave only 470,582 acres, but for the 1910-11 
season 659,016 acres (450,959 acres in turnips and 208,057 acres in rape) were set 
down as under these crops. 

Hops. 

There were 653 acres under hops in 1910-11, as against 688 acres at the previous 
collection. > No account of the produce has been taken for some years, but in 1895 
the yield was 7,556 cwt. 

Of the land under hops in 1910-11, 605 acres were in the Waimea County and 
14 in Takaka, both in the Provincial District of Nelson. The import of hops in 
1910 amoimted to 351 cwt., and the exports, the produce of the Dominion, to 
3,851 cwt. 

Gardens and Orchards. 

The extent of land in garden in 1910-11 was 15,159 acres, of which 10,400 acres 
were private gardens and 4,759 acres market gardens. In plantations of forest 
trees there were 63,780 acres. 

There were 31,953 acres in orchard in 1910-11, an increase of 3,399 acres on 
the area so returned at the previous collection, and 780 acres were returned as 
" vineyard," as against 663 acres in 1908-9. No account of the produce of orchards 
has yet been taken. The fruit-crop is supplemented by a considerable import from 
the Austrahan States and Fiji. 

Sown Grasses and Seeds. 

New Zealand is essentially suited for grazing purposes. Wherever there is 
light and moisture English grasses thrive when the natural bush and fern are cleared 
off — ^in fact, the white clover gradually overcomes the fern ; and, from the mildness 
of the winter season, there are few places where there is not some growth, even in 
the coldest months of the year. In all parts of the Dominion stock live, although 
in varying condition, without other food than such as they can pick up. Sown- 
grass land, as might be expected, heads the Ust of cultivations. 

At the beginning of the year 1911 there were 14,214,741 acres under artificial 
grasses. Of these, 5,000,226 acres had been previously ploughed, while 9,214,515 
acres had not been ploughed. Much of the latter area was bush or forest land, 
sown down in grass after the timber had been wholly or partially burnt off. 

The area under ryegrass for seed in the season 1910-11 was 46,706 acres, 
yielding 1,167,650 bushels of 20 lb., or a rate of 25 bushels per acre. 

In cocksfoot there were 41,918 acres, which yielded 5,868,520 lb., or an average 
of 140 lb. per acre. 



159 

CONCLUSION. 

Full details of the census in regard to the various divisions of the Dominion, 
such as counties, boroughs, provincial districts, &c., have not been given in this 
report for fear of overloading it ; for these, reference must be made to the census 
volume, which contains complete tables dealing with the various heads of informa- 
tion in minute detail. 

I have the honour to be, 
Sir, 
Your most obedient servant, 

M. FRASEE, 

Government Statistician. 



160 



SUPPLEMENTS. 



FIVE YEARS' PROGRESS OF THE DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND, 

1906 AND 1911. 



SUMMAEY. 












1906. 


1911. 


Increase. 


Population (exclusive of Maoris), (census) 




888,578 


1,008,468 


119,890 


Land in cultivation — 










Holdings (in cultivation) . . 


No. 


69,942 


73,876 


3,934 


Total area (including sown grasses and land 










in fallow) 


Acres 


M, 114,925 


16,154,218 


■2,039,293 


In crops 


't 


1,535,384 


1,729,504 


194,120 


In sown grasses . . 


JT 


12,525,461 


14,214,741 


1,689,280 


In fallow 


„ 


54,080 


209,973 


155,893 


Live-stock — 










Horses 


No. 


326,537 


404,284 


77,747 


Cattle 


,, 


1,810,936 


2,020,171 


209,235 


Dairy cows (included above) 


,j 


517,720 


633,733 


116,013 


Sheep 


" 


20,108,471 
STRICT, 1906 


23,996,126 
-11. 


3,887,655 


AUCKLAJ^D PROVINCIAL DI 




Population (exclusive of Maoris) — 




1906. 


1911. 


Increase. 


Auckland Provincial District 




211,223 


264,520 


53,297 


City of Auckland and Suburbs 




82,101 


102,676 


20,575 


Land in cultivation — 










Holdings 


No. 


18,673 


21,180 


2,507 


Total area (iacluding sown grasses and land 










in fallow) 


Acres 


2,593,649 


3,510,775 


917,126 


In crops 


„ 


123,526 


110,313 


*-13,213 


In sown grasses . . 


3) 


2,459,204 


3,344,261 


885,057 


In fallow 


,, 


10,919 


56,201 


45,282 


Live-stock — 










Horses 


No. 


85,902 


115,021 


29,119 


Cattle 


53 


511,260 


684,387 


173,127 


Dairy cows (iacluded above) 


,, 


116,028 


180,386 


64,358 


Sheep 


J) 


2,233,862 


3,286,019 


1,052,157 


♦Decrease. 


TRICT, 1906- 


11. 




TARANAKI PROVINCIAL DIS 








1906. 


1911. 


Increase. 


Population (exclusive of Maoris) 




43,399 


51,569 


8,170 


Land in cultivation — 










Holdings 


No. 


5,193 


5,423 


230 


Total area (including sown grasses and land 










in fallow) 


Acres 


930,310 


1,043,814 


113,504 


In crops 


jj 


'■ 30,278 


35,966 


5,688 


In sown grasses . . 


jj 


,. , 899,974 


1,004,574 


104,600 


In fallow 


)) 


58 


3,274 


i3,216 


Live-stock — 


m 






B 


Horses 


No.' " 


22,339 


26,405 


i,4,066 


Cattle 


,, 


r 286,286 


298,160 


^11,874 


Dairy cows (iacluded above) 


)) 


117,178 


134,241 


!iil7,063 


Sheep 


if 


"493,255 


824,248 


330,993 



161 



HAWKE'S BAY PROVINCIAL DISTRICT, 1906-11. 



Population (exclusive of Maoris) 
Land in cultivation — 

Holdings . . . . . . . . No. 

Total area (including sown grasses and land 

in fallow) . . . . . . . . Acres 

In crops 

In sown grasses . . 

In fallow 
Live-stock — 

Horses . . . . . . . . No. 

Cattle 

Dairy cows (included above) 

Sheep . . . . . . . . ,, 



1906. 
42,242 

3,368 

1,763,612 

46,579 

1,716,282 

751 

21,976 

168,719 

22,851 

3,037.784 



1911. 

48,546 

4,648 

1,828,141 

58,392 

1,762,468 

7,281 

28,908 

183,198 

31,401 

3,387,991 



Increase. 

6,304 

1,280 

64,529 

11,813 

46,186 

6,530 

6,932 

14,479 

8,550 

350,207 



WELLINGTON PROVINCIAL DISTRICT, 1906-11. 



Population (exclusive of Maoris) — 

Wellington Provincial District 

City of Wellington and Suburbs 
Land in cultivation — 

Holdings 

Total area (including sown grasses 
in fallow) 

In crops 

In sown grasses . . 

In fallow 
Live-stock — 

Horses 

Cattle 

Dairy cows (included above) 

Sheep 



Population (exclusive of Maoris) — 

Marlborough Provincial District 

Nelson Provincial District 

Westland Provincial District 
Laud in cultivation — 

Holdings 

Total area ■ (including sown grasses 
in fallow) 

In crops 

In sown grasses . . 

In fallow 
Live-stock — 

Horses 

Cattle 

Dairy cows (included above) 

Sheep 
11 — Census. 





1906. 


1911. 


Increase. 


. . 


179,868 


199,094 


19,226 




63,807 


70,729 


6,922 


. . No. 


10,991 


11,252 


261 


IS and land 








Acres 


2,807,245 


3,172,953 


365,708 


,, 


100,755 


108,126 


7.371 




2,704,622 


3,057,644 


353,022 


,, 


1,868 


7.183 


5,315 


. . No. 


54,377 


60,458 


6,081 


,5 


396,209 


426,244 


30,035 


>) 


110,670 


114,741 


4,071 




4,244,830 


5,316,095 


1,071,265 


W WESTLAND 


PROVINCIAL 


DISTRICTS, 


1906-11. 




1906. 


1911. 


Increase. 




14,368 


15,985 


1,617 




42,522 


48,463 


5,941 




14,674 


15,714 


1,040 


. . No. 


5,661 


6,313 


652 


s and land 








. . Acres 


972,958 


1,273,313 


300,355 


J, 


85,406 


100,696 


15,290 


,, 


885,096 


1,163,205 


278,109 


.. 


2,456 


9,412 


6,956 


. . No. 


20,113 


25,823 


5,710 


}> 


77,760 


90,355 


12,595 


>» 


21,905 


29,255 


7,350 




1,824,510 


2,263,209 


438.699 



162 



CANTEEBURY PROVINCIAL DISTRICT, 1906-11. 



Population (exclusive of Maoris) — 

Canterbury Proviacial District 

City of Christchurcli and Suburbs 
Land in cultivation — 

Holdings 

Total area (including sown grasses 
in fallow) 

In crops 

In sown grasses . . 

In fallow 
Live-stock — 

Horses 

Cattle 

Dairy cows (included above) 

Sheep 



and land 



No. 



Acres 



No. 



1906. 
159,106 

68,878 

11,792 

2,645,161 

625,234 

2,005,369 

14,558 

57,053 

126,108 

46,957 

4,485,950 



1911. 

173,185 

80.193 

]],576 

2,731,112 

703,439 

1,962,965 

64,708 

69,951 

120,190 

51,829 

4. 311, 255 



Increase. 

14,079 
12,315 

*-216 

85,951 

78,205 

* -42, 404 

50,150 

12,898 

*-5,918 

4,872 

*-174,695 



OTA&O PROVINCIAL DISTRICT, 1906-11. 



Population (exclusive of Maoris) — 

Otago Provincial District . . 

City of Dunediu and Suburbs 

Invercargill Borougb and Suburbs 
Land in cultivation — 

Holdings 

Total area (including sown grasses 
in fallow) 

In crops 

In sown grasses . . 

In fallow 
Live-stock — 

Horses 

Cattle 

Dairy cows (included above) 

Sheep 



and land 





190tj. 




1911. 


Increase. 




180,974 




191,130 


10,156 




56,020 




64,237 


8,217 




12,507 




15.858 


3,351 


No. 


14,264 




13,484 


*-780 


Acres 


2,401,990 


2 


,594,110 


192,120 


^, 


523,606 




612,572 


88,966 


)j 


1,854,914 


1 


,919,624 


64,710 




23,470 




61,914 


38.444 


No. 


64.777 




77.718 


12,941 


)J 


244,694 




217.637 


* -26, 957 




82,131 




91.880 


9,749 


-■! 


3.788,280 


4 


, HO". 309 


819,029 



L)PC'V.1,.r. 



163 



OCCUPATIONS.— AEEANGED ALPHABETICALLY. 

Table showing the Occupations op the People accoeding to the Census of 
April, 1911, arranged in Alphabetical Order. 



Males. 



Abattoir-worker and slaughterman 

Aooouoheuse 

Accountant, auctioneer 

„ insurance company 

„ law 

,, loan company . . 

„ public . . 

shipping 
,, clerk (undefined) 

Acid-works, employee 
Actor, actress, circus performer 
Actuary, average-stater 
Advertising agent, bill poster, distri- 
butor . . 
Aerated-water manufacturer 

„ seller 

Agent, advertising . . 
„ capitalist 
„ coal 

„ commission . . 
„ Customhouse and labour 
,, financial 
,, flour-merchant 
„ house 
„ machinery . . 
,, manufacturer's 

motor 
„ Native-land.. 
,, sewing-machine 
„ shipping, owner, clerk 
„ sheep-dip . . 
„ soft goods . . 
„ stock (live, &c.) 
„ stock and station 
„ tea 
,, timber 
,, tract society 
,, turf commission 
„ (undefined) . . 
Agricultural Department officer 

implement owner, worker 
labourer, farm servant, and 

all assistants 
machinery and implement 

maker 
machinery and implement 
dealer 
„ student 

Amalgamator (gold-mine) . . 
Analytical chemist 
Animal-food refrigerator 
Animal -trainer, horse-breaker 
Annealer . . 
Annuitant 

Antimony, lead-merchant 
Apprentice, architect 
„ baker . . 

basketmaker 
„ blacksmith 

„ boilermaker 

bookbinder 
bookseller 
„ bootmaker 

12 — Census. 



640 

254 

47 

7 

14 

254 

34 

2,831 

20 

118 



115 

260 

2 

115 

1 

21 

894 

71 

32 

8 

46 

31 

72 

6 

7 

53 

976 

6 

21 

293 

95 

36 

12 

3 

1 

68 

100 

156 

18,291 

159 

64 

62 

29 

27 

9 

643 

1 

696 

1 

43 

149 

9 

244 

16 

34 

9 

133 



523 



3 

2,193 

1 

74 



1 
111 



381 



31 

1 

34 



builder 



Apprentice, brassfounder 

brewer 

bricklayer 

brickmaker 

builder 

butcher 

cabinetmaker 

carpenter 

carriage, wagon 

chemist 

clothier 

coachbuilder 

coach-painter 

coachsmith 

confectioner 

currier 

dentist. . 

draper 

dressmaker 

engineer (undefined) 

engine-fitter 

engine-maker 

fellmonger 

gardener (horticultural) . . 

goldsmith, silversmith, &c. 

ironfounder 

ironmonger 

Hthographic printer 

malleable ironfounder 

merchant 

mUler (flour) 

mflliner 

painter 

perambulator, 
maker 

photographer 

plasterer 

plumber 

pottery-maker . . 

printer. . 

rope and cord maker 

saddler 

seed-merchant . . 

shipbuilder 

soap and candle works 

soft goods 

stationer 

stonemason 

storekeeper 

tailor . . 

tinsmith 

upholsterer 

watch and clock maker 

wheelwright 
Archaeologist 
Architect . . 

„ assistant 
Arms, explosives dealer 
Army, non - commissioned, 

officer, private 
Army officer in actual service 
Artificial - flower maker, art 
worker , . 



wheel-chair 



25 

1 
42 

2 

48 

56 

193 

590 

2 
127 

2 
90 
44 
37 
12 

3 
63 
56 

346 

111 

241 

12 

9 

66 

73 

45 

14 

11 

2 

9 

235 

2 

2 

32 

364 

1 

220 

3 

139 

11 

51 

2 

44 

2 

12 

7 

199 

55 



:: 


32 


iker . . 


24 




36 




1 




297 




70 




8 


warrant 






325 




63 


needle- 


O 



112 

35 

574 



187 



437 
4 



25 



164 



Occupations. — Arranged Alphabetically — continued. 





Males. 


Females. 




Males. 


remales. 


Art, photographic requisites importer, 






Assistant, kauri-gum merchant 


7 




dealer . . 


43 


12 


„ leather-manufacturer 


17 


1 


Artist, painter, art student 


167 


198 




library . . 


9 


• . . 


Asbestos-manufacturer 


2 






, lithographer . 


14 


" 3 


Asphalt-malier 


15 






market-gardener . . 


507 


2 


Astronomer 


1 


, , 




, meat-preserver 


15 


4 


Assayer (gold) 


15 






, mercer . . 


126 




„ metallurgist 


57 






, merchant (includes clerks) . . 


946 


243 


Assignee (official or trade) . . 


4 


, . 




, milk-seller 


285 


24 


Assistant, aerated waters 


213 


6 




, miller (flour) 


178 




„ agricultural-machinery maker 


25 






, milliner . . 




'793 


„ architect 


70 


" 3 




, millinery-dealer . . 


"5 


69 


„ auctioneer 


46 


2 




, museum 


5 




,, baker 


948 


54 




musical-instrument seller . . 


18 


"23 


„ basketmaker 


7 


5 




painter . . 


637 


10 


„ biscuit-factory 


74 


132 




, pawnbroker 


7 




blacksmith 


1,577 






photographer 


48 


'i67 


bonedust manure manu- 








plasterer. . 


202 




facturer 


9 






, plumber 


605 




„ bonded or free store 


246 






pottery -maker 


65 




„ bookbinder 


175 


'392 




printer . . 


216 


"76 


„ bookseller 


125 


197 




, providore 


1 




„ bootmaker 


991 


83 




, publisher 


4 




„ brewer . . 


184 






, railway-carriage builder 


67 




„ bricklayer 


39 






, rope and cord maker 


51 


"'8 


„ brickmaker 


135 






, saddler . . 


185 


24 


„ builder . . 


49 






, sailmaker 




8 


„ butcher . . 


1,101 






sewing-machine shop 


"e 


14 


„ cabinetmaker 


713 


4 




, shipbuilder 


30 




„ carpenter 


400 






station (and labourer) 


5,842 




„ cheese-factory 


185 


" 4 




, stationer 


134 


46 


„ chemist . . 


330 


37 




, stonemason 


69 




china-merchant . . 


24 


14 




, surveyor . . 


657 




„ civil engineer 


72 






, tanner . . 


70 




„ clothier . . 


110 


5 




threshing-machine 


269 




„ clothing-manufacturer 


911 


4,655 




timber-merchant . . 


39 




„ ooachbuilder 


70 






tinsmith 


313 




„ coal-merchant 


31 


8 




upholsterer 


160 


"55 


„ coal-miner 


2,780 






, warehouse 


316 


25 


„ commission agent 




"' 3 




, watchmaker 


118 


2 


„ confectionery -maker 


146 


98 




wheelwright 


46 




,, creamery 


114 






, wine and spirit merchant . . 


23 




cropper . . 


18 






, wool-broker 


17 




., dairy factory 


279 


7 




, woollen-factory 


19 


62 


., dairy, milker 


4,625 


237 


Athlete (professional) " . . 


17 


2 


„ dealer 


26 




Attendants, hospital or mental hospital 






„ dentist . . 


112 


"94 


(not otherwise described) . , 


269 


211 


draper .. 


2,027 


2,121 


Attendant (elevator) 


29 




„ druggist (wholesale) 


48 


2 


(personal) 


19 


10 


„ engine-maker 


333 


, , 


Auctioneer, appraiser, valuer 


360 




„ engineer (undefined) 


63 




„ clerk, manager, and assist- 






„ fancy goods 


21 


'io6 


ant, &c. 


371 


44 


„ farm 


3,415 


25 


Author, editor, journalist 


538 


39 


„ fisherman 


180 




Average-stater, actuary 


8 




„ fishmonger 


107 


5 


Aviator . . 


1 




„ flax-mill 

„ flour-merchant 


27 
30 




Axeman, woodman, timber-getter 


2,770 




,, freezing-works 


33 




Bacon, meat, and ham curer, preserver 


82 




„ fruit-grower 


294 


4 


Bag and sack dealer 


4 




„ furniture-dealer . . 


20 




„ maker 


14 


"30 


„ gardener (horticultural) 


968 


2 


Bailifi, sheriff's officer 


41 


goldsmith, silversmith. &c. . . 


201 


12 


Baker, biscuit and pastry maker 


1,222 


48 


„ greengrocer and fruiterer . . 


115 


117 


„ assistant 


948 




grocer .. 


1,760 


83 


„ butcher (station) 


14 




„ hat-factory 


46 


74 


Baking-powder manufacturer 


18 


4 


„ herbaUst . . 


1 


3 


Baler (flax) 


14 




„ house agent 


4 


1 


Bank director, baukei 


34 




„ ironfounder 


386 


9 


„ manager, officer, clerk 


1,842 


6 


„ ironmonger 


892 


6 


Banksman, screener (coal-mine) 


19 




„ jam-factory 


57 


71 


Barber, hairdresser 


1,221 


'"86 


„ jewellery-dealer . . 


35 


38 


Bargemaster, lighterman 


23 


joiner 


8 




Bark 


-stripper . . . . , . j 


82 





166 



Occupations. — Arranged Alphabetically — continued. 



Males. Females. 



Males. Females. 



Barmaid, barman . . 
Barriater, solicitor . . 
Basil-dresser 

Basket, wiokerware dealer . . 
Basketmaker, wiokerworker 
Bath proprietor, attendant . . 
Battery boy (gold quartz) 
„ engine-driver (quartz) 
„ feeder „ 

,, labourer ,, 

Beamsman (tanner) 
Bed and mattress maker 
Bee-keeper 
Bellows-maker 
Benohman (sawmill) 
Benevolent-institute inmate 
Bicycle, perambulator importer, dealer, 
agent 
„ ,, maker, repairer 

Billiard, bagatelle-table, maker 
Billiard-table proprietor, keeper, marker 
Biologist, naturalist, botanist 
Bird-fancier 
Bird-trapper 

Blacksmith, farrier, whitesmith 
„ assistant 

„ (coal-mine) 

„ (sawmill) 

„ (station) 

Bleacher (flax) 
Blind-maker 

Block, oar, and mast, maker 
Blue, starch, soda maker, &c. 
Board and lodging-house keeper 

,, ,, servant 

Boarder, lodger, performing domestic 

duties . . 
Boatbuilder, shipbuilder, &c. 
Boat proprietor, boatman, waterman . . 
Boilermaker 

Bonded-, free-store manager, clerk 
Bonded-, free-store worker, storeman, 

and assistant 
Bonedust-manure manufacturer 
Bone, horn, hoof, hair merchant 
Boner (meat-works) 
Bookbinder, manufacturing stationer . . 
„ manufacturing stationer's 

assistant 
Book-keeper and clerks, land and estate 

agent . . 
Bookmaker 

Bookseller and assistant 
Boot and shoe dealer . . 

Bootmaker, shoemaker, and assistant. . 
Botanist, biologist, naturalist 
Bottler (aerated-water factory) 
Bottle-washer (brewery) 
Boundary -rider (station) 
Box-maker 
Boxing-instructor . . 
Boy, baker's 

,, butcher's 

,, draper's 

,, farm 

„ fisherman 

,, greengrocer's . . 

,, grocer's 

,, ironmonger's . . :' ^ ■ -u 

Brass founder, moulder, brazier, finisher 
Brewer, bottler, and others engaged in 

brewing • • 

Bricklayer, hodman, labourer 
Briokmaker and tile-manufaoturer . . 



500 


543 


947 


3 


36 




1 


1 


168 


1 


34 


21 


1 




102 




6 




348 




22 




481 


'i03 


109 


7 


3 




99 




1,267 


1^27: 


336 




577 




20 




336 




7 




5 




23 


"'l4 


2,240 




1,577 




15 




25 




13 




1 




47 


6 


1 




27 


2 


648 


2,422 


450 


2,147 


91 


4,813 


531 




186 


, , 


638 




4 


1 


835 




17 




2 




9 




74 


"36 


175 


392 


174 


95 


3 




397 


'268 


265 


12 


1,683 


1 


7 




33 




10 


1 


2 




117 


"29 


1 




34 




60 




87 




72 




2 




2 




11 




21 




28 




119 


1 


1,719 




285 





Bridge carpenter 

Broker, agent (undefined) 

„ land and estate 

„ stock and share 

„ tea 

Brush and broom maker 

Builder, contractor, clerk, and assistant 

Building-society, savings-institute direc 

tor, manager, officer, clerk 
Bullock-driver, farm 

„ sawmill 

,, station 

Burler (woollen-factory) 
Bushman, axeman, timber-getter 

„ ,, (sawmill) 

Business on own account 
Business-systematizer 
Butcher . . 
boy 
,, freezing-works 
,, station 
„ pork 
Butter, cheese maker, factory-worker 
Buyer, kauri-gum . . 

,, wool 

Cabinetmaker, furniture-manufacturer 
Cadet, Education Department 
,, draughtsman 
,, farm 
,, insurance 
,, station 
,, training-ship 
Candlemaker 

Candle, soap manufacturer . . 
Canvas, sailcloth maker 
Canvasser, traveller (insurance) 
,, patent medicines 
„ photographer 
,, traveller, salesman, saleswoman 
(undefined) 
Cap and bonnet maker 
Carder (woollen-factory) 
Caretaker, bird sanctuary 
,, botanical gardens 

„ cricket-ground, bowling-green 

,, freezing-works 

hall 
„ Harbour Board . . 

,, library . . 

,, office 

,, Post-office (watchman) 

,, rowing-shed 

,, saleyard 

,, school . . 

,, water-race 

Carpenter, bridge . . 
,, coal-mine 

,, flax-miU 

,, labourer and assistant 

,, sawmill . . 

,, station . . 

Carriage, wagon, cart dealer 
Carrier, carter, teamster, horse-driver. 

&c. 
Carrier (flour) 

Cart, carriage, wagon, coach builder 
Carter, brewer 
„ brickmaker 
,, builder 
,, butcher 
,, coal-merchant 
,, coal-mine . . 
„ dealer 
,, draper 



159 

68 

1,059 

245 

36 

115 

2,212 

25 

5 

22 

41 

2,770 

360 

11 

3 

2,719 

60 

164 

14 

95 

342 

65 

23 

2,049 

9 

4 

77 

11 

123 

51 

12 

197 

2 

45 

4 

7 

1,122 
71 
41 

2 
39 
93 
11 

6 
15 
11 



I 



159 
13 

2 

10,947 

19 

57 

5 

5,783 

50 

718 

103 

41 

15 

84 

327 

9 

4 

29 



2 

2 

22 

38 
4 

13 



11 

19 



271 

103 

6 



166 



Occupations — Arranged Alphabetically — continued. 



Females, 



Males. Females. 



Carter druggist 

farm 

firewood-merchant . . 

fishmonger . . 

flax-mill 

freezing- works 

furniture-dealer 

grocer 

horse-driver, truckman (sawmill) 

ironmonger 

market (fruit and vegetable) . . 

miller (flour) 

oil and colour merchant 

petroleum-dealer 

produce-merchant 

quartz-mine 

saleyard 

soft goods . . 

station 

storekeeper 

tanner 

teamster (road-works) 

telegraph stores 

timber-merchant 

horse-driver, wagoner (so defined) 
Carver, gUder (all branches) 
Catcher (flax-miU) . . 
Caterer 
Cattle-dealer 
Ceiling-fixer 
Cellarman (brewery) 
Cement-manufacturer 
Cement, plaster merchant 
Cemetery-keeper, grave-digger 
Chaff-cutter 
Chaffeur, motorman 
Chairmaker 
Charcoal-burner 
Charitable-aid recipient 
Charitable or benevolent institution 

officer . . 
Charitable or benevolent institution 

subordinate officer, servant 
Charitable Department officer 
Charwoman, cleaner 
Cheese, butter maker, worker 
Cheesemonger, dairy-produce dealer . . 
Chemical-manure maker 
Chemical-materials (not drugs) dealer. . 
Chemist (analytical) 
Chemist, druggist (pharmaceutical) 
Chemist, manufacturing . . . . 

Chimney-sweep 
China, crockeryware dealer . . 
(Church officer, verger, caretaker 
Circus performer, actor, actress 
Cistern-fitter 
Civil and mining engineer, assistant. 

student 
Clairvoyant 
Classer (fellmonger) 
„ (flax-miller) 
,, (woollen-factory) 
Cleaner, charwoman 
Clergyman 
Clerk— 
Aerated-water maker 
Agricultural-machinery dealer 
„ maker 

Architect 
Asbestos-manufacturer 



3 

92 

30 

4 

54 

34 

10 

492 

181 

54 

19 

51 

4 

8 

24 

3 

3 

8 

169 

112 

15 

408 

4 

243 

5,783 

87 

8 

27 

95 

16 

120 

11 

8 

61 

89 

170 

77 

2 

113 

25 

36 
25 
45 

342 

54 

21 

9 

27 

533 

143 
47 
22 
60 

118 
1 

476 

41 
11 

67 

45 

1,149 

18 

3 

32 

34 



99 

152 
99 

299 
19 



7 
30 

2 
4 

74 



299 



4 
5 
4 
10 
1 



Clerk- 
Audit . . 

Auctioneer 

Bank 

Biscuit-factory 

Bicycle-maker 

Blacksmith 

Billiard-table manufacturer 

Bonded, free store 

Bookseller 

Bootmaker 

Brassfounder 

Brewer 

Briokmaker 

Builder . . 

Butcher 

Cabiaetmaker 

Carrier . . 

Cement Works . . 

Chemist 

China-merchant . . 

Civil engineer 

Clothier 

Clothing- manufacturer 

Coaehbuilder 

Coach-proprietor . . 

Coal-merchant . . 

Coal-mine 

Cocoa, coSee dealer 

College . . 

Commission agent 

Confectioner, pastry dealer 

Confectionery-maker 

Consulting engineer 

Correspondence school 

Dairy factory 

Dentist 

Diocesan 

Draper . . 

Druggist 

Education Department 

Electric-fight works 

Engine-maker 

Engineer 

Fancy-goods dealer 

Fellmonger 

Financial agent . . 

Fishmonger 

Flax-miU 

Flour, grain merchant, dealer 

Flour-mill 

Freezing-works . . 

Furniture-dealer 

Furniture-manufacturer . . 

Gasworks 

Gold-mine (and book-keeper) 

Goldsmith 

Grazier, &c. 

Greengrocer 

Grocer . . 

Gunsmith 

Harness-importer 

Hospital 

Hotel . . 

Inquiry 

Insurance 

Iron (galvanized) dealer 

Ironfounder 

Ironmonger 

Jeweller 

Kauri-gum merchant 



2 

254 

1,842 

15 



14 
26 

86 

76 
42 

"ie 

2 
30 



353 
37 

3 

98 
6 



2 
3 

172 

26 

53 

19 

6 

9 
14 

9 

9 

166 

37 

169 

31 

iee 

2 

13 

37 

16 

178 



52 

691 

5 

39 

255 



42 

6 

5 

2 

1 

1 

1 

21 

19 

1 

6 

1 

19 

62 

9 

15 
1 
7 

5 

6 

19 

7 
3 

27 



46 
9 
6 
8 
8 
5 

12 

398 

4 

17 

2 
5 



4 
2 

17 
4 
2 

14 
9 

18 
5 
7 



184 
2 
1 
5 
42 
2 

119 

18 
86 
15 



167 



Occupations. — Arranged Alphabt tic ally — continued. 



— 


Males. 


Females. 




Males. 


Females. 


Clerk— 






Coach paiater 


386 




Kerosene-oil importer 




1 


„ smith 


184 




Law (not articled) 


982 


201 


„ trimmer 


60 




Law (articled) 


108 


1 


Coal, coke merchant 


353 


4 


Leather-dealer 


3 




Coal-miner and assistant 


2,903 




Livery stables 


7 


5 


Cocoa, cofiee, chicory agent, dealer . . 


14 




Machinery agent 


6 


6 


Cofiee-palace, restaurant, tea-rooms. 






Malleable-iron works 


8 




eating-house — 






Manufacturer 




2 


Keeper 


171 


140 


Meat- works 


54 


7 


Relative assisting 


3 


71 


Mental hospital . . 


9 


2 


Servant 


107 


498 


Milkseller 




6 


Coffee-roaster 


11 




MUler (flour) 


37 


4 


Coke manufacturer, burner . . 


2 




Musical-instrument seller . . 


17 


16 


Collector (undefined) 


88 




News agent 


11 


20 


Colporteur 




4 


Official assignee . . 




2 


Commercial traveller, canvasser, sales- 






Oil and colour dealer 


'29 


16 


man, saleswoman (undefined) 


1,122 


271 


Painter 


23 


12 


Commission agent, assistant, clerk 


894 




Paper-manufacturer 




1 


Companion 




616 


Petroleum-dealer 




1 


Compositor 


645 


77 


Photographer 




6 


Concrete mason and assistant 


37 




Plumber 


37 


19 


Condensed-milk factory worker 


2 




Postal Department 


1,235 


569 


Condiment-maker (all branches) 


79 


"16 


Pottery -maker . . 




3 


Confectionery-maker 


283 


23 


Produce-merchant 


'i9 


10 


„ pastry dealer 


348 


168 


Provision-merchant 




10 


Conservation of Water Department 






Public company (and accountant) . . 


79 


5 


officer, worker 


50 




Publisher (and accountant) 


124 


53 


Contractor, fencing 


136 




Railway Department 


1,904 


8 


„ flax-mUl 


26 




Roadworks 


55 




„ harvest 


84 




Saddler 


12 


"14 


„ mail 


69 


1 


Sawmill 


148 


11 


ploughing 


35 




Seed-merchant . . 


44 


13 


roads and bridges, &c. 


1,371 




Sewing-machine company 


7 


5 


„ sanitary 


71 




Shoe and boot dealer 


14 


17 


„ sawmill 


39 




Silk mercer 




1 


„ station.. 


72 




Soap-works 
Soft goods 
Stationer 


27 




Contractor, manager, apprentice, fore- 






262 


"'98 


man (undefined) . . 


1,082 


47 


30 


8 


Cook, bush 


148 


2 


Stock agent 


92 


6 


„ camp 


6 




Storekeeper 

Sugar-mill 

Surveyor 

Tanner . . 

Telegraph Department 

Timber-merchant 

Tinsmith 

Tobacconist 


210 
11 

'12 

1,093 

203 

"3 


148 

5 

"17 

29 

1 


farm 

flax-mUl 
„ hospital 
„ hotel 

„ mental hospital (also baker) 
„ sawmill 
„ station 
„ threshing-machine 


71 

24 

5 

576 

5 

15 

444 

33 


" 6 

75 

490 

9 

i20 


Undertaker 

Water-supply 

Weighbridge 

Wine and spirit merchant 

Wire-manufacturer 


1 

17 
49 


1 

1 

2 


Cooper 

„ brewer 
Copper-miner 
Coppersmith, lead-worker 
Coremaker (brassfounder) 
Cordial, aerated-water maker, and as- 


176 

15 

4 

127 


' 3 


Woodware-factory 


82 
28 


g 


sistant . . 


260 


15 


Wool-broker 


3 


Cordial, aerated- water seller. . 


2 




Woollen-factory . . 
Clerk, cashier, accountant (commercial 

or undefined) 
Clicker (bootmaker) 
Clothes-dealer (second-hand) 
Cloth-finisher (woollen-mill) . . 
Clothier, outfitter, slop-seller 
Clothing-manufacturer, tailor, dress- 


2,831 

130 

61 

26 

119 

3,159 


2,193 

"27 

14 

24 

10,807 


Cordwainer (bootmaker) 
Cork-cutter 

Cotton manufacturer, spinner, &c. 
Creamery assistant 

Cricket-ground, bowling-green care- 
taker, professional player . . 
Crockery, earthenware maker, repairer 
Cropper . . 
Curator, acchmatization society 


3 

4 

3 

114 

93 

3 

20 




maker, and assistant 






5 




Club - house manager, secretary. 


259 


34 


Curio-dealer 


6 




steward, servant • • • ■ 
Coach, cab, omnibus proprietor, and 






Custodian, hall 


6 




387 


10 


Customhouse and labour agent 


71 


2 


relative assisting ' ' •, j 
Coach, carriage, wagon, cart builder . . 


706 


2 


Cutler, tool-maker, saw-setter 


41 




1 
763 




Cutter, bookbinder 


2 




Coaohmaker's sundries dealer 




bootmaker . . 


20 


2 


Coachman, groom 






„ clothing-manufacturer 


296 


6 


Coach, omnibus, cab driver, con- 


642 


1 


„ shirt 




14 


ductor . . 













168 



Occupations . — Abeanged Alphabetically — continued. 



Males. Females. 



Cyanide-process worker 



Dairy -farmer 

„ relative assisting, and others 

Dairy-produce dealer, cheesemonger 

Darner (wooUen-factory) 

Daughter, relative . . 

Daughter, relative performing domestic 
duties . . 

Daughter, relative receiving tuition at 
home 

Daughter, relative at school 
„ ,, university 

Deaconess 

Dealer, trader (undefined) 

Debt-collector 

Decorator 

Defence Department officer . . 

Delivery-boy (grocer's) 

Demonstrator, university professor, 
lecturer, &c. 

Dental-requisites importer . . 

Dentist 

Designer (wooUen-factory) . . 

Designs, patterns, medals, type and 
dies dealer 

Detective, policeman (subordinate 
officer . . 

Detective (private) 

Digger (kauri-gum) . . 

Directing or consulting engineer 

Director, bank 

Director of trusts . . 

Dispenser, chemist 
„ hospital 

Ditcher, drainer 

Dock engine-driver, labourer 

Doctor (medicine) 

Domestic nurse 

„ servant . . 

Drainer, pavior 

Drain labourer 

Draper and assistant 

Draughtsman (civil engineer) 

(Uthographio printer) 
., (not otherwise described) 

Drayman, carrier, carter, teamster, 
horse-driver (not elsewhere classi- 
fied), clerk, and relative assisting 

Dredgemaster (gold) 

Dredge worker, diver 

Dresser, flax-mill . . 
,, hospital 
„ woollen-factory 

Dressmaker, tailor, clothing-manufao 
turer, and assistant 

Driller, engine-maker 

Drill-instructor 

Driver, aerated -water manufacturer 
„ baker 
„ confectioner 
„ milk- seller . . 

Drover, stock-rider, shearer, shepherd, 
labourer on station 

Druggist (wholesale) 

Dyer and scourer . . 

Dyer, woollen-factory 

Editor, author, journalist 

Education Department cadet, clerk. In- 
spector of Schools, officer, secretary, 
truant officer 



13 

13,652 

8,557 
54 



265 
14 

245 
63 
11 

57 

3 

583 

26 



805 

7 

2,068 

380 

34 

1 

2 

1 

37 

1 

663 

604 

437 

440 

3,429 

7 

2 

156 



5,783 

86 

201 

22 

1 

4 

4,053 

21 

6 

95 

627 

13 

133 

12,607 

20 

104 

28 



538 



136 



837 
3,302 

41 
60,696 

53,941 

2,534 

89,830 

242 

17 

6 

1 



12 

1 

22 



29 

486 

18,795 



2,303 
1 



17 



240 



26 



39 



21 



Electrician (not connected with tel 

graph or telephone service) 
Electrician, electric light 

„ lineman 

Electric-light worker, and assistant 
Electroplater 

Electroplate-wares importer 
Elevator-attendant . . 
Employee, cigar, cigarette, and tobacco 

factory . . 
Employee, labourer (railway) 

„ sugar-works 

Engine-driver, battery (quartz-mine 
biscuit-factory 
brewery 
brickmaker . . 
cement-works 
chafi-cutter . . 
coal-mine 
fireman (railway) 
,, (road-works) 
,, (wooUen-mills) 
flax-mill 
flour-merchant 
gold-dredge . . 
ironfounder . . 
maUeable-iron works 
meat-works . . 
miller (flour, &c.) 
mine (undefined) 
pottery-maker 
sawmill 
tanner 

threshing-machine 
waterworks . . 
Engineer, agricultural-machinery mal 
civil 
directing or consulting 



electric light 

engine-driver, stoker (so de^ 

fined) . . 
fireman, freezing-works 



lime-burner 
mining . . 
motor 
oil 

stoker, trimmer (merchant 
service) 
,, waterworks 
Engine-maker, fitter, mechanical e 

gineer . . 
Engine-smith 
Engraver (art only) 

„ (not art), pattern designer 
„ photo process 
Errand-boy, bootmaker 
,, clothier 

„ clothing-manufacturer 

„ shoe and boot dealer 

,, errand-girl 

Evangelist 

Expert, foreman, freezing-works 
Explosives, arms dealer 
Eye specialist 

Factory hand (woollen-factory) 

„ worker, manager (undefined) 

Fancy Berlin-wool worker . . 
„ goods dealer 
„ leather worker 

Farm assistant 



Males. Females. 



53 
349 
547 
631 

46 
1 

29 

4 

1,646 

51 

102 
8 
21 
26 
13 
29 

141 

1,657 

61 

30 

47 

3 

122 
37 
2 
15 
41 
25 
11 

637 
15 
64 
24 
52 

392 

380 
52 

210 

1,804 

190 

150 

5 

23 

108 

14 

1,965 



1,333 
18 
38 
78 
18 
16 
1 
13 
10 
249 
49 
50 



201 

708 

1 

70 

6 

3,415 



242 

2 
34 

3 
25 



169 



Occupations. — Arranged Alphabetically — continued. 



Males. 



Females. 



Farm boy- 
Farmer . . . . . . . . 20, 

assistant . . . . . . 14, 

bee 

dairy . . . . . . 13 

manager, overseer . . 
ostrich 
pig 
„ poultry 
Farm servant, agricultural labourer . . 18. 
,, station . . . . 12. 

Father dependent upon children 
Feather-dresser, glove-cleaner 
Feeder, battery (quartz) 
,, flax-mill 

„ planing-maohine (sawmill) 
Fellmonger 
Fencer, farm 

,, hurdle-maker 
„ station 
Fencing-contractor 
Fender-maker 
Ferry-punt lessee, worker 

„ service ofiicer, worker 
Fettler, ganger (railway) 
Financial agent 
Finger-print expert 
Finisher (boot) 

,, polisher (brass) 
Fire-brigade officer, fireman 
Fireman, engine-driver (railway) 
„ flour-mill 
,, sawmill . . 
„ sugar-works 
Firewood cutter, chopper 

„ fuel merchant, dealer 
Fireworks-maker 
Fish-curer 
Fisherman 

Fishery Department ofiicer . . 
Fishing-tackle maker 
Fishmonger, oyster-dealer . . 
Fitter (boot) 
„ (bridge) 
„ (gas) .. 

„ (railway-carnage) 
Flax contractor 
,, cutter 
„ merchant 
„ mUl-owner 
Flesher (meat-works) 

,, skinner (tannery) 
Flock-manufacturer 
Florist, flower and plant seller 
Flour, grain merchant, dealer, agent . . 
Folder (bookbinder) • • 

packer, worker, cutter (paper- 

mffl) .. ■• , •• 

Foreman, ganger, raUway and roaa 

works . . 
Foreman, meat-works 
„ sawmills . . 

(undefined) (apprentice, man- 
ager, &c.) 
Forest Department ranger, oificer . . 
Forwarding agent, parcels - delivery 

agent, clerk, driver 
Freezer (freezing-works) 
French-poUsher . . „ ' ' 
Friendly benefit society officer 
Fruit-grower, orchardist . . . • • 

preserver, jam-maker and assist- 
ant 
Fruiterer, greengrocer 



72 
201 
876 
109 
652 
570 
2 
62 
524 
,291 
,607 
301 
2 
6 
26 
10 
185 
39 
178 
444 
136 
3 
19 
38 
,835 
32 
1 
108 
110 
102 
,657 
2 
42 
9 
135 
00 
3 
87 
659 
20 
4 
431 
1 
28 
HI 
71 
26 
245 
1 
109 
4 
5 
13 
20 
176 
2 

101 

240 
50 



1,082 
129 

180 
83 

241 
13 



99 
709 



650 

86 

7 

837 

1 



65 
111 
235 

13 



1 

12 



25 
62 



50 

'27 
29 



47 

18 

4 

6 

36 

170 



Females. 



Fuller (woollen-factory) 
Furnace-man, ironf ounder . . 

„ malleabl6-iron works . . 

Furniture-dealer 

,, (second-hand) 

Furniture-manufacturer, cabinetmaker, 

bedstead-maker . . 
Fur-rug dealer 
Furrier, rug-maker 
Fuse, cartridge maker 

Galvanized-iron importer 

,, worker 

Galvanizer of iron . . 
Game and poultry dealer 
Ganger, fettler (railway) 
Gaol inmate 
Gardener . . 
„ farm 
,, horticultural 
,, market . . 
„ station . . 
Gasfitter, plumber, &c. 
Gas manufacturer, officer, worker 
Gas-mantle maker . . 
Gas-, water-meter maker 
Gatekeeper, porter 

,, wharf . . 

Geologist, mineralogist 
Glass, colourman (oil), paperhangings 

dealer . . 
Glass manufacturer, worker . . 
Glassware-dealer 
Glove-cleaner, feather-dresser 
Glue-maker 
Gold-miner (alluvial) 

,, (undefined) 

Goldsmith, silversmith, jeweller 
Governess, tutor 
Governor (the) and suite 
Grain-sampler . . 

Grass-seed sower (station) 
Grave-digger, cemetery-keeper 
Gravel, sand, stone dealer . . 
Graving - dock, patent - sUp proprietor, 

manager 
Grazier, pastoraUst, stock-breeder ^ . . 
Grazier, pastoraUst, stock-breeder's as 

sistant . . 
Greaser (freezing-works) 
Greengrocer, fruiterer, potato-dealer . 
Grocer, tea-dealer . . 
Groom, coachman . . 
„ farm 
,, livery stable 
„ station 
Guard, porter, servant (railways) 
Guide (tourist) 
Gunsmith 
Gutter and runner (meat-works) 

Haberdasher, &o. . . 

Hackler (flax) 

Hairdresser, barber 

Ham and bacon curer 

Hammerman, blacksmith . . 
to engine-smith 

Handy-man 

Harbour and River Navigation Depart- 
ment, Marine Board, ferry-service 
officer . . 

Harness and saddlery dealer 
„ maker 

Harvest contractor 



2 

50 

4 

108 

32 

,049 

3 

11 



24 

11 

10 

53 

1,835 

746 

1,368 

62 

987 

1,310 

269 

1,902 

987 

"u 

35 

6 

11 

55 

65 

18 

2 

6 

2,828 

539 

227 

22 

2 

14 

17 

61 

91 

1 
10,330 

12,607 
31 
709 
658 
763 
25 
368 
139 
955 
11 
42 
3 



1, 



224 
6 

,221 
82 
11 
12 
10 



370 

7 

,436 

84 



3 

27 



64 

1 

6 

11 



2 
13 



267 



1 

'284 

235 

170 
105 



13 



170 



Occupations . — Aeranged 


Alphabetically — continued. 










Hales. 


Females. 




Males, 


Females. 


Harvester (farm) . . 


16 




Iron (galvanized) wire importer 


36 




Hat, cap, bonnet maker 


71 


io3 


Ironmonger, hardware-dealer 


217 


1 


Hatter, mercer, &c. 


224 




„ (saddler's) 


10 




Hawker, pedlar 


163 


11 


Iron-ore, pig-iron, scrap-iron dealer . . 


24 




„ (vegetable) 


84 




Iron worker (malleable) 


121 




Health Department officer . . 


42 




Irregular clergy, salvation army officer 


118 


iss 


Herbalist . . 


27 


" 3 


„ medical practitioner 


16 


15 


„ assistant . . 


1 


3 








Hide and skin dealer 


49 




Jam - maker, fruit - preserver, and as- 






„ expert 


1 




sistant . . 


99 




Hodman, labourer, bricklayer 


1,719 




Jeweller, goldsmith, silversmith 


227 




Homceopathist 


3 




„ importer, dealer 


264 


'25 


Hop-grower 


32 




Jockey 


392 




Horn, hair, hoof, and bone merchant . . 


2 




Joiner (shipbuilder) 


23 




Horse-dealer 


97 




„ wood-turner.. 


1,441 




Horse-driver, carrier, carter, &o. 


5,783 




Journalist, editor, author 


538 


"39 


„ coal-mine 


14 




Judge (Chief Justice, and Judges, 






Horse-shoer 


231 




Supreme, District, and Native Land 






Horticulturist, gardener 


987 


1 


Courts) . . 


i3 




Hosier, &c. 


224 




Justice of the Peace (not otherwise de- 






Hospital inmate 


1,066 


lji35 


scribed) . . 


2 




Hospital or mental hospital nurse 


4 


807 








Hospital or mental hospital officer. 






Kauri-gum buyer . . 


65 




attendant, assistant, &c. . . 


437 


564 


digger . . 


2,068 




Hostler (livery stables) 


24 




,, packer . . 


1 




Hotel, barman, barmaid 


500 


543 


scraper 


1 




„ clerk 


52 


42 


„ sorter . . 


85 


1 


,, cook 


576 


490 


Kerosene-oil manufacturer . . 


2 




keeper 


1,207 


166 


Keeper, board and lodging house 


648 


2^422 


„ manager 


72 


8 


,, coffee-palace, restaurant, tea- 






,, relative assisting 


64 


1,131 


rooms, eating house 


171 


140 


,, servant 


1,460 


2,153 


hotel 


1,207 


166 


House agent, rent-collector . . 


46 




„ infants' home 




13 


„ painter, paperhanger, glazier . . 


3,115 




„ lighthouse 


87 




„ proprietor . . . . • . . 


1,063 


'492 


„ livery stables 


804 


6 


„ servant 


604 


18,795 


„ magazine . . 


1 




Hulk-keeper 


51 




„ zoological gardens, menagerie 


4 




Huntsman 


10 




Knitter, sockmaker 


25 


"63 


Hydraulic-power worker 


8 




„ (wooUeu-factory) 


16 


40 


Ice-manufacturer . . 


1 




Labour and Custhomhouse agent 


71 


2 


Image-maker, modeller 


5 




Labourer, abattoir 


86 




Implement (agricultural) dealer 


64 


5 


„ baker 


16 






Importer, merchant (undefined) 


1,799 


247 


„ battery (quartz) . . 


348 






Independent means 


2,871 


1,283 


„ blacksmith 


35 






Indiarubber-wares dealer 


32 




„ boilermaker 


17 






Industrial-school, reformatory inmate 


585 


271 


„ boiling-down works 


17 






Infant-home keeper 




13 


„ brewer . . 


128 






Ink, blacking manufacturer . . 


'i2 


3 


,, briokmaker 


344 






Inmate of benevolent institution 


1,267 


1,277 


„ builder . . 


507 






„ gaol, penal establishment . . 


746 


64 


„ butcher . . 


221 






„ hospital 


1,066 


1,135 


„ cement-works 


256 






mental hospital . . 


2,158 


1,490 


„ chaff-cutter 


185 






„ orphan asylum 


165 


453 


„ cheese-factory 


36 






„ reformatory, industrial school 


586 


271 


„ chemical-manure works 


14 






,, watch-house, lock-up 


3 




„ clothing-factory . . 


19 






Inspector of buildings 


25 




„ coal-merchant 


92 






„ factories 


8 


. . 1 


„ drain . . . . ... 


440 






„ machinery 


13 




,. feUmonger 


338 






„ prevention of cruelty to 






„ fencing . . 


104 






animals 


3 




„ freezing-works 


1,098 






„ road-works 


47 




gold-dredge 


547 






„ nuisances and sanitary in- 






grain-merchant . . 


142 






spector 


53 




„ ironfouuder 


255 






„ schools 


47 




„ kauri-gum merchant 


23 






„ waterworks 


13 




„ lime-burner 


91 






Instructor, drill 


6 




„ maltster. . 


73 






„ gymnastic 


6 




„ market-gardener . . 


279 






Insurance-company canvasser, director, 






„ meat-works 


174 






clerk, messenger, secretary 


1,509 


119 


„ mill (hand-worker) 


89 






Interpreter 


27 


3 


„ miller (flour) 


94 






„ native . . 
Iron founder, moulder 


18 
410 




„ plasterer 

„ rabbit-factory 


126 
16 







171 



Occupations. — ARRANaED Alphabetically — continued. 



Males. 



Females. 



Males. 



Females. 



Labourer, rope and cord factory 
sawmill . . 
slaughteryard 
soap and candle works 
station (and assistant) 
stockrider, drover, shearer, 
shepherd on station 
(grazier) 
sugar-works 
tannery . . 
threshing-machine 
timber-merchant . . 
waterworks 
wool-merchant 
(undeiiued) 
Laoe-maker 
Lamplighter 
Land and estate agent, book-keeper, 

and Native-land agent 
Land proprietor, speculator . . 
Lapidary, precious-stones worker 
Laundryman, mangier, and washer- 
women . . . . ■ 
Law accountant 

clerk (not articled) 
Department officer 
court officer, clerk 
student, articled clerk . . 
„ typist 
Lead-worker, coppersmith . . 
Leather-belting maker 
„ cutter, designer 
„ grindery merchant, dealer 
Lecturer, teacher, professor (grammar 
or high school) . . 
„ teacher technical college 
„ imiversity professor, demon- 
strator 
Legging-maker 
Letter-carrier 
Librarian and assistant 
Library caretaker . . 
Litter (railway- carriage builder) 
Light expert 
Lighthouse-keeper . . 
Lime-burner 

„ merchant 
Lineman, electrician (Telegraph De- 
partment) 
Linen-draper and assistant . . 
Linotypist 
Liquidator 
Literary amanuensis 
Lithographer, lithographic, zincographic 
printer, apprentice, artist, draughts- 
man . . ■ . • • • • 
Livery - stable keeper, clerks, and 

assistant 
Live-stock dealer . . 
Loan-office keeper, pawnbroker 
Locksmith 
Log-getter (sawmill) 
Lumper, stevedore, &c. 

Machine-cleaner (woollen-factory) 

Machinery agent 

Machinery (agricultural) importer, 

dealer . . 
Machinery (agricultural) maker 
Machines, tools, implements dealer . . 
Machinist, boot 

„ carpet . . 

clothing-factory 



65 

2,681 

86 

87 

5,842 



12,607 

126 

90 

447 

498 

64 

41 

12,271 

1 

89 



059 

857 

15 



147 

804 

249 

29 

22 

41 

3,863 

2 
31 

64 
159 
116 

87 



112 



232 



458 


930 


7 




982 


201 


34 




120 


1 


108 


1 


4 


57 


127 




12 




8 




48 


6 


96 


131 


85 


60 


57 


12 


5 




485 




55 




11 




102 




6 




87 




28 




6 


1 


547 




3,429 


2,303 


316 


3 


3 




1 


4 



498 
5 

498 



Machinist, engine-fitter 
„ sawmill . . 

„ shirt 

,, stereotyper, and others en- 

gaged in printing 
„ woollen-factory . . 

„ (undefined) 

Magazine-keeper 

Magistrate (not otherwise described) . . 
Mail contractor 

Mailman, mail guard, carrier, driver . . 
Maker, pottery 

„ watch and clock 
Malleable-iron worker 
Maltster . . 
Manager, auctioneer 

„ battery (quartz) . . 

,, brewer 

,, bus company 

,. chemist . . 

„ chemical-manure works 

,, china, crockeryware dealer . . 

,, clothing-factory 

„ club - house (includes secre- 

tary, &c.) 
,, coal-merchant 

,, coal-mine (overseer) 

„ dairy factory 

„ draper 

„ farm (overseer) 

„ financial company (and secre- 

tary) .. 
„ flax-miU . . 
,, freezing-works 
„ gold-mine 
„ grain-merchant 
„ grocer 

„ hotel 

„ insurance company (agent) . . 
„ ironmonger 
„ mercer 

„ merchant (undefined) 
„ miller (flour) 

„ mine 
,, musical-instrument importer, 

seller . . 
,, public company 
,, publisher.. 
,, produce-merchant 

,, quartz-mine 
„ sawmiU . . 

,, school 

,, sewing-machine company . . 

,, shoe and boot dealer 

„ soft goods importer 

,, station (book - keeper and 

overseer) 
„ stationer . . 

„ storekeeper 

,, tanner 

„ timber-merchant . . 

,, water-race 

,, wool-broker 

,, wooUen-miUs 
„ wool-merchant 
,, wooUen-factory 
Manchester warehouseman 



Mangier, laundry 

woman . . 
Manicurist 
Mantle-maker 
Manufacturer's agent 
Manufacturing chemist 



keeper, washer- 



130 

281 



780 

6 

172 

1 

27 

69 

117 

84 

357 

121 

121 

8 

30 

26 

6 

2 

1 

1 

33 

259 
32 
87 

523 
85 

570 

14 
30 

25 
42 

7 

32 

72 

701 

49 

4 
78 

7 
164 

5 
79 
28 

5 

77 

130 

8 
12 
27 
74 

781 
4 
97 
12 
44 
19 
12 
17 
12 
17 

556 

458 



72 
143 



219 

37 
177 
372 



34 



930 

8 

37 

30 



172 



Occupations. — Arranged Alphabetically— cow^mMei. 








Males. 


Females 





Males. 


Females. 


Manufacturer (paper) 


loa 




Milliner, bonnet, hat dealer . . 


5 


82 


Manure (chemical) maker 


21 




stay, glove maker . . 




667 


„ dealer 


10 




Millwright 


'53 




Marine Department, Harbour and Rive 


r 




Mine (coal) proprietor, manager, worker 


4,112 




Board officer 


370 




„ (copper) manager, officer, miner. 






Marine diver 


9 


"5 


worker 


4 




„ surveyor, underwriter 


25 




„ manager (gold, alluvial) 


42 




Market gardener 


. 1,310 


6 


„ (others and undefined) pro- 






Mason (concrete), and assistant 


10 




prietor, manager, worker 


763 




„ monumental, marble 


176 




„ (quartz, gold), proprietor, man- 






Masseur, masseuse . . 


16 


"28 


ager, worker 


2,978 




Match-factory employee 


17 


85 


„ (shale) manager, officer, miner. 






Mat-maker 


9 




worker 


9 




Materials for houses and building 


s 




„ (silver) proprietor, manager. 






dealer . . 


12 




worker 


20 




Matron, servant, hospital 


39 


257 


,, (undefined), (gold) proprietor. 






„ penal service 




11 


manager, worker 


539 




„ school 




17 


Miner (gold, alluvial) 


2,828 




Y.M.C.A. .. 




2 


Mineralogist, geologist 


11 




Measurer (timber-merchant) . . 


32 




Mining engineer (coal-mine) . . 


23 




Meat, bacon, ham curer 


52 




„ student 


7 




„ grader 


35 




Ministerial or political office-holder 


29 




„ packer 


4 




Missionary 


99 


"42 


„ preserver 


65 




„ Mormon 


59 


1 


Mechanical engineer (freezing-works) . 


30 




Modeller, image-maker 


5 




, , maker and fitter . 


. 1,333 




,, plasterer . . 


375 




Mechanic, manufacturer (so defined) . 


179 




Money-broker, financier, and capitaUst, 






Medical galvanist, and assistant 


19 


"28 


accountant, manager, and secretary . . 


755 


210 


„ practitioner 


663 


29 


Monumental marble mason, stone cutter 






„ student 


73 


6 


and dresser 


176 




Member of Arbitration Court 


1 




Mormon missionary 


59 


1 


„ religious order not classifie 


d 




Motor-garage employees 


48 




as ministering to charit 


Y 




Motor-car dealer 


18 




or education . . 


8 


172 


„ repairer . . 


299 




Mercer, hatter, hosier, haberdashei 






Motor-tire repairer . . 


3 




and assistant 


224 


13 


Moulder (brass) 


82 




Merchant, china, orockeryware 


22 


2 


(iron) 


410 




„ coal 


353 


27 


Municipal Council or local body officer . . 


630 




„ firewood.. 


60 




Museum clerk, curator, and assistant . . 


5 




flax 


1 




Musical -instrument importer and seller 


131 


4 


„ flour 


176 




„ maker . . 


36 




„ kauri-gum 


65 




,, tuner and repairer 


155 


1 


„ lime 


6 


1 


Musician, vocalist, student of music . . 


207 


96 


„ produce 


165 




Music professor, teacher, &o. 


267 


1,369 


„ provision 


159 




,, seller 


92 


12 


„ seed 


83 


1 


Musterer (station) . . 


64 




„ tallow . . 


6 










„ timber . . 


186 










„ wine and spirits . . 


64 


1 


Nailmaker 


17 




„ wool 


99 




Native-land agent . . 


7 




„ importer (undefined) ap 






Naturalist, biologist, botanist 


7 




prentice, assistant, clerk 






Naval architect 


1 




carter, manager, packer 


, 




Naval officer (actual service) 


5 




buyer, storeman, travelle 


r 1,799 


247 


„ petty, warrant officer. 






Messenger, chemist 


26 




sailor, marine 


20 




,, dairy factory 


7 




Navvy, labourer, platelayer . . 


8,606 




„ grocer . . 


20 




Needlewoman 




"62 


„ insurance 


6 




Neck-wear worker 




4 


„ mental hospital . . 


6 




News agent, paper-vendor . . 


444 


11 


„ porter . . 


71 


4 


„ boy to news agent 


170 




post-office 


65 




Newspaper proprietor, publisher 


98 


2 


„ telegraph 


746 


8 


Nightman, sanitary contractor 


71 




Metal-plate worker 


2 




Night-watchman (woollen-factory) 


3 




Metallurgist, assayer 


57 




Non - commissioned, warrant officer, 






Midwife, accoucheuse 




523 


private . . 


325 




Milk-preserver 


'. "l 


4 


No-license advocate 


12 




„ seller and assistant 


779 


67 


No occupation 


2,388 


152 


Miller, maizena-manufacturer 


113 




Nurse, domestic 




486 


Mill hand (undefined) 


89 




,, dentist 




102 


„ labourer (flax-mill) 


618 




„ hospital or mental hospital 




807 


„ manager „ 


30 




„ midwife, accoucheuse 




523 


„ owner „ 


72 




„ sick 


ii 


2,008 



173 



Occupations. — Arranged Alphabetically — continued. 



Males. 



Females. 



Females. 



Occupation not stated 
Office caretaker, attendant . . 
Officer, Agricultural Department 
,, army (actual service) 
,, charitable or benevolent insti- 
tution 
,, Charity Department . . 

,, Conservation of Water Depart- 
ment 
„ Defence Department 
,, Education Department 
,, Fishery Department 
„ Forest Department . . 
„ friendly and benefit society . . 
,, gasworks 

,, Government Department 
,, Harbour, River, and Marino 

Department 
,, Health Department . . 
„ law-courts . . 
,, Law Department 
„ local body or Municipal Council 

Mines Department . . 
., navy (actual service) 
„ penal : principal 
,, penal: service (prisons) 
,, police : principal 

Postal Department (clerks, &o.) 
,, public company or society, 
agent, clerk, accountant, man- 
ager 
„ Railway Department (clerks, 

&c.) 
„ Salvation Army 
„ Stock and Brands Department 
„ subordinate officer or servant, 
charitable or benevolent insti- 
tution 
„ Telegraph Department (opera- 
tor, clerk) 
„ telephone . . 
„ tramway (clerks) 
„ truant 
Official or trade assignee 
Oil and colourman, glass, paperhang- 

ings dealer 
Oil and seed cake maker 
Oilskin-maker 
Oleo -worker 
Optician . . 
Orchardist, fruit-grower 
Orderman (timber-merchant) 
Orphanage, inmate 
Ostrich-farmer 
Others connected with various property 

rights and transfers 
Others connected with dealings in land 
Outfitter clothier, slop-seller 
Oven-maker 

Overseer (works) . . ' ' u I' 

Owner, agricultural-implement, thresh- 
ing-machine 
Owner, flax -mill 

,, totalizator . . 
Oyster-bed lessee, worker 
Oyster -dealer, fishmonger . . 



Packer, biscuit-factory 

bonded or free store . . 
" butter-factory 
J, ironmonger 

kauri-gum merchant 



231 
96 

100 
63 

25 

7 

50 
63 
10 
20 

129 
13 

987 
1,694 

370 

42 
120 

34 
630 

14 
5 

U 
136 

18 
1,235 



192 

1,904 

118 

76 



36 

1.093 

113 

133 

4 

4 

55 

3 

22 

9 

60 

889 

41 

165 

2 



57 

119 

8 

102 

156 

109 

3 

15 

431 



30 
96 
28 
20 
1 



41 



99 
1 



178 

5 
2 
1 



11 



138 



152 

17 

447 



36 
453 

"24 



25 
48 



Packer, meat-works 

,, merchant (undefined) 
,, on roads 

,, soap and candle works 
,, soft-goods . . 
,, station 
,, storekeeper 
,, tea agent (sorter) 
„ (undefined) 
Packing-case maker 
Paddocker (flax-mill) 
Painter, artist, art student . . 
,, paperhanger, glazier 

polisher (to railway-carriage 
builder) . . 
,, (shipbuilder) 
Paint, varnish, manufacturer 
Palmist 

Paper-bag, box maker 
Paperhanger, oil and colour man, glass 

dealer . . 
Paper-manufacturer 
Paper merchant, importer 
Parcels-delivery agent, forwarding agent, 

clerk, driver 
Pastry -dealer, confectioner . . 
Patentee, owner of trade-mark 
Patent, trade-mark agent 
Pathologist 

Pattern-cutter (clothing-factor}') 
,, designer, engraver . . 
,, maker (engineer) 
Pavior, drainer 

Pawnbroker, loan-office keeper 
Pedlar, hawker 

Penal officer : subordinate . . 
„ ,, principal 

„ service : matron 
,, ,, prison's officer 

Pensioner 
Perambulator, bicycle importer, dealer 

,, wheel-chair maker 

Personal attendant 
Persons holding Ministerial or political 

office 
Petroleum-borer 

Petroleum, kerosene importer, dealer . . 
Petty, warrant officer, sailor, marine 

(navy) . . 
Photographer, retoucher 
Photographic, art requisites importer, 

dealer . . 
Photo. -process engraver 
Phrenologist 
Physical instructor 
Picture-dealer 
Picture - frame maker, restorer, and 

cleaner . . 
Piecer (woollen-factory) 
Pig-farmer 

Pig-iron, scrap-iron dealer 
Pile-driver 
Pilot 
Pipe-maker, pottery -works . . 

,, tobacco 

Plant and flower seller, florist 
Plasterer, modeller 

Plaster -maker, cement-manufacturer . . 
Platelayer, navvy, labourer . . 
Ploughman 

„ (station) 

Plumber, gasfitter . . 
Police : principal officer 



4 
3 

44 

9 

51 

71 

13 

75 

45 

7 

50 

167 

55 

67 
3 

12 

62 

55 

109 

29 

180 

348 

3 

11 
2 

11 

78 
155 
437 

29 
163 
134 

11 

"2 
2,225 

336 
26 
19 

29 
17 
41 

20 

421 

43 
18 
2 
15 
22 

148 

62 

2 

17 

33 

102 

2 

20 

375 

11 

8,606 

1,256 

635 

1,902 

18 



29 



198 



1 
135 



18 
168 



11 

682 

46 

1 

10 



12 

3 

7 
2 

4 

7 



50 



174 



Occupations. — Arransed Alphabetically — continued. 








Males. Females. 




Males. 


Females. 


Police : subordinate officer, policeman, 






Rabbiter . . 


931 




and detective 


805 


2 


Racecourse ranger, caretaker, labourer 


73 




Pork butcher 


95 




Rag and bottle gatherer 


30 




Porter, draper 


32 




„ waste-paper dealer . . 


5 




,, gatekeeper . . 


35 




Railway carriage, wagon, tram - car 






,, guard, servant (railway) 


1,955 




builder . . 


104 




„ hospital 


44 




Railway employee, labourer 


1,646 




Portmanteau-maker 


49 


9 


engine-driver, fireman 


1,657 




Poster -writer 


6 




ganger, fettler 


1,835 




Post Office : postmaster, clerk, sorter . . 


1,235 


569 


„ guard, porter, servant 


1,955 




messenger 


65 




„ officer, stationmaster, clerk . . 


1,904 


8 


Pottery-maker 


84 




Range-fitter 


58 




Potteryware, earthenware dealer 


3 




„ maker 


47 




Poultry -farmer 


524 


65 


Ranger (racecourse) . . 


73 




Poultry and game dealer 


53 




Reader (newspaper) 


54 


"14 


Poundkeeper 


4 




Recipient of charitable aid . . 


113 


5 


Preacher . . 


6 


4 


Refiner, sugar 


4 




Precious-stones worker, lapidary 


3 




Reformatory, industrial school (inmate 






Prepared sidn and leather dealer 


23 




of) 


585 


271 


Preserver (fruit), jam-maker. . 


99 




Registry-office keeper 


1 


25 


Presser, boot 


9 




Relative assisting aerated-water maker 


12 


1 


„ clothing-factory 


189 


21 


„ alluvial gold miner. . 


21 




„ flax 


6 




„ architect . . 


11 




„ woollen-factory 


13 


1 


,, artist 




"33 


Printer, lithographer, &c. 


147 




„ auctioneer 


3 




„ manager, clerk 


801 


71 


,, axeman, woodman, 






Prison, gaol inmate 


746 


64 


&c. 


56 




Prisons officer, penal service 


147 


11 


„ baker 


48 


36 


Private detective . . 


7 




„ bath-proprietor 




1 


„ means 


12 


40 


„ bee-keeper 


"5 




„ non-commissioned warrant 






„ bicycle, perambula- 






officer 


325 




tor importer 


3 


3 


Probationer (State school) . . 


25 


33 


„ blacksmith 


67 




Produce, hay and corn merchant. 






„ board and lodging- 






dealer . . 


165 


1 


house . . 


52 


1,785 


Professor, lecturer, teacher (college. 






„ bookseller 


2 


14 


grammar, high school) 


96 


131 


„ bootmaker 


19 




Professor (university), demonstrator, 






„ bricklayer 


7 




lecturer 


57 


12 


„ brickmaker 


14 




Professor, teacher, music 


267 1,, 


$69 


, builder 


30 




Professional athlete 


17 




„ butcher . . 


78 


24 


Proprietor, attendant, baths . . 


34 


21 


„ caretaker (office) . . 


1 




„ biUiard-table 


336 




„ carpenter 


70 




„ boats, waterman, &c. 


186 




„ carriage, wagon, cart 






„ bonded or free store (man- 






builder 


12 




ager, clerk) 


4 




„ carrier 


73 




„ circulating library 


3 




„ chaff-cutter 


10 




„ clerk, quarry 


36 




„ chemist . . 


5 


2 


,, coach, cab, or omnibus 


387 


10 


„ civU engineer 


5 


1 


,, gold (alluvial), (and worker. 






clerk, cashier, &c. 






manager 


2,828 




(undefined) 


7 


16 


„ gold (quartz), (and miner) 


3,602 




clothing manufac- 






„ houses . . 


1,063 




turer . . 


17 


76 


„ miner, worker (coal-mine) 


4,112 




,, coach-proprietor 


6 


1 


„ sawmill (and worker) 


735 




„ coal-merchant 


7 


5 


„ shooting-gallery . . 


3 




„ coal-miner 


22 




„ totalizator 


3 




„ cofiee-palace, restau- 






Prospector, metal (undefined) 


21 




rant-keeper, &c. . . 


3 


71 


„ silver . . 


19 




„ commercial traveller. 






Providore 


11 


1 


salesman, sales- 






Provision merchant, dealer . . 


159 




woman (undefined) 


3 


5 


Public accountant, auditor . . 


254 


4 


„ commission agent . . 


4 


3 


,, company or society officer 


192 


7 


,. confectioner 


1 


48 


Publisher, newspaper proprietor 


98 


2 


„ confectionery-maker 




2 


Puddler, roller (iron) 


2 




„ contractor, manager. 






Pugilist 


1 




foreman (u n d e- 






Pumice- worker 


11 




fined) .. 


12 




Pupil-teacher (State school) . . 


110 i 


235 


„ dairy-farmer 
„ dealer, trader 


3,932 

• 7 


3^065 








„ dentist 


17 


4 


Quarryman 


668 




„ drainer, pavior, &c. 


2 




Quarry proprietor, manager, clerk 


36 




, draper 


17 


"60 



176 



Occupations. — Arranged Alphabetically- — continued. 



Relative assisting dyer and scourer . . 
„ engineer, engine- 

driver, &o. 
,, fancy-goods dealer 

„ farmer 

,, farm-manager 

„ feUmonger 

,, fisherman . . 

„ fishmonger 

,, flax-miller 

florist, flower and 
plant seller 
,, fruiterer, greengrocer 

,, fruit-grower 

,, furniture-dealer 

„ furniture manufac- 

turer 
,, gardener . . 

„ gold (quartz) miner 

„ „ (undefined) 

miner 
„ goldsmith, silver- 

smith, &o. 
,, grazier, pastoralist. 



Females. 



grocer 

horse-trainer 

horticultural g a r - 
dener . . 

hotelkeeper 

ironmonger 

jewellery-importer . . 

jockey 

kauri-gum digger . . 

laundry-keeper 

lime-burner 

livery -stable keeper 

live-stock dealer 

machinist (clothing- 
factory) 

market-gardener . . 

merchant (undefined) 

milk-seller 

miller (flour) 

milliner . . 

millinery-dealer 

miner (undefined) . . 

musician . . 

musio-seUer 

news-vendor 

oil and colour mer- 
chant . . 

painter (house) 

photographer 

plasterer . . 

ploughing contractor 

plumber . . 

pottery -maker 

poultry-farmer 

produce-merchant . . 

rabbiter . . 

registry-office keeper 

road, bridge con- 
tractor 

saddler 

sailmaker 

sawyer 

school - teacher (pri- 
vate) 

school - teacher (un- 
defined) 



12 

1 

6,495 

4 

7 

43 



1 

20 

135 



12 
10 
50 

16 



,095 
15 
18 

63 
64 

1 
2 
4 
4 
9 
7 
9 



11 
4 
2 

12 

1 

21 
4 
3 

59 
18 
33 
25 

18 



7 
10 

1 
11 



10 
1,483 



10 



1 
58 
10 

3 



415 
46 



4 
1,131 

2 
4 



18 



13 

2 
17 

15 
3 

12 
1 



20 
1 



10 

40 



Males. Females. 



Relative assisting second - hand clothes 

dealer . . . . 1 

shepherd . . . . 62 

„ shipbuilder . . 4 
shoe and boot 

dealer . . . . 5 

,, stationer . . . . i 3 

,, storekeeper . . 186 

,, surveyor . . . . ; 7 

„ timber-mcrehant . . I 5 

„ tinsmith . . . . | 1 

,, tobacconist . . i 3 

„ umbrella-maker . . I 1 

,, undertaker . . i 1 

„ wine-grower .. 14, 
Relative, son, daughter, not perform- 
ing specified occupation . . 62,806 
„ son, daughter, performing 

domestic duties . . 456 
,, son, daughter, being taught 

at home . . . . 1 , 593 

„ son, daughter, being taught 

at school . . . . 90,277 

,, son, daughter, and others 

supported at university . . 3 , 338 

Rent-collector, house agent . . . . 46 

Repairer (boot) . . . . . . 126 

Reporter . . . . . . . . 121 

Retired .. .. .. .. 1,573 

Rider-out (butcher) . . . . 55 

Riveter (to engineer) . . . . 33 

„ (ironfounder) . . . . 70 

Road, railway, bridge, telegraph, wharf, 

sewer contractor .. .. 1,371 

Rope, cord dealer . . . . . . 1 

„ ,, maker . . . . . . 170 

Rouseabout (farm) . . . . 28 

„ (station) . . . . 73 

Rubber-manufacturer . . . . 4 

„ stamp maker . . . . 5 

Ruler (bookbinder) . . . . 12 



Sack and bag maker . . . . 14 

Saddlers' ironmonger . . . . 10 

Saddlery, harness dealer . . . . 7 

„ „ and whip maker .. 1,436 

Saddle-tree maker . . . . . . 7 

Sailcloth, canvas maker . . . . 2 

Sailmaker . . . . . . 164 

Salesman, saleswoman, auctioneer . . 7 

butcher .. 1,101 

„ „ chemist . . 3 

„ „ china-merchant 19 

„ „ clothier . . 25 

„ ,, coal-merchant.. 15 
„ „ fancy-goods 

dealer . . 22 

„ „ flour . . . . 54 

„ , furniture . . 121 
„ „ harne ss - im- 
porter . . 18 
„ „ implement- 

dealer . . 6 
„ „ ironmonger . . 168 
„ „ jewellery-im- 
porter . . 34 
„ ,, leatherand 
grindery 
dealer . . 7 
„ „ motor-oar 

dealer . . 10 



4 
419 



60,696 

53,941 

2,534 

89,830 

242 



2 
85 



30 

1 

12 



25 
4 



17 

30 

6 



176 



Occupations. — Akeanged Alphabetically — continued. 



Males. Females. 



Males. Females. 



Salesman, saleswoman, musical - instru- 
ment importer 
„ „ oil and colour 

merchant 
,, ,, produce - m e r- 

chant 
„ ,. shoe and boot 

dealer 
„ „ soft-goods 

„ „ stock agent 

!, „ storekeeper 

„ „ timber -mer- 

chant 
„ tobacconist 

„ ,, undefined (also 

traveller and 
canvasser) . . 
Salt, starch, blue, &c., maker 
Salvation Army officer 
Sampler (grain) 
Sanitary contractor, nightman 
Sanitary inspector, inspector of nui- 
sances . . 
Sausage-skin maker 

Sawmill proprietor, workers, hands, &c. 
Saw-setter, tool-maker 
Saw-sharpener (sawmill) 
Sawyer (sawmill) . . 
Scales-importer 

Scale, weighing-machine adjuster 
Scavenger, street-cleaner 
School caretaker 
„ inspector 
„ librarian 
,, manager 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher, 

denominational school 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher, 

private school 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher. 

State school 
Schoolmaster, schoolmistress, teacher 

(undefined) 
School matron 
Scientifio Department officer 
Scientific-instrument dealer . . 
J! maker . . 

Scourer and dyer . . 
,, washer, station 
„ woollen-factory 
Scraper (kauri-gum) 
Sculptor . . 
Scutcher (flax) 

Seaman, shipmaster (merchant service) 
Seamer (woollen-factory) 
Seamstress 

Second-hand-clothes dealer . . 
„ furniture dealer 

Secretary, Education Board 
,, to Consul 
„ boys' institute 
„ clerk, gasworks . . 

„ hospital 
„ insurance 

,, musical society 
,, to explorer 
Y.M.C.A. 
Seed-dresser 
Seed -merchant 
Servant, board and lodging house 

charitable or benevolent in- 
stitution, subordinate officer 
„ club-house 



25 

65 

26 

247 

421 

12 

28 

75 
35 



1,122 

27 

118 

14 

71 

53 

77 

6,276 

41 

45 

351 

1 

5 

28 

8 

47 

55 



38 

28 

743 

1,238 

38 

1 

2 

104 

52 

15 

1 

22 

85 

3,315 



61 
32 

17 

1 
166 

14 
8 
1 
1 

13 
5 

83 
450 

36 
51 



152 
35 



18 



271 

2 

138 



14 



74 
6 

362 

249 

1,130 

2,741 
17 



18 

223 

27 

12 



18 
1 



1 

2,147 

152 
34 



Servant, coffee-palace, &c. . . 
„ hotel 
„ house 

„ or matron, hospital 
„ sailors' home 
Sewer, bookbinder . . 
Sewing-machine dealer 

„ maker, repairer 

Sewing-machinist, boot 

,, shirt-factory 

Share and stock broker, dealer, jobber, 

speculator 
Shearer, shepherd, labourer, stock- 
rider, drover on station 
Sheep-dealer 
Sheep-dip manufacturer 
Sheet-metal worker 
Sheriff's officer, bailiff 
Ships and boats dealer 
Shipbuilder, shipwright, boatbuUder . . 
Ship chandler 

Shipmaster, seaman (merchant service) 
Shipowner, shipping agent, manager, 
clerk, book-keeper, accountant, store- 
man 
Ship-rigger 
Shirt-cutter 
Shirt-factory hand . . 
Shirt-maker 
Shoeblack . . 
Shoe and boot dealer 
Shoemaker, bootmaker 
Shooting-gallery proprietor 
Shop-assistant, storekeeper 
Shop-boy, bookseller 
,, fruit-shop 

,, ironmonger 

,, shop-girl, storekeeper 

Shopman, shopwoman, confectioner . . 
,, ,, grocer 

,, ,, pastry-dealer . 

,, ,, seed-merchant 

Shopwalker, draper 
Showcard- writer 
Sick-nurse 
Signwriter 
Silk manufacturer, spinner, worker 

,, mercer, dealer . . 
Silver-mine prospector 
Sister of charity 
Skating-rink employee 
Skilled assistant, foreman, inspector, 
manager, road and bridge contractor 
Skin dresser, splitter 
Skin and hide dealer 
Skin specialist 

Skinner, flesher (fellmongery) 
Slater, shingler 

Slaughterman, abattoir-worker 
Smelter, malleable-iron worker 
Soap-boiler 

Soap, candle manufacturer . . 
Son, daughter, relative (including per- 
sons under twenty years of age), not 
performing specified occupation 
Son, daughter, relative, performing 

domestic duties . . 
Son, daughter, relative, being taught at 

home 
Son, daughter, relative, being taught 

at school 
Son, daughter, relative, and others 
supported at university . . 



110 

1,460 

604 

'27 
2 
5 
17 
2 
2 

245 

12,607 

63 

4 

98 

41 

3 

531 

52 

3,315 



976 

20 

34 

4 

56 

6 

265 

1,683 

3 

521 

7 

2 

21 

36 

67 

291 

67 

135 

2 

4 

U 

141 

1 

13 

19 

ig 

755 
28 
49 

9 

64 

640 

5 

20 

197 



62,806 
456 

1,593 
90,277 

3,338 



498 

2,153 

18,795 

257 

"25 



219 
22 



30 

14 

112 

64 

12 
1 

1,040 



1 
311 



311 

5 



2,008 



60 
1 



60,696 

53,941 

2,534 

89,830 

242 



177 



Occupations. — Aeeanged Alphabetically — continued. 





Males. 


Females. 




Males. Fern 


ales. 


Sorter (kauri-gum) . . 


85 




Subordinate officer or servant, chari- 




„ (woollen-factory) 


132 




table or benevolent institution 


36 


152 


Speculator, land proprietor . . 


857 




Sugar-boiler, lollie-maker 


31 


2 


,, stock and shares 


245 




„ mill owner, refiner 


4 




Spice-manufacturer 


8 


2 


„ planter 


2 




Spinner (wooUen-factory) 


69 


23 


Surgeon (veterinary) 


91 




Sporting-requisites dealer 


9 




Surgical appUances, truss, bandage 






Spouting-maker 


2 




maker . . 


5 


1 


Stable-boy (livery stables) . . 


109 




Surgical instruments and appliances 






Stableman 


5 




dealer . . 


9 




„ storekeeper 


3 




Surgical-instrument maker . . 


1 




Stamp dealer and assistant . . 


8 


1 


Surveyor . . 


334 




Stapler (woollen-factory) 


3 




„ building . . 


2 




Starch, blue, soda maker, &c. 


27 


2 








State child 




17 


Tailor, dressmaker, and assistant 


4,053 17, 


240 


Stationer . . 


isi 


13 


Tallow-melter, boiling-down worker . . 


49 




Station manager, overseer, clerk, &o. . . 


781 


1 


„ merchant, dealer 


6 




Stationmaster, officer, clerk, railway . . 


1,904 


8 


Tanner, currier 


430 




Stay and glove maker, milliner 




667 


Tarpaulin, tent maker 


46 


'21 


Steward (hospital) . . 


"2 




Taxidermist 


16 


2 


„ stewardess, ship's servant 


1,026 


"69 


Teacher, denominational school 


38 


362 


Stevedore, lumper, wharf labourer 


3,863 




„ languages or other accom- 






Stock agent (live) . . 


293 




plishments (not art or music) 


36 


68 


Stock and Brands Department officer. . 


76 




music 


267 1, 


369 


Stock-breeder, grazier, pastoralist 


10,330 


284 


navigation 


2 




„ grazier, pastoralist as- 






private school 


28 


249 


sistant 


13,425 


235 


„ professor lecturer, college, 






Stock and station agent 


95 




grammar, and high school 


96 


131 


Stockman (station) 


268 




,, school of mines 


11 




Stockrider, drover, shearer, shepherd. 






„ State school 


743 1, 


130 


pastoral labourer 


12,607 




„ (undefined) 


1,238 2, 


741 


Stoker, coal - trimmer, and engineer 






Tea agent, broker . . 


36 




(marine service) . . 


1,965 




,, mixer, taster . . 


39 


7 


Stone-breaker, contractor (road-metal) 


96 




,. packer, sorter . . 


75 




„ cutter and monumental mason. . 


176 




,. wrapper 


6 




„ gravel, sand dealer 


91 




Teamster, carter (road-works) 


408 




Stonemason, labourer, &c. . . 


396 


1 


Technical college lecturer, teacher 


85 


'60 


Store assistant 


1,710 


398 


Telegraph officer, operator, clerk 


1,093 


17 


Storekeeper, shopkeeper 


2,413 


557 


Telephone officer . . 


113 


447 


„ (station) 


4 




Temperance lecturer 




1 


Storeman, auctioneer 


56 




Tent, tarpaulin dealer 


1 


1 


,, bacon-factory 


12 




„ „ maker 


46 


21 


bonded, free store (worker) 


835 




Tenterer (woollen-factory) . . 


1 




„ drug warehouse . . 


12 




Theatre, hall proprietor, lessee man- 






,, fancy-goods dealer 


5 




ager, book-keeper, ticket-taker 


302 


25 


,, freezing- works 


26 




Theological student 


75 




fruiterer and greengrocer . . 


10 




Ticket-writer 




1 


furniture-dealer . . 


21 




Timber-merchant . . 


i86 




,, grain-merchant . . 


184 




„ rafter (sawmill| 


13 




„ iron (galvanized) importer 


6 




„ stacker (sawmill) 


11 




,, ironmonger 


103 




Timekeeper (roadworks) 


13 




„ kauri-gum merchant 


8 




„ (so defined) 


5 




„ market (fruit and vegetable) 


10 




Tinsmith . . 


216 




„ merchant (undefined) 


204 




„ (meat-works) 


8 




„ miller (flour) 


184 




Tobacco, cigar, cigarette manufacturer 


10 




„ oil and colour merchant 


14 




„ factory employee . . 




4 


„ produce-merchant 


30 




Tobacconist 


iss 


12 


„ shipowner 

„ soft-goods dealer . . 


15 




Tobacco-pipe maker 


2 




85 




Tools, machines, implements dealer. 






„ stationer 


5 




• agent . . 


116 




,, storekeeper 


78 




Tool-maker, &o. 


41 




„ Telegraph Department 


25 




TotaUzator proprietor, worker 


3 




„ wine and spirit merchant . . 


34 




Tourist guide 


11 


5 


„ wool-merchant . . 


81 




Toys and minor arts products dealer . . 


3 


2 


Straw-hat maker . . 




15 


Toy-maker 


4 




Street musician 


"e 




Trade-mark, owner of 


3 




Striker, blacksmith . . 


199 




Tramway layer (sawmill) 


107 




„ ironfounder 


70 




„ owner, officer, clerk 


133 


5 


Stripper (flax-mill) . . 
Stud groom 
Student, agriculture 
„ mining 

theological 


17 
33 
62 

7 
75 




„ conductor, driver, &c. 
Traveller, aerated-water maker 

„ agrioultura 1-machinery 
dealer . . 
biscuit-factorv 


1,171 
13 

7 
12 





■^ 



A* 1 












4^" 










C^ 




178 






Occupations 


. — Arranged Alphabetically — continued. 








Males. 


Females. 




Males. 


Females. 


Traveller, bookseller 


20 




Wage-earner 


4 




bootmaker 


23 




Wagon, carriage, cart dealer . . 


5 




brewer 


23 




„ coach and cart builder 


706 


2 


„ china-merchant 


12 




Waiter, waitress (undefined) 


42 


422 


„ clothier . . 


3 




Walking-stick maker 


1 




„ confectionery-maker 


26 




Warehouseman (ironmonger) 


21 




„ draper . . 
„ druggist . . 
„ fancy -goods dealer 


154 
44 
45 


10 
3 


(Manchester) (u n d e- 
fined) 
„ (woollen-factory) 


556 
5 




,, furniture- warehouse 


9 




Warder, hospital . . 


15 




„ grocer 

harness-importer . . 


107 




„ mental hospital 


269 




9 




Warper (woollen-factory) 


21 
20 


7 


„ iron (galvanized) wire im- 






Washer (flax -mill) . . 




porter 
„ ironmonger 


1 




„ (woollen-factory) 


6 




183 




Washerwoman, laundry man, mangier. . 


458 


930 


„ jewellery -importer 
„ machinery-dealer . . 


41 
11 




Waste-products dealer 

Watch, clock, chronometer maker and 


3 

357 




„ merchant 


110 




repairer. . 




miller (flour) 
„ motor-car dealer . . 


7 
2 




Watch, clock, jewellery, importer, 
dealer . . 


264 


25 


„ musical -instrument im- 






Watchman (sawmill) 


49 




porter . . 


13 




„ (undefined) 


224 




„ newspaper 
„ oil-merchant 


61 
19 


3 


Water-, gas-meter maker 
Waterman, boat proprietor, &c. 


14 
186 




,, produce-merchant 


10 




Waterproof -maker . . 


3 




„ seed-merchant 


3 




Water-supply (private) worker, well- 






„ sewing - machine company 
(and collector) . . 


41 


3 


sinker . . 
Weaver (woollen-factory) 


111 
23 


'297 


„ shoe and boot dealer 


31 


1 


Well-sinker 


111 




„ soft-goods 
„ tea agent 


252 




Whale-fisher 


6 




44 


1 


Wharf labourer, lumper, stevedore 


3,863 




„ wine and spirit merchant . . 


54 




„ owner, lessee, wharfinger 


52 




„ woollen-factory 


7 




Wheelwright 


340 




„ (undefined) 


1,122 


'271 


Wicker-worker, basket-maker 


168 


1 


Trimmer (clothing-factory) . . 


14 




Wife, mother, widow 




156,941 


„ (railway-carriage builder) . . 


12 




Winchman (gold-dredge) 


84 




Trollyman (sawmill) 


66 




Winder (woollen-factory) 


1 


37 


Truant officer 


4 




Wine grower, vigneron 


75 


1 


Trucker (coal-mine) 


80 




„ manufacturer (not grower) 


8 




Truss, bandage, and surgical-appliance 






Wine and spirit merchant, wine-shop 






maker . . 


5 


1 


keeper . . 


64 


1 


Tuner, loom (woollen-factory) 


30 


1 


Wire and cable manufacturer 


91 




Turf commission agent 


1 




Wood-cutter (station) 


73 




Turncock . . 


31 




Woodware machinist 


31 




Turner to engine-fitter 


165 




Wool and skin cleaner, washer (fell- 






Tutor, governess . . 


22 


267 


monger) 


91 




Tweed-finisher (woollen-factory) 


13 


1 


„ broker 


99 




Typewriter, mechanic 


14 




„ classer, sorter 


357 




Typist (law) 


4 


57 


„ merchant 
Woollen manufacturer, spinner, and 


99 










all other workers . . 


902 


998 


Umbrella-maker 


45 


39 


Worker, bonded, free store . . 


835 




Undertaker 


70 




„ gasworks . . 


460 




Underwriter, marine surveyor 


25 




„ Government store . . 


5 




University professor, demonstrator, 






„ labourer (gold-dredge) 


547 




lecturer, &c. 


57 


12 


„ malleable-iron 


16 




Upholsterer, bed and mattress maker. . 


481 


103 


„ mine (iron) 

„ paper-mills 

Wrapper, tea agent 


9 

101 

6 




Varnish, paint manufacturer 


12 










Vegetable-hawker . . 


84 




Yardman (coal-merchant) 


27 




Verger, church officer 


60 


4 


„ (sawmill) 


179 




Veterinary surgeon . . 


91 




Yarn-scourer (woollen-factory) 


4 




Visitor, assisting, station 


2 




„ twister (woollen-factory) 


14 


8 


lodger, boarder, not performing 












domestic duties 


1,294 


1,618 


Zinc, antimony worker 


3 




„ performing domestic duties . . 


78 


7,093 


Zincographic, lithographic printer, &c. 


147 




Vocalist, musician, student of music . . 


207 




Zoological garden, menagerie keeper. 






Volunteers 


9 


'• 


attendant 


4 















Bv Authority : John Maokay, Government Printer, Wellington.— 1913. 



[3,2501/13-101